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145. 4d. a piece, which were sold at 188. a yard; re quired the prime cost, what it sold for, and the gain.
£. s. d.
Prime cost, 19 8
Gain, S 17 '73 25. Three partners, A, B and C, join their stock, and buy goods to the amount of f, 1025,5; of which A put in a certain sum; B put in....I know not how much, and C the rest; they gained at the rate of 241. per cent. : A's part of the gain is 1, B's ž, and C's the rest. Required each man's particular stock.
307,65 26. What is that number which being divided by #, the guotient will be 21:
Ans. 154. 27 If to my are there willed be,
One-half, one-thire, and three times three,
Ans. 66 28. A gentleman divided bis fortune among his three sons, giving A Sl: as often as B 51. and to C but sl. as often as B il. and yet C's dividend was 25841.; what did the whole estate arnount to?
Ans. £19466 2ș. 8d. 29. A gentleman left his son a fortune, of which he spent in three months; of the remainder lasted him 10 months longer, when he had only, 2524 dollars left; pray vhat did his father bequcath him?
Ans. $5889, 23cts. + 30. In an orchard of fruit trees, t of them bcar apples, * pears, plums, 40 of the peaches, and 10 cherries; how many trees does the orchard contain ? Ans. 600.
31. There is a certain number, which being divided by 7, the quotient resulting multiplied by 3, that product divided by 5, from the quotient 20 being subtracted, and 30 added to the remainder, the lialf sum shall make 15 can you tell me the number:
33. If A can do a piece of work alone in 10 days, B in 20 days, C in 40 days, and D in 80 days; set all four about it together, in what time will they finisu it!
Ans. 51 days. 34. A farmer being asked how many sheep he bad, aaswered, that he had them in five fields, in the first he had # of his flock, in the second į, in the third s, in the fourth it, and in the fifth 450; how many had he ?
Ans. 1200. 35. A and B together can build a boat in 18 days, and with the assistance of C they can do it in 11 days; in what time would C do it alone ? Ans. 289 days.
36. There are three numbers, 23, 25, and 42, what is the difference between the sum of the squares of the first and last, and the cube of the middlemost?
Ans. 133S2. 37. Part 1200 acres of land among A, B, and C, so that B may have 100 more than A, and C 64 more than B.
Ans. A 512, B 412, C 476. 38. If s dozen pairs of gloves be equal in value to 2 pie oes of holland, 3 pieces of holland to 7 yards of satin, 6 yards of satin to 2 pieces of Flanders lace, and S pieces of Flanders lace to g1 shillings; how many dozen pairs of gloves may be bought for 28. ?
Ans. 2 dozen pairs. 39. A lets B have a hogshead of sugar of 18 cwt. worth 5 dollars, for 7 dollars the cwt. of which he is to pay in cash. B hath paper worth 2 dollars per ream, which he gives A for the rest of his sugar, at 21 dollars per reain.-Which gained most by the bargain?
Ans. A by $19, 20cts. 40. A father left his two sons (the one 11 and the other 16 years old) 10000 dollars, to be divided so that cach share, being put to interest at 5 per cent. might amount to equal suns when they would be respectively 21 years of age. Required the shares ?
Ans. 5454 41 and 4545,4 dollars. 41. Bought a certain quantity of broadcloth for S$31.
5s. and if the number of shillings which it cost per yard were added to the number of yards bought, the sum would be 386; I deinand the number of yards bought, and at what price per yard ?
Jhs. 365 yds. at 215. per yard.
Solved by PROBLEM VI. page 183. 42. Two partners, Peter and John, bought goods to the amount of 1000 dollars; in the purchase of which, Peter paid more than John, and John paid....I know not how much: They then sold their goods for ready money, and thereby gained at the rate of 200 per cent on the prime cost: they divided the gain between them in proportion to the purchase money that each paid in buying the goods; and Peter says to John, My part of the gain is really a handsome sum of money; I wish I had as many such sums as your part contains dollars, I should then have 8960000. I demand each man's particular stock in purchasing the goeds.
Ans. Peter paid 600 dollars, and Jolin paid 400. THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS ARE PROPOSED TO
SURVEYORS. 1. Required to lay out a lot of land in form of a long square, containing 3 acres, 2 roods, and 29 rods, that shall take just 100 rods of wall to enclose, or fence it round; pray how many rods in length, and how many wide, must said lot be ?
Ans. 31 rods in length, and 19 in breadtlı.
Solved by PROBLEM VI. page 183. 2. A tract of land is to be laid out in form of an equal square, and to be enclosed with a post and rail fence 5 rails high ; so that each rod of sence shall contain 10 raj's. How large must this noble square be to contain just as many acres as there are rails in the fence that encloses it, every
rail shall fence an acre ? Ins. the tract of land is 20 iniles squerc, and
contains 256000 acres. Thus, 1 mile=520 rods: then 320X320---160=640 acres : and 320X4x10=12800 rails. As 640 : 12900 :: 12800 : 256000 rails, which will enclose 256000 acres= 20 miles square.
YOR FINDING THE CONTENTS OF SUPERFICIES, SOLIDS,
SHORT RULES, FOR CASTING INTEREST AT SIX PER CENT L. To find the interest of any sum of shillings for any number of days less than a month, at 6 per cent.
RULE. 1. Multiply the shillings of the principal by the number of days, and that product by 2, and cut off three igures to the right hand, and all above three figures will ve the interest in pence.
2. Multiply the figures cut off by 4, still striking off hree figures to the right hand, and you will have the arthings, very nearly.
1. Required the interest of 5l. Ss. for 25 days. 5,8=108X25X2=5,400, and 400X4=1,600
Ans. 5d. 1,6qrs. 2. What is the interest of 21l. 3s. for 29 days?
Ans. 25. Od. 2grs.
FEDERAL MONEY. II. To find the interest of any number of cents for any number of days less than a month, at 6 per cent.
RULE. Multiply the cents by the number of days, divide the product by 6, and point off' two figures to the right, and all the figures at the left hand of the dash, will be the interest in mills, nearly.
Required the interest of 85 dollars, for 20 days. cts.
Ans. 283 which is
28cts. 3 mills. 2. What is the interest of 75 dollars 41 cents, or 7341 cents, for 27 days, at 6 per cent. ?
Ans. 330 mills, or 33cts.
III. When the principal is given in pounds, shillings, &c.
New-England currency, to find the interest for any number of days, less than a month, in Federal Money.
RULE. Multiply the shillings in the principal by the number of days, and divide the product by 36, the quotient win be the interest in mills, for the given time, nearly; omito ting fractions.
EXAMPLE. Required the interest, in Federal Money, of 271. 15s. for 27 (lays, at 6 per cent.
£. $, Mrs. 27 15=555 X27;-36=416mills=41cts. 6m.
IV. When the principal is given in Federal Money, and
you want the interest in shillings, pence, &c. New-Eng. land currency, for any uumber of days less than a 17. st.