Practical Questions. What cost nine yards of cloth at 5s. 6d. per yard ? 40 5 6 price of one yard. Ans. £ 2 9 6 price of nine yards, ANSWERS. £. 4 gallons of wine, at 0 8 ? pergallon. I 14 4 5 C. Malaga Raisins, at 1 2 3 per cut. 5 11 3 7 re:ans of paper, at 0 17 99 per ream. 6 4 64 8 yds. of broadcloth, at 1 793 per yard. 11 24 9 lb. of cinnamon, at 0 11 4 per Ib. 5 2 21 11 tons of hay, at 2 1 10 per ton. 23 02 12 bushels of apples, at 0 1 9 per bush. I 10 12 bushels of wheat, at 0 9 10 per bush. 5 18 0 2. When the multiplier, that is, the quantity, is a coinposite number, and greater than 12, take any two such numbers as when multiplied together, will exactly produce the given quantity, and multiply first by one of those figures, and that product by the other; and the last product will be the answer. EXAMPLES. What cost 28 yards of cloth, at 6s. 10d. per yard ? fus. d. 0 6 10 price of one yard. 7 Multiply by 19., pries oly by 2 7 10 price of 7 yards. sucer, £9 11 4 price of 28 yards. at z 118 STIOys, ANSWERS £• s. d. 84 yards at 4 3 per yard, 8 17 6 27 at 13 5 6 44 at 12 4 2 27 4 6 at 8 S 1 22 14 103 70 at 19 11 0 71 14 0 S 6 2 S 10 10 at 13 4 2 77 3 6 96 11 90 56 8 0 at fo. 1 17 6 0 2 6 144 at 1 4 20 at 174 0 0 9. When no two numbers multiplied together will exactly make the multiplier, you must multiply by any two whose product will come the nearest; then multiply the upper line by what remained; which added to the last product gives the answer. Wut will 47 yds. of cloth come to at 175 9d. per yd.? £, S. . 0 17 9 price of 1 yard. Multiply by EXAMPLES. Procluces 8 9 price of 5 yards. 9 Proluces 59 1 18 9 price of 45 yards. 6 23 Anster, 441 14 3 price of 47 yards. ANSWERS, £. s. d. 2 eils of linen, at ő 3 } per efl. 4 1 53 17 ells of dowlas, at 0 1 64 per ell. 1 39 ctt. of sugar, at 3 10 6 per cwt. 137 9 6 52 yds. of cloth, at 0 5 9 per yd. 14 19 0 19 lbs. of indigo, at 0 11 6 6 per Ib. 10 18 6 29 yds. of cambric, at 0 15 7 per yd. 19 18 11 111 ydg. broadclot!, at 1 % 6 per yd. 124 17 6 94 Lenver ha's at 1 9 4 a piece 137 174 4. To find the value of a hundrei waiginti, bv lavirin the price of one pound. If the price be farthings, multiply 2. 4d. by the farthings in the price of one lb.-Or, if the price be pence, maltiply 9s. 4d. by the pence in the price of one ib. and in either case the product will be the answer. EXAMPLES. What will 1 cwt. of rice come to, at 2 d. per Ib. ? 112 farthings=24 price 1 cwt. at fd. per lb. 9 farthings in the price of 11. Ins. f1 1 O price of 1 cwt. at 24 per 1b. What will i cwt. of leall come to at til. ner i...? . 9 Examples of Weights, Measures, St. 1. How much is 5 times 7cwt. 3 qrs. 15 lb. ? Cwt. grs. lb. non S 15 Ans. Cwt. S9 1 19 cut. gr. 8. oz. 2 Ksultiply, 20 7 is by 4. (8) 27 i 18 19 4. e Prodec? 1. 8D 9 10 44 D. 164 0 26 8 Practical Questions in WEIGHTS & MEASURES. 1. What is the weight of 7 hhds. of sugar, cach weighng 9 cwt. 3 qrs. 12 lb. ? Ans. 69cwt. 2. What is the weight of 6 chests of tea, cach weighng 3 cwt. 2 qrs. 9 lb. ? Ans. 21cwt. Iqr. 2616. 3. How much brandy in 9 casks. each containing 41 gals. 3 qts. 1 pt. ? Ans. &76gals. Sgts. Ipt. 4. In 35 pieces of cloth, each measuring 271 yards, how many yards ? Ans. 97 1yds. igr. 5. In 9 fields, each containing 14 acres, 1 rood, and 25 poles, how many acres ? Ans. 129a. 2grs. 25rods. 6. In 6 parcels of wood, each containing 5 cords and 96 feet, how many cords ? Ans. S4!cords. 7. A gentleman is possessed of 13 dozen of silver spoons, each weighing 2 02. 15 pwt. 11 grs. 2 dozen of tea-spoons, each weighing 10 pwt. 14 grs. and 2 silver tankards, each 21 oz. 15 pwt. Pray what is the weight of the whole ? Ans. &lb, 10oz. 2pwt. Egyes. COMPOUND DIVISION, TEACHES to find how often one number is contained in another of different denominations. DIVISION OF FEDERAL MONEY. Any sum in Federal Money may be divided as a whole number; for, if dollars and cents be written down as a simple number, the whole will be cents; and if the sum consists of dollars only; annex two cyphers to the dollars, and the whole will be cents; hence the follow ing GENERAL RULE. Write down the given sum in cents, and divide as in whganumbers; the quotient will be the answer in cents Note. If the cents in the given sum are less than 10 you must always place a cypher on their left, or in the ten's place of the cents, before you write them down. EXAMPLES. 1. Divide 35 dollars 68 cents, by 41. 41)3568(87 the quotient in cents; and when there 328 is any considerable remainder, you may annex a cypher to it, if you please, 288 and divide it again, and you will have 287 the mills, &c. 2. Divide 21 dollars, 5 cents, by 14. 14)2105(150 cents=1 dol. 50 cts. but to bring cents 14 into dollars, you need only point off two figures to the right hand for cents, am! the rest will be dollars, &c. 70 3. Divide 4 dots. 9 cts. or 409 cts. by 6. Ans. 68 ct5.4. 4 Divide 9 dolg: 24 cts..by 12. Ansa 77 cts. |