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worth phrases it, might have danced “from More frequently the Meeting is broken head to foot equipt in iron mail.” His frame without a word having been spoken. But the was of iron too. But he was malleable. I saw mind has been fed. You go away with a him shake all over with the spirit—I dare not sermon not made with hands. You have been say of delusion. The strivings of the outer man in the milder caverns of Trophonius ; or as in were unutterable-he seemed not to speak, some den, where that fiercest and savagest of but to be spoken from. I saw the strong man all wild creatures, the TONGUE, that unruly bowed down, and his knees to fail-his joints member, has strangely lain tied up and captive all seemed loosening—it was a figure to set off You have bathed with stillness.-0 when the against Paul Preaching—the words he uttered spirit is sore fretted, even tired to sickness of were few, and sound—he was evidently resist- the janglings, and nonsense-noises of the world, ing his will—keeping down his own word- what a balm and a solace it is, to go and seat wisdom with more mighty effort, than the yourself, for a quiet half hour, upon some world's orators strain for theirs. “He had undisputed corner of a bench,' among the been a wir in his youth,” he told us, with gentle Quakers ! expressions of a sober remorse. And it was Their garb and stillness conjoined, present not till long after the impression had begun a uniformity, tranquil and herd-like-as in to wear away, that I was enabled, with some- the pasture_“forty feeding like one.”thing like a smile, to recal the striking incon- The very garments of a Quaker seem incagruity of the confession-understanding the pable of receiving a soil ; and cleanliness in term in its worldly acceptation—with the them to be something more than the absence frame and physiognomy of the person before of its contrary. Every Quakeress is a lily ; me. His brow would have scared away the and when they come up in bands to their Levities--the Jocos Risus-que — faster than Whitsun-conferences, whitening the easterly the Loves fled the face of Dis at Enna.—By streets of the metropolis, from all parts of the wit, even in his youth, I will be sworn he United Kingdom, they show like troops of the understood something far within the limits of Shining Ones. an allowable liberty.
THE OLD AND THE NEW SCHOOLMASTER.
My reading has been lamentably desultory | dear friend in the first-named of these two and immethodical. Odd, out of the way, old Terræ Incognitæ. I have no astronomy. I English plays, and treatises, have supplied me do not know where to look for the Bear, or with most of my notions, and ways of feeling. Charles's Wain ; the place of any star; or the In every thing that relates to science, I am a name of any of them at sight. I guess at whole Encyclopædia behind the rest of the Venus only by her brightness and if the sun world. I should have scarcely cut a figure on some portentous morn were to make his among the franklins, or country gentlemen, in first appearance in the West, I verily believe, king John's days. I know less geography than that, while all the world were gasping in a school-boy of six weeks' standing. To me a apprehension about me, I alone should stand map of old Ortelius is as authentic as Arrow- unterrified, from sheer incuriosity and want smith. I do not know whereabout Africa of observation. Of history and chronology I merges into Asia ; whether Ethiopia lie in one
possess some vague points, such as one cannot or other of those great divisions ; nor can help picking up in the course of miscellaneous form the remotest conjecture of the position study; but I never deliberately sat down to a of New South Wales, or Van Diemen’s Land. chronicle, even of my own country. I have Yet do I hold a correspondence with a very most dim apprehensions of the four great monarchies; and sometimes the Assyrian, pretty satisfactory answers, having been drilled sometimes the Persian, floats as first, in my into this kind of etiquette by some years' daily fancy. I make the widest conjectures con- practice of riding to and fro in the stage aforecerning Egypt, and her shepherd kings. My said — when he suddenly alarmed .me by a friend M., with great pains-taking, got me to startling question, whether I had seen the think I understood the first proposition in show of prize cattle that morning in SmithEuclid, but gave me over in despair at the field ? Now as I had not seen it, and do not second. I am entirely unacquainted with the greatly care for such sort of exhibitions, I was modern languages; and, like a better man obliged to return a cold negative. He seemed than myself, have“ small Latin and less a little mortified, as well as astonished, at my Greek.” I am a stranger to the shapes and declaration, as (it appeared) he was just come texture of the commonest trees, herbs, flowers fresh from the sight, and doubtless had hoped -not from the circumstance of my being to compare notes on the subject. However, he town-born -- for I should have brought the assured me that I had lost a fine treat, as it same inobservant spirit into the world with far exceeded the show of last year. We were me, had I first seen it “on Devon's leafy now approaching Norton Falgate, when the shores,”—and am no less at a loss among sight of some shop-goods ticketed freshened him purely town-objects, tools, engines, mechanic up into a dissertation upon the cheapness of processes.—Not that I affect ignorance—but cottons this spring. I was now a little in my head has not many mansions, nor spacious; heart, as the nature of my morning avocations and I have been obliged to fill it with such had brought me into some sort of familiarity cabinet curiosities as it can hold without with the raw material; and I was surprised to aching. I sometimes wonder, how I have find how eloquent I was becoming on the state passed my probation with so little discredit of the India market — when, presently, he
