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the less, we acknowledge the inward illumination of the spirit of God to be necessary for the saving understanding of such things as are revealed in the word n: And that there are some circumstances concerning the worship of God, and government of the church,common to human actions and Societies, which are to be ordered by the light of nature, and christian prudence, according to the general rules of the word, which are always to be observed o.
VII. All things in scripture are not alike plain in themselves, nor alike clear unto all 1; yet those things which are necessary to be known, believed, and observed for falvation, and so clear ly propounded and opened in some places of scripture or other that not only the learned, but the unlearned, in a due use of the ordinary means, may attain unto a sufficient understanding of them a.
VIII. The old testament in Hebrew (which was the native language of the people of God of old) and the new testament in Greek, (which at the time of the writing of it was most generally known to the nations) being immediately inspired by God, and by his singular care and providence
kept as that the day of Christis at hand. pray nnto God uncovered ? ?', 14.
n John6 45. It is written in the Doth not even nature itself teach prophets, and they shall be all you, that if a man have long hair, faught of God. Every man there, it is a shameuntohim? Cor.14.26. fore that hath heard, & hath lear- Howis it then, brethren, when ye ned of the Father,cometh unto me. come together, every one of you 1 Cor. 2.9. But asitis written, eye hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath hath not leen, nor ear heard, nei. a tengue, hath a revelation, hath ther have entred into the heart of an interpretation? Let all things man, the things which God hath be done unto edifying. v. 4. Let prepared for them that love him. all things be done decently, andin v.10. But God hath revealed them order. unto us bybisspirit: for the spirit VII. p 2 Pet, 3. 16. As also in all fearcheth all things, yea the deep his epifties, speaking in them of things of God, * v. 11. For what these things, in which are some man knoweth the things of a man things hard to Beunderstood, which save the spirit of man which is in they that are unlcarned and unhim ? even fo the things of God stable wrelt, as they do also the knoweth no man, but the spirit of other scriptures, unto their own God.v, 12. Now we have received, destruction, not the spirit of the world, but the q Pfal. 1 19. 105. Thy word is spirit which is of God, that we lamp unto my feet, anda light unmight know the things that are to my path, v. 130. The entrance freely given to us of God. of thy words givethlight, it giveth
o i Cor. 11.13. Judge in your understanding unto the limple. Telves, is it comely that a woman
VIII, r Mac
kept pure in all ages, are therefore authentical r; fo as, in all controversies of religion, the church is finally to appeal unto them S. But because these original tongues are not known to all the people of God, who have right unto and interest in the scriptures, and are commanded, in the fear of God to read and search them t; therefore they are to be translated into the vulgar language of every nation unto which they come v, that, the word of God dwelling plentifully in all, they may worship him in an acceptable manner w, and, thro patience and comfort of the Scriptures,may have hope x.
IX. The infallible rule of interpreptation of Scipture, is the Scripture itself; and therefore, when there is a question about the true and full senfe of any Scripture (which is not manifold, but one) it must be searched and know by other
places VIII.r Mat. 5. 18.For verily I not the meaning of the voice, I say unto you, till heaven and earth shall be unto him that speaketh a pass, one jot, or onc title shall in barbarian; and he thai speaketh now wife pass from the law,till all shall be a barbarian unto me.v. 12. be fulfilled.
Even so ye, forasmuch as ye are 1 Ilaiah 8.20. To the law, and zealous of fpiritual gifts, seekthat to the testimony: if they speak ye may excel to the edifyingofthe not according to this word, irisbe- church.v. 24.But if all prophesy, cause there is no light in them and there come in one that belie Acts 15.15. And to this agree the veth not, or one unlearned, he is words of theprophets,as it iswrit: convinced of all, he is judged of ten. Jobn s. 39. Search the scrip- all.v.27. If any man speak in an tures, for in theni ye think yehave unknown tongue, let it be by two, eternal life,andtheyare they which or at the most by three, and that testify of me,v.46. For had ye be• by course, and let one interpret, lieved Moses,ye would have belie. v..28. But it there be no interpreved me ; for he wrote of me. ter, let him keep silence in the
t John. 5.39. Search the scrip, church; and let him speak to him. tures,for in them ye think ye have self and to God. eternal life, and they are they w Col. 3, 16. Let the word of which testify of me.
