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19 Commisioners from the General Assembly of the church of
Lexander Henderson of Edin- John Earl of. Caffils,
John Lord Maitland, afterward
Assembly at Edinburgh, August 27th, 1647. Sef. 23.
Act approving the Confession of Faith.
Confession of Faith for the kirks of God, in the three kingdoms, A being the chiefeft part of that uniformity in religion, which, by the solemn league and covenant,we are bound to endeavour; and there being accordingly a Confession of faith agreed upon by the assembly of divines fitting at Westminster, with the allistance of commisioners from the kirk of Scotland; Which Confeffion was fent from our commissioners at London, to the commissioners of the kirk met at Edina burgh in January last, and bath been in this allemby twice publickly tead over examined and confidered ; copies thereof being allo printed that it might be particularly perused by all the members of this aflembly, unto whon frequent intimation was publickly made,
put in their doubts and objections, if they had any And the faid Confession being, upon due examination thereof, found by the assembly to be molt agreeable to the word of God, and in nothing contrary to the received doctrine, worship, discipline and government of this kirk. And lastly, it being fo necessary, and fo much longed for, that the faid, Confession be with all possible diligence and expedition, approved and established in both kingdoms, as a principal part of the intended uniformity in religion, and as a special means for the more effectual suppressing of the many dangerous errors and herelies of these times. The general assembly doth therefore,after mature deliberation, agree onto and approve the laid Confession, as to the truth of the matter (judging it to be moft orthodox,and grounded upon the word ofGod) and also as to the point of uniformity, agreeing for our part, that it be a common Confeâion of Faith for the three kingdoms. The assembly doth also blefs the Lord, and thankfully acknowledge his great mer cy, in that so excellent a Confeffion of Faith is prepared, and titus far agreed uponin both kingdoms which we look upon as a great trength ning of the true reformed religion,againit the common enemies there
of. But, left our intention and meaning be in some particulars mifun derstood, it is hereby expresly declared and provided, that the not mentioning in this Conteslion, the several sorts of ecclelialtical officers and assemblies, shall be no prejudice to the truth of Christ, in these particulars, to be expressed fully in the directory of government. It is further declared, that the affembly understandeth some parts of the second article of the thirty one chapter, only of kirks not fettled, or constituted in point of government: And that altho', in fuch kirks, a Synod of minifters, and other fit persons, may be called by the magistrate's authority and nomination, without any other call, to consult and advise with, about matters of religion ; and although likewise the ministers of Christ, without delegation from their churches, may of themselves, and by virtue of their office,meet together fynodically in such kirks, not yet constituted; yet neither of these ought tobe done, in kirks constituted and settled it being always free to the magistrate to advise
with synods of ministers and ruling-elders, meeting upon delegation from their churches, either ordinarly, or, being indicted by his authority, occasionally and pro re nata; it being also free to assemble together synodically, as well pro re nata as at the ordinary times, upon delegation from the churches, by the intrinfical power received from Chrift,as often as it is necessary for the good of the church lo to assemble, in case the magiltrate, to the detriment of the church, withhold or deny his confent; the necessity of occasional assemblies being firlt remonstrate unto him by humble supplication.
Charles I, Parl, 2. Sel. 2. Act 16.
and ratification thereof.
At Edinburgh, February 7th, 1649. THE "HE estates of parliament now prelently conveened in this second
seslion of the second triennial parliament, by vertue of an act of the conimitee of eltates, who had power and authority from the last parliament for conveening the parliament, having seriously confidered the Catechisms, viz. the larger and shorter ones, with the Con. tellion of Faith, with three acts of approbation thereof by the com. missioners of the general assembly presented unto them by the commi. llioners of the laid general assembly; Do ratify and approve the said Catechisms,Confession of Faith, and Acts of approbation of the fame, produced as it is; and ordains them to be recorded, published and practised.
of the covenanted uniformity in religion betwixt the Churches of Christ in the kingdoms of Scotland, England and Ireland.
Approved by the General Asembly 1647, and ratified and established by Act of Parliament 1649, as the public and avowed Confeffion of the CHURCH OF SCOTLAND.
With the proofs From the Scripture.
F the holy Scripture.
II. Of God, and of the holy Trinity, III. Of Gods eternal decree. IV. Of Creation. V. of Providence. vi. Of the fall of man, of sin, and of the punishment thereof. VII. Of Gods covenant with man. VIII. Of Christ the Mediator. IX. Of Free-will. X. Of Effectual calling. . XI. Of justification. XII. Of Adoption XIII. Of Sanctification. XIV, Of Saving faith. xv. Of Repentance unto life. XVI. Of good works. XVII. Of the perfeverance of the saints, XVIII. Of assurance of grace and salvation, XIX. Of the law of God. XX. of Christian liberty, and liberty of Conscience, XXI. Of religious worship, and the fabbath-day: XXII. Of lawful oaths and vows, XXIII. Of the civil magistrate, XXIV. Of marriage and divorce, XXV. Of the church. XXVI. Of communion of saints, XXVII. Of the facraments. XXVIII. Of baptifm. XXIX. Of the Lord's supper., XXX, Of Church-censures. XXXI. Of Synods and councils. XXXII. Of the state of men after death and of the resurrection
of the dead. XXXIII. Of the last judgment,
THE CONFESSION OF FAITH, Agreed upon by the Assembly of Divines at Westminster: Examined and approved, Anno 1647, by the GENERAL ASSEMBLY of the CHURCH OF SCOTLAND; And ratified by Act of PARLIAMENT 1649.
Chap. I. Of the Holy Scripture,
LTHOUGH the light of nature, and the works of creation and providence, do fo far manifelt the goodness, wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men inexcusable
a; yet are they not fufficient to give that knowledge of God, and of his will, which is necessary unto falvation b. Therefore it pleased the Lord, at
1. a Rom. 2. 14. For when the work. 7, 2. Day into day utteret Gentiles which have not the law, speech andnightunto night Ihewdo by nature the things contained cth knowledge, v, z. There is 110 in the law, these having not the speech, nor language, where there. law, are a law unto themselves : voice is not hcard. Rom.1.32. Who V, 15. Which ihew the work of the kuowing the judgment of God, law written in their hearts, their (that they which commit such conscience also bearing witness,& things are worthy of death) not their thoughts the mean while ac- only do ihe fame, but have plea. cofingor elle exculingoneanother. fure in thein that do them. With Rom.1.19.Because that whichmay Rom.2.1. Thereforethou artinexbe known of God, is manifest in culable, 0 min, whosoever thou them; For God hath thewed it un art that judgelt; for wherein thou to them. v, 20. For the invisible judgeit another, thou condemnet things of him from the creation of thy felf; for thouthat judgcít doth of the world, are clearlyleen,being the same things. understood by the things that are bi Cor. 1, 21. For after that, in made,even his eternal power and the wisdom of God, the world by Godhead; so that they are without wisdom kuew not God, it pleared excufe. Plal. 19. 1. The heavens God by thefoolishnessot preaching declare the glory of God, and the to save them that believe, Cor. 2. firmament Theweth his handy- 13. Which things alfo we fpeik,