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The Larger Catechism. 321 0. 164. How many Sacraments hath Christ instituted in his church under the neri testament?
A. Under the new testament Christ hath inftituted in his church only two facraments, Baptifm, and the Lord's sup
Q. 165. What is Baptifin
Ā. Baptism is a facrament of the new testament, wherein Christ hath ordained the washing with water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Ghost e, to be å sign and seal of ingrafting into himself f, of remission of fins by his blood g, and regeneration by his spirit h; of a.. doption i, and refurrection unto everlasting life k; and whereby the parties baptized are solemnly admitted into the visible church!, and enter into an open and professed engagement to be wholly and only the Lord's m.
Q. 166. swer of a good conscience towards tism of repentance, for the remifGod,) by the resurrection of Jefus fion of sins, Rev. 1.5--Unto him Christ. Rom. 2. 28. For he is not that loved us, and washed us from a Jew, that is one outwardly; nei. our sins in his own blood. ther is that circumcilion, which is h Tit. 3:5. Not by works ofrighoutward in the flesh: v.29. But he teousness which we have done, but is a few who is one inwardly; and according to his mercy he savedus circumcision is that of the heart,in by thewaihingofregeneration and the fpirit, and not in the letter, renewing of the holy Ghoft. Eph. whose praise is not of men, but of $.26. That he might fanctify, and God.
cleanse it with the washing with 164.d Mat. 28.19. (so ye there water by the word. fore & teach all nations, baptizing i Gal. 3: 29. For ye are all the them in the name of the father and children of God by faith in Chrift of the Son, and of the holy Ghost. Jesus. v. 27. For as many of you Cor.11.20. When ye come toge- as have been baptized into Christ, ther therefore into one place, this have put on Christ. if not to'eat'the Lords supper.v.23. k i Cor. 15. 29. Else what shall For I have received of the Lord they do, which are baptized for that which also I delivered unto the dead, if the dead rise not at all?' you, that the Lord Jefus, the same why are they then baptized for the night in which he was betrayed, dead? Rom. 6.5. For if we have took bread: Mat. 26. 26, 27, 28. been planted together in the like. (Sec above iu t:)
ness of his death; we shall be also 165. e Mat. 28. 19. Goye there. in the likenels of his resurrection. fore & teschall nation's,baptizing di Cor. 12.13. For by one spirit them in the name of the Father, & are we all baptized into one body, of the Son, and of the holy Ghoft. whether we be Jews or Gentiles,
fGal. 3. 27. For as many of you whether we be bond or free; and as have been baptized into Christ, liave
been all made to drink into have put on Christ.
one Spirit. g Mark 1. 4. John did baptire in m Rom. 6. 4. Therefore we are the wilderness, and preach the bap buried with him by baptiím into
Q. 166. Unto whom is baptism to be administred?
A. Baptism is not to be administred to any that are out of the visible church, and so ftrangers from the covenant of promise, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him n; but infants descending from parents, either both or bur one of them, professing faith in Christ and obedience to him, are in that respect within the covenant, and to be baptized o.
Q. 167. death :that like as Christ was raised through the faith of the operation up from the dead by the glory of of God, who hath railed him from his Father, even lo we also should the dead. And with Acts 2. 38. walk in newness of life.
Then Peter said unto them, te166. n Acts 8. 36. And as they pent, and be baptized every one went on their way, they came un- of you in the name of Jesus Christ, to a certain water; and the Eunuch for the remission of fins, and ye faid, see, here is water ; what doth fhall receive the gift of the holy hinder me to be baptized ?-?, 37: Ghost. v. 39. For the promise is And Philip said, if thou believest unto you, and to your children, with all thine heart, thou mayett, , and to all that are afar off, even And he anfwered and said, I be- as many as the Lord our God shall 1-lieve that Jefus Christ is the Son of call. And with Rom. 4.11, And he
God. Acts 2. 38. Then Peter faid received the sign of circumcifion. - unto them, repent, and be hapti- a seal of the righteousness of the : zed every one of
you in the name faith, which he had, yet being unof Jesus Christ, for the remission circumcised: that he might be the of fins, and ye shall receive the father of all them that believe, gift of the holy Ghoft.
