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place of tens, it becomes so many tens, or ten times its simple value, and in the third place, or place of hundreds, it becomes an hundred times its simple value, and so on, as in the folloving

TABLE:

Millions,
'Tens,
C. of Millions,
X. of Millions,
Units,
C. of Thousands,
Thousands,
Tiundreds,
X. of Thousands,

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1

1 Oue.
21 - Twenty-one.
$ 21 - Three hundred twenty-one.
4 3 2 1 Four thousand 321.

5 4 3 2 1 - Fifty-four thousand 321. 1 6 5 4 3 2 1 · 654 thousand 321.

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 - 7 miilion 654' thousand $21. 8 6 5 4 3 2 1 · 87 million 654 thousand 321. 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 987 million 654 thousand 321. 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 - 123 million 456 thousand 789 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 4 8 - 987 million 654 thousand 348.

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To know the value of any number of figures.

RULE. 1. Numerate from the right to the left hand, each fig. ure in its proper place, by saying, units, tens, hundreds, . &c. as in the Numeration Table.

2. To the simple value of each figure, join the name of its place, beginning at the left hand, and reading to the right.

EXAMPLES.

Read the following numbers. 365, Three hundred and sixty-five. 5461, Five thousand four hundred and sixty-one. 1234, One thousand two hundred and thirty-four. 54026, Fifty-four thousand and twenty-six.

123461, One hundred and twenty-three thousand four

hundred and sixty-one.

4666240, Four millions, six hundred and sixty-sis thou

sand two hundred and forty. Vore.For convenience in reading large numbers, te may be divided into periods of three figures each, s Tollos :

937, Nine hundred anxi eighty-seven. 987 000, Nine hundred and eighty-seven thousand. 93 000 000, Nine hundred and eighty-seven million. (34 521, Nine hundred and tiglity-seven million,

six hundred and fifty-four thousand, three hundred and twenty-one.

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Begin on the righi land, write anits in the units place, tens in the tens place, hundreds in the hundreds place, and so on, towards the left hand, writing each figure acesrding to its proper value in numeration; taking care to supply those places of the natural eriler with cypher's which are omitted in the question.

EXAMPLES.

Write down is proper figures the following numbers Thirty-six. 'I'wo hundred and seventy-nine. 'Thirty-seven thousand, five hundred and fourteen.

Wine inillions, seventy-two thousand and two hundred. Light hundred millions, forty-four thousand and fifty

SIMILE ADDITION, jutting together soverl smaller nurnbers, of the

denominativit, into one larger, equal to the whole n tutal; as 4 dollars and six doilars in one sum is 10

RULE.

Having placed units under units, tens under tens, &c. draw a line underneath, and begin with the units; after adding up every figure in that column, consider how mang tens are contained in their sum ; set down the remainder under the units, an' carry so many as you have tens, to the next column of tens; proceed in the same manner through every column, or row, and set down the whole amount of the last row.

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EXAMPLE,

Excess of 9's.

2. There is another method of proof, as follows:no

Reject or cast out the nines in each row or sum of figures, and set down the Samo 8 2 "emainders, each directly even with the 5 T 6 6 6 figures in its row; find the sum of these 8 5 5 remainders ; then if the excess of nines in the sum found as before, is equal to the 18 S 0 3 excess of nines in the sum total, the work is supposed to be right.

15. Add 8655, 2194, 7421, 5063, 2196, and 1245 together

Ans. 26754. 16. Find the sun of 3482, 783645, 318, 7530, and 90780-5.

aliis. 11473020. 17. Find the sum total of 604, 4680, 99, 61, and 54.

Ans. Filty-five hundred. 18. What is the sum total of 94674, 16740, S4678, 10-467, anii 13459 ? ma'ns. One liandirea thousand. 19. Add 1021, 9499, 25, 6S, 289, and 6188 together,

Jus. Forty thousand. 20. What is the sum total of the following numbers, viza 23:40, 1066, 3700, and 4005 ?

Ans. 11111. 21. What is the cum total of the following numbers, viz..

Nine hundred and forty-seven,

leven the said six hundred and five,
Port-live the sand six bonire
hree hundred and cieven thousand,
Niae millions, and twenty-five,
Fily-vozillions, and wine thousand ?

Jasicer, 61574177

22. Requireel the sum of the following numbers, vix..

Five hundred and sixty-eight,
Eight thousand eight hurdred and fire,
Seventy-nine thousand six hundred,
Nine hundred and eleven thousand,
Nine millions and twenty-six

Answer, 999999;

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