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majesty's licences on the contrary, which are discharged,and declared to be of no force, in fc far as they tend in any wise to the prejudice and hinder of the execution of the acts of parliament against papists and adverfaries of true religion, act 106. parl. 7. K, Ja. VI. On the other parl, in the 47. act parl. 3. K. Ja. VI. it is declared and ordained, Seeing the cause of God's true religion, and his highness's authority are fo joined, as the hurt of the one is common to both ; that none shall be reputed as loyal and faithful subjects to our sovereign Lord, or his authority, but be punishable as rebellers and gainstanders of the fame, who shall not give their confeffion, and make their profession of the faid true religion: And that they who after defection shall give the Confeffion of their Faith of new, they shall promise to continue therein in time coming, to maintain our Soverign Lord's authority, and at the uttermost of their power to fortify,affift and maintain the true preachers and professors of Christ's religion, against whatsoever enemies and gainstanders of the fame; and namely, against all such, of whatsoever nation, estate or degree they be of, that have joined and bound themselves, or have aslifted, or aflists to set forwards and cxcute the cruel decrees of the council of Trent,contrary to the true preachers and professors of the word of God. Which is repeated, word by word, in the articles of pacification at Perth, the 23d of February 1572, approved by Parliament the last of April 1573, ratified in Parliament 1587, and related act 123. parl. 12. of K. Ja. VI. with this addition, That they are bound to refift all treasonable uproars and hostilities raised against the true religion, the King's Majesty, and the true profesors.

Likcas, all lieges are bound to maintain the King's MajeNty's royal person and authority, the authority of parliamonts, without the which, neither any laws or lawful judicatorics can be established, act 130. and 131. parl. 8, K. Ja.VI. and the subjects liberties, who ought only to live and be governed by the king's laws, the common laws of this realm allenarly, act 48. parl. 3. K. Ja. I. act 79, parl. 6. K. Ja. IV. repeated in the act 131. parl. 8. K. Ja. VI. Which if they be innovated and prejudged, the commission anent the union of the two kingdoms of Scotland and England, which is the sole act of the 17. parl. of K, Ja. VI. déclares,

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confusion would ensue, as this realın could be no more a free monarchy: Because, by the fundamental laws, antient privią leges, offices and liberties of this kingdom, not only the princely authority of his majesty's royal descent hath been these many ages maintained; but also the peoples security of their lands, livings, rights, offices, liberties and dignities preserved. And therefore, for the preservation of the said true, religión, laws and liberties of this kingdom, it is statute, by the 8. act, parl. I, repeated in the 99. act parl. 7. ra-, tified in the 3, act, parl. 21. and 114. act, parl, 12. of K. Ja. VI. and 4. act, parl. 1.0f K. Ghar. I. That all kings and princes at their coronation, and reception of their princely. authority, shall make their faithful promise by their folemn oath, in the presence of the eternal God, that, enduring the whole time of their lives, they shall serve the same eternal God, to the uttermost of their power; according as he hath required in his most holy word,contained in the Old and New Teftaments. And, according to the fame word, sall maintain the true religion of Christ Jesus, the preaching of his holy word, the due and right ministration of the sacraments, now, received and preached within this realm (according to the Confession of Faith immediately preceeding) and shall abolish and gainstand all false religion contrary to the fame; and shall rule the people committed to their charge according to the will and command of God revealed in his foresaid, word, and according to the laudable laws and constitutions received in this realm,nowife repugnant to the said will of · the eternal God; and shall procure, to the uttermost of their power, to the kirk of God,and whole christian people, true and perfect peace in all time coming : And that they shall be careful to root out oftheir empire, all heretics and enemies to the true worship of God, who shall be convicted by the true kirk of God of the foresaid crimes.Which was also observed by his majesty, at his coronation in Edinburgh 1633. as may be seen in the order of the coronation,

In obedience to the commandment of God, conform to the practice of the Godly in former rimes, and according to the laudableexample of our worthy and religious progenitors, and of many yet living amongst us, which was warranted also by act of council, commanding a general band to be made and subscribed by his majesty's subjects of all ranks, for two

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causes: one was, for defending the true religion as it was then reformed,and is exprefsed

in the Confeffion of Faith above written, and a former large confession established by sundry acts of lawful general assemblies and of parliaments, unto which it hath relation, fet down in public catechisms; and which had been for many years, with a blessing from heaven preached and professed in this kirk and kingdom,as God's undoubted truth, grounded only upon his written word. The other cause was, for maintaining the king's majesty,his perfon and estate ; the true worship of God and the kings authority being so straitly joined, as that they had the fame friends and common enemies,and did stand and fall together. And finally being convirtced in our minds, and confesling with our mouths that the present and succeeding gefierations in this land are, bound to keep the foresaid national oath and subrsctiption inviolable;

We Noblemen, Barons, Gentlemen, Burgesses,Ministers, and Cormons, under subscribing,confidering divers times before and especially at this time, the danger of the true reformed religion, of the kings honour, and of the public peace of the kingdom, by the manifold innovations and evils generaly contained, and particulary mentioned in our late fupplications, complaints and proteffations ; do herebý profels, and before God, his angels, and the world, folemnly declare, that with our whole heart we agree, and resolve all the days of our lffe constantly to adhere unto and to defend the forefaid true religion : And forbearing the practice of all novations, already introduced in the matters of the worship of God, or approbation, of the corruprions of the public government of the kirk, or civil places and power of kirk men, till they be tried and allowed in free assemblies and in parliaments; to labour by all means lawful, to recover the purity and liberty of the gospel, as it was established and professed before the foresaid novations. And because, after due examination, we plainly perceive, and undoubtedly believe, that the inovations and evils contained in our supplications.complaints and protestations, have no warrant of the word of God, are contrary to the articles of the foresaid confession to the intention and meaning of the bleffed reformers of religion in this land, to the above written Acts of parliament; and do fenfibly tend to the establishing of the Popishi?

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religion and tyranny, and to the subversion and ruin of the
true reformed religion, and of our liberties, laws, and
states : We also declare that the foresaid confessions are to be
interpreted and ought to be understood of the foresaid nova-
tions and evils,no less than if every one of them had been ex-
pressed in the foresaid confessions; and that we are obliged
to detest and abhor them, amongst other particular heads of
Papