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patch our worldly business, that we may be the more free and
anc fit for the duties of that day e.
the Q. 118. Why is the charge of keeping the fabbath more whi Specially directed to governors of families and other superiors ? and A. The charge of keeping the fabbath is more specially tion
: directed to governors of families and other superiors, because
P they are bound not only to keep it themselves, but to see that it be observed by all those that are under their charge; and
A because they are prone of times to hinder them by employ. ments of their own f.
alla Q.119. What are the fins forbidden in the fourth commandment ?
i dai A. The fins forbidden in the fourth commandment are, all omiflions of the duties required g, all careless, negligent,
ca shall work be done, but theseventh any work. thou, nor thy lon, nor port day is the fabbath of reft, an holy thy daughter,thy man-fervant,nor p convocation; ye shall do no work thy maid-fervant, nor thy cattle, hi therein; it is the fabbath of the nor thyltranger that is within thy Lord in your dwellings.
gates. Josh. 24. 15. And if it seem e Exod. 20.8. Remember the fab- evil unto you to serve the Lord, Bath-day, to keepit holy.Luke23. chooseyou this day whoin you will 54. And that day was the prepara- ferve,whether the gods whichyour tion,& the fabbath drew on.v.56. fathers served, that were on the And they returned, and prepared other fide of the flood,or the gods fpices and ointments; and tested of the Aiorites, in whose land ye the fabbath-day, according to the dwell: but as for me andmy houfe, commandment. Exod.16.22. Andit we will serve the Lord, Neh. 138 came to passthat on the fixth day 15,17.(Seeabove in b.).Jer. 17.20. theygathered twice as muchbread, And say unto them, Hear the word two omers for one man: And all of the Lord, ye kings of Judah, the rulersof the congregationcame and all Judah, and all the inhabiand told Mofes. v.25. And Moses tants of Jerusalem, that enter in by faidd, Eatthatto day; for to day is a these gates.v,21. 22.(See above in fabbath unto the Lord: to day ye b:) Exod. 23. 12. Six days shalt fhall not find it in the field. v. 26. thou do all thy work, and on the Six days ye shall gather it; but on seventh day thou shalt reft ; that the seventh day which is the fab- thine'ox and thine ass may rest, bath in it therefhall be none.v.29. and the son of thy handmaid and See, for that the Lord hath given the stranger may be refreshed. you the fabbath, therefore he gi 119.g Ezek. 22-26. Her priests vethyou on the fixth daythe bread have violated my law, and have of two days: abide you every man profaned mine holy things : they in his place, let no man go out of have put no difference between the his place on the seventh day. - holy and profane, neither havethey Neh. 13.19. (See letter b..) Thewed difference between the une
118. f Exod. 20. 10. But the se- clean and clean and have hid their venth dayisthe fabbathof the Lord eyes from my fabbaths, and I am thy God; in. it thou shalt not do profaned among them.
and unprofitable performing of them, and being weary of them h; all profaning the day by idleness, and doing that which is in itfelf sinful i; and by all needless works, words, and thoughts about our worldly employments and recreations k.
Q. 120. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment, the more to inforce it?
A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment the more to enforce it, are taken from the equity of it, God allowing us fix days of seven for our own affairs, and refer. ving but one for himself, in these words, six days shalt thou labour and do all thy work 1: from God's challenging a special
pro. h Acts 20. 7. And upon the first falfifying the balances by deceit ? day of the weck,when the disciples Mal. 1. 13. Ye faid also, behold, came together to break bread, Paul what wearinels is it! and ye have preached unto them, ready to de- snuffed at it, faith the Lord of part on the morrow,and continued hosts; and ye brought that which his speech until midnight., v. 9. was torn, and the lame, and the. And there fat in a window a cer- lick ; thus ye brought an offering: tain young man named Eutychus, should Iaccept this of your hands? being fallen into a deep sleep: and faith the Lord. asPaul was long preaching he sunk i Ezek.23.38. Moreover, this they down with feep, and fell down have done unto me; they have defrom the third loft, and was taken filed my fanctuary in the same day, up dead. Ezek. 33. 30. Also thou and have profaned niy fabbaths. fon of man, the children of thy k jer. 17, 24. And it shall come people still are talking against thee, to páss, if ye diligently hearken by the walls, and in the doors of unto me, faith the Lord, to bring the houses, and 1peak one to ano- in no burden through the gates of ther, every one to his brother, say. this city on the fabbath-day, but ing, come, I pray you, and hear" hallow the fabbath-day, to do no whát is the word that cometh forth work therein. v. 27. But if ye will from the Lord. v. 31. And they not hearken to me to hallow the come unto thee as the people fabbathi-day,and not to bear a burcometh, and they lit before thee den,even entring in at the gates of as my people, and hear thy' words, Jerusalemonthefabbath-day: then but they will riot do them : for will I kindle a fire in the gates with their mouth they shew much thereof, and it sliall devour the pa-, love, but their heart goeth after laces of Jerusalem,and shall not be their covetousness. v. 32. And lo, quenched. Ifa. $8.13. If thou turn thou art unto them as a very love away thy foot from the fabbath, ly fong of one that hath a pleasant from doing thypleasure oil nyholy voice, and can play well on an in-day,and call the fabbath a delight, strument: for theyhear thy words, the holy of the Lord, honourable, but they do them
not, Amos 8. 5 and shalt honour him, not doing Saying, when will the new moon thiné own ways, nor finding thine be gone, that we may sell corn? own pleasure, nor speaking thine and the fabbath, that we may set own words. forth wheat, making the Ephah 120.1 Exod. 26. g. Small; and the thekel great, and
propricty in that day, The seventh day is the fabbath of the Lord thy Godm; from the example of God, who in six days made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is and rested the seventh day; and from that blessing which God put upon that day, not only in fanctifying it to be a day for his fervice, but in ordaining it to be a means of blessing to us in our sanctifying it; Wherefore the Lord blessed the fabbath-day, and hallowed it n.
