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imploying them all f, at his pleasure, in the administrations of his power, mercy and justice g.

Q. 20. What was the providence of God toward man in the estate in which he was created ?

A. The providence of God toward man in the first estate in which he was created, was, the placing him in paradile, appointing him to dress it, giving him liberty to eat of the fruit of the earth h, putting the creatures under his dominion i, and ordaining marriage for his help k; affording him communion with himself ), instituting the lab.,

bath, thing by partiality. Mark. 8. 38% dominion over the fish of the sea, Wholoever thereforeshall be asha- and over the fowl of the air, and med of me, and of my words, in over every living thing that nioy. this adulterous and finful genera- eth upon the earth. tion, of him also shall the Son of k Gen. 2.18. And the Lord God man be ashamed when he cometh said, It is not good that the man in the glory of his Father, with the should be alone ; I will make him holy angels. Heb. 12.22, But ye an help meet for him, are come unto mount Sion, and un | Gen. 1.26. And God said, Let to the city of the living God, the us maķe man in our image, after heavenly Jerusalem, and to an in- our likeness;and let them have donumerable company of angels. minion over the ülh of the sea,and

fPfal. 104. 4. Who maketh his over the fowl of the air, and over angels spirits: his ministers a fla- the cattle, and over all the earth, ming fire,

and over every creeping thing that g 2 Kings 19. 35. Andit came to creepeth upon the earth, v, 27.So pafs that night,that the angel of God created man in his ownimage, the Lord went out and smote in the in theimage of God created hehim: camp of the Assyrians,an hundred male and female created he them; four score and five thousand : and v. 28. And God blessed them, and when they arose early in the mor God said unto them, Be fruitful, ning, behold, they were all dead and multiply, and replenish the corpses, Heb. 1. 14. Are they not earth, and fubdue it: and have doall ministring spirits, sent forth to minion over the fish of the fea,and ininister for them who shall beheirs over the fowl of the air, and over of salvation?

every living thing that moveth u20.hen.2.8. And the LordGod pon the earth. 29. And God said, plantedagardenealt-ward in Eden; Behold, I have given you every and there put the man whom he herb bearing seed, which is upon had formed. v. 15. And the Lord the face of all the earth,and every God took the man, and put him tree, in the which is the fruit of a into the garden of Eden, to dress tree yielding feed: to you it shall it and keep it. v. 16. And the lord be for meat. Gen. 3. 3. And they God commanded the man, saying, heard the voice of the Lord walkOf every tree of the garden thou ing in the garden, in the cool of mayest freely eat.

the day: And Adam and his wife i Gen. 1. 28, And God blessed hid themselves from the pretence them and God said unto them, Be of the Lord God amongst the trees fruitful and multiply and replenish of the garden. the earth, and subdue it; and have

m Gen,

bati m, entring into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of personal, perfect, and perpetual obedience n, of which the tree of life was a pledge o ; and forbidding to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon the pain of death p.

Q. 21, Did man continue in that estate wherein God at first created him ?

A. Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, through the temptation of Satan, transgressed the com. mandment of God, in eating the forbidden fruit, and thereby fell from the estate of innocency wherein they were created a

l. 22. Did all mankind fall in that first tranfgreffion?

A. The covenant being made with Adam, as a publick person, not for himfelf only, but for his posterity; all man. kind descending from him by ordinary generation r, sinned in him, and fell with him in that first transgression f.

l. 23

m Gen, 2 i 3. AndGod blessed the her, and he did eat. 7. 7. And the leventh day, and sanctified it : be eyes of them both were opened, & cause that in it he had rested from they knew that they were naked : all his work, whichGod had crea- and theyfewedfig-leaves together, ted and made,

and ñade themselves aprons, v.8. n Gal. 3. 12. And the law is not And they heard the voice of the of faith : but, the man that doth Lord God walking in the garden in them shall live in them.Rom.10.5. the cool of the day: and Adam and For Mosesdefcribeth the righteous- his wife hid themselves from the ness which is of the law, that the presence of the Lord God amongst man which doth those things,thall the trees of the garden. 7.13. And live by them.

the Lord God said unto the woman, o Gen.2.9. Andoutoftheground What is this that thou hast done? made the Lord God to grow every And the woman faid, The serpent tree that is pleasant to the fight, beguiled me, and I did eat. Eccl.7. and good for food; the tree of life 29. Lo this only have I found, that allo in the midst of the garden, and God made man upright; but they the tree of knowlege of good and have fought out many inventions. cvil,

2 Cor, 11. 3. But I fear left by any p Gen. 2. 17. But of the tree of means,as the serpent beguiled Eve knowledge of good and evil, thou through his subtilty, so yourminds shalt not eat of it: for in the day should be corrupted from the fimthat thou eatelt thereof, thou shalt plicity that is in Chrilt. furely die.