the world, as I have done, upon so meagre dashed my incipient vanity to the earth at a stock. But the fact is, a man may do very once, by inquiring whether I had ever made well with a very little knowledge, and scarce any calculation as to the value of the rental of be found out, in mixed company; everybody all the retail shops in London. Had he asked is so much more ready to produce his own, of me, what song the Sirens sang, or what than to call for a display of your acquisitions. name Achilles assumed when he hid himself But in a tête-à-tête there is no shuffling. The
among women, I might, with Sir Thomas truth will out. There is nothing which I Browne, have hazarded a “wide solution*.” dread so much, as the being left alone for a My companion saw my embarrassment, and, quarter of an hour with a sensible, well-in- | the almhouses beyond Shoreditch just coming formed man, that does not know me. I lately in view, with great good-nature and dexterity got into a dilemma of this sort.
shifted his conversation to the subject of public In one of my daily jaunts between Bishops- charities ; which led to the comparative merits gate and Shacklewell, the coach stopped to of provision for the poor in past and present take up a staid-looking gentleman, about the times, with observations on the old monastic wrong side of thirty, who was giving his part- institutions, and charitable orders; but, finding ing directions (while the steps were adjusting), me rather dimly impressed with some glimin a tone of mild authority, to a tall youth, mering notions from old poetic associations, who seemed to be neither his clerk, his son, than strongly fortified with any speculations nor his servant, but something partaking of all reducible to calculation on the subject, he three. The youth was dismissed, and we drove gave the matter up; and, the country beginning
As we were the sole passengers, he to open more and more upon us, as we apnaturally enough addressed his conversation proached the turnpike at. Kingsland (the desto me; and we discussed the merits of the fare, tined termination of his journey), he put a the civility and punctuality of the driver ; the home thrust upon me, in the most unfortunate circumstance of an opposition coach having position he could have chosen, by advancing been lately set up, with the probabilities of its some queries relative to the North Pole Expesuccess to all which I was enabled to return
* Urn Burial,
dition. While I was muttering out some- occasional duncery of some untoward tyro, thing about the Panorama of those strange serving for a refreshing interlude of a Mopsa, regions (which I had actually seen), by way of or a clown Damætas! parrying the question, the coach stopping With what a savour doth the Preface to relieved me from any further apprehensions. Colet's, or (as it is sometimes called) Paul's My companion getting out, left me in the com- Accidence, set forth! “To exhort every man fortable possession of my ignorance; and I to the learning of grammar, that intendeth heard him, as he went off, putting questions to to attain the understanding of the tongues, an outside passenger, who had alighted with wherein is contained a great treasury of him, regarding an epidemic disorder, that had wisdom and knowledge, it would seem but been rife about Dalston; and which my friend vain and lost labour; for so much as it is assured him had gone through five or six known, that nothing can surely be ended, schools in that neighbourhood. The truth now whose beginning is either feeble or faulty ; and flashed upon me, that my companion was a no building be perfect whereas the foundation schoolmaster; and that the youth, whom he and groundwork is ready to fall, and unable to had parted from at our first acquaintance, uphold the burden of the frame.” How well must have been one of the bigger boys, or the doth this stately preamble (comparable to usher. He was evidently a kind-hearted man, those which Milton commendeth as “having who did not seem so much desirous of provok- been the usage to prefix to some solemn law, ing discussion by the questions which he put, then first promulgated by Solon, or Lycurgus”) as of obtaining information at any rate. It correspond with and illustrate that pious zeal did not appear that he took any interest, either, for conformity, expressed in a succeeding in such kind of inquiries, for their own sake; clause, which would fence about grammarbut that he was in some way bound to seek rules with the severity of faith articles !" as for knowledge. A greenish-coloured coat, for the diversity of grammars, it is well profitwhich he had on, forbade me to surmise that ably taken away by the king majesties wisdom, he was a clergyman. The adventure gave who foreseeing the inconvenience, and favourbirth to some reflections on the difference ably providing the remedie, caused one kind of between persons of his profession in past and grammar by sundry learned men to be dilipresent times.