Christ dwell in you richly in all vi Cor.14.6. Now, brethren, if wisdom,teaching and admonishI cume unto yon speaking with ing one another in psalms, and tongues, what ihalli profityou,ex- hymns and fpiritual fons, linging sept I shall speak to you either by with grace in your hearts to the revelation or by knowledge, orby Lord. prophesying, or by do&rine? v.9. x Rom. 15. 4. For whatsoever so likewise you,except ye utterby thingswerewritten aforetime,were the tongue wordsealy to be under written for our learning, that we ftood, how fall it be known what through patience and comfort of is spoken? for ye shall speak into the Scripture might have hope. the air, v.11. Theretore if I know
Ix, y 2 Pet.
places that speak more clearly y.
X. The supreme judge,by which all controversies of religion are to be determined, and all decrees of councils, opini
of antient writers, doctrines of men, and private fpirits, are to be examined, and in whose sentence we are to rest; can be no other but the holy spirit speaking in the Scripture 2.
Chap. II. Of God, and of the holy Trinity.
HERE is but one only a, living and true God b, who
IX.y 2 Pet. 1.20. Knowing this of thote things that are offered in firit that no prophecy of thescrip: facrifice unto idols, we know that ture is ofany privateinterpretation an idol is nothing in the world, & v. 21. For the prophecy came not that there is none other God but in old time by the will ofman: but one.v.6.But to us there is but one holy menot Godspake as they were , God, the Father, of whom are all moved bythe holy Ghost. A&tsis. things, and we in him; and one 15. And to this agree the words of Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all the prophets,as is written, v. 16. things, and we by him. After this I will return, and will biThef...9. For theythemselves build again the tabernacleof David few of us, what manner ofentring which is fallen down, and I will in we had anto you, and how ye build again the ruins thereof, and turned to God from idols, to serve I will set it up,
theliving and true God. Jer.10.10, X. Matt.22.-9. Jesus answered But the Lord isthe true God, he is and said unto them, Yedo err,not the living God,and an everlafting knowing the scriptures, nor the King. power of God. v.31.But as touch- c Jobit:1. Canst thou bysearching the resurrection of the dead, ing find out God ? canst thou find have ye not read that which was out the Almighty untoperfection? Spoken unto you by God, faying. 7. 8. It is as high as heaven,what Eph.2.20, And are built upon the canst thou do? deeper than hello foundation of the apostles andpro- what canst thou know? v. phets, Jesus Christhimself beingthe measure thereof is longer than the chietcorner-stone. with A&s28,25. earth, and broader than the sea. And when they agreed notamong Job26.14. Lo,theseare parts of his themselves, theydeparted, afterthat ways, but how little a portion is Paul had spoken one word, well heard of him? but the thunder of fpake the holy Ghost by Elaias the his power who can understand ? prophet unto our fathers.
d John 4.24. God is a spirit, and 1.a Deut.6. 4. Hear, Ifrael,the they that worship him, mult worLordour God isoneLord.:Cor.8.4. ship him in spirit and in truth. As concerningtherefore the cating
invisible e, without body, parts f, or passions g, immutable h, immense i, eternal k, incomprehensible l, almighty m, most wise n, moit holy o, most free p, most absolute 9, working all things according to the counsel of his own immutable
e iTim, !. 19. Now unto the 23. 23. Am I a God at hand, faith King eternal, immortal, invisble, the Lord, and not a God afar off? the only wise God, be honour and v. 24. Can any hide himself in se glory,for ever and ever. Amen. cret places, that I lhall not see him;
(Dut. 4.15. Take ye therefore faith the Lord: do not I fill heaven good heed unto yourselves(forye and earth? faith the Lord. law no manner of fimilitude on the k Pialm90.2. Before the mounday that the Lord (pake unto you tains were brought forth, or ever in Horeb, out of the midlt of the thou hadít formed the earth & the fire.) 7. 16, Left ye corrupt your world,even from everlasting to eSelves, and make you a graven i. verlatting, thou art God.. Tim.i. mage, the fimilitude of any figure, 17. Now unto the king eternal,im. the likeness of maleorfemale. Johnmortal,invisilue, theonly wilecod, 4. 24. God is a spirit and they that be honour and glory,for ever and worthip him mult worship him in ever. Amen. Spirit and in truth. With Lukc24. 1 Pfalm 145.3. Great is the Lord, 39. Bebold my hands and my feet, and greatly to be praised; and his that it is I myfelt: handle me, and greatness is un'earchable. See, for a spirit hath not helh and m Gen.17, 1. And when Abram bones, as ye see me have.
