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in his word, by a positive, moral, and perpetual command. ment, binding all men in all ages, he hath particularly appointed one day in seven, for a fabbath, to be kept holy unto him k: Which, from the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, was the last day of the week; and, from the resurrection of Christ, was changed into the first day of the weck, which in fcripture is called the Lord's day m, and is to be continued to the end of the world, as the chri. stian fabbath.

VIII. This fabbath is then kept holy unto the Lord, when men, after a due preparing of their hearts, and ordering of their common affairs before-hand,do not only observe an holy Ret all the day, from their own works, words and thoughts, about their wordly employments and recreations o; but also

are

fastly in the apostles doctrine, and ted and made. 1 Cor. 16. 1. Now fellowship, and in breaking of concerning the collection for the bread, and in prayers.

Saints, as I havegiven order to the V lK Exod. 20,8. Remember the churches of Galatia,even so do ye. fabbath day, to keep it holy. . 10. v. 2. Upon the first dayoftheweek, But the seven day is the fabbath let every one of you lay by him in oftbeordthy God:in it thou shalt store, as God hath prospered him, not do any work,tho i nor thylon, that there be no gatherings when nor thydaughter, thy man-fervant, I come. Acts 20.7. And upon the nor thy maid-fervant, nor thy cat firstdayof the week, when the discitle, nor thy stranger wbichis with. ples came together to break bread in thy gates v, 11. For in fix days Paul preached unto thom ,ready to the ord made heaven and earth, depart on the morrow, and con. the sea, and all that in them is, tinued his specch until midnight, and relled the seventh day; where, m Rev. I 10. I was in the fpirit fore the Lord ble led the fabbath on the Lord'sday,and heard hehind, day, and hallowed it, lla. 56. 2. me a great voice, as of a trumpet, blessed is the man that doth this, n Exod, 20 8.10. (Sce letter k.) and the Sonof man hat layeth bold With Mat. 5. 17. Thinknotthat I on it ; that keepeth the Sabbath am come to deltroy the law or the from polluting it, and keepeth his prophets : I am not come to de. hand from doing any evil.v.4.For troy, but to fulfil. 2, 18. For ve thus faith the Lord unto the eu, rily I say unto you,till heaven and nuchs that keep my fabbaths, and earth pass, one jot or one tittle Choose the things that please me shall in no wile pals from the law, and take hold of my coventant, v, till all be fulfilled. 6, 7. (See in letter i.)

VIII, o Exod. 20.8.(See letterk.) 1 Gen. 2. 2. And on the seventh Exod.16.23. Andhelaidunto them, day, God ended his work which he This is that which the Lord hath had made: and he relted on the le. Said, to morrow is the relt of the venth diyrom all his work which holy fabbath unto the Lord; bake, he had made, v, 3. And God bles. that which you will bake, to day led the seventh day, and fanctified and leethe that ye will seethe; and it : because that in it he had relted that which remaineth oyer, lay up from all his work, which Godcred.

for

are taken up the whole time in the public and private exer. cises of his worship, and in the duties of necessity and merсу р.

CHAP. XXII. Of lawful oaths and vows.

A

Lawful oath is a part of religious worship a, wherein, upon just occasion, the person swearing, folemnly calleth

God

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for you to be kept until the mor on the labbath-day: and I teftified
diug.v.25.And Moses said, Eatthat against them in the day wherein
to day;for to day is asabbath unto they sold victuals, v. 16. There
the Lord: tc day ye shall not find dwelt men of Tyre also therein,
itin the field. v. 26. Six days ye which brought fish,and allmanner
Mall gother it, but on the seventh of ware, and sold on the fabbath,
daywhich is the labbath,in it there unto the children of. Judah,and in
fall be none. v. 29. See, for that Jerusalem,', 17. Then I conten-
the Lord hath given you the fab- ded with the nobles of Judah, and
bath, therefore he giveth you on said unto them, what evil thing
thesixth daythe bread of twodays: is this that ye do, and pr fane the
abide ye every man in his place, fabbath-day? v. 18. Did not your
letno mangooutof hisplace on the Fathers thus,and did not our God
the seventhday. 2.30. So the peo- bring all this evil upon us, and
plcrested on theseventhday Exod. upon this city?yet ye bring more
35.15.Six days maywork be done, wrath upon Ilrael, by profaning
but in the seventh is the fabbath of the sabbath. v.19. And it came to
relt, holy to the Lord:whosoever pals, that when the gates of Jeru-
doth any work in the fabbath-day, salem began to be dark before the
he shall surelybe put to death,%.16. sabbath, I commanded that the
Wherefore the children of Israel gates should be shut, and charged
shall keep the labbath, to observe that they thouldnot be opened till
thefabbath throughout their gene- after the fabbath ; and some of my
rations, for a perpetual covenant. fervants fet l atthe gates, thatthere
7. 17. It is a lign between me, & should no burdenbe brought in on
the children of Israel for ever: for the fabbath-day: 1, 21, Then I
in six days the Lord made heaven testified against them,and said uns
and earth, and on the leventh day to them, Why lodge ye about the
he rested, & was refreshed, Ifa.58. wall? If ye do fo again,l will lay
13.Ifthouțurn awaythy foot from hands on you. From that tiine
the sabbath, from doing thy plea- forth, came they no more on the
sure on my holy day, and call the fabbath. v, 22, And I commanded
Sabbath a delight, the holy of the the Levites, that they thouldcleanle
Lord,honourable,andlhalt honour themselves, and that they should
him, not doing thine own ways, come and keep the gates,to sanctia
not finding thineownpleasure,nor fy the fabbath-day,Rememberme,
speaking thineownwords, Neb.13. Omy God, concerning this allo,
15. In those days saw I in Judah and spare me according to the
fome treading wine-prefies on the greatness of thy mercy.
sabbath,and bringingin (heaves,& pila. 58.13. (See in letter o.)
lading asses; as also wine, gợapes, Mat. 12, 1.to the 13: verle.)
and sigs,andall manner of burdens, 1, Deut.10.20. Thou shalt fear
whichthey brought into Jerusalem