gently drawn, and so to be set out, only everyRest to the souls of those fine old Peda- where to be taught for the use of learners, and gogues ; the breed, long since extinct, of the for the hurt in changing of schoolmaisters.” Lilys, and the Linacres : who believing that What a gusto in that which follows : “ wherein all learning was contained in the languages it is profitable that he [the pupil] can orderly which they taught, and despising every other decline his noun, and his verb.” His noun ! acquirement as superficial and useless, came The fine dream is fading away fast; and the to their task as to a sport ! Passing from least concern of a teacher in the present day infancy to age, they dreamed away all their is to inculcate grammar-rules. days as in a grammar-school. Revolving in a The modern schoolmaster is expected to perpetual cycle of declensions, conjugations, know a little of everything, because his pupil syntaxes, and prosodies ; renewing constantly is required not to be entirely ignorant of anythe occupations which had charmed their thing. He must be superficially, if I may 30 studious childhood ; rehearsing continually say, omniscient. He is to know something of the part of the past ; life must have slipped pneumatics; of chemistry ; of whatever is from them at last like one day. They were curious, or proper to excite the attention of always in their first garden, reaping harvests the youthful mind; an insight into mechanics of their golden time, among their Flori and is desirable, with a touch of statistics; the their Spici-legia ; in Arcadia still, but kings ; quality of soils, &c. botany, the constitution of the ferule of their sway not much harsher, but his country, cum multis aliis. You may get a of like dignity with that mild sceptre attributed notion of some part of his expected duties by to king Basileus; the Greek and Latin, their consulting the famous Tractate on Education stately Pamela and their Philoclea ; with the addressed to Mr. Hartlib.
All these things—these, or the desire of that tender age there is a kind of poetry, far them—he is expected to instil, not by set unlike the harsh prose-accents of man's conlessons from professors, which he may charge versation.—I should but spoil their sport, and in the bill, but at school-intervals, as he walks diminish my own sympathy for them, by mingthe streets, or saunters through green fields ling in their pastime. (those natural instructors), with his pupils. I would not be domesticated all my days The least part of what is expected from him, with a person of very superior capacity to my is to be done in school-hours. He must insinu- own-not, if I know myself at all, from any ate knowledge at the mollia tempora fandi. He considerations of jealousy or self-comparison, must seize every occasion—the season of the for the occasional communion with such minds year-the time of the day—a passing cloud-a has constituted the fortune and felicity of my rainbow-a waggon of hay—a regiment of life—but the habit of too constant intercourse soldiers going by—to inculcate something use- with spirits above you, instead of raising you, ful. He can receive no pleasure from a casual keeps you down. Too frequent doses of original glimpse of Nature, but must catch at it as an thinking from others, restrain what lesser object of instruction. He must interpret portion of that faculty you may possess of beauty into the picturesque. He cannot relish your own. You get entangled in another a beggar-man, or a gipsy, for thinking of the man's mind, even as you lose yourself in suitable improvement. Nothing comes to him, another man's grounds. You are walking with not spoiled by the sophisticating medium of a tall varlet, whose strides out-pace yours to moral uses. The Universe—that Great Book, lassitude. The constant operation of such as it has been called—is to him indeed, to all potent agency would reduce me, I am conintents and purposes, a book, out of which he vinced, to imbecility. You may derive thoughts is doomed to read tedious homilies to distasting from others; your way of thinking, the mould school-boys.
