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unto, according to the counsel of Gods own will, in his appointed time r.
VII. The facrament of baptism is but once to be adınini. ftred to any person s.
Chap. XXIX. Of the Lord's Supper.
UR Lord Jesus, in the night wherein he was betrayed,
instituted the facrament of his body and blood, called the Lords Supper, to be observed in his church unto the end of the world, for the perpetual remembrance of the facrifice of himself in his death, the sealing all benefits thereof unto true believers, their spiritual nourishment and growth in him, their farther engagement in and to all duties which they owe unto him; and to be a bond and pledge of their communion with him, and with each other, as members of his mystical body a.
r Gal.3.27. For as many of you, brake it, and faid, Take, cat, this as have been baptized into Christ, is mybody which is brokenforyou: have put on Christ. Tit. 3. 5. Not this do in remembrance of me, by works of righteousnels which v.25. After the samemanner also ho we have done, but according to his took the cup, when he had supped, mercy, he saved us by the washing saying, This cup is the new testaof regeneration, and renewing of ment in my blood: this do ye,as oft the holy Gholt. Eph, 5,25. Hus. as ye drink it, in remembrance of bands, love your wives, even as me.v.26.For as often as ye eat this Christ also loved the Church,
and bread, and drink this cup, ye do gave himself for it; v: 26. That shew the Lord's death till he come. he might fanctify and cleanse it 1 Cor. 10. 16, The cup of blessing with the washing of water by the which we blets, is it not the comword. Acts 2. 38. Then Peter faid munion of the blood of Christ? unto them, repent, and be bapti. The bread which we break, is it zed every one of you in the name not the communion of the body of of Jelus Christ, for the remission Christ? 0.17. For we being many, of lins,and ye shall receive the gift are one bread, and one body: for of the holy Gholt. v. 41. Then we are all partakers of that one they that gladly received his word, bread. v, 21. Ye cannot drink the were baptized : and the fame day cup of the Lord, and the cup of de there were added unto them about vils; ye cannot be part kers ofthe three thousand souls.
Lords table, and of the table of deVII.lTit.3,5. (See in letterr.) vils. I Cor.12, 13, For by one ipi.
Į. a 1 Cor. 11.23. For I have re- rit are we all baptized into one ceived of the Lord, that which allo body, whether we be Jews orGen. I delivered unto you, that the Lord tiles, whether we be bond or free; jelus, the fanie night in which he and have been all made to drink was betrayed, took bread: v. 24. into one spirit. And when he had given thanks, he
II. b Heb.
II. In this Sacrament, Christ is not offered up to his Fatheri for any real facrifice made at all, for remission of finis of the quick or dead b, but only a commemoration of that one offering up of himself, by himself, upon the cross, once for all; and a spiritual oblation of all poslible praise unto God for the same c: so that the popish sacrifice of the mass; as they call it, is most abominably injurious to Chrift's one only faerifice, the alone propitiation for all the sins of the eledt d.
III The Lord Jesus hath, in this ordinance, appointed his ministers to declare his word of institution to the people to pray, and bless the elements of bread and wine, and thereby to let them apart from a common to a holy use; and to take, and break, the bread, to take the cup, and (they communicating also themselves) to give both to the communicants e;
11.b Heb. 9. 22. And almost all priests, to offer unfacrifice, first for things are by the law purged with his own fins,and then for the peo: plovd; and without thedding of ples: for this he did once, when he blood is no remission. v. 25. Nor Offered uphinself. Heb.16.11. And yet that he should offer himself of- everý priest standeth daily miniton, as the high priest enterethin• ftring, and offering ofteritirnes thé to the holy place every year with fame facrifices, which can never blood of others ; v. 26. (For then take away fins: 7.12. But this must he often have suffered since man, afterhe had offeredone facri the foundation of the world) but fice for fins for ever, sat down on now once in the end of the world the right hand of God.v. 14. For hath he appeared to put away sin by one offering he hath perfected by the facrifice of himself. v. 28. for ever them that are sanctified. $0 Christ was once offered to bear v. 18. Nowwhere remislionofthese the fins of many; and unto those is thereisno more offering for fin. that look for him, thall he appear Ill. e Mat. 26, 26, 27, (Seein leto the second time, without lin; unto ter c.)v.28, For this is my blood falvation.