Q. 121. Why is the word remember, set in the beginning of the fourth commandment?
A. The word remember is set in the beginning of the fourth commandment o, partly because of the great benefit of remembring it, we being thereby helped in our preparation to keep it p: and, in keeping it better, to keep all the rest of the commandments 4, and to continue a. thankful remembrance of the two great benefits of creation and redemption, which contain a short abridgment of religion r: and part
ly m Exod. 20. 10.
9 Pfalm. 92(Title) A pfalm or n Exod. 20. II.
songfor thefabbath-day.Compared 121. o Exod. 20. 8.
with v. 13. Thole that be planted p Exod. 16.23. And he said unto in the house of the Lord, shall them, this is that which the Lord Hourish in the courts of our God. hath said, to-morrow is the rest And 2. 14. They shall still bring of the holy fabbath unto the Lord: forth fruit in old age :-they shall bake that which ye will bake, to be fat, and flourishing. Ezek. 20. day,and seethe whatye will seethe; 12. Moreover also, I gave them my and that which remaineth overlay fabbaths, to be a sign between me up for you to be kept until the and them, that they might know morning. Luke 23. 54. And that that I am the Lord that fanctify day was the preparation, and the them. v. 19. I am the Lord your fabbath drew on. v, 56. And they God; walk in my statytes, and returned, and prepared spices and keep iny judgments and do them, ointments; and relted the fabbath- 7,20. And hallow mysabbaths; and day, according to the command- they fhall be a sign between me & ment.Compared with Mark 15.42. you, that ye may know that I am And now when the even was come, the Lord your God. because it was the preparation, rGen. 2.2. And on the seventh that is the day before the fabbath. day God ended his work which Neh. 13. 19. And it came to pass he had made, and he rested on that when the gates of Jerusalem the seventh day from all his work began to be dark before the fab- which he had made. v. 3. And bath, I commanded that the gates God blessed the seventh day, and should be shut, and charged that sanctified it: because that in it he they should not be opened till after had refted from all his work, which the fabbath: and some of my fer- God created and made. Plal, 118. vants let 1 at the gate, that there 22. The #one which the builders should no burden be brought in on refused is become the head-stone of the Labbath-day
ly because we are very ready to forget it f, so that there is Jess light of nature for it t, and yet it restraineth our natural liberty in things at other times lawful v; that it cometh but once in seven days and many worldly business coine between, and too often take off our minds from thinking of it, either to prepare for it; or to fanctify it w; and that Satan with his instruments much labour to blot the glory, and even the memory of it, to bring in all irreligion and impiety x.
l. 122. the corner, v. 24. This is the day gates; that thy man-Servant and which the Lordhath made, we will thy maid-fervant may rest as well rejoice & be glad in it. Compared as thou.v, 15. And remember that with Acts 4.10. Be it known unto thou wast a servant in the land of you all, and to all the people of Egypt,and that the Lord thy God Ifrael that by the name of Jesus brought thee out thence, through Christ of Nazareth, whom ye cru a mighty hand,and by a stretched cified, whom God raised from the out arm: Therefore the Lord thy dead, even by him doth this man God commanded thee to keep the stand here before you whole.2.11. fabbath-day. Amos 8.5. Saying, This is the stone which was set at When will the new-moon begone, nought of you builders, which is that we may fell corn ? and the become the head of the corner, fabbath, that we may set forth Rev. I, 10. I was in the Spirit on wheat, making the Ephah small, the Lords day, and heard behind and the fhekelgreat, and falsifying me a great voice as of a trumpet. the balances by deceit?
