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QUESTIONS. 2. What mumber of dollars are in six bags, containing each 37542 dollars ?
ans, 225252. 2. If one quarter of a ship's cargo be worth eleven thousand and ninety-nine dollars, how many dollars is the whole cargo worth?
Ans. 44396 dols. S. Money was first made of gold and silver at Argas, c'ght hundred and ninety-four years before Christ; bow long has money been in use at this date, 1814?
Anis. 2708 years. 4. The distance from Portland in the Province of Hizine, io Boston, is 125 miles ; from Boston to New. Ezren, 16.2 miles; from thence to New-York, 83; from tence to Philadelphia, 95; from thence to Baltimore, 10:?; from thence to Charleston, South-Carolina, 716; and frora thence to Savannah, 119 miles.---What is the wltoie distance from Portland to Savannah :
Ans. 1407 miles. 5. John, Thomas, and Harry, after counting their prize money, John had one thousand three hundred and screnty-five dollars ; Thomas had just three times as ma ny as John ; and Harry had just as many as John and Thomas both--Pray how many dollars had Harry?
Ans. 5500 dollars.
FEDERAL MONEY. NEXT in point of simplicity, and the nearest allied to whole numbers, is the coin of the United States, or
FEDERAL MONEY. This is the most simple and easy of all money-itincreases in a tenfold proportion, like whole numbers.
10 mills, (m.) make 1 cent, marked c.
1 dollar, S. 10 dollars,
E. Dollar is the money unit; all other denominations be ing valued according to their place from the dollars place. A point or comma, called a separatrix, may be napped after the dollars to separate them from the interior
denominations; then the first figure at the right of this separatrix is dimes, the second figure cents, and the third mills. *
ADDITION OF FEDERAL MONEY."
RULE. 1. Place the numbers according to their value; that is, Collars under dollars, dimes under dimes, cents under cots, &c. and proceed exactly as in whole numbers ;
en place the separatrix in the sum total, directly under che separating points above.
2. When accounts are kept in dollars and cents, and no other denominations are mentioned, which is the usual mode in common reckoning, then the two first figures at the right of the separatrix or point, may be called so many cents instead of dimes and cents ; for the place of dimes is only the ten's place in cents ; because ten cents make a dime; for example, 48, 75, forty-eight dollars, seven dimes five cents, may be read forty-eight dollars and seventy-five cents.
* It may be observed that all the figures at the left hand of the separatrix are dollars; or you may call the first figure dollars, and the other eagles, &c. Thus any sum of this money may be read differently, either wholly in the lowest denomination, or partly in the higher, and partly in the lowest; for example, 37 54, may be either read 3754 cents, or 375 dimes and 4 cents, or 37 dollars 5 åimes and 4 cents, of 3 cagles, dollars dimes and 4 cents.
If the cents are less than ten, place a * in the ten's place, or Fo of dimes.—Eacample. Write down four dollars and 7 cents. Thus, $4,07 cts.
1. Find the sum of 304 dollars, 39 cents; 291 dollars, 9 cents; 136 dollars, 99 cents; 12 dollars and 10 cents, 304, 39 291. 09 Thus, o 136, § U. 12, 10
Sum,” 744, 57 Seven hundred forty-four doli — lars and fifty-seven cents.
9. What is the sum of S78 dols. I ct. 136 dols. 91 613 844 dols. 8 cts. and 565 loks.:
Ans. $129.. 10. What is the sum of 46 cents, 52 cents, 99 cents and 10 cents ?
ins, se 11. What is the sum of 9 dimes, Sdimes, and 80cchis.
liis. 80. 19. I received of A B and C a sum of money; i paid me 95 dols. 43 sts. paici me just three times as much as A, ind C paid me just as much as A ani B both; can you tell.ine how much money Cpaid me?
. $581,70 Cute IS. Tlcre is ua excelent vell built abip just redir: from the Indies. The strip only is valued at 12145 ki
cents; and one quarter of jer cargo is wortil dols. 63 cents Pray what is the value of the whole s...is and cargo?
Aus. $115799, 40 cts.
4 TAILOR'S BUIL. Mr. James Paywell,
28 Timothy Taylor, dr. 1814,
S. (s. April 15. 1. 2) yus. vf Cloth, at 6, 50 per yd. 16 3
TO 4 yds. Shalloon,
Sum, $ 97 30
By an act of Congress, all tlie accounts of tine United States, the salaries of all officers, the revenue &c. are to be reckoned in sederal money, which mode reckoning is so simple, easy and convenient, that it i soon comcinto common practice throughout at the shirt
Subtraction of whole Numbers, TEACHETH to take a less number from a greater, et the same denomination, and thereby shows the difference, or remainder : as 4 dollars subtracted from 6 dollars, the remainder is two dollars.
Place the least number under the greatest, so that units may stand under units, tens under tens, &c. and draw a line under them.
2. Begin at the right hand, and take cach figure in the lower lipe from the figure above it, and set down the romainder.
3. If the lower figure is greater than that above it, add ten to the upper figure;
from which number 90 lacreased, take the lower and set down the remainder, carrying one to the next lower number, with which proceed as before, and so on till the whole is finished.
Add the remainder to the least number, and if the sum be equal to the greatest, the work is right