many bottles will it take, of each kind, to contain the 30 gallons? Ans. 80 of each 118. A merchant has canisters, some holding 5 pounds, some 7 pounds, and some 12 pounds; how many, of each an equal number, can be filled out of 12 cwt. 3 qrs. 12 lbs. of tea? Ans. 60. 119. If 18 grains of silver make a thimble, and 12 pwts. make a teaspoon, how many, of each an equal number, can be made from 15oz. 6 pwts. of silver? Ans. 24 of each. 120. Let 60 cents be divided among three boys, in such a manner that, as often as the first has 3 cents, the second shall have 5 cents, and the third 7 cents; how many cents will each receive? Ans. 12, 20, and 28 cents. 121. A gentleman, having 50 shillings to pay among his labourers for a day's work, would give to every boy 6 d., to every woman 8 d., and to every man 16 d.; the number of boys, women, and men, was the same; I demand the number of each. Ans. 20. 122. A gentleman had 7 £. 17 s. 6 d. to pay among his labourers; to every boy he gave 6 d., to every woman 8 d., and to every man 16 d.; and there were for every boy three women, and for every woman two men; I demand the number of each. Ans. 15 boys, 45 women, and 90 men. 123. A farmer bought a sheep, a cow, and a yoke of oxen for $82'50; he gave for the cow 8 times as much as for the sheep, and for the oxen 3 times as much as for the cow; how much did he give for each? Ans. For the sheep $2'50, the cow $20, and the oxen $60. 124. There was a farm, of which A owned, and B 1. the farm was sold for $1764; what was each one's share of the money? Ans. A's 504, and B's $ 1260. 125. Four men traded together on a capital of $3000, of which A put in, B, C, and D ; at the end of 3 years they had gained $2364; what was each one's share of the gain? A's $1182. Ans. C's $ 394. D's $197. 126. Three merchants accompanied; A furnished of the capital, B, and C the rest; they gain $1250; what part of the capital did C furnish, and what is each one' share of the gain ? Ans. C furnished of the capital; and A's share of the gain was $500, B's $468'75, and C's $281'25. 127. A, B, and C, traded in company; A put in $500, B $350, and C 120 yards of cloth; they gained $332'50, of which C's share was $120; what was the value of C's cloth per yard, and what was A and B's shares of the gain? Note. C's gain, being $ 120, is 13298 of the whole gain hence the gain of A and B is readily found; also the price at which C's cloth was valued per yard. Ans. C's cloth, per yard, $4. 128. Three gardeners, A, B, and C, having bought a piece of ground, find the profits of it amount to 120£. per annum. Now the sum of money which they laid down was in such proportion, that, as often as A paid 5£, B paid 7£., and as often as B paid 4£., C paid 6£. I demand how much each man must have per annum of the gain. Note. By the question, so often as A paid 5£., C paid & of 1£. Ans. A 26. 13 s. 4 d., B 37£. 6 s. 8 d., C 56 £. 129. A gentleman divided his fortune among his sons, giving A 9. as often as B 5£., and C 3£. as often as B 7£.; C's dividend was 15373£.; to what did the whole estate amount? Ans. 11583£. 8 s. 10 d. 130. A and B undertake a piece of work for $54, on which A employed 3 hands 5 days, and B employed 7 hands 3 days; what part of the work was done by A, what part by B, and what was each one's share of the money? Ans. A and B ; A's money $22'50, B's $31'50. 131. A and B trade in company for one year only; on the first of January, A put in $1200, but B could not put any money into the stock until the first of April; what did he then put in, to have an equal share with A at the end of the year? Ans. $1600. 132. A, B, C, and D, spent 35 s. at a reckoning, and, being a little dipped, agreed that A should pay, B, C, and D ; what did each pay in this proportion? Ans. A 13 s. 4 d., B 10 s., C 6 s. 8 d., and D 5 8. 133. Theree 3 horses, belon onto 3 men, employed to draw a load of plaster from Bos Vindsor for 26'45; 950 MISCELLANEOUS EXAMPLES. 2.3 119. A and B's horses together are supposed to do of the work, A and C's fo, B and C's 18; they are to be paid proportionally; what is each one's share of the money? Ans. Proof, 8.) A's $11'50 *ૐ C's $ 9'20 (=) $26'45. 134. A person, who was possessed of of a vessel, sold of his share for 375 £.; what was the vessel worth? Ans. 1500. 135. A gay fellow soon got the better of of his fortune; he then gave 1500 £. for a commission, and his profusion continued till he had but 450£. left, which he found to be just of his money, after he had purchased his commission; what was his fortune at first? Ans. 3780£. 136. A younger brother received 1560 £., which was just of his elder brother's fortune, and 53 times the elder brother's fortune was much again as the father was worth; pray, what was the value of his estate? Ans. 19165£. 11 s. 34 d 137. A gentleman left his son a fortune, of which he spent in three months; of of the remainder lasted him nine months longer, when he had only 537£. left; what was the sum bequeathed him by his father? Ans. 2082 £. 