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V. Although it be a great sin to contemn or neglect this or dinance n, yet grace and falvation are not so inseparably annexed unto it as that no person can be regenerated or laved without it o, or that all that are baptized are undoubtedly regenerated P,
VI. The efficacy of baptism is not tied to 'hat moment of time wherein it is administred q. yet notwithstanding, by the right use of this ordinance, the grace promised is not only offered, but realy exhibited and conferred by the holy Ghost, to such (whether of age or infants) as that grace belongeth
the holy Ghostv.39. For the pro- hands upon them, andblessed them mise is unto you, and to your chil- Luke 18.15. Andthey brought unto dren, and to all that are afar off, him allo infants, that he would even as many as the Lord our God touch them:but when his disciples shall call. And Rom. 4. 11. And he saw it, they rebuked them. received the sign of circumcision, VinLuke7. 30. But the Pharisees a feal of the righteousness of the and lawyer srejectedthe council of faith,whichheha thyet being uncir. God against themselves, being not cumcised: that he might be the fa. baptized of him. With Ex.4. 24. ther of allthemthat believe, though And it came to pass bythe way in they be not circumcised; that righ- the inn, that the Lord met him, teousness might be imputed unto and fought to kill him.7:25. Then them alfo: v. 2. And the father of Zipporah took a sharp Itone, and circumcision to them, who are not cut off the foreskin of his son, and of the circumcifion only, but also cast it at his feet and said, surely a walk in the stepsof that faith of our bloody husband art thou to me. father Abraham, whichhe had being v. 26. So he let him go: then the yet uncircumcised.Cor.7.14. For said, A bloody hulband thou art, the unbelieving husbandis fanctifi- because of the circumcision. ed by the wife, and the unbelieving o Rom. 4. 11. (See in letter m.). wife is fanctified by the husband: Acts 10. 2, 4, 22, 31, 45, 47, else were yourchildrenunclean: but p Acts 8. 13. Then Simon him, now are they holy.Mat.28. 19 Go self believed also: andwhen he was ye therefore and teach all nations, baptized,hecontinued with Philip, baptizing them in the name of the and wondred, beholding the mirafather, and of the Son, and of the cles and signs which were done. holý ghost, Mark 10. 13. And they v. 23, For i perceive that thou art brought young childrentohim that in the gall of bitterness and in the he should touch them; and his dis- bond of iniquity. ciples rebuked those that brought VI I John 3. s. Jesusanswered, them. v. 14.But when jesus faw it, Verily,verily, I lay unto thee, Exo he was much displeased, and laid cept a man be born of water and untothem,fuffer the little children of the Spirit, he cannot enter into come unto me, and forbid them to the kingdom of God. v. 8. The not: for of such is the kingdom of wind bloweth where it listeth, and God. v, 15. Verily I say unto you,
thou hearelt the found thereof, Whosoever shall not receive thé but can't nottell whence it cometh, kingdom of God as a littlechild, he and whither it goethi fo is every fhalí not enter therein. v. 16. And one that is born of the Spirit. he took them up in bis arms,puthis
unto, according to the counsel of Gods own will, in his appointed time r.
VII. The facrament of baptism is but once to be admini. ftred to any person f.
CHAP. XXIX. Of the Lord's Supper.
UR Lord Jesus, in the night wherein he was betrayed,
the Lords Supper, to be observed in his church unto the end of the world, for the perpetual remembrance of the facrifice of himself in his death, the sealing all benefits thereof unto true believers, their spiritual nourishment and growth in him, their farther engagement in and to all duties which they owe unto him; and to be a bond and pledge of their communion with him, and with each other, as members of his mystical body a.
r Gal.3.27. For as many of you, brake it, and said, Take, eat, this as have been baptized into Chrilt, is mybody which is brokenforyou: have put on Christ. Tit. 3. 5. Not this do in remembrance of me. by works of righteousness which 0.25. After the samemanner also ho we have done, but according to his took the cup, when he had supped, mercy, he saved us by the washing saying, This cup is the new testa. of regeneration, and renewing of ment in my blood: this do ye,as oft the holy Gholt. Eph, 5, 25. Hus- as ye drink it, in remembrance of bands, love your wives, even as me.v.26.For as often as ye eat this Chrilt also loved the Church, and bread, and drink this cup, ye do gave himself for it; v. 26. That shew the Lord's death till he come. he might fanctify and cleanse it i Cor. 10. 16, The cup of blessing with the waflıing of water by the which we blets, is it not the comword. Acts 2. 38. Then Peter faid munion of the blood of Christ ? unto them, rcpent, and be bapti- The bread which we break, is it zed every one of you in the name not the communion of the body of of Jelus Christ, for the remillion Christ? 0.17. For we being many, offins,and ye shall receive the gift are one bread, and one body: for of the holy Ghost. v. 41. Then we are all partakers of that one they that gladly received hisword, bread. v, 21. Ye cannot drink the were baptized : and the faine day cup of the Lord, and the cup of dethere were added unto them about vils; ye cannot be part kers ofthe three thousand souls.
