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CHAP. XXVII. Of the facraments.


ACRAMENTS are holy signs and feals of the cove.

nant of grace a, immediately instituted by God b, to represent Christ and his benefits; and to confirm our interest: in him e; as also to put a visible difference between those that belong unto the church, and the rest of the world c; and folemnly to engage them to the service of God in Chrift, according to his word e.

II. There in thine heart? thou hast not lied manyof you as have been baptized unto men,but unto God..

into Christ, have put on Christ. 1. a Rom.4.11.And he received Gal.3.17. And this I say, That the the hign of circumcision, a leal of covenant thatwas confirmedbefore the righteousnelsof thefaith, which of God in Christ, the law which he had yet being uncircumcised : was four hundreland thirty years that he might be the Father of all" aftercannot disannul, that itshould them that believe, though they be make the promise of none effect. not circumciled; that righteousness d Rom. 15.8. Now I say, That might be imputed unto them also. Jelus Christ was a minister of the Gen. 17.7. And I will establish my circumcision for the truth of God, covenant between me & thee, and to confirm the promisesmade unto thy seed after thee, in their gene- the Fathers.Exod.12.48. Andwhen rations, foraneverlastingcovenant; a stranger shall sojourn with thee, to be a God unto thee,and to thy and will keep the passover to the leed after thee. v. 10. (Seebelow Lord, let all his males be circum

cised, and then let him comie near b Mat. 28. 19. Go ye therefore and keep it; and he shall be as one and teach all nations, baptizing that is born of the land: for in unthem in the name of the Father, circumcised person shall eat thereand of the Son, and of the holy of.Gen. 34. 14. And they said unGhost. I Cor. 11.23. For I have re to them, We cannot do this thing, ceived of the Lord, that which al to give our sister to one that is unfo I delivered unto you, That the circumcised : for that were a reLord Jesus, the samenight inwhich proach unto us, he was betrayed took bread. e Roin. 6. 3. Know ye not, that

CI Cor, 10,16. The cup of blef- so many of us as were baptized infing which we bless, is it not the to Jesus Christ, were baptized into communion of the blood ofChrift? his death? v.4. Therefore we are the bread which we break,is it not buried with him by baptism unto the communion of the body of death: that like as Christ was raiChrift? .Cor.11.25. After the same fed up fron, the dead by the glory manner also he took the cup,when of the Father, even 10 we alle he had supped, saying, This cupis thould walk in newness of life. the new teltament in my blood: Cor. 10.16. (See inleiter c) v.21. this du ye, as oft as ye drink it,in Ye cannot drink the cup of the remembrance of me, v. 26. For as Lord, and the cup of Jevils : ye often as yeeat this bread and drink cannot be partakers of the Lords thiscup,yedo hew the Lordsdeath table, and of the table of devils. till he come. *Gal, 3. 27. For as

II.f Gen.

in letter f.)


1 fr

The Confession of Faith.

Chap. 27. II. There is in every Sacrament a spiritual relation, or sacramental union, between the sign and the thing signifi d; whence it comes to pass, that the names nd effects of the one are attributed to the other f.

III. The grace which is exhibited in or by the Sacraments rightly used, is not conferred by any power in them; neither doth the efficacy of a facrament depend upon the piety or intention of him that doth administer it g, but upon the work of the spirit h, and the word of institution, which contains, together with a precept authorizing the use thereof, a promise of benefit to worthy receivers i.

IV. There be only two facraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the gospel, that is to say, baptism and the supper of the Lord :Neitherof which may bedispensed by any, but by a minister of the word lawfully ordained.k.

V. The

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II. FGèn. 17.10. This is mycove with water unto repentance; but
nant, which ye shall keep between he that comethafterme:is mightier ,
me and you, and thy feed after than I, whose shoes I am not wor-
thee; Every man-child among you thy to bear: he lh Il baptize you
shall be circumcised. Mat. 26. 27, with the holy Ghost, and withfire.
And he took the cup, and gave Cor. 12. 13. Forby one spirit are
thanks, and gave it to them, laya we allbaptizedinto one body,whe-
ing, Drink ye all of it, v. 28. For ther we be ews or Gentiles, whe-
this is my blood of the new telta- ther we be boundor free, and have
ment, which is shed for many for been all made to drink into one
theremission of fins. Tit. 3.5. Not Spirit.
by works of righteousness, which i Mat. 26, 27, 28.( See in letrer f)
we have done, but according to his Mat. 28, 19. (See in letrer b.). O
mercy he saved us by the walling Teachingthemtoobserveall things
of regeneration, and renewing of whatsoeverlhavecommanded you:
the boly Ghost.