Vacations themselves are none in which your thoughts are cast, must be your to him, he is only rather worse off than before; own. Intellect may be imparted, but not each for commonly he has some intrusive upper-boy man's intellectual frame.fastened
him at such times ; some cadet As little as I should wish to be always thus
Why are we never quite at our ease in the shadow attends him. A boy is at his board, presence of a schoolmaster ?—because we are and in his path, and in all his movements. He conscious that he is not quite at his ease in is boy-rid, sick of perpetual boy.
ours. He is awkward, and out of place, in the Boys are capital fellows in their own way, society of his equals. He comes like Gulliver among their mates ; but they are unwhole from among his little people, and he cannot fit some companions for grown people. The the stature of his understanding to yours. He restraint is felt no less on the one side, than cannot meet you on the square. He wants a on the other.-Even a child, that “plaything point given him, like an indifferent whist-player. for an hour,” tires always. The noises of He is so used to teaching, that he wants to be children, playing their own fancies—as I now teaching you. One of these professors, upon hearken to them by fits, sporting on the green my complaining that these little sketches of before my window, while I am engaged in mine were anything but methodical, and that these grave speculations at my neat suburban I was unable to make them otherwise, kindly retreat at Shacklewell — by distance made offered to instruct me in the method by which more sweet - inexpressibly take from the young gentlemen in his seminary were taught labour of my task. It is like writing to music. to compose English themes.—The jests of a They seem to modulate my periods. They schoolmaster are coarse, or thin. They do not ought at least to do so—for in the voice of tell out of school. He is under the restraint of
a formal or didactive hypocrisy in company, as wife too,” this interesting correspondent goes a clergyman is under a moral one. He can no on to say,“ my once darling Anna, is the wife more let his intellect loose in society, than of a schoolmaster.- When I married herthe other can his inclinations. He is forlorn knowing that the wife of a schoolmaster ought among his co-evals ; his juniors cannot be to be a busy notable creature, and fearing that his friends.
my gentle Anna would ill supply the loss of my “I take blame to myself,” said a sensible dear bustling mother, just then dead, who never man of this profession, writing to a friend re- sat still, was in every part of the house in a specting a youth who had quitted his school moment, and whom I was obliged sometimes to abruptly, “that your nephew was not more threaten to fasten down in a chair, to save her attached to me.
my situation from fatiguing herself to death—I expressed are more to be pitied, than can well be imagined. my fears that I was bringing her into a way of We are surrounded by young, and, conse- life unsuitable to her ; and she, who loved me quently, ardently affectionate hearts, but we tenderly, promised for my sake to exert herself can never hope to share an atom of their affec- to perform the duties of her new situation. She tions. The relation of master and scholar | promised, and she has kept her word. What forbids this. How pleasing this must be to you, how | wonders will not woman's love perform ?I envy your feelings! my friends will sometimes My house is managed with a propriety and say to me, when they see young men whom I decorum unknown in other schools ; my boys have educated, return after some years' absence are well fed, look healthy, and have every from school, their eyes shining with pleasure, proper accommodation ; and all this performed while they shake hands with their old master, with a careful economy, that never descends to bringing a present of game to me, or a toy to
But I have lost my gentle helpless my wife, and thanking me in the warmest terms Anna !--When we sit down to enjoy an hour for my care of their education. A holiday is of repose after the fatigue of the day, I am combegged for the boys; the house is a scene of pelled to listen to what have been her useful happiness; I, only, am sad at heart.- This (and they are really useful) employments fine-spirited and warm-hearted youth, who through the day, and what she proposes for her fancies he repays his master with gratitude to-morrow's task. Her heart and her features for the care of his boyish years—this young are changed by the duties of her situation. To
-in the eight long years I watched over the boys, she never appears other than the him with a parent's anxiety, never could repay master's wife, and she looks up to me as the boy's me with one look of genuine feeling.
master; to whom all show of love and affection proud, when I praised ; he was submissive, would be highly improper, and unbecoming when I reproved him ; but he did never lore the dignity of her situation and mine. Yet me—and what he now mistakes for gratitude this my gratitude forbids me to hint to her. and kindness for me, is but the pleasant sen- For my sake she submitted to be this altered sation, which all persons feel at revisiting the creature, and can I reproach her for it ?”— scenes of their boyish hopes and fears ; and the For the communication of this letter, I am inseeing on equal terms the man they were ac- debted to my cousin Bridget. customed to look up to with reverence. My