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Elizabeth Wentworth lived.” 1 The Countess of Macclesfield, the supposed mother of Richard Savage. She died here, October 11, 1753, surviving Savage and the publication of Johnson's life of him. Edmund Gibbon, 1758. "In Bond Street with my books." Laurence Sterne, author of Tristram Shandy, died March 18, 1768, "at the silk-bag shop" (No. 41, now a tailor's), on the west side.


About this time Mr. Sterne, the celebrated author, was taken ill at the silk bag shop in Old Bond Street. . I went to Mr. Sterne's lodging; the mistress opened the door; I inquired how he did. She told me to go up to the nurse; I went into the room, and he was just a-dying. I waited ten minutes; but in five he said "Now it is come!" He put up his hand as if to stop a blow, and died in a minute.-Travels of John Macdonald (a footman).

Richard West writes to Gray from Bond Street, 1740. Archibald Bower, the ex-Jesuit, author of Lives of the Popes, died here, September 3, 1766. James Boswell, the biographer of Johnson, gave (October 16, 1769) a dinner to Johnson, Reynolds, Goldsmith, and Garrick, at his lodgings in this street, Goldsmith appearing in the "bloom-coloured coat" made for him by John Filby, at the Harrow in Water Lane.2 James Northcote, R.A., at No. 2 in 1781. Sir Thomas Lawrence, at No. 24, before his election into the Royal Academy, 1791, and at No. 29, when elected; he finally left the street on August 24, 1794. Ozias Humphrey, the miniature painter (d. 1810), at No. 13 in 1796. In the first edition of Amelia, published 1752, Fielding describes Booth as walking by the side of the wounded Colonel Bath from Grosvenor Gate to Bond Street, "where then lived the most eminent surgeon in the kingdom, perhaps in the world.” In subsequent editions this was modified to "where then lived a very eminent surgeon."

Bond Street (NEW), the extension northward of Old Bond Street to Oxford Street, built circ. 1721, in which year it is rated for the first time in the books of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields.

What's not destroyed by Time's devouring hand?

Where's Troy, and where's the Maypole in the Strand?

Pease, cabbages and turnips once grew where

Now stands New Bond Street, and a newer Square;

Such piles of building now rise up and down,

London itself seems going out of town.

Bramston's Art of Politicks, Dodsley's Coll., 1751, vol. i. p. 266. Eminent Inhabitants.-Swift spent his last three weeks in London at his cousin Lancelot's house "in New Bond Street, over against the Crown and Cushion." Here he came (August 31, 1727), after hurriedly quitting Pope's house at Twickenham, to brood over the news of Stella's sufferings.3 Johnson wrote from Lichfield, October 10, 1767, to" Benet Langton, Esq. at Mr. Bothwell's Perfumer, in New Bond Street." 4 Mrs. and Miss Gunning at No. 147 in 1792.

1 Grubb Street Journal, for September 1, 1730. 2 Frith's picture of this scene was sold for £4567: 10s. at Christie's on April 24, 1875.

3 Scott's Swift, vol. xvii. p. 143.

4 Croker's Boswell, p. 188.

Lord Nelson at No. 141, in 1797, after the Battle of Cape St. Vincent, and the expedition against Teneriffe, where he lost his arm.

He had scarcely any intermission of pain, day or night, for three months after his return to England. Lady Nelson, at his earnest request, attended the dressing of his arm, till she had acquired sufficient resolution and skill to dress it herself. One night, during this state of suffering, after a day of constant pain, Nelson retired early to bed, in hope of enjoying some respite by means of laudanum. He was at that time lodging in Bond Street, and the family was soon disturbed by a mob knocking loudly and violently at the door. The news of Duncan's victory had been made public, and the house was not illuminated. But when the mob was told that Admiral Nelson lay there in bed, badly wounded, the foremost of them made answer, "You shall hear no more from us to-night."-Southey's Nelson, p. 130.

Lady Hamilton at 150 in 1813. Sir Thomas Picton at No. 146 in 1797-1800. He fell in the Battle of Waterloo. Lord Camelford, the celebrated bruiser and duellist (shot in a duel with Mr. Best, March 7, 1804, d. 10th), at No. 148, in 1803 and 1804.

Over the fireplace in the drawing-room of Lord Camelford's lodgings in Bond Street were ornaments strongly expressive of the pugnacity of the peer. A long thick bludgeon lay horizontally supported by two brass hooks. Above this was placed parallel one of lesser dimensions, until a pyramid of weapons gradually arose, tapering to a horsewhip.-Note by the Messrs. Smith in The Rejected Addresses.

At the time of the duel Lord Camelford and Best had a bet of £200 depending as to which was the better shot! The cause of the duel was a worthless but pretty woman of the name of Symons. "The Rooms" of Jackson, "professor of pugilism," Byron's "old friend and corporeal pastor and master."