18 s. 2 d. 138. A cannon ball, at the first discharge, flies about a mile in eight seconds; at this rate, how long would a ball be in passing from the earth to the sun, it being 95173000 miles distant? Ans. 24 years, 46 days, 7 hours, 33 minutes, 20 seconds. 139. A general, disposing his army into a square battalion, found he had 231 over and above, but, increasing each side with one soldier, he wanted 44 to fill up the square; of how many men did his army consist? Ans. 19000. 140. A and B cleared, by an adventure at sea, 45 guineas, which was 35. per cent. upon the money advanced, and with which they agreed to purchase a genteel horse and carriage, whereof they were to have the use in proportion to the sums adventured, which was found to be 11 to A, as often as 8 to B; what money did each a 'renture? Ans. A 104 £. 4 s. 218 d., E 75. 15 s. 9 d. 141. Tubes may b made of gold, weighing not more than at the rate of Ca grain per foot what would be the weigh of which would extend across the Atlantic from Boston to London, estimating the distance at 8000 miles? Ans. 1 lb. 8 oz. 6 pwts. 31 grs 142. A military officer drew up his soldiers in rank and file, having the number in rank and file equal; on being reinforced with three times his first number of men, he placed them all in the same form, and then the number in rank and file was just double what it was at first; he was again reinforced with three times his whole number of men, and, after placing them all in the same form as at first, his number in rank and file was 40 men each; how many men had he at first? Ans. 100 men. 143. Supposing a man to stand 80 feet from a steeple, and that a line reaching from the belfry to the man is just 100 feet in length; the top of the spire is 3 times as high above the ground as the steeple is; what is the height of the spire? and the length of a line reaching from the top of the spire to the man ? See T 109. Ans. to last, 197 feet, nearly. 144. Two ships sail from the same port; one sails directly east, at the rate of 10 miles an hour, and the other directly south, at the rate of 74 miles an hour; how many miles apart will they be at the end of 1 hour? 2 hours? 24 hours? Ans. to last, 900 miles. 145. There is a square field, each side of which is 50 rods; what is the distance between opposite corners ? 3 days? Ans. 70'71 + rods 146. What is the area of a square field, of which the opposite corners are 70'71 rods apart? and what is the length of each side? Ans. to last, 50 rods, nearly. 147. There is an oblong field, 20 rods wide, and the distance of the opposite corners is 334 rods; what is the length of the field? its area? Ans. Length, 263 rods; area, 3 acres, 1 rood, 134 rods. 148. There is a room 18 feet square; how many yards of carpeting, 1 yard wide, will be required to cover the floor of it? 182 = 324 ft. = 36 yards, Ans. 149. If the floor of a square room contain 36 square yards, how many feet does it measure on each side? Ans. 18 feet When one side of a square is given, how do you find its area, or superficial contents ? When the area, or superficial contents, of a square is given, how do you find one side? 150. If an oblong piece of ground be 80 rods long and 20 rods wide, what is its area? C B Note. A Parallelogram, or Oblong, has its opposite sides equal and parallel, but the adjacent sides unequal. Thus A B C D is a parallelogram, and also E F C D, and it is easy to see, that the contents of both are equal. Ans. 1600 rods, 10 acres. 151. What is the length of an oblong, or parallelogram, whose area is 10 acres, and whose breadth is 20 rods? Ans. 80 rods. 152. If the area be 10 acres, and the length 80 rods, what is the other side? When the length and breadth are given, how do you find the area of an oblong, or parallelogram? When the area and one side are given, how do you find the other side? 153. If a board be 18 inches wide at one end, and 10 inches wide at the other, what is the mean or average width of the board? Ans. 14 inches. When the greatest and least width are given, how do you find the mean width? 154. How many square feet in a board 16 feet long, 1'8 feet wide at one end, and 1'3 at the other? Mean width, feet, Ans. 1'8 +13 2 =1'55; and 1′55 × 16 = 24'8 155. What is the number of square feet in a board 20 feet long, 2 feet wide at one end, and running to a point at the other? Ans. 20 feet. How do you find the contents of a straight edged board, when one end is wider than the other? If the length be in feet, and the breadth in feet, in what denomination will the product be? If the length be feet, and the breadth inches, what parts of a foot will be the product? 156. There is an oblong field, 40 rods long and 20 rods wide; if a straight line be drawn from one corner to the opposite corner, it will be divided into two equal right-angled riangles; what is the area of each? Ans. 400 square rods = 2 acres, 2 roods |