fEzek. 22, 26. Her prieits have x Lam. 1.7. Jerusalem rememviolated my law,andprofanedmine bred in the days of her affliction, holy things: they have put no dif- and of her mileries, all her pleaference between the holy and pro- sant thingsthat she hadin the days fane,neither have they shewed dif- of old, when her people fell into ference between the unclean and the hand of the enemy, and none the clean, and have hid their eyes did help her, the adversaries faw from
my fabbaths,and I am profa- her and did mock at her sabbathis. ned among them
fer-17. 21. Thus faith the Lord, t Neh.9 14. And madelt known Take heed to yourselves, & bear unto them thy holy Sabbath, and po burden on the sabbath-day,
nor commandelt them precepts, fta- bring it in by the gates of Jerufaa tutes, and laws, by the hand of lem.
v, 22. Neither carry forth a Moses thy servant.
burden out of your houses on the v Exod. 34. 21. Six days thou fabbath day, neither do ye any fhalt work, but on the seventh day work, but hallow ye the labbaths thou shalt left : in earing-time and day, as I commanded your fathers, in harvest thou shalt rest.
7, 23. But they obeyed not, neia w Deut. 5.14. But the seventh ther inclined their ear, but made day is the fabbath of the Lord thy their neck stiff, that they might God: in it thou shalt not do any not hear nor receive instruction. work, thou nor thy son, nor thy Neh. 13 from verle 15. to 23. In daughter,northy man-fervant,nor those days saw I in Judah, some thy maid-lervant,nor thịne ox,nor treading wine-prefles on the fabu thine ass, nor any of thycattle, nor bath-day,--(sce in letter b) thy stranger that is within thy,
122. y Mat,
Q. 122. What is the sum of the fix commandments which contain our duty to man?
A. The sum of the fix commandments which contain our duty to man, is, to love our neighbour as ourselves y, and to do to others what we would have them do to us z.
Q. 123. Which is the fifth commandment?
A. The fifth commandment is, Honour thy Father and thy Mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee'a.
Q. 124. Who are meant by Father and Mother, in the fifth coinmandment ?
A. By Father and Mother, in the fifth commandment,are meant not only natural parents b, but all fuperiors in agec and gifts d ; and especially such as by God's ordinance are over us in place of authority, whether in family e, church f, or common-wealth g.
Q. 125. 122. y Mat. 22. 39. And the se- Organ. v. 22, And Zillah, she also cond is like unto it, Thou shalt bare Tubal-Cain, an instructer of love thy neighbour as thyself, every artificer in brass and iron,-
z Mat.7:12. Therefore allthings Gen. 45, 8, So now it was not you whatsoever yé would that men that sent me nither, but God; and fhould do to you, do ye even so he hath made me a father to Phato them for this is the law and raoh, and lord of all his house, and the prophets.
a ruler throughout all the land of 123. a Exod. 20. '12.
Egypt. 124.6 Prov.23.22. Hearken un e 2 Kings 5.13. And his fervant to thy father that begat thee, and came near, and spake unto him, despise not thy mother when she and said, my father, if the prophet is old. 3:25. Thy father and thy had bid thee do some great thing, mother shall be glad: and she that wouldst thou not have done it? bare thee shall rejoice. Eph. 6.1. how much rather then, when he Children,obey your parents in the faith to thee, wash and be clean Lord: for this is right. : 2. Ho f2Kings2.12.And Elisha saw it, nour thy father and mother( which and he cried,my father,my father, is the first' commandment with the chariot of Israel, and the horse promise)
men thereof..... 2 Kings 13. 14. ci Tim. 5. 1. Rebukę not an el. Now Elisha was fallen lick, of his der, but intreat him as a father, sickness whereof he died, and Joalh
and the younger men as brethren; the king of Israel came down unto .2.2The elder women as mothers, him, and wept over his face, and the younger as filters, with all pu faid, O my father, my father, the rity
chariot of Ifrael, and the horsemen d Gen. 4. 20, And Adah bare Ja- thereof. Gal. 4. 19. My little chil. bal: he was the father of such as dren,of whom I travel in birth adwell in tents, and of such as have gain untilChrist be formed in you. cattle. 3. 21. And his brothers gila. 49. 23. And kings fall be name was Jubal : he was the father thy nurling-fathers & their queens of all such as handle the harp and thy nursing-mothers : they hall
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