and lo, I am with you alway, even
III. g Rom. 2. 28. For he is not unto the end of the world. Amen.
a Jew, which is one outwardly; IV. k Mat. 28. 19. Goye there-
neither is that circumcision,which fore and teach all nations, bapti-
is outward in the flesh: v. 29. But zing them in the name of the fa-
he is a Jew, which is one in ward ther, and of the Son, and of the
ly; and circumcision is that of the holy Ghost. I Cor.11.20, When ye
heart, in the spirit, and not in the come together therefore into one
létrer, whole praise is not of men place, this is not to eat the Lords
byt of God. i Pet. 3. 21. The like. supper. v.23. For I have received
figure whereunto, even baptifm, of the Lord, that which also I deli-
doth also nowfaveus, (notthe put vered unto you, That the Lord le-
ting away of the filth of the filelh, fus,the same night inwhich hewas
but the anfwer of a good confci- betrayed, took bread. I Cor. 4. I.
cnce towards God) by the resur Let a man so account of us, as of
rection of Jesus Chrilt.

theministers of Chrift,andstewards
b-Mat. 3.11. I indeed baptizeyou of the mysteries of God. Heb, 5.4.,

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V. The facraments of the Old Testament, in regard of the fpiritual things thereby signified and exhibited, were for substance, the fame with those of the Newl.

Chap. XXVIII. Of Baptism. B Aptism is a facrament of the New Testament, ordained

by Jefus Christ a, not only for the folemn admission of the party baptized into the vifible church b; but also to be unto him a sign and feal of the covenant of grace c, of his ingrafting into Christ d, of regeneratione, of remission of fins f, and of his giving up unto God thro' Jesus Christ, to walk in newness of life g: Which facrament is by Christ's own appointment to be continued in his church until the end of the worldh.

II. The

And no man taketh this honour the body of the lins of the flesh; unto himself, but he that is called by the circumcision of Chrilt.v. 12. of God, as was Aaron.

Buried with him in baptism,wherea V.li Cor.1o. 1.Moreover, bre inalsoyearerilen with him through thren, I would not that ye should the faith of the operation of God, be ignorant, how that all our fa- who hath raised him from the dead. thers were under the cloud,and all d Gal. 3.-7. For as many of you passed through the sea; v: 2. And as have been baptized into Chrift, wereall baptized unto Moses in the have put on Christ. Rom.6. 5. For cloud, and in the fea; v. 3. And if we have been planted together did all eat the fame spiritual meat; in the likeness of his death: we 7. 4. And did all drink the same shall be also in the likenels of his spiritual drink :(for they drank of refurrection. that spiritual rock that followed e Tit. 3.5. Not by works ofrighthem; and that rock was Clirift. teousness which we have done, but

1. a Mat. 28. 19.(See letter k of according to his mercy he saved us the foregoing chapter.)

by the washing of regeneration, b i Cor.12.13, Forby one Spi- and renewing of the holy Gholt. rit are we all baptized into one bos fMark 1.4. John did baptize in dy, whether we be Jews or Gen, the wilderness and preach the baptiles, whether we be bond or free; tism of repentance, for the remis. and have been all made to drink 'fion of sins. into one fpirit.

g Rom.6. 3. Know ye not, that c Rom.4.11.Andhe received the fo many of us as were baptized insign of circumcision, a seal of the to Jelus Christ, were baptized inrighteousness of the faith, which to his death? 1.4. Therefore we he had yet being uncircumcifed: are buried with him by baptism in. that he might be the father of all to death: that like as Christ was them that believe, though they be raised up from the death by the glonotcircumcised;that righteousness ry of the Father even fo we alla might be imputed unto them also. Tould walk in newness of life. With Col.2.1 1. Inwhomalso ye are h Mat. 28. 19. (See in letter k circumciled with the circumcision foregoingchapter.)4.20.

Teaching made without hands,in putting off


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II. The outward element to be used in this facrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, by a minister of the golpul lawfully called thereunto i,

III. Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary, but baptism is rightly administred by pouring or sprinkling, water upon the person k.

IV. Not only those that do actually profess faith in and obedience unto Christ 1, but also the infants of one or both believing parents, are to be baptized' m.

V. Al

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them to observe all things whatso- he that believeth not,shall be dam. ever I have commanded you : and ned, Acts 8. 37. And Philip said, lo, I am with you alway, even un If thou believest with all thine to the end of the world. Amen. heart, thou mayest. And he an

II. i Mat.3. in. I indeed baptize swered and faid, I believe that Jeyou with water unto repentance ; sus Christ is the Son of God. 7.38. but he that cometh after me, is And he commanded the chariot to mightier than I, whole shoes I am stand still; and they went down not worthy to bear: he shall bap- both into the water,hoth Philip and tize you with the holy Ghost, and the evnuch; and he baptized him. with fire. John 1:33. And I knew m Gen.17.7.And I will establish him not; but he that sent me to my covenant between me and thee, baprize with water, the fame faid and thy feed after thee, in their geunto me, Upon whom thou shalt nerations, for an everlasting covesee the fpirit delcending, and re- nánt; to be a God unto thee, and maining on him, the lame is he to thy feed after thee. v. 2. And which baptizeth withtheholy Ghost Cod said untoAbraham, Thou shalt Mat.28.19.(See in letter k forego keep my covenant therefore, thou, ingchapter.) v.20 (See in letter h.) and thy feed after thee, in their

