APPLETONS”: MATHEMATICAL SERIES. A A MENTAL ARITHMETIC. BY G. P. QUACKENBOS, LL. D., AUTHOR OP 99 99 AN ENGLISHI GRAMMAR FIRST LESSONS IN COMPOSITION;' ADVANCED A NATURAL PHILOSO STATES, ETC. NEW YORK: 1882. 287559 A. Primary Arithmetic. Beautifully illustrated; carries the beginner through the first four Rules and the simple Tables, combining mental exercises with examples for the slate. 16mo. 108 pages. 22 cents. An Elementary Arithmetic. Reviews the subjects of the Primary in a style adapted to somewhat maturer minds. Also embraces Fractions, Federal Money, Reduction, and the Com pound Rules. 12mo. 144 pages. 40 cents. A Practical Arithmetic. Prepared with direct reference to the wants of Common Schools, giving special prominence to the branches of Mercantile Arithmetic. 12mo. 336 pages. 80 cents A Mental Arithmetic. Designed to impart readiness in mental calculations, and extending them to the various operations needed in business life. Introduces short methods, and new and beautiful processes. 16mo. 168 pages. 35 cents. A Higher Arithmetic. 12mo. 420 pages. $1.10. Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1868, by D. APPLETON & CO., Southern District of New York. The study of Mental Arithmetic has two principal objects in view, to discipline the mind and impart quickness and accuracy in mental calculations. To secure these objects in the highest degree and in the pleasantest way to both teacher and learner is the aim of this little volume. It is intended for pupils who have gone through a Primary Arithmetic, and know how to read and write numbers up to thousands inclusive; and may be used either by itself to succeed the Primary or Elementary, or as an auxiliary to the Elementary or Practical, on alternate days. Among the more important features of the present work are the following :-1. The gradual and inductive mode of unfolding the subject, with the aid of rigid but clear analyses expressed as briefly as possible. 2. The introduction of necessary definitions, too often excluded from Mental Arithmetics. 3. The great variety and practical bearing of the Examples ; the careful avoidance of obscurity in wording them, and the exclusion of all questions involving impossibilities or absurdities. 4. The presentation of the Metric System, hitherto confined mainly to text-books on written Arithmetic. 6. The teaching of short methods and processes actually used in the counting-room. 6. The extension of mental calculations to more of the operations of every-day business life than has hitherto been attempted; such as equation of payments, stock jobbing, U. S. securities, taxes, duties, &c. The value of this last feature, it is believed, can hardly fail to be appreciated in this practical age. The interest and profit with which classes will use this work will depend entirely on the thoroughness with which the successive steps are taken. Review again and again if necessary, and let nothing pass till it is mastered. Short lessons should be given, to be prepared beforehand. The books should be closed at recitation, t} question read but once, and the scholars should have no intimation The Author can only hope that this work may meet with as NEW YORK, May 22, 1868. CHAPTER EIGHTH, THE METRIC SYSTEM, CHAPTER NINTH, THE COMPOUND RULES,. CHAPTER TENTH, MISCELLANEOUS EXAMPLES, der ADDITION. [It is supposed that the pupil has learned the Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, and Division Tables. Let them be reviewed, as presented under Chapters 1, 2, 3, and 4, until he can say them promptly and perfectly, backward as well as forward.] ADDITION TABLE. 2 and 3 and 4 5 and are 6 7 1 are 2 are 3 are 4 are 5 are 6 are 7 are 4 and 5 1 are 2 are 3 are 4 are 5 are 6 are 1 are 2 are 3 are 4 are 5 are 2 are 3 are 4 are 5 6 7 8 5 6 9 1 and 1 are 2 2 are 3 3 are 4 4 are 5 5 are 6 6 are 7 8 6 and 7 2 are 8 3 are 9 4 are 10 5 are 11 6 are 12 7 are 13 8 are 14 9 are 15 10 are 16 are 10 9 are 11 10 are 12 ng and 8 9 3 are 10 are 11 5 are 12 6 are 13 7 are 14 8 are 15 9 are 16 10 are 17 6 are 10 9 and 8 and 9 2 are 10 3 are 11 4 are 12 5 are 13 6 are 14 7 are 15 8 are 16 9 are 17 10 are 18 5 are 10 6 are 11 7 are 12 8 are 13 9 are 14 10 are 15 10 and 1 are 11 2 are 12 3 are 13 4 are 14 5 are 15 6 are 16 7 are 17 8 are 18 9 are 19 10 are 20 7 7 |