22, r Acts 17.26. And hath made 21. 9 Gen. 3. 7. And when the of one blood all nations of men, woman saw that the tree was good for to dwell on all the face of the for food, and that it was pleatant carth : and hath determined the to the eyes, and a tree to be desi- times before appointed, and the red to make one wise; she took bounds of their habitation. of the fruit thereof, and did eat, (Gen. 2, 16. And the Lord God and gave also untoherhulbandwith

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Q. 23. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?

Ā. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery t. : Q. 24. What is fin ?

Ā. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of any law of God, given as a rule to the reasonable creature v.

Q. 25. Wherein consisteth the fixfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?

A. The finfulnefs of that estate whereinto man fell, confifteth in the guilt of Adam's first fin w, the want of that righteousness wherein he was created, and the corruption of his nature, whereby he is utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite unto all that is fpiritually good, and wholly inclined to all evil, and that continually x; which is com

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commanded the man, saying, of linned. Rom. 3. 23. For all have
every tree of the garden thou may- finned, and come short of the glo-
est freely eat : v. 17. But of the ry of God.
free of the knowledge of good and 24.V 1 John 3.4. Whosoevercom-
evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for mitteth sin, transgresseth also the
in the day that thoueatest thereof, law: for fin is the transgression of
thou shalt furely die, (Compared the law. Gal. 3. 10. For as niany
with Rom. 5. 12. to 20. verse.) as are of the works of the law, are
Wherefore, as by one man sin en under the curfe: for it is written,
tered into the world, and death by Cursed is every one that continu.
fin; and lo death palled upon all eth not in all thingswhich are writ.
men, for that all have sinned. Ü.15. ten in the book of the law to do
For if through the offence of one, them. v. 12. And the law is not of
many be dead; much more.-- faith: but, the man that doth them,
V, 16.--For the judgment was by shall live in them.
one to condemnation;---V,17. For 25. w Ròm. 5. 12. Wherefore,as
if by one man's offence, death by one man lin entred into the
seigned by one: much more---- world, and death by fin; and to
v.18. Therefore as by the offence death passed upon all men, for that
of one, judgment came upon all all have sinned. v. 19. For as by
men to condemnation ; even so, one mans disobedience many were
V.19. For as by one man's disobe- made linners: so by the obedience
dience many were made finners, so of one, shall many be nrade righ-
by the obedience--And with:Cor. teous.
15. 21. For fincé by man came x Rom. 3. :0. As it is written,
death, by man came also the relor- there is none righteous, no not
redion of the dead. v.22. For as one: v. 11. There is none that un-
in Adam all dic, even so in Cbrift derftandeth, there is none thatseek.
Ihall all be made alive.

eth after God. v. 12. They are all 23. Rom.5.12.Wherefore as by gone out of the way they are togeone man fin entred into the world, ther become unprofitable, there is and death by lin; and to death pal- none that doth good, no not one, led upon all men, for that all have' v. 13. Their throar is an open fie

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monly called original fin, and from which do proceed all'
actual transgressions y.

Q:26. How is original sin conveyed from our first parents
unto their posterity ?

A. Original fin is conveyed from our first parents unto their posterity by natural generation, fo as all that proceed from them in that way, are conceived and born in fin,

Q. 27. What misery did the fall bring upon mankind ?

A. The fall brought upon mankind the loss of communion with God a, his displeature and curse ; so as we are by

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pulchre; with their tongues they and that cvery imagination of the
have ufed deceit; the poilon of thoughtsof his heart was only evil
alps is under their lips ; v. 14: continually.
Whose mouth is full of cursingand y James 1. 14.But every man is
bitterness 7. 15. Their feet are tempted, wherhe isdrawn away by
fwift to fhed blood. v. 16. Destru: his own lust, and enticed. v. 15.