the

1

God to witness what he asserteth or promiseth; and to judge him according to the truth or fallhood of what he (weareth b.

II. The name of God only is that by which men ought to fwear, and therein it is to be used with all holy fear and reverencec: Therefore, to swear vainly or rathly by that glorious and dreadful name, or to swear at all by any other thing, is sinful, and to be abhorred d, Yet as, in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the word of God, under the new testament, as well as under the old e; fo a lawful oath being imposed by lawful authority, in such matters, ought to be taken f.

III, Who

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the Lord thy God; him shalt thou munication be, Yea, yea; nay, serve,and to him shalt thou cleave, nay: for whatsoever is more than änd swear by his name,

these, cometh of evil. Jam. 5. 12. b Exod. 20. 7. Thou shaltnottake But above all things,my brethren, the name of the Lord thy God in swear not, neither by heaven, neivain : for the Lord will not hold ther by the earth, neither by any him guiltless that taketh his name other oath ; but let your yea, bo in vain. Lev, 19. 12. And ye shall yea, and your nay, nay ; left ye not swear by my name falsy, nei. fall into condemnation. ther shalt thou profane the name of e Heb. 6. 16. For men verily thy God: I am the'Lord. 2. Cor. swear by the greater : and an oath 1.23, Moreover, I call God for a for comfirmation is to theman end record upon my soul, that to spare of all strife. 2 Cor. 23. (See in lere you.Icamenotas yetunto Corinth. ter b) Ifa. 65. 16. That he who 2 Chron. 6. 22. If aman sin against blefleth himself in the earth, shall his neighbour,and an oath lie laid bless himself in the God of truth; upon him, to make him swear, and and he that sweareth in the earth, the oath come before thine altar in shall swear by the God of truth; this house; v. 23. Then hear thou because the former troubles are from heaven, and do, and judge forgotten, and because they are thy servants,by requiting the wic hid from mine eyes. ked, by recompencing his way u fi Kings 8. 31.1f any man tref pon his own head, and by juftify- pass against his neighbour, and an ing the righteous, by giving him oath be laid upon him, to caule according to his righteousnels, him to swear, and the oath come

II. Deut.6.13. Thou shalt fear before thine altar in this house. the Lord thy God, and serve him, Neh.13.25, And I contended with and shalt swear by his name. them, and cursed them, and fmote

d Exod. 20.7. (See letter b.) Jer. certain of them, and pluckt off 5:7. How shall I pardon thee for their hair, and made them swear this? thy children have forsaken by God, laying, Ye shall not give me,and (worn by them that are no your daughters untotheirsons, nor gods: when I fed them to the full take their daughters unto your then they commited adultery,and fons, or for your felves. Ezra. 10. assembled themselves bytroops in 5. Then arose Ezra, and made the the harlots houses. Mat. 5,34. But chief priests, the Levites, and all I say unto you, swear not at all; Israel to fivear,that they should do neither by heaven, for it is Gods according to this word: and they throne. v. 37. But let your com- fware.

III. g Exod.

III. Whosoever taketh an oath, ought duly to consider the weightiness of so folemn an act, and therein to avouch no. thing but what he is fully perswaded is the truth g: Neither may any man bind himself by oath to any thing but what is good and just, and what he believeth lo to be, and what he is able and resolved to perform h. Yet it is a sin to refule an orth touching any thing that is good and just, being imposed by lawful authority i. IV. An oath is to be taken in the plain and common sense

of

III, g Exod. 20.7. (See letter b.) priest shall charge the woman witha Jer. 1.