Lords table, and of the table of de. VII.lTit.3,5. (See in letter r.) vils. I Cor.12, 13, For by one ipi.
1. a 1 Cor. 11.23. For I have re- rit are we all baptized into one ceived of the Lord, that which allo body, whether we be Jews orGen. I delivered unto you, that the Lord tiles, whether we be bond or free; Jelus, the fanie night in which he and have been all made to drink was betrayed, took bread: v. 24. into one fpirit, And when he had given thanks, he
II. b Heb.
II. In this Sacrament, Christ is not offered up to his Fathers for any real facrifice made at all, for remission of sins of the quick or dead b, but only a commemoration of that one offering up of himself, by himself, upon the cross, once for all; and a spiritual oblation of all possible praise unto God for the same c: so that the popish sacrifice of the mass; as they call it, is most abominably injurious to Christ's one only fa erifice, the alone propitiation for all the finis of the elect d.
III The Lord Jesus hath, in this ordinance, appointed his ministers to declare his word of institution to the people to pray, and bless the elements of bread and wine, and thereby to set them apart from a common to a holy use; and to take, and break, the bread, to take the cup, and (they communicating also themselves) to give both to the communicants e;
11.b Heb. 9. 22. And almost all priests, to offer ursacrifice, first for things are by the law purged with his own fins,and then for the peu. blood; and without shedding of ples: for this he did once, when he blood is no remission. v. 25. Nor offered uphinself. Heb. 10.11.
And yet that he should offer himself of- every priest standeth daily miniton, as the high priest enterethiné string, and offering oftentimes the to the holy place every year with fame facrifices, which can never blood of others ; v. 26. (For then take away fins: v, 12. But this must he often have suffered since man, atterhe had offeredone facrithe foundation of the world) but fice for fins for ever, sat down on now once in the end of the world the right hand of God.v. 14: For hath he appeared to put away lin by one offering he hath perfected by the facrifice of himself, v. 28. for ever them that are fanctified. $0 Christ was once offered to bear 7. 18. Nowwhere remissionofthese the fins of many; and unto those is, thereisno more offering for fin. that look for him, thall he appear IIl. e Mat. 26, 26, 27, (Seein leto the second time, without fin, unto ter c.)v. 28, For this is my blood falvation.
of thénew testament, which is shed ici Cor.11:24,25,26. (See them for many for the remission of fins. In letter a.)Mat.26.26.And asthey And Mark 14.22. And as they did were eating, Jesus took bread and eat, Jesustook bread, and blessed, blessed it, and brake it, and gave it and break it, and gave to them,& to the disciples, and said, Take, said, take, eat : this is my body eat; this is my body, vi 27. And w; 23. And he took the cup, and Le took the cup, andgave thanks, when he had given thanks, he gave and gave it to them, laying, drink it to them and they all drank of ye all of it.
it. y. 24. And he said unto them, d Heb. 9:23. And they truly were This is my blood of the new testampanypriests, because they were not ment, which is lhed for many: fuffered to continue by reafon of And Luke 32. 19. And he took deathsv. 24. But this man because fread, and gave thanks, andbrake he continueth ever hath an un- it, and gave unto them, saying, changeable priesthood.v:27. Who this is my body which is given for berdeth noi daily, as those high you: this do ini semembrance of
but to none who are not then present in the congregation f.
IV, Private masses, or receiving this sacrament by a priest or any other alone
as likewise the denial of the cup to the people h, worshipping the elements, the lifting them up or carrying them about for adoration, and the reserving them for any pretended religious use, are all contrary to the nature of this sacrament, and to the institution of Christ i.
