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8. That, in what is commanded to others, we are bound according to our places and callings to be helpful to them b; and to take heed of partaking with others in what is forbid. den them c.

Q. 100. What special things are we to consider in the ten commandments ?

A. We are to consider in the ten commandments, the pre. face, the subitance of the commandments themselves, and several reasons annexed to some of them the more to in force them.

Q. 101, What is the preface to the ten commandments ?

Ā. The preface to the ten commandments is contained in these words, I am the Lørd thy God which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of Bondage d. Whereing God manifesteth his sovereignty, as being Jehovah, the Eternal, Immutable, and Almighty God e; having his being in and of himself f, and giving being to all his words g


God: in it thou shalt not do any house, and when thou walkest by work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy the way,and when thou liest down, daughter,thy man-fervant,northy and when thou riselt up. maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor b 2 Cor. !. 24. Not for that we thystranger that is withinthygates. have dominion 'over your faith, Ley, 19. 17. Thou shalt not hate but are helpers of your joy : for thy brother in thine heart : thou by faith ye stand. thalt in any wise rebuke thy neigh ci Tim. 5. 22. Lay hands sud. bour,and not suffer fin upon him.' denly on no man, neither be par Gen. 18. 19. For I know him, that taker of other mens fins : keep thy he will command his children and self pure. Eph. f.11. And have no his houshold after him, and they fellowshipwith theunfruitfulworks shall keep the way of the Lord, to ofdarkness,butratherreprovethem do justice and judgment; that the 101. d Exod. 20, 2. Lord maybringupon Abraham,that e Ila. 44.6. Thus faith the Lord which he hath spoken ofhim. josh, the king of Israel, and his redeem24.15.And if it feem evil unto you er the Lord of holts, I am the first, to serve the Lord, choole you this and I am the last, and besides me day whom ye will serve, whether there is no God. the gods whichyourfathers ferved, fExod. 3.14.AndGod said unto that were on the other side of the Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and Bood,or the gods of the Amorites, he said, thus shalt thou lay unto in whose land ye dwell: hut as for the children of Israel, I AM hath me and my house, we will serve the sent me unto you, Lord. Deut, 6.6. And there words g Exod.6.3. And I appeared unwhich I command thee this day, to Abraham, unto Isaac, and ụnto Thall be in thine heart: 0; 7. And Jacob, by the name of Godalmighthou shalt teach them diligently ,ty, but by my name JEHOVAH Hnto thy children, and shalt talk of was I not known to them, then when thou attest in thine

e Acts

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and works h: and that he is a God in covenant, as with
Ifrael of old, so with all his people i; who as he brought
them out of their bondage in Egypt, fo he delivered us from
our spiritual thraldom k, and that therefore we are bound
to take him for our God alone, and to keep all his coinmand-

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Q.102. What is the sum of the four commandments, which contain our duty to God?

A. The sum of the four commandments containing our duty to God, is, to love the Lord our God with all our heart, and with all our soul, and with all our strength, and with all our mind m.

Q. 103, Which is the first commandment?

A. The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other
Gods before me n.

Q. 104. What are the duties required in the first commande.

A. The duties required in the first commandment are, the knowing and acknowledging of God to be the only true


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h Acts 17.24.God that made the holy, for I am holy, v. 17. And if
world, and all things therein,feeing ye call on the Father,who without
that he is Lord of heaven and of respect of persons judgeth accor.
earth,dwellethnot in templesniade ding to every mans work, país the
with hands. v. 28. For in him we time of your sojourning here in
live, and move, and have our be. fear: v.18. Forasmuch as ye know
ing; as certain allo of your own thatyewere not redeemed with cor-
poets have said, for we are allo ruptible things, as silver and gold,
his offspring.

from your vain conversation re-
i Gen. 17. 7. And I will establish ceived by tradition from your
my covenantbetween me and thee, fathers. Lev.18.39. Thereforeshall
and thy feed after thee, in their ye keep mine ordinance, that ye
generations, for an everlasting co commit not any one of these abo-
venant; to be aGod unto thee,and minable cultoms,which were com-
unto thy seed after thee.Compared mitted before you, that ye defile
with Rom. 3. 29. Is he the God of not yourselves therein: I am the
the Jews only? is he not also of the Lord yourGod. Lev.19.37. There-
Gentiles ? yes, of theGentiles also. fore shall ye observe all my ita-

k Luke 1.74, Thathe wouldgrant tutes, and all my judgments, and
unto us, that we, being delivered do them: I am the Lord.
out of the hands of our enemies, 102. m Luke 10.27. And he an.
mightserve himwithout fear. 7.75. swering, laid, thou shalt love the
In holiness and righteousness be Lord thy God with all thine heart,
fore him all the days of our life. and with all thy soul, and with all