2. And thou shalt swear, an oath of curling, and the priest The Lord liveth in truth,in judg: shall say untothewoman, The Lord ment, and in righteou!nels ; and make thee a curse and an oath athe nationsshallblessthemselves in mong the people, when the lord him, and in him shall they glory. doth make thy thigh to rot, and

h'Gen. 24.2 And Abraham said thy belly to swell. Neh.5.12. Then unto his eldest servant of hishoule, said they, we will restore them, & thar ruledover all that he had, Put. will require nothing of them ; so I pray thee, thy hand under my will we do as thou fayelt. Then I thigh v. 3. And I will make thee called the priests,and took an oath {wear by the Lord,the Godof hea. ofthem, that they should do accor. ven and the Godof the carth, that ding to this promise.Exod. 22. 7. thoushalt not take a wite unto my If amanshalldeliverunto his neighson, of the daughters of the Cana- bour nioney or stuff to kee,',and if anites,amongst whom I dwell.v.5. it be stolen out of the mans house; And tħelervant laidunto him,Per- if the thief be found, let him pay adventure the woman will not be double. ?, 8. If the thief be not willingto followme unto this land: found, then the master of the house mult I needs bring thy lon again hallbe brought unto the judges,to unto the land from whence thou see whether he have put his

hand camelt? v.6. And Abraham faid unto hisneighbours goods. ,9 For unto him, Beware thou, that thou all mannerof trepals, whetheritbe bring not my sonthitheragain..8. forox forals,forsheep,for raiment, And if the woman will not be wil. or for any manner of lost thing, Jing to followthee,then thou shalt which anotherchallengeth tobelis: be clear froin this my oath; only the causeof both parties shall come bringnotmyson thitheragain...9. before the judges; and whom the Andthe servant put his hand under judges shall condemn,he shall pay the thigh of Abraham his master, double unto his neighbour. 10. and sware to him concerning that if a man delivcrunto hisneighbour matter,

an als, or an ox,or alheep, or any i Num.5.19. And the priestshall bealt to keep; and it die, or be charge her by an oath,and lay un hurt, or driven away,no man feeto the woman,if no man haye lien ing it,',!!. Then shall the oath of with thee, and if thou hast not the Lord be between them both, gone alide to uncleannels with a. that he hath not put his handunto nother instead of thy husband, be his neighbours goods : and the thou free from thisbitterwaterthat owne: of it shall accept thereof, causeth the curse, v,21. Then the and he thall not make it good.

IV.k Jer.

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God to witness what he asserteth or promiseth ; and to judge him according to the truth or falfhood of what he sweareth b.

II. The name of God only is that by which men ought to swear, and therein it is to be used with all holy fear and reverence c: Therefore, to swear vainly or ralhly by that glorious and dreadful name, or to swear at all by any other thing, is sinful, and to be abhorred d, Yet as, in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the word of God, under the new testament, as well as under the old e; so a lawful oath being imposed by lawful authority, in such matters, ought to be taken f.

III, Who

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the Lord thy God; him shalt thou munication be, Yea, yea; nay, serve,and to him shalt thou cleave, nay: for whatsoever is more than and swear by his name.

these, cometh of evil. Jam. 5.12. 6 Exod. 20.7. Thou shaltnottake But above allthings,my brethren, the name of the Lord thy God in swear not, neither by heaven, neivain : for the Lord will not hold ther by the earth, neither by any him guiltless that taketh his name other oath ; but let your yea, be in vain. Lev. 19. 12. And ye shall yea, and your nay, nay ; lett ye not swear by my name falsiy, nei. fall into condemnation. ther shalt thou profane the name of e Heb. 6. 16. For men verily thy God: I am the Lord. 2 Cor. swear by the greater : and an oath 1, 23, Moreover, I call God for a for comfirmation is to theman end record upon my soul, that to spare of all strife, 2 Cor. 23. (See in letyou. Icamenotas yetunto Corinth. ter b) Isa. 65. 16. That he who 2 Chron. 6. 22. If aman sin against blefleth himself in the earth, Mall his neighbour and an oath lie laid bless himself in the God of truth; upon him, to make him swear, and and he that sweareth in the earth, the oath come before thine altar in shall swear by the God of truth; this house; v. 23. Then hear thou because the former troubles are from heaven, and do, and judge forgotten, and because they are thy servants,by requiring the wic hid from mine eyes. ked, by recompencing his way u f1 Kings 8. 31.1f any man tref pon his own head, and by justify- pass against his neighbour, and an ing the righteous, by giving him oath be laid upon him, to caule. according to his righteousnels, him to swear, and the oath come

II.C Deut.6.13. Thou shalt fear before thine altar in this house. the Lord thy God, and serve him, Neh.13.25, And I contended with and shalt twear by his name. them, and cursed them, and smote

d Exod. 20.7. (See letter b.)Jer. certain of them, and pluckt off 5.7. How shall I pardon thee for their hair, and made them fwear this ? thy children have forsaken by God, saying, Ye shall not give me,and iworn by them that are no your daughters untotheirsons, nor gods: when I fed them to the full take their daughters unto your then they commited adultery,and sons, or for your felves. Ezra. 10. assembled themselves bytroops in s. Then arole Ezra, and made the the harlots houses. Mat. 5. 34. But chief prielts, the Levites, and all I say unto you, swear not at all; Israel to fwear that they should do neither by heaven, for it is Gods according to this word: and they throne, v. 37. But let your com- sware.

III. g Exod.

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