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Spanish Vessels. SEC. 4231. From Spanish vessels coming from any port or place in Spain or her colonies, where no discriminating or counter vailing duties on tonnage are levied upon vessels of the United States, or from any other port or place to and with which vessels of the United States are ordinarily permitted to go and trade, there shall be exacted in the ports of the United States no other or greater duty on tonnage than at the time may be exacted of vessels of the United States. (See $2895.)
Mail Steamships to Brazil. SEC. 4232. The mail steamships employed in the mail service between the Uuited States and Brazil shall be exempt from all port charges and custom-house dues at the port of departure and arrival in the United States if, and so long as, a similar immunity from port charges and custom-house dues is granted by the government of Brazil.
(Title 60-Revised Statutes-Chapter 3.)
Copyrights to be under charge of Librarian of Congress.
SEC. 4948. All records and other things relating to copyrights and required by law to be preserved, shall be under the control of the Librarian of Congress, and kept and preserved in the Library of Congress; and the Librarian of Congress shall have the immediate care and supervision thereof, and, under the supervision of the joint committee of Congress on the Library, shall perform all acts and duties required by law touching copyrights.
Sections 4949, 4950 and 4951 relate to seal of office, bond, and annual report of the Librarian of Congress.
What articles may be entered for copyright. SEC. 1952. Amended by section i of Act March 3, 1891, so as to read as follows:
The author, inventor, designer or proprietor of any book, map, chart, dramatic or musical composition, engraving, cut, print, or photograph or negative thereof, or of a painting, drawing, chromo, statue, statuary, and of models or designs intended to be perfected as works of the fine arts, and the executors, administrators, or assigns of any such person shall, upon complying with the provisions of this chapter, have the sole liberty of printing, reprinting, publishing, completing, copying, executing, finishing, and vending the same; and, in case of dramatic composition, of publicly performing or representing it or causing it to be performed or represented by others; and authors or their assigns shall have exclusive right to dramatize and translate any of their works for which copyright shall have been obtained under the laws of the United States.
Term of Copyrights. SEC. 1953. Copyrights shall be granted for the term of twenty-eight years from the time of recording the title thereof, in the manner hereinafter directed.
Extension of Term. SEC. 4954. Amended by section 2 of Act March 3, 1891, so as to read as follows:
The author, inventor, or designer, if he be still living, or his widow or children, if he be dead, shall have the same exclusive right continued for the further term of fourteen years, upon recording the title of the work or description of the articles so secured a second time, and complying with all other regulations in regard to original copyrights, within six months before the expiration of the first term; and such persons shall, within two months from the date of said renewal, cause a copy of the record thereof to be published in one or more newspapers printed in the United States for the space of four weeks.
Assignment of Copyrights and Recording. SEC. 4955. Copyrights shall be assignable, in law, by any instrument of writing, and such assignment shall be recorded in the office of the Librarian of Congress within sixty days after its execution; in default of which it shall be void as against any subsequent purchaser or mortgagee for a valuable consideration, without notice. Method of Procuring and Restrictions upon Imports of
Copyrights. SEC. 4956. Amended by $3, Act March 3, 1891, so as to read as follows: No person shall be entitled to a copyright unless he shall, on or before the day of publication in this or any foreign country, deliver at the office of the Librarian of Congress, or deposit in the mail within the United States, addressed to the librarian of Congress, at Washington, District of Columbia, a printed copy of the title of the book, map, chart, dramatic or musical composition, engraving, cut, print, photograph, or chromo, or a description of the painting, drawing, statue, statuary, or a model or design for a work of the fine arts for which he desires a copyright, nor unless he shall also, not later than the day of the publication thereof in this or any foreign country, deliver at the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, District of Columbia, or deposit in the mail within the United States, addressed to the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, District of Columbia, two copies of such copyright book, map, chart, dramatic or musical composition, engraving, chromo, cut, print, or photograph, or in case of a painting, drawing, statue, statuary, model, or a design for a work of the fine arts, a photograph of same: Provided, That in the case of a book, photograph, chromo, or lithograph, the two copies of the same required to be delivered or deposited as above shall be printed from types set within the limits of the United States, or from plates made therefrom, or from negatives, or drawings on stone made within the limits of the United States, or from transfers made therefrom. During the existence of such copyright the importation into the United States of any book, chromo, or lithograph, or photograph, so copyrighted, or any edition or editions thereof, or any plates of the same not made from type set, negatives, or drawings on stone made within the limits of the United States, shall be, and it is hereby, prohibited, except in the cases specified in paragraphs five hundred and twelve to five hundred and sixteen, inclusive,* in section two of the act entitled “An act to reduce the revenue and equalize the duties on imports, and for other purposes,' approved October first, eighteen hundred and ninety; and except in the case of persons purchasing for use and not for sale, who import subject to the duty thereon, not more than two copies of such book at any one time; and except in the case of newspapers and magazines, 110t containing in whole or in part matter copyrighted under the provisions of this act, unauthorized by the author, which are hereby exempted from prohibition of importation: Provided, netertheless, That in the case of books in foreign languages, of which only translations in English are copyrighted the prohibition of importation shall apply only to the transiation of the same, and the importation of the books in the original language shall be permitted.