tion and miferyare in their ways. Then when lust hath conceived, it
2:17. And the way of peace have bringeth forth lin: and fin when
they not known, v. 18. There is it is finished, bringeth forthdeath,
no fear of God before their eyes. Mat, 15. 19. For out of the heart
V.19. Now we know that what proceed evil thoughts, murders, a-
things toever the law faith, it faith dulteries, fornications, thefts, falle
to them who are under the law : witness, blafphemies.
that erery mouth may be stopped, 26. Z Pfalm 51. 5. Behold, I was
and allthe world may becomeguil-, fhapen in iniquity; and in sín did
ty before God. Eph.2.1. And you my mother conceive me. Job. 14.4.
hath he quickned who were deact who can bring a cleanthingout of
in trespasses and fins;y. 2. Where.", an unclcan ? not one, Job.15:14
in time past ye walked according What is man, that he should be
to the course of this world, accor- clean and he which is born of a
ding to the prince of the power of woman, that he should be righte-
the air, the spirit that nowworketh ous ? John3. 6. Thatwhich is born
in the children ofdisobedience.v. 3. of the flesh,is flesh; and that which
Among whom also we all had our is born of the fpirit,is spirit.
conversation in times past, in the 27. a Gen. 3.8. And they heard
kults of our flesh, fulfilling the deo thevoice of the Lord God walking
fires of the Acfh and of the mind; inthegarden in the cool of the day:
and were by nature the children of and Adam and his wife hid them-
wrath, even as others. Rom. 5.6. selves from thepresenceofthe Lord,
For when we were yet without God, amongst the trees of the gar-
ftrength, in due time Christ died den. v. 10. And he faid, I heard
for the ungodly. Rom. 8. 7: Be- thy voice in the garden and I was
cause the carnal mind is enmity ao afraid, because I was naked; and I
gainst God; For it is not subjest to hid my self. v. 24. So he droveout
the law of God, neither indeed can the man: and he placed at the eat
be. v. 8. So then they that are in of the garden of Eden, Cherubins,
the Aesh, cannot please God. Gen. and a flaming sword, which turned
6.5v And God faw that the wicked- every way, to keep the way of the
jets of man was great in the earth, tree of life.

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nature children of wrath b, and bond slaves to Satan cs and justly liable to all punishments in this world, and in that which is to come di

Q. 28. What are the punishments of fin in this world?

A. The punishments of sin in this world, are either inward, as blindnels of mind e, a reprobate sense f, strong delusions g, hardness of heart h, horrour of conscience i, and vile affections k: Or outward, as the curse of God upon the creatures for our lakes l; and all other evils that

be.

b Eph. 2.2. Wherein in timepast 28.e Eph.4.18. Having the unye walked according to the course derstanding darkned, being aliena. ofthisworld, accordingtothe prince ted from the life of God, through of the power of the air, the spirit the ignorance that is in them, bethat now worketh in thechildren of cause oftheblindness of their heart. disobedience, v. 3. Among whom f Rom. I, 28. Even, as they did also we all had our conversation in not like to retain God in their times past, in the lults of our Hesh, knowledge, God, gave them over fulfilling the desiresof the flesh,and to à reprobate mind, to do those of the mind; and were by nature things which are not convenient. the children of wrath, even as o g 2. Thess.2.11. And forthiscaule thers.

Godthall send them trongdelusions, c 2 Tim. 2.26, Andtliatthey may that they should believe a lie. recover themselvesout of the fnare h Rom. 2.5.But after thy hardof the devil,whoare taken captive nelsandimpenitentheart,treasurelt by him at his will.

up unto thyself wrath against the dGen. 2.17. But of thetreeof the day of wrath,and revelationof the knowledge of good and evil, thou righteous judgment of God. Ihalt not eat of it: for in the day illa, 33.14. The sinners in Zion thou eatest thereof, thou shaltsure- are afraid, fearfulnesshath surprised ly die, Lam.3,39. Wherefore doth the hypocrites: whoamongus shall a living man complain; a man for dwell with the devouringħire? who thepunishment of his fins? Rom.6. amongst us shall d well with ever, 23. For the Wages of sin is death; lastingsburnings ? Gen. 4.13. And but the gift of God is eternal life, Cain laid unto the Lord, my puthro? Jelus Christ our Lord. Mat. nishmentis greater than I canbear. 25.41. Then Niall he fay also anto Mat. 27.4. Saying, I havelinned, in them on the left hand, Departfron that shavebetrayedinnocent,blood, me ye cursed, into everlasting fire, And they said, 'What is that to us? prepared for the devil and his an. see thou to that. gels,v.46. And these shall go away k Rom. I. 26.Forthis cause God into everlasting punishment: but gave them up unto vile affections the righteous into life eternal, for even their women did change Jnde 7. Even asSodom andGomor the natural use into that which is 31h, and the cities about them in against nature. like mannergivingthemselvesover. I Gen.z. 17. And unto Adlamhe to fornication, and going after faid, Because thou hast learkned ftrange flesh, are set forth for an unto the voice of thy wife and bast example, suffering the vengeance eaten of the tree, of which I comof eternal fire.

manded thee, saying, Thou shale

not

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