1 x l'et: 1. IS: But as he which thyitrength and with all thy mind;
hath called you is holy,fobe yeho. and thy neighbour as thy self.
ly in all manner of conversation ; 103. n Exod. 20. 3.
v. 16. Because it is written, be ye

104, 0 I Chron,

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God, and our God o; and to worship and glorify him ac cordingly p, by thinking 9, meditating r, Remembrings, highly esteeming t, Honouring v, Adoring w, Choosing %, Loving Y, Desiring2, fearing of him a; beliving


104.0 1, Chron.28.9. And thou, them that feared the Lord, and Solomon my son, know thou the that thought upon his name. God of thy father, and serve him r Pfal. 63. 6. When I remember with a perfect heart, and with a thee upon my bed, and meditate willing mind: for the Lord search on thee in the night watches. ethall hearts and understandeth all [Ecel. 12. 1. Remembernow thy the imaginations of the thoughts: Creator in the days of thy youth, if thou leek him, he will be found while the eyil days come not, nor of thee; but if thou forsake him, theyears draw nigh;whenthoushalt he will cast thee off for ever, Deut, say, I have no pleasure in them. 26. 17. Thou hast avouched the

• Pfal. 71.19, Thy righteousness Lord'this day to be thy God,and to alfu, God, is very high, who hast walk in his ways, and to keep his done great things ; o God, who statutes, and his conimandments, is like unto thee? and his judgments, and to heark v Mal. 1, 6. A fon honoureth his en unto his voice. Ifa,43:10. Ye are father, and a servant his master;if my witnelles, faith the Lord, and then I be a father, where is mina my fervant whom I have chosen; honour? andif I be a master,where that ye may know and believe me, is my fear? saith the Lord of holts and understand that I am he: be- unto you, o priests, that dispile fore me there was no God formed, my name neither shall there be after me. Jer. w Isa. 45. 23. I have sworn bymy 14. 22, Are there any among the self, the word hath gone outofmy vanities of the Gentiles that can mouth in righteoulness, and shall cause rain? or can the heavens give notreturn, thatunto me every knee fhowers? art not thou he, O Lord shall bow,everytongue hall swear. our God? therefore we will wait

x Jolh. 24. 15. And if it seemevil upon thee: for thou hast made all unto you, toserve the Lord,choose these things.

you this day whom ye will serve, p Plal, 25. 6. O come, let us whether the gods which your faworshipand bowdowir: let us kneel thers served, thatwereonthe other before the Lord our maker, v, 7. side of the food, or the godsof the For he is our God, and we are the Añorites, in whose land yedweil people of his pasture, and the sheep but as for me and myhouse, we will of his hand. Mat. 4. 10. Then said serve the Lord. v. 22. And Joshua Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, said unto the people, ye arewitnelSatan: for it is written, Thou shalt fes against yourselves, thatyehaye worfhip the Lord thy God,and him chosen the Lord, tofervehim:And only shalt thou serve. Plal. 29. 2. they faid we are witnesses. Give unto the Lord the glory due y Deut. 6. 5. And thoushaltlove unto his name; worship the Lord tħe Lord thy God with all thine in the beauty of holinels.

heart, and with all thy soul, and q Mal, 3.16. Then they that fca with all thy might. red the Lord, spake often one to z Pfal. 73. 25. Whom have I in another, and the Lord hearkned, heaven but theeand there is none and heard it,and a book of remem- upon earththat Idesire besides thee. brance was written before him for

Isa. 8. 13: Sanctifythe Lord of


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X, ng m;

him; b; trusting c, hoping d, delighting en rejoicing in
him f; being zealous for him gi calling upon him;
giving all praise and thanks h, and yielding all obedience and
submission to him with the whole man i; being careful in
all things to please him k, and sorrowful when in any thing
he is offended I, and walking humbly with him m,

Q. 105. What are the fins forbidden in the first command-

A. The fins forbidden in the first commandment are, Atheism, in denying,or not having a God n,idolatry, in having or worshipping more God's than one, or any with or



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holts himself, and let him be your voice and I will be your God,and
fear; and let him be your dread. ye shall be my people and walk ye

b Exod. 14. 31. And Ifrael saw in all the ways that I have con-
that greatwork whichthe Lord did manded you, that it may be well
upon the Egyptians: and the peo, unto you. Jarnes 4, 7. Submit your
ple feared the Lord, and believeil felves therefore to God; resist the
the Lord and his feryant Mofes, devil,and he will fee from you.

clfa.26.4. Trust ye in the Lord ki John 3. 22. And whatsoever
for ever: for in the Lord Jehovah wcask, we receive of him because
is everlasting strergth.