Special Regulations see T. D. 11436, 11617, 14898.
* Now paragraphs 410 to 414, inclusive, Act August 28, 1894, post.
Record of Entry and Attested Copy. SEC. 1957. The Librarian of Congress shall record the name of such copyright book or other article, forth with, in a book to be kept for that purpose, in the words following: “Library of Congress, to wit: Be it remembered that on the day of
hath deposited in this office the title of a book, (map, chart, or otherwise, as the case may be, or description of the article) the title or description of which is in the following words, to wit: (here insert the title or description,) the right whereof he claims as author, (originator, or proprietor, as the case may be,) in conformity with the laws of the United States respecting copyrights. C. D., Librarian of Congress.' And he shall give a copy of the title or description, under the seal of the Librarian of Congress, to the proprietor, whenever he shall require it. (See $3, Act June 18, 1874, and Act August 1, 1882, post.)
Fees-Collectors and Postmasters to be notified of articles
Copyrighted SEC. 1958. Amended by Section 4, Act March 3, 1891, so as to read as follows :
The Librarian of Congress shall receive from the persons to whom the services designated are rendered the following fees :
First. For recording the title or description of any copyright book or other article, fifty cents.
Second. For every copy under seal of such record actually given to the person claiming the copyright, or his assigns, fifty cents.
Third. For recording and certifying any instrument of writing for the assignment of a copyright, one dollar.
Fourth. For every copy of an assignment, one dollar.
All fees so received shall be paid into the Treasury of the United States : Provided, That the charge for recording the title or description of any article entered for copyright, the production of a person not a citizen or resident of the United States, shall be one dollar, to be paid as above into the Treasury of the United States, to defray the expenses of lists of copyrighted articles as hereinafter provided for.
And it is hereby made the duty of the Librarian of Congress to furnish to the Secretary of the Treasury copies of the entries of titles of all books and other articles wherein the copyright has been completed by the deposit of two copies of such book printed from type set within the limits of the United States, in accordance with the provisions of this act and by the deposit of two copies of such other article made or produced in the United States; and the
Secretary of the Treasury is hereby directed to prepare and print, at intervals of not more than a week, catalogues of such title entries for distribution to the collectors of customs of the United States and to the postmasters of all post-offices receiving foreign mails, and such weekly lists, as they are issued, shall be furnished to all parties desiring them, at a sum not exceeding five dollars per annum ; and the Secretary and the Postmaster-General are hereby empowered and required to make and enforce such rules and regulations as shall prevent the importation into the United States, except upon the conditions above specified, of all articles prohibited by this act. Special Regulations T. D. 11436, 11440, 11449, 11617, 11745.
Subsequent Editions-how treated. SEC. 4959. Amended by section 5 of Act March 3, 1891, so as to read as follows:
The proprietor of every copyright book or other article shall deliver at the office of the Librarian of Congress, or deposit in the mail, addressed to the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, District of Columbia, a copy of every subsequent edition wherein any substantial changes shall be made: Provided, however, That the alterations, revisions, and additions made to books by foreign authors, heretofore published, of which new additions shall appear subsequently to the taking effect of this act, shall be held and deemed capable of being copyrighted as above provided for in this act, unless they form a part of the series in course of publication at the time this act shall take effect.
Penalty for Omission. SEC. 1960. For every failure on the part of the proprietor of any copyright to deliver or deposit in the nail either of the published copies, or description or photograph, required by sections 4956 and 4959, the proprietor of the copyright shall be liable to a penalty of twenty-five dollars, to be recovered by the Librarian of Congress, in the name of the United States, in an action in the nature of an action of debt, in any district court of the United States within the jurisdiction of which the delinquent may reside or be found.
Postmasters to give Receipts. SEC. 1961. The postmaster to whom such copyright book, title, or other article is delivered, shall, if requested, give a receipt therefor; and when so delivered he shall mail it to its destination,
SEC. 4962. (Relating to publication of notice of entry for copyright.) Superseded by section i of Act June 18, 1874 (post).