was ninety years old and nine, & A&s 14.11.Andwhen the peo- the Lord appeared to Abram, and ple faw what Paul had done, they said unto him, I am the Almighty lift up their voices, saying, in the Cod; walk before me,and be thou Ipeech of Lycaonia, The gods are perfect. Rev. 4, 8, And the four come down to us in the likenels bealts had each of them six wings of men.v.15. And saying, Sirs, about him, and they were full of why do ye these things? We also eyes within, and they reft not day are men of like pasionswith you, andnight, saying, Holy,holy, holy, andpreachunto you, thatye Mhould Lord God Almighty, which was, turn from these vanities unto the and is, and is to come. living God, which made heaven n Rom. 16.26.ToGod only wile, and earthand the sea, and allthings be glory through Jesus Chrilt for that are therein.
ever. Amen. ḥ jam. 1. 17. Every good gift, o Ifa. 6. 3. And one cried unto andevery Perfect giftis from above another, and laid, Holy,holy,holy and cometh down from the Father is the Lord of hoftsthe whole earth of lights, with whom is novariable: is full of his glory. Rev. 4.8. (See nels, neither shaddow of turning. letter m immediately foregoing) Mal. 3. 6. For I am the Lord, I p Pfal. 115. 3, But our God is in change not; therefore ye fons of the heavens; he hath done whatlo. Jacob are not consumed,
ever he pleaseth. i 1 Kings 8.27. But will God in- q Exod. 3. 14.AndGod said unto deed dwell on the earth ? behold, Moles, I AM THAT I AM: the heaven,and heaven of heavens And he said, thus shalt thou say cannot contain thee, howmuchless unto the children of Israel, I AM this house thatI have builded? Jer. hath sent me upto you.
r Eph. children, unto thethird and to the wHeb.u. 6.But withoutfaith it fourth generation. is impossible to please him: for he II.a John 5. 26. For as thefather that cometh to God, must believe hathlife inhimself, so hath he given thathe is and that he is a rewarder to the Son to have life in himself. of them that diligently seek hiin. b Acts 7-2. And he faid,men,bre
and most righteous will r, for his own glory f; most loving t, gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness & truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression and sin v; the rewarderof themthat diligently seek him w; and withal molt just and terrible in his judgments x, hating all sin y, and who will by no means clear the guilty z. II. God hath all life a, glory b, goodness c, blessed.
nefs, r Eph. I. II. In whom allo we on our princes, and on our priests, have obtained an inheritance, be- and on our prophets,and on our fam ing predestinatedaccording to the thers, and on all thy people, since purpose of him, who worketh all the time of the kings of a flyria, things afterthe counlel of his own unto this day. v.33. Howbeit,thou will.
art just in all that is broughtupon fProv. 16. 4. The Lord hath us; for thou hast done right, but made all things for himself: yea, we have done wickedly. eventhewicked for theday of evil. y Psal.s.5. The foolish shall not Rom, 11. 36. For of him and thro'stand in thy light; thou hatest all him, and to him are all things: to workers of iniquity. v. 6. Thou whom be glory for ever. Amen. Thalt destroy them that speak lea
to John4.8. He that loveth not, fing: the Lord willabhorthe bloody knoweth not Goil, for Godislove: and deceitful man. v.16.And we have known andbe- z Nahum 1. 2. God is zealous lived the love that God hath to and the Lord revengeth, the Lord us, God is love: and he that dwel. revengeth andis furious, the Lord leth in love, dwelleth in God, and will take vengeance on his adverGod in him.
saries, and he reserveth wrath for vExod.34.6.And the Lord pas his enemies. v.3. The Lord is flow fedby before him, and proclaimed, to anger, and great in power and The Lord,the Lord God, merciful will not at all acquit the wicked : and gracions, long suffering, and the Lord hath his way in thewhirlabundant in goodness and truth, wind, and in the storm, and the 0.7. Keeping mercy for thousands, clouds are the dust of his feet. forgiving iniquity and transgrel. Exod34.7. Keepingmercyforthou. fion and lin, and that will by no sands, forgiving iniquity & transmeans clear the guilty; visiting gression and fin,and that will by the iniquity of thefathers uponthe no means clear the guilty; visiting children, and upon the childrens the iniquity ofthefathers upon the children, unto the third and to the children, and upon the childrens fourth generation.
x Neh..32. Now therefore,our thren,& fathers, hearken, the God God: the great, the mighty, and of glory appeared unto our father the terrible God, who keepest (e Abraham,when hewas in Mesopovenant and mercy; let not all the tamia, before he dwelt in Charran. trouble seem little before thee, that c Pfal.119.68. Thou art good, s hath come upon us, on our kings, dost good, tcach me thy statutes,