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All men unpractised in exchanging knocks
Must go to Jackson ere they dare to box.

BYRON, Hints From Horace.

Cruikshank drew the rooms for Pierce Egan's Tom and Jerry. From that sufficient authority we learn that "His room is not common to the public eye. No person can be admitted without an introduction." Further we learn that "In one corner of the room a picture is to be seen, framed and glazed, representing a person lying dead, killed by an assassin, who is escaping with a dagger in his hand. Underneath is the inscription, From the Rt. Hon. W. Windham, M.P., to Mr. Jackson. New Bond Street has now become celebrated for exhibition rooms of a very different class of art. On the west side is the magnificent Grosvenor Gallery, erected for Sir Coutts Lindsay, Bart., at a cost of about £120,000, and opened in May 1877, and almost directly opposite to it the Doré Gallery, where for several years there has been a continuous exhibition of the works of that popular and prolific artist, the late Gustave Doré, whilst in other parts are several other art galleries, and rooms let for temporary exhibitions.

Long's Hotel (No. 16) was rebuilt and enlarged in 1888.

I saw Byron for the last time in 1815. He dined or lunched with me at Long's in Bond Street. I never saw him so full of gaiety and good-humour, to which the

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presence of Mr. Mathews, the comedian, added not a little. Poor Terry was also present. Sir Walter Scott (Moore's Life of Byron, p. 280). Steven's Hotel was at No. 18; it is now a jeweller's.

During the first months of our acquaintance we [Byron and Moore] frequently dined together alone; and as we had no club in common to resort to-the Alfred being the only one to which he at that period belonged, and I being then a member of none but Watier's-our dinners used to be at the St. Alban's, or at his old haunt, Stevens's.—Moore, Life of Byron, p. 150.

Clarendon Hotel (No. 169), was in its day perhaps the best hotel in London, but differences as to the renewal of the lease led to its being closed a few years ago, and the site is now occupied by a row of handsome shops and a picture gallery.

Canning in his early days practised speaking at a Debating Society in Bond Street at the corner of Clifford Street.

Bond Street-including both Old Bond Street and New-has long stood as the representative of fashionable habits as well as the resort of the fashionable lounger. Bond Street loungers are mentioned in the

Weekly Journal of June 1, 1717

Lord Daberly. But why don't you stand up? The boy rolls about like a porpus

in a storm.

Dick Dowlas. That's the fashion, father; that's modern ease. A young fellow is nothing now, without the Bond Street roll, a toothpick between his teeth, and his knuckles cramm'd into his coat-pocket.-Then away you go, lounging lazily along! -Colman's Heir at Law, vol. iii. p. 2 (1797).

And now our Brothers Bond Street enter,
Dear Street, of London's charms the center,
Dear Street! where at a certain hour
Man's follies bud forth into flower!
Where the gay minor sighs for fashion;
Where majors live that minors cash on ;
Where each who wills may suit his wish
Here choose a Guido-there his fish.

LORD LYTTON, Siamese Twins, 1831, p. 160.

Bonner's Fields, BETHNAL GREEN, were a wide open space lying east of Bethnal Green and stretching away to Old Ford. The name was traditionally derived from Bishop Bonner's residence at Bishop's Hall, in its later days better known as Bonner's Hall, of old an occasional seat of the Bishops of London (the owners of the manor), but decayed and let out in tenements at the end of last century and long since pulled down. The popular belief was that when Bonner dwelt at Bishop's Hall these fields were his favourite place for burning heretics. Whether he ever lived here is not certain. The last episcopal act known to have been issued from Bishop's Hall was by Bishop Braybroke, 150 years before Bonner held the see.1 The eastern end of Bonner's Fields was absorbed in Victoria Park. The City of London Hospital for Diseases of the Chest, erected 1851 from the designs of F. W. Ordish, occupies another portion. The Chapel

1 Lysons, vol. ii. p. 17.


was erected in 1858, E. B. Lamb architect, and new wings in 1863 and 1870 by W. Beck, architect. The rest is covered with streets, one of which is named Bonner's Road.

Boodle's Club House, No. 28 ST. JAMES'S STREET, early famed for gaiety, play, and good dinners. It was popularly named the "Savoir vivre."

And they, true members of the Scavoir vivre,
Will tell the wondrous things that love receives.

Lampoon addressed to Duke of Queensbury.
(Jesse's Selwin, vol. iv. p. 375.)