of thénew testament, which is shed c i Cor.11:24,29,26. (See them for many for the remission of fins: In letter a.)Mat.26.26. And asthey And Mark 14.22. And as they did Were eating, Jesus took bread;and eat, Jesustook bread, and blessed, blessed it, and brake it, and gave it and break it, and gave to them,& to the disciples, and said, Take, faid, take, eat : this is my body: eat, this is my body, v; 27. And v. 23. And he took' the cup, and le took the cup, andgave thanks, when he had given thanks, he gave and gave it to them, laying, drink it to them; and they all drank of ye all of it.
it. 1. 24. And he said unto them, d Heb. 7:23. And they truly were This is my blood of the new testa manypriests, because they were not ment, which is fried for many: Tuffered to continue by reason of And Luke 22. 19. And he took deathsv. 24. But this man because bread, and gave thatiks, áridbrake he continuerh ever hath an uns it, and gave unto them, saying, changeablé priesthood.is:Who this is my body which is given for needeth nor daily, as those high you this do in remembrance of
but to none who are not then present in the congregation f.
IV. Private masses, or receiving this facrament by a priest or any
other alone g, as likewise the denial of the cup to the people h, worshipping the elements, the lifting them up or carrying them about for adoration, and the reserving them for any pretended religious use, are all contrary to the nature of this facrament, and to the institution of Christ i.
V. The outward elements in this facrament, duly set apart to the uses ordained by Chrift, have such relation to him crucitied, as that truly, yet facramentally only, they are fometimes called by the name of the things they represent,to wit, the body and blood of Christk; albeit, in substance and nas ture, they still remain truly and only bread and wine, as they were beforel,
VI. That doctrine which maintains a change of the substance of bread and wine, into the substance of Christ's body and blood, (commonly called transubstantiation) by consecration of a priest, or by any other way, is repugnant, not to
nie. V. 20. Likewise also the cup the Lords body.
f Acts 20:7. And upon the firlt were eating, Jesus took bread, & day of the week, when the difci- blessed it,and brake it,and gave it ples came together to breakbread, to the disciples, and said, Take, Paul preached unto them, ready to eat; this is my body.v,27. And he depart on the morrow,and conti- took the cup,and gave thanks,and nued his fpcech until mid-night. gaveit tothem, saying, Drink ye all
Cor 11.21. When ye come toge- of it: v. 28. For this is my blood ther therefore into one place, this of thenew testament, which is shed is not to eat the Lords fupper, for many for the remillion of sins.
IV.g1 Cor. 10, 6. Now these Ti Cor. 11.26.For as oftenasye things were our examples, to the eat this bread, and drink this cup, intent we should not lust after evil ye do shewthe Lords death till he things, as they allo lufted.
come. v.27. Wherefore,whosoever h Mark 14.23:(See in letter c.) shall eat this bread, and drink this 1 Cor. 11.25,20 (See letter a)".27. cup of the Lord unworthily, shall Wherefore, whosoever thallearthis be guilty of the body and blood of bread, and drink this cup of the the Lord.v. 28. But let a man èxLord unworthily,fhall be guilty of amine himself, and so let him eat the body and blood of the Lord. of that bread and drinkofthat cup. v.28. But let a man examine him- Mat, 26.29. But I say unto you, I felf, and so let him eat of that will not drink henceforth of this bread,and drink of that cup.r. 29. fruit of the vine, until that day For hié that eatethanddrinkethun- when I drink it'new with you in worthiiy,eatethand drinketh dam- my Fathers kingdom. alion to himself, not discerning
Scripture alone, but even to common sense and reason; overthroweth the nature of the sacrament, and hath been and is the cause,of manifold superstitions, yea, of gross idolatries m.
VII. Worthy receivers, outwardly partaking of the visible elements in this facrament n, do then also inwardly by faith, really and indeed, yet not carnally and corporally, but spiritually, receive and feed upon Christ crucified, and all benefits of his death : The body and blood of Christ being then, not corporally or carnally, in with or under the bread and wine; yet as really, but spiritually, present to the faith of believers in that ordinance, as the elements themselves are to their outward senses o.
VIII. Altho'ignorant and wicked men receive the outward elements in this facrament, yet they received not the thing signified thereby; but, by their unworthy coming thereunto, are guiity of the body and blood of the Lord, to their own damnation. Wherefore all ignorant and ungodly persons, as they are unfit to enjoy communion with him, so are thy unworthy of the Lord's table, and cannot without great sin against Christ, while they remain such, partake of these holy mysteries p, or be admitted thereunto q.
