15. A young man received 2101. which was ļof his elder brother's portion ; now three times the elder brother's portion was half the father's estate ; what was the value of the estate ? Ans. £ 1890. 16. A hare starts 40 yards before a greyhound, and is not perceived by him till she has been up 40 seconds ; she scuds away at the rate of ten miles an hour, and the dog on view, makes after her at the rate of 18 miles an hour : How long will the course hold, and what space will be ran over, from the spot where the dog started? Ans. 60 sec. and 530yds, space. 17. What number multiplied by 57 will produce just what 134 multiplied by 71 will do ? Ans. 16064 18. There are two numbers, whose product is 1610, the greater is given 46; I demand the sinn of their squares, and the cube of their difference? Ans. The sum of their squares is 35:11. The cube of their wiference is 1951. 19. Suppose there is a mast erectel, so that į of its length stands in the ground, 12 feet of it in the water, and of its length in the air, or above water; I demand the whole length ? Ans. 216 feet. 20. What difference is there between the interest of 5001. at 5 per cent. for 12 years, and the discount of the same suin, at the saine rate, and for tiie same time! Jus. £112 10s. 21. A stationer soldi quills ai uis, per thousand, by which he cleared of the money, but growing, scarce, raised them to 1S. Ed. per thousani; what might lie clear per cent. by the latter price? Bils. f. 967s. S'il. 22. Three persons purchase a l'est-ladia sloop, towards the payment of which a zdvancesi, B, and a 1401. How much paid A and B, ani what part of the vessel had СE. Ans. A piliil 1,267, B £5036, C's part of the tessel is. 23. What is the purchase of 1:2001. bank stock, at 1035 s. £1945 iOs. 24. Bought 97 pieces of Nankeens cach Ios st 3 ។ per cont. : 145. 4}d. a piece, which were sold at 18d. a yard; re quired the prime cost, what it sold for, and the gain. £. s. d. C's Prime cost, 1981) Ans. Sold for, 23 5 9 Gain, S 17 71 25. Three partners, A, B and C, join their stock, and buy goods to the amount of f, 1025,5; of which A put in a certain sum; B put in.... I know not how much, and C the rest; they gained at the rate of 241. per cent. : A's part of the gain is , B's, and C's the rest. Required each man's particular stock. £. SA's stock was 512,75 Ans. 205,1 307,65 26. What is that number which being divided by t, the quotient will be 21: Ans. 153. 27 If to my are there aileled be, One-half, one-thirt, and three times three, Ans. 66 28. A gentleman divided bis fortune among his three sons, giving A Sl: as often as B 5l, and to c but sl. as often as Bil. and yet C's dividend was 25941. ; what did the whole estate arnount to? Ans. £ 19466 25. 8d. 29. A gentleman left his son a fortune, of which he spent in three months ; of the remainder lasted him 10 months longer, when he had only 2524 dollars left; pray vhat did his father bequcath lim? Ans. $5889, 33cts. + 30. In an orchard of fruit trees, d of them bear apples, pears, plums, 40 of them peaches, and 10 cherries; how many trees does the orchard contain ? Ans. 600. 31. There is a certain number, which being divided by 7, the quotient resulting multiplied by 3, that product divided by 5, from the quotient 20 being subtracted, and 30 added to the remainder, the half sun shall inake 15 can you tell me the number? Ans. 7 32. What part of 25 is of an unit? 33. If A can do a piece of work alone in 10 days, B in 20 days, C in 40 days, and D in 80 days; set all four about it together, in what time will they fist? Ans. 53 days. 34. A farmer being asked how many sheep he hul, answered, that he had them in five fields, in the first he had of his flock, in the second , in the third s, in the fourth is, and in the fifth 450; how many had he ? Ans. 1200. 35. A and B together can build a boat in 18 days, and with the assistance of C they can do it in 11 days; in What time would C do it alone ? Ans. 282 days. 36. There are three numbers, 23, 25, and 42, what is the difference between the sum of the squares of the first and last, and the cube of the middlemost? Ans. 133S2. 57. Part 1200 acres of land among A, B, and C, so that B may have 100 more than A, and C 64 more than Ans. A $12, B 412, C 476. 38. If 3 dozen pairs of gloves be equal in value to 2 pie oes of holland, 3 pieces of holland to 7 yards of satin, 6 yards of satin to 2 pieces of Flanders lace, and S pieces of Flanders lace to g1 shillings; how many dozen pairs of gloves may be bought for 288.? Ins. 2 dozen pairs. 39. A lets B have a hogshead of sugar of 18 cwt worth 5 dollars, for 7 dollars the cwt. 1 of which he is to pay in cash. B hath paper worth 2 dollars per ream, which he gives A for the rest of his sugar, at 21 dollars per reain.Which gained most by the bargain ? Ans. A by $19, 20cts. 40. A father left his two sons (the one 11 and the other 16 years old) 10000 dollars, to be divided so that each share, being put to interest at 5 per cent might amount to equal sums when they would be respectively 21 years of age. Required the shares ? Ans. 5454 1 and 454511 dollars, 41. Bought a certain quantity of broadcloth for 35&. 5s. and if the ruinber of shillings which it cost per yard were added to the number of yards bought, the sum would be 386; I deinand the number of yards bought, and at what price per yard : ins. $65 yds. et 215. per yard. Solved by PROBLEM VI. page 183. 42. Two partners, Peter and John, bought goods to the amount of 1000 dollars; in the purchase of which, Peter paid more than Jon, and John paid.... I know not how much: They then sold their goods for ready money, and thereby gained at the rate of 200 per cent. on the prime cost: they divided the gain between them in proporţion to the purchase money that each paid in buying the goods; and Peter says to John, My part of the gain is really a handsome sum of money; I wish I had as many such sums as your part contains dollars, I should then have 8960000. I demand each man's particular stock in purchasing the goods. Ans. Peter paid 600 dollars, and Jolin paid 400. THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS ARE PROPOSED TO SURVEYORS. 1. Required to lay out a lot of land in form of a long square, containing 3 acres, 2 roods, and 29 rods, that shall take just 100 rods of wall to enclose, or fence it round; pray how many rods in length, and how many wide, must said lot be? Ins. S1 rods in length, and 19 in breadth. Solved by PROBLEM VI. page 183. 2. A tract of land is to be laid out in form of an equal square, and to be enclosed with a post and rail fence 5 rails high ; so that each rod of lence shall contain 10 rais. How large must this noble square be to contain just as many acres as there are rails in the fence that encloses it, so that every rail shall fence an acre ? Ans. the tract of land is 20 iniles square, and contains 256000 acres. Thus, 1 mile=520 rods: then 320x320-:-160=640 acres : and 320X4x10=12800 rails. As 640 : 12900 :: 12800 : 256000 rails, which will enclose 256000 acres= 20 miles square. TOR FINDING THE CONTENTS OF SUPERFICIES, SOLIDS, &c. SHORT RULES, FOR CASTING INTEREST AT SIX PER CENT 1. To find the interest of any sum of shillings for any number of days less than a month, at 6 per cent. RUI.E. 1. Multiply the shillings of the principal by the number of days, and that product by 2, and cut off three figures to the right hand, and all above three figures will be the interest in pence. 2. Multiply the figures cut off by 4, still striking oft three figures to the right hand, and you will have the arthings, very nearly. EXAMPLES. 1. Required the interest of 51. Es. for 25 days. 5,8=108X25X2=5,400, and 400X4=1,600 Ans. 5d. 1,6grs. 2. What is the interest of 21l. 3s. for 29 days? Ans. 25. od. 2grs. |