III. k Heb. 9,10,19,20, 21, 22. generations. With Gal.3.9.Sothen A&s 2.41. Then they that gladly they which be of faith, are blessed received bis word, were baptized: with faithful Abraham.7. 14. That and the same day there were added the blelling of Abrahammightcome unto them about three thousand ontheGentilesthrough Jesus Chrift; souls. Acts 16,33. And he took them that we might receive the promise the same hour of the night, and of the Spirit through faith). And washed their stripes, and was bap- Col.2.11. In whom also ye are cirtized, he and all his, straightway. cumciled with the circumcision Mark 7. 4. And when they come made without hands,in putting off from the market,except they wash, the body of the lins of the Helh, they eat not. And many other by the circumcision ofChrist,7,12, zhings there be, which thcy have Buriedwith him inbaptifm, wherein received to hold, as the washing also ye are rifen with hin through of cups and pots, brazen vellels, the faith of the operation of God, and of tables,

who hath railed him from the dead. IV. Mark 16.15. And he said un- And Acts 2.38. Then Peter said una to ihem, Gu ye into all the world, to them, Repent, and be baptized and preach ye the gospel to every every one of you, in the name of creature, ?: 16. He that believeth Jesus Christ, for the remission of and is baptized, lhall be faved; but lins,and ye shall receive the gift of


V. Although it be a great sin to contemn or neglect this oro dinance n, yet grace and salvation are not so inseparably annexed unto it as that no person can be regenerated or laved without it o, or that all that are baptized are undoubtedly regenerated P,

VI. The efficacy of baptism is not tied to that moment of time wherein it is administred q, yet notwithstanding, by the right use of this ordinance, the grace promised is not only offered, but realy exhibited and conferred by the holy Ghost, to such (whether of age or infants) as that grace belongeth


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the holy Ghostv.39. For the pro


upon them,andblessed them mise is unto you, and to your chil- Luke18.15. Andthey brought unto dren, and to all that are afar off, him allo infants, that he would even as many as the Lord our God touch them:but when his disciples shall call. And Rom. 4.11. And he saw it, they rebuked them. received the sign of circumcision, IV.nLuke7. 30. But the Pharisees a seal of the righteousness of the and lawyer srejected the council of faith,whichheha thyet being uncir. God against themselves, being not cumcised: that he might be the fa. baptized of him. With Ex.4. 24. ther of all themthat believe, though And it came to pass bythe way in they be not circumcised; that righ- the inn, that the Lord met hiin, teousness might be imputed unto and lought to kill him.7.25. Then them alfo: v. 2. And the father of Zipporah took a sharp itone, and circumcision to them, who are not cut off the foreskin of his son, and of the circumcifion only, but also calț it at his feet and said, surely a walk in the Itepsof that faith of our bloody husband art thou to me. father Abraham,whichhe had being v. 26. So he let him go: then the yet uncircumcised. I Cor.7.14. For said, a bloody husband thou art, the unbelieving husbandis sanctifi- because of the circumcision. ed by the wife, and the unbelieving o Roin. 4. II. (See in letter m.), wife is fanctified by the husband: Acts 10. 2, 4, 22, 31, 45, 47, else were yourchildrenunclean: but p A&ts 8. 13. Then Simon him, now are they holy. Mat.28. 19 Go felf believed also: andwhen he was ye therefore and teach all nations, baptized,hecontinued with Philip, baptizing them in the name of the and wondred, beholdingthe mira. father, and of the Son, and of the cles and ligns which were done. holý ghost, Mark 10. 13. And they v. 23. For I perceive that thou art brought young childrentohim that in the gall of bitterness and in the he should touch them; and his dif- bond of iniquity. ciples rebuked those that brought VI , John 3. 5. Jesusanswered, them. 7. 14. But when jesus saw it, Verily,verily,I lay unto thee, Exo he was much displeased, and laid cept a man be born of water and untothem, suffer the little children of the Spirit, he cannot enter into come unto me, and forbid them to the kingdom of God. v. 8. The not: for of fich is the kingdom of wind bloweth where it listeth, and God. v, 15. Verily I say unto you, thou liearest the found thereof, Whosoever shall not receive the but canlı nottell whence it cometh, kingdom of God as a little child, he and whither it goethe fo is every Thad not enter therein. v, 16. And one that is born of the Spirit. he took them up in bis arms,puthis


* Gal,

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