we keep his commandments, and
d Pfal. 130. 7. Let Israel hope do thole things that are pleasing in
inthe Lord; for with the Lord there his light.
is mercy,and with him is plenteous 1 Jer 31.18.I have surely heard

Ephraim bemoaning himselfthus,
e Pfal. 37.4. Delight thylelfal- Thou hast chastifed me; and I was
so in the Lord, and he shall give chastised,as abullock unaccustomed
thee the desires of thing heart. to the yoke :turn thou me and I

fpfal. 32. 11, Be glad in the fall be turned; for thou art the
Lord,and rejoice ye righteous: & Lord my God. Pfal. 119.136.Ri.
thout forjoy all yeihat are upright vers of watersrun down mineeyes:
in heart.

because they keep not thy law.
g Rom. 12. II, Not slothful in m Mic.6.8.Hc hath shewedthee,
buliness, fervent in spirit : ferving O man, what is good; and what
the Lord.Compared with Num.25. doth the Lord require of thee, but
11. Phinchas theson of Eleazar,the to do justly,and to love mercy, &
son of Aaron the priest hath turned to walk humbly with thy God?
my wrath away from the children 195.n Pfal. 14. 1. The fool hath
of Israel(while he was zealous for said in his heart there is no God:
my fake among them that I con, they are corrupt they have done a.
sumed not the children of Israel, in bominable works, there is none
my jealousy.

that doth good. Eph.2. 12. That
h Phil. 4. 6. Be careful for no at that time ye werewithout Christ,
thing: but in every thingbyprayer being aliens from the common
& fupplicationwith thanksgiving, wealth of Israel,andstrangers from
Jet your requelts be made known the covenants of promise, having
Ynto God.

no hope, and without God in the
i Jer. 7. 23. But this thing com- world.
manded I them, saying, Obey my


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instead of the true God o; the not having and avouching him for God, and our God P; the omission or neglect of any thing due to him, required in this commandment q; ignorance r, forgetfulness?, misapprehensions t, false opini. ons v, unworthy and wicked thoughts of him w; bold and curious searching into his fecrets x; all profanenels y, hatred


o Jer, 2. 27, Saying to a stock, hath a controversy with the inhaThou art myfather; and to a stone bitants of the land, because there Thou hast brought me forth : for is no truth, nor mercy nor knowthey have turned their face: but in ledge of God in the land.v. 6.My the time of their trouble they will people are destroyed for lack of lay, Arise,and save us. v. 28. But knowledge: because thou halt rewhere are thy gods that thou hast jected knowledge, I also will remade thee? let them arise if they jeet thee, that thou shalt be no can save thee in the time of thy prielt to me: seeing thou haft for. trouble: for according to the num- gotten the law of thy God, I will ber of thy cities are thygods, o Ju- allo forget thy children, dahCompared with iThef.1.9.For [ Jer. 2. 32. Can a maid forget they themselves shew of us, what her ornaments, or a bride her attire? manner of entring in we had unto yet my people hath forgotten me you,and how ye returned to God days without number. from idols, to lerve the living and t Acts 17.23. For as I pafled by, true God.

an helreld your devotions, I found p Pfal. 18. 11. But my people an altar with this inscription. TO would not hearken unto myvcice; THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom and Israel would none of me. therefore ye ignorantly worship,

alla, 43. 22, But thou halt not him declare I unto you.v. 29. For called upon me, o Jacob, but thou asmuchthen as wearethe offspring halt been weary of me, O Israel. of God, we ought not to think that V, 23. Thou halt not brought me the Godhead is like unto gold, the small cattle of thy burnt-offer- or silver, or stone graven by art & ings, neither halt thou honoured mans device. ine with thy facrifices. I have nut v 112.40.18. To whom then will caused thee to serve with an offer. ye liken God? or what likeness ing,nor wearied thee with incense: will ye compare unto him? v. 24. Thou hast bought me no w Psal.50.21. These things haft sweet cane with money, neither thou done, and I kept silence: thou halt thou filled me with the fat of thoughtest that I was altogether thy facrifices: bui thou hast made such an one as thyself; but I will me to serve with thy lins, thou reprove thee, and set them in ore halt wearied me with thine ini- der before thine eyes, quities.

x Deut.29.29. The secretthings r Jer. 4. 22. For my people is belong unto the Lordour God: but foolish, they liave not known me, thole things which are revealedben thy are sottish children,and they long unto us, and to our children have none understanding ; they for ever, that we may do all the are wise to do evil, but to do good words of this law. they have no knowledge. Hosea y Tit. 1.16. They profess that 4. 1. Hear the word of the Lord, they know God;but in works they ye children of Ilrael; for the Lord deny him, being abominable, and

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