(8.) From 917144048605 S562176255002 Take 40600832164 1235271082165 (10.) (11.) (12.) 13. From 360418, take 293752. Ans. 66666. Ans. 90037. 17. From 2637804, take 2376982. Ans. 260822. 18. From ninety thousand, five hundred and forty-six, take forty-two thousand, one hundred and nine. Ats. 48487. 19. From fifty-four thousand and twenty-six, take stao thousand two hundred and fifty-four. fins. 44772. 20. From one million, take nine hundred and ninety. nine thousand. Ans. Onc thousand. 21. Fram nine hundred and eighty-seven millions; take nino hundred and eighty-seven thousand. Ans. 986015000. 22. Subtract one from a million, and shew the reunaisQ0r. Ans, 999999 QUESTIONS. 1. How much is six hundred and sixty-seven, greater whan three hundred and ninety-five ? Ans. 272. What is the difference between twice twenty-seven, and three times forty-five ? ins. 81. S. How much is izoo greater than 565 and 721 added together? Ans. 114. 4. From New-London to Philadelphia is 240 miles. Now if a man should travel five days from New-Isondon towards l'hiladelphia, at the rate of 39 miles each day, ing lar would he then be from Philade'phia. AMS. 45 miles 5. What other number with these four, viz. 21, 32, 16, and 12, will make 100 ? Ans. 19. 6. A wine merchant bought 721 pipes of wine for 90846 dollars, and sold 543 pipes thereof for 89049 dollars; how many pipes has he remaining or unsold, and what do they stand him in ? Ans. 178 pipes unsold, and they stand him in $1797. SUBTRACTION OF FEDERAL MONEY. RULE. Place the numbers according to their value; that is, dallans under dollars, dimes under dimes, cents under cents, &c. and subtract as in whole numbers. EXAMPLES Rem. $1,990 one dollar, nine dimes, and nine cents, or one dollar and ninety-nine cents. $. d. c. $. d. c.. $. d. c. 2. From 45, 74 46, 246 211, 110 Take 13, 89 36, 164 111, 114 Rem. $. cts. 411, 24 16, 09 S. cts. 960, 00 136, 41 From 4 2 8 4 $. cts, From 4106, 71 Take' 221, 69 $. cts. 1901, 08 864, 09 S. cts. 365, CO 109, oi 11. From 18 dollars, take 9 dollars 9 cents. Ans. $115, 91 cts. 12. From 127 dollars 1 cent take 41 dollars 10 cents. Ans. $85, 91 cts. 13. From 365 dollars 90 cents, take 168 dols. 99 cents, Ans. $196, 91 cts. 14. From 249 dollars 45 cents, take 180 dollars. Ans. $69, 45 cts. 15. From 100 dollars, take 45 cts. Ans. $99, 55 cts. 16. From ninety dollars and ten cents, take forty dole lars and nineteen cents. Ans. $49, 91 cts. 17. From forty-one dollars eight cents, take one dollar nine cents. Ans. 839, 99 cts. 18. From 3 dols. take 7 cts. Ans. $2, 93 cts. 19. From ninety-nine dollars, take ninety-nine cents. Ans. $98, 1 ct. 20 From twenty dols. take twenty cents and one mill Ans. $19, 79 cts. 9 mills. 21. From three dollars, take one hundred and ninety. nine cents. Ans. $1, 1 ct. 22. From 20 dols. take 1 dime. Ans. $19, 90 cts. 23. From nine dollars and ninety cents, take ninetynine dimes. Ans. O remains. 24. Jack's prize money was 219 dollars, and Thomas received just twice as much, lacking .45 cents. How much money did Thomas receive ? Ans. $437, 55 cts. 25. Joe Careless received prize money to the amount of 1000 dollars; after which he lays out 411 dols. 41 cents span of fine horses; and 123 dollars 40 cents for a gold watch and a suit of new clothes ; besides 359 dols. and 50 cents he lost in gambling. How much will !-, have left after paying his landlord's bill, which amounts to 85 dols. and 11 cents ? ins. $20, 58 cts. for a SIMPLE MULTIPLICATION, TEACHETH to increase, or repeat the greater of two numbers given, as often as there are units in the less, or multiplying number; hence it performs the work of many additions in the most compendious manner. The number to be multiplied is called the multiplicand. The number you multiply by, is called the multiplier. The number found from the operation, is called the products NOTE. Both multiplier and multiplicandi agenccal called factors, or terms. CASE I. RULE. Multiply each figure in the multiplicand by the multiplier; carry one for every ten, (as in addition of whole numbers) and you will have the product or answer. PROOF.* EXAMPLES. Thus, 365 multiplicand. 3 multiplier CASE IT. RULE. The multiplier being placed under the multiplicand units under units, tens under tens, &c. multiply by each significant figure in the multiplier separately, placing the first figure in each product exactly under its multiplier ; * Multiplication may also be proved by casting out the Os in the two factors, and setting down the remainders; then multiplying the two remainders together; if the excess «! i's in their product is equal to the excess of y's in the total product, the work is supposed to be right then add the several products together in the same order as they stand, and their sum will be the total product. EXAMPLES. Vhat number is equal to 47 times 365 ? Multiplicand 3 6 5 4 7 2 5 5 5 1 4 60 Arls. 17 1 5 5 product. , Multiplicaui, $7864 34293 74 47042 91 340776 75728 Product, 7915576 2557682 4280822 8253 25203 2195 9876 9405 6816978 101442075 8929896 92883780 269181 4629 261986 7638 40634 1946038849 2001049068 1709391112 134092 918273645 1003245 11714545504 921253442978025 14. Multiply 760483 by 9159. Aris. 6959940416. 15. What is the total product of 7608 times 365432 ? Ans. 2780206656. 16. What number is equal to 40003 times 4897685 ? Jus. 195922093055. |