V. The outward elements in this facrament, duly set apart to the uses ordained by Christ, have such relation to him crucitied, as that truly, yet facramentally only, they are some. times called by the name of the things they represent,to wit, the body and blood of Christ k; albeit, in substance and nature, they still remain truly and only bread and wine, as they were before),
VI. That doctrine which maintains a change of the substance of bread and wine, into the substance of Christ's body and blood, (commonly called transubstantiation) by consecration of a priest, or by any other way, is repugnant, not to
nie. v. 20. Likewise also the cup the Lords body.
f Acts 20. 7. And upon the firit were eating, Jesus took bread, & day of the week, when the disci- blessed it, and brake it,and gave it ples came together to breakbread, to the disciples, and said, Take, Paul preached unto them, ready to eat; this is my body.v.27. And he depart on the morrow,andconti- took the cup,and gave thanks,and nued his fpcech until mid-night. gaveit tothem, saying, Drink ye all Cor,1 1.21. When ye come toge- of it: v. 28. For this is my blood ther therefore into one place, this of thenew testament, which is shed is not to eat the Lords Tupper, for many for the remission of sins.
IV.g1 Cor. 10, 6. Now these Ti Cor. 11.26.For as oftenasye things were our examples, to the eat this bread and drink this cup, intent we should not luft after evil ye do shewthe Lords death till he things, as they also lufted.
come, v.27: Wherefore, whosoever h Mark 14.23 (See in letter c.) Thall eat this bread, and drink this 1 Cor. 11.25,26 (See letter a)?.27. cup of the Lord unworthily, shall Wherefore, wholoever thalleatthis be guilty of the body and blood of bread, and drink this cup of the the Lord.v: 28. But let a man exLord unworthily, shall be guilty of amine himself, and so let him eae the body and blood of the Lord. of that bread and drinkofthat cup. v.28. But let a man examine him- Mat, 26.29. But I say unto you, I felf, and so let him eat of that will not drink henceforth of this bread,and drink of that cup.v. 29. fruit of the vine, until that day For lié that eatethanddrinkethun- when I drink it new with you in worthiiy,caterhand drinketh dam- my Fathers kingdom. ation to himself, not discerning
Scripture alone, but even to common sense and reason; overthroweth the nature of the sacrament, and hath been and is the cause,of manifold superstitions, yea, of gross idolatries m.
VII. Worthy receivers, outwardly partaking of the visible elements in this facrament n, do then also inwardly by faith, really and indeed, yet not carnally and corporally, but spiritually, receive and feed upon Christ crucified, and all benefits of his death : The body and blood of Christ being then, not corporally or carnally, in, with or under the bread and wine; yet as really, but fpiritually, present to the faith of believers in that ordinance, as the elements themselves are to their outward senses o.
VIII. Altho'ignorant and wicked men receive the outward elements in this facrament, yet they received not the thing signified thereby; but, by their unworthy coming thereunto, are guilty of the body and blood of the Lord, to their own damnation. Wherefore all ignorant and ungodly persons, as they are unfit to enjoy communion with him, fo are thy unworthy of the Lord's table, and cannot without great fin against Christ, while they remain such, partake of these holy mysteries P, or be admitted thereunto q.
CH AP. VI.m Acts 3.21. Whom thehea- bread which we break,is it not the ven must receive until the timesof communion of the bodyof Chrilt? restitution of all things whichGod VIII. pi Cor. 11.27, 28.(See in hath spoken by the mouth of all letter l.)". 29. For he that eateth his holy prophets, since the world and drinketh unworthily,eateth& began, withi Cor.11.24 Andwhen drinketh damnation to himself,not he had given thanks, he brake it, difcerningthe Lordsbody 2 Cor.6. and faid, Take,eat; this is my bo- 14. Be ye not unequally yoked tody, which is broken for you: this gether with unbelievers : for what doin remembranceof me.v, 25. Af- fellowship hath righteoulnels with ter the fame manneralso hetookthe unrighteousness and whatcommucup, when he had supped, saying, , nionhath lightwith darkness?v.15. Thiscupisthe new testamentin my And whatconcordhath Chrilt with blood:thisdo ye,as oft as ye drink Belial? or what part hath he that it, in remembrance of me. v, 26. believeth, with an infidel? 7. 16, (See letter 1.)Luke.24.6.He is not What agreement hath the temple here, but is risen: rememberhow he of God with idols ? for ye are the spake unto you when he was yet in temple of the living God; as God Galilee, v. 39. Behold my hands & hath said, I will dwell in them,and my feet,thatit is I my felf; handle walk in them; and I will be their me, and fee, for a fpirit hath not God and they shall be my people, flesh and bones,as ye fee me have. qiCor.5.6. Your gloryingisnot VII.niCor. 11.28.(Seeinletter..) good : Know ye not that a little
orCor.10.16. Thecup ofblessing leaven leavenethtthe whole lump? which we bless, is it not the com- v. 7. Purge out therefore the old munion of the blood of Christ? the leaveň,that ye may be a new lump