CHA P. VI.m Acts 3,21. Whom thehea- bread which we break,is it not the ven must receive until the timesof communion of the bodyof Chrilt? restitution of all things,which God VIII. pi Cor, 11,27, 28. (See in hath spoken by the mouth of all letter l.) 7. 29. For he that eateth his holy prophets, since the world and drinketh unworthily,eateth& began withi Cor.11.24 And when drinketh damnation to himself, not he hail given thanks, he brake it, discerningthe Lordsbody.2 Cor.6. and faid, Take,eat; this is my bo- 14. Be ye notunequally yoked to. dy, which is broken for you: this gether with unbelievers : for what doin remembranceof me.v,25.Af- fellowship hath righteousness with ter the fame manneralso hetook the unrighteousness and whatcommucup, when he had supped, saying, . nionhath lightwith darkness?v.15. Thiscupisthe new testamentin my And whatconcordhath Chrilt with blood:thisdo ye,as oft as ye drink Belial? or what part hath he that it, in remembrance of me. v. 26. believeth, with an infidel? 7, 16, (See letter 1.)Luke.24.6.He is not What agreement hath the temple here,but is risen: rememberhow he of God with idols ? for ye are the spake unto you when he was yet in temple of the living God; as God Galilee, v. 39. Behold my hands & hath said, I will dwell in them,and my feet,thatit is I my self; handle walk in them; and I will be their me, and fee, for a fpirit hath not God and they shall be my people. Besh and bones,as ye fee me have. q 1 Cor.5.6. Your gloryingisnot VII.1.Cor. 11:28.(Seeinletterl.) good : Know ye not that a little
OI Cor.10.16. Thecupofblessings leaven leavenethtthe whole lump? which we bless, is it not the com V. 7. Purge out therefore the old munion of the blood of Christ? the leaven,that ye may be a new lump
CHAP, XXX. Church Censures,
HE Lord Jesus, as King and head of his church, hath
therein appointed a government in the hand of church, officers, distinct from the civil magistrate a,
IĮ. To these officers the keys of the kingdom of heaven are commited, by virtue whereof they have power relpective, ly to retain and remit fins; to shut that kingdom against the
As ye are unleavened. For cen beleechyou,brethren,toknowthem Christ our passover is facrificed for which labour among you, and are us.v.13.But them that are without, over you inthe Lord and admonish God judgeth, Therefore put away you. Acts.20. 17. And from Mile, from among yourselves that wick: tus he sent to Ephefiis, and called ed person, 2 Theff. 3. 6. Now we the elders of the church. 7,18. And command you, brethren, in the when they were come to him, he name of our Lord Jesus Christ, said unto them, Ye know from the that ye withdraw yourselves from first day that Icame into* Afia, after every brother that walketh disor- what manner I have been with you derly, and not after the tradition at all seasons. Heb. 13. 7. Rememwhich he received of us. 7. 14. ber them which have the rule over And ifany man obeynot our word you who have spoken unto youthe by this epistle, note that man, word of God: whole faith follow, and have no company with him, consideringthe endof their converthat he may be ashamed.v.15. Yet fation, 7:17, obey them that have count him not as an enemy, but the ruleover you and submit your. admonith him as a brother. Mat. feļves; forthey watchfor yoursouls, 7.6. Give not that which is holy as they that must give account that unto the dogs, neither cast ye your they may do it with joy, and not pearls before f'wine left they tram with grief: for that is unprofitable ple them under their feet, and turn for you...24. Salute all then chat again and rent you.
have the rule over you, and all the 1. a 11.9.6.For unto us a child faints. They of Italy falute you, is born, unto us alon is gi en,and Cor.12,28.AndGodhath set some the government shall be upon his , in the church, firkt apostles, seconshoulder:and his name shall be cal: darily prophets, thirdly, teachers, led, Wonderful, Counseller, The after thatmiracles, then gifts of hea mighty God, The everlasting Fa- lings, helps,governments, diversither, The Prince of peace v. 7.0f țies of tongues, May 28. 8, And the incrcalepf his government and Jefus came, and spake unto them, peace, there shall be no end, upon saying, All power is given untu me the throne of David, and upon his in heaven and in earth. v. 19. GO kingdom, to order it, and to estą: ye therefore and teach all nations, blish it, with judgmentand with ju: baptizing them in the name of the stice, trom hencefortheyen for ever: Father, and of the Son,and of the the zeal of the Lord of hosts will holy Ghost; ?', 20. Teaching them. perform this, Tim; 3:17. Let the topbferve all things whatloever i biders that rule well, be connted have commanded you: and lo, I worthy ofdouble honour,especial, an with you alway, even unto the ly hey who labour in the word & end of the world, Amen, doctrine. Theff, 5, 12, And we
II. b Ma