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agreeable to the highest Goodness to create those which are least perfect, if they be no hindrance to the Number or Convenience of the more perfect ones. ..

130 6 This confirm’d by an Instance of Matter, which

is no Impediment to pure Spirits, : 132 7 'Tis less agreeable to the Divine Goodness to

have omit:ed, than to have created these more imperfect Beings.

137

CHA P. IV.
Concerning Natural Evil:

SECT. I.
Of Generation and Corruption.

9.1 A Creature cannot complain of its Fate tho' it be less perfećt then others.

145 2 The Origin of things from Matter is the Source

of Natural Evils, as their Rise from nothing

is the Cause of those of Imperfection. 146 3 Matter is useless except it have Motion. 147 Such Motion was to be rais'd in Matter as might separate it into Parts. Hence the Ge

neration and Corruption of Bodies. 148 5 Motion under certain Laws, tends möte to the

Preservation of things than if it were left at random; hence God has distributed Bodies into various Systems.

150 6 It appears from Light and other Phänomena,

that the Systems of the Universe are very good and beautiful.

152 7. "Tis

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jy 'Tis rash to affirm that Matter might be distri

buted into berter Systems, since we do not throughly understand the present. 153

CHA P. IV. SECT. II.

Concerning Animals and the Variety of them.

1.1 Matter does not seem to be made for its own

sake, since it is not self conscious; 'tis there.

fore design’d for the use of Animals. 154 2 'Tis probable that Animals vary according to

to the Variety of those Regions which they are destin’d to inhabit. Therefore the Æther and Air, in all probability, have their proper

Inhabitants as well as the Earth. 155 3 The Earth, as being the least part of the Muni

dane System, is not to be chiefly regarded, but yet is not made to no Purpose, or without Design.

159 * The Earth may be conceiv'd as a Wheel in

this great Automaton of the World, without which its Motion would be defective: in the interim ic affords an habitation and food for Animals.

160 $ The Earth is made not for Man alone but for

the Universe : to think otherwise favours of humán Pride.

. 162

CH A P.

CH A P. IV. S E C T. III.

Of Death. 1. 1 'Tis probable that the Solidity of our Bodies is

the Cause why we cannot move them whither we please.

166 2 A Soul united to a Portion of Æthereal Mat.

ter, &c. can move it whither it will, and pre. serve its Union; such a Body therefore is immortal

ibid. The Body of a terrestrial Animal is a kind of Vestel which may be broken, the humours may flow out, and the circular Motion cease,

such Animals then are naturally mortal. 167 4 This Hypothesis reconcil'd with sacred History concerning the Mortality of the first Man,

CHA P. IV. SECT. IV.

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Concei

169

Of the Pasions. 9.1 Our Souls require Bodies of a peculiar Crasis,

when that is disorder'd the Operations of the

Soul are either hinderd or destroy'd. 171 2 The Soul and Body admit of a mutual Sympa.

thy: hence it is the first care of the Soul to .. keep the Body free from harm.

172 3 The Sense of Pain is necessary to preserve Life, as also the dread of Death.

ibid. 4. The rest of the Passions are connected these.

174

1. 1 The Parts of the Body fly off, it stands in need

therefore of Reparation, viz. by Food. 182

2 Choice must be had in Food, since all things
are not equally proper.

ibid.
3 The Materials of Food are foon corrupted, they
cannot therefore be procured without Labour.

ibid.

4 Every Animal is placed by God where it may

have its proper Nourishment, hence almo't

every Herb maintains its proper Infect. 183

5 Some Animals are made for Food to others, and
would not have existed on any other Terms:

ibid.
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6 AID
6 All parts of the Earth could not have afforded

Nourishment and Reception for Men, what.

ever Situation they may be placed in. 185 7 of Earthquakes, Lightning, and Deluges.: 188 $ The number of Animals to be fed, was to be

proporcioned to the Food, not the Food to the Animals.

190 9 The hundredth part of Mankind which might

live upon the Earth does not yet inhabit it: vain therefore is the Complaint about Seas and Defarts.

192 10 'Tis absurd for any one to desire a different Sta

tion from that which is allotted him, since

he was made to fill that Place, and would o; therwise have had none at all.

ave naa none at all.

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CH A P. IV. SECT. VI. Concerning Propagation of the Species, Childhood, and

Old-Age. 4. i Animals may be repair’d three Ways : ist. If

Death were prevented by Omnipotence. 2dly.

By Creation. 3dly. By Propagation. 195 2 This 3d Method is the best, because it may be

effected without doing Violence to the Laws of Nature. ..

ibid. 3 The Divine Wisdom and Goodness admirable in the Contrivance of it.

196 4 Why Men are tormented with the continual

dread of Death, while the Brutes are not at

all concern'd about it. 5 This is a sign that the present Life is a Frelude to a better.

197

198

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