though they be not circumcised o Gen. 17.7 And I will eftablish that righteousness might be impu. my covenantbetween mc and thee, ted unto them alfo : 7.12. And and thy leed after thee, in their the father of circumcision to them generationsforaneverlastingcove- who are not ofthe circumcilion onnant; to be a God unto thee, and ly,but aMo walk in the steps of that tu thy feed after thee, v. 9. And faith of our father Abraham,which God said unto Abraham, Thou he had being yet uncircumcised. fhalt keep my covenant therefore, i Cor.7. 14. For the unbelieving thou and thy feed after thee, in husband is fanctified by the wife, their generations. Compared with and the unbelieving wife is sanctifiGal.3. 9. So then they which be of ed by the husband: else were your faith,are blessed with faithful Abra- children anclean: but now they ham. v. 14: That the blessing of are holy. Mat.28.19. Go ye thereAbraham nlight come on the Gen- fore, and teach all nations, baptitiles through Jesus Chrilt; that we zing then in the name of the Fa. might receive the promise of the ther, and of the Son, and of the Spirit through faith. And with Col. holy Ghost. Luke 18.15. And they * 2,1. In whom also ye are circum- brought unto him also infants, that cised with the circumcifion made. he would touch them: but when without hands, in putting off the his difciples law it, they rebuked body of the fins of the Hefh, by them. v.16. But Jesuscalled them the circumcitian of Christ : v. 12. unto him, and faid, Suffer little Buried with him inbaptism, where. children to come untome,and forin also you are risen with him bid them not : for of such is the
Q. 167. How is our baptism to be improved by us ?
A. The needful but much neglected duty of improving our baptism is to be performed by us all our life long, espe. cially in the time of temptation, and when we are present at the administration of it to others p, by serious and thankful consideration of the nature of it, and of the ends for which Christ inftituted it, the privileges and benefits conferred and fealed thereby, and our folemn vow made therein 9; by being humbled for our finful defilement, our falling short of, and walking contrary to, the grace of baptism and our en
gagements t; by growing up to assurance of pardon of fin; and of all other blessings sealed to us in that sacrament 1; by
drawkingdom of God.Rom.11. 16.For so in thelikenessofhis resurrection'. if the firlt fruit be holy, the lump. ri Cor.1, 11. For it hathbeen deis also holy; and if the root be ho clared unto meof you,mybrethren, ly, fo are the branches.
by them which are of the house of 167.p Gol.2, 11. In whoin also Chloe, that there are contentions yearecircumciled with the circum- among, you v;12. Now this I fay, cision made without hands,input- that every one of you fajtki, l'am. ting off the body of the sins of the of Paul, and I of Apollos, and I of Mesh,by the circumcision of Christ: Cephas, and I of Christ., 13. Is 4:12. Buried with him in baptism, Chrift divided ? was Paul crucified wherein alsoyou arerifen withhim for you? or were'yebaptized in the thro' the faith of the operation of name of Paúl? Rom.6.2: God forGod,who hath rated him from the bid: how shall we that are dead to dead. Rom. 6. 4. Therefore we fin, live any longer therein ? v: 3: are buried with him ly baptism in- Know ye not, that so many of us to death, that like as Christ was as were baptized into Jesus Christ, raised up from the dead Bytheglo- were baptized into his death? fy of his father, éven so te allo fRom.4.11. Xird be receivedthe should walk in newness of life,7.6. sign of circumcision, a seal of the Knowing this, that our old man is righteousnefs of the faithwhich he
crucified with him,that thebody af had yet being uncircumcised; that fin might be destroyed, that hence he might be the father of all them forth we would pot ferve fin.v.tr. Miat believe, tho' they he not cirLikewise reckon'ye also yourselves cumcised; that righteousness to be dead indeed unto sin, but a- night be imputed unto them allo: live unto God thro' Jesus Christ v. 12. And the father of circumciour Lord.
Lionto tiem who are not of the cirq Rom. 6. 3. Know ġe not that cumcifiononly,but also walk in the fo many of us as were baptized into steps of that faith' of our father A
Jefus Chrift,werebaptized into his braham, whichheiad being yet undeath?v, 4. Therefore we are bu- circumcised. I Pet. 3. 21. The like ried with him by baptilm, into figure whereuito, eyen baptifm, death:that like as Chrilt was raised doth also now faveus(mot theputup from the deadbythe glory of his ting away of the filth of the flesh,
Father,even so we also should walk but the anfwer of a good consci-
drawing strength from the death and resurrection of Chrift, into whom we are baptized, for the mortifying of sin, and quicking of grace t; and by endeavo uring to live by faith y, to have our conversation in holiness and righteousness w, as those that have therein given up their names.to Christ x, and to walk in brotherly love, as being baptized by the fame fpirit into one body y.
Q. 168. What is the Lord's supper?
A: The Lord's supper is a facrament of the New Testament , wherein by giving and receiving bread and wine according to the appointment of Jesus Chriíl, his death is shewed forth; and they that worthily communicate, feed upon his body and blood, to their spiritual nourishment, and growth in grace a; have their union and communion with him confirmed b; testify and renew their thankful
t Rom.6.3,4,5. (See abovein 4.) to the cup after lupper, saying,
v Gal. 3. 26. For ye are all the This cup is the new teltament in children of God by faith in Christ my blood, which is shed for you, Jeliis. v. 27. For as many of you a Mat.26. 26. And as they were as have been baptized into Christ, eating, Jesus took bread, and bleshave put on Christ.
fed it, and brake it, and gave it. w Rom. 6. 22. But now being to the disciples, and said, " Take, made free from sin, and beconie eat; this is my body. v. 27. And servants to God,yehave your fruit he took the cup, and gave thanks unto holiness, and the end ever- and gave it to them laying, Drink lasting life.
ye all of it. v. 28. For this is my x Acts 2.38. Then Peter saidun- blood of the new testament which to them, Repent, and be baptized is shed for many for the remission every one of you in the name of of fins. I Cor. 11. 23. For I have Jesus Christ, for the remission of received of the Lord, that which, Gins, and ye shall receive the gift also I delivered unto you, That of the holy Ghoft.
the Lord Jesus, the fame night in y Cor.12.13.For by one fpirit whichhe was betrayed, took bread: are we all baptized into one body, v. 24. And when he had given whether we be Jews or Gentiles, thanks he brake it, and faid, Take, whether we be bond or free ; and eat; this is my body, which is have been all made to drink into broken for you: this do in remem one Spirit.v.25. That there should brance of me, v.25. After the same be no schism in the body; but that manner also he took the the members should have the same he had fupped, saying, This cup care one of another. v. 26. And is the new teftament in my blood; whether one member fnffer, all this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, the members suffer with it; or one in remembrance of me. v.26. For member be honoured, all the mem- as often as ye eat this bread, and bers rejoice with it. v. 27. Now ye drink this cup, yc do fhew the are the body of Christ, and mem- Lords death till he come. bersip particular.
bi Cor.19 16.The cup of bler. 268. z Luke 22. 20. Likewise al- sing which we blels, is i[ not the
ness c, and engagement to God d, and their mutual love and fellowship each with other, as members of the same mystical body e.
. 169. How hath Christ appointed bread and wine to be given and received in the sacrament of the Lord's supper?
A. Christ hath appointed the ministers of his word, in the administration of this facrament of the Lord's fupper, to fet apart the bread and wine from common use by the word of institution, thanksgiving and prayer; to take and break the bread, and to give both the bread and the wine to the com. municants : who are by the same appointment to take and eat the bread, and to drink the wine: in thankful remembrance that the body of Christ was broken and given, and his blood Thed for them f,
Q. 170. How do they that worthily communicate in the Lord's fupper, feed upon the body and blood of Christ therein?
A. As the body and blood of Christ are not corporally or carnally present in, with, or under the bread and wine in the Lord's supper g; and yet are fpiritually present to the faith of the receiver, no less truly and really than the elements themselves are to their outward senses h: so they that worthi
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communion of the blood of Christ? as they did eat, Jesus took bread, the bread which we break, is it and blessed, and brake it, and gave not the communion of the body to them, and said, take, eat: this of Christ?
is my body. v. 23. And he took ci Cor. 11. 24.(See above in a.) the cup, and when he had given
di Cor. 10. 14. Wherefore,my thanks, he gave it to them, and dearly beloved, fiee from idolatry, they all drank of it. v. 24. And v.15. I speak as to wise men ; he said unto them, this is my blood judge ye what I say. v.16. The of the new testament, which is thed cup of blessing which we bless, is it for many. Luke 22. 19. And he not the communion of the blood took bread, and gave thanks, and of Christ ? the bread which we brake it, and gave unto them, faybreak, is it not the communion of ing, this is my body which isgiven the body of Christ?.v, 21. Ye can for you, this do in remembrance not drink the cup of theLord, and of me. V. 20. Likewise also the the cup of devils : ye cannot be cup after supper, saying, this cup partakers of the Lord's table, and is the new testament in my blood, of the table of devils..
which is shed for you. esCor. 10.17. For we being ma 170.g Acts3.21, Whoin the hea. ny are one bread, and one body :: ven must receive, until the times for we are all partakers of that of restitution of all things, which one bread.
God hath (poken by the mouth of 169. f1Cor, 11, 23,24. (Sce be.' all his holy prophets, since the fore under a.), Mat. 26.26, 27, 28. world began. See before at a.)Mark 14,22. And h Mat. 26. 26. And as they were