May 12, 1770.-A new assembly or meeting is set up at Boodle's, called Lloyd's Coffee-room; Miss Lloyd, whom you have seen with Lady Pembroke, being the sole inventor. They meet every morning, either to play cards, chat, or do whatever else they please. An ordinary is provided for as many as choose to dine, and a supper, to be constantly on the table by eleven at night: after supper they play loo.... I think there are twenty-six subscribers, others are to be chosen by ballot: my intelligence is that the Duchess of Bedford and Lord March have been black-balled ; this I cannot account for.-Mrs. Harris to her Son (Earl of Malmesbury), Malmesbury Diary and Corr., vol. i. p. 203.

So, when some John his dull invention racks

To rival Boodle's dinners or Almack's.

Heroic Epistle to Sir William Chambers, 4to, 1773.

The Club House was erected about 1765 by John Crunden, from designs by Adam, architect. In the years 1821-1824 the reading-room was added and large improvements made from the designs of John B. Papworth, architect.

Gibbon, the historian, dates several of his letters in 1772 and 1774 from this Club, and Wilberforce was also a member. No. 464 of Gillray's Caricatures is "A Standing Dish at Boodle's," representing Sir Frank Standish sitting at one of the Club windows.

Booksellers Row. A name given to Holywell Street, Strand, by some of the inhabitants without the slightest authority. [See Holywell Street.]

Boolyes Lane, WAPPING.

A great blow by gun-powder houses in a place called Boolyes Lane neere the Armitage in Wapping on Tuesday the 3 day of July 1657. In which were 250 barrell of gunpowder consumed.-Notes on London Churches and Buildings, A.D. 1631-1658, Harrison's England, vol. ii. (New Shakspere Society).

It is

Borough (The), a short name for the Borough of Southwark, or the twenty-sixth ward of London, called Bridge Ward Without. also a name commonly given to part of the High Street, Southwark. Borough Compter. [See Compter (The), Southwark.]

Borough Market, SOUTHWARK, a considerable market for fruit and vegetables. It lies immediately south of St. Saviour's church. The first market of which we have notice was held in the 14th century and before, outside the church of the Hospital of St. Thomas in Trivet

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Lane, and at its gates. In Visscher's London, 1616, is a view of Southwark with, in the centre of the High Street, a picture of tables placed up and down with sellers and buyers, in fact the Borough Market as it was then. In 1755 this market was abolished, and an Act was passed, Geo. II. c. 23, "to enable the churchwardens and others of St. Saviour in the Borough of Southwark to hold a market within the said parish, not interfering with the High Street in the said Borough"; and on "a piece of ground close at hand called the Triangle, abutting on the Turnstile, on Fowle Lane, Rochester Yard and Dirty Lane," etc. The market was rebuilt in 1851 under H. Rose, architect, and largely added to or rebuilt 1863-1864 under E. Habershon, architect, consequent on alterations for the Charing Cross Railway.

Borough Road, SOUTHWARK, extends from the Queen's Bench prison, Stone's End, to the Obelisk, Blackfriars Road. Joseph Lancaster opened his first school for neglected children in Kent Street in 1798, his second in Newington Causeway, and his third in Borough Road, where is now the central establishment of the British and Foreign Schools Society, comprising a Normal College for training young men as teachers and a large Model School for children.

Bosoms Inn. [See Lawrence Lane.]

Boss or Boss Court Alley, UPPER THAMES STREET, between St. Peter's Hill and Lambeth Hill.

Bosse Alley, so called of a bosse [or reservoir] of water, like unto that of Billingsgate, there placed by the executors of Richard Whittington.-Stow, p. 135. This Boss Alley is shown in Aggas's Map. There was a Boss Alley in Lower Thames Street, opposite Billingsgate, and another by Shad Thames, Horselydown, as well as a Boss Court and a Boss Street. A water tower is shown in several of the old maps on the spot or near Boss Alley, Thames Street.

Boswell Court, CAREY STREET, cleared away for the New Law Courts, so called from the house of a Mr. Ralph Bosvile or Boswell, from whence (1589) Gilbert Talbot writes a letter of London gossip to his father, the celebrated Earl of Shrewsbury of the reign of Queen Elizabeth. In the Calendar of State Papers of the year 1606, three letters from the Speaker, Sir Edward Philips, to the Earl of Salisbury, are dated from Boswell House; and in August 1610, Ralph Ewens writes from Bosvile House to the same statesman.

September 5, 1611.-Mr. Ewins, Esquier, from Boswell-howsse.-Burial Register of St. Clement's Danes.

The yard or court was built upon and inhabited as early as 1614. Eminent Inhabitants.-Lady Raleigh (widow of Sir Walter) 1623-1625. The Lord Chief-Justice, and Sir Edward Lyttleton, the SolicitorGeneral, in 1635.1 Sir Richard and Lady Fanshawe.

1 Rate-books of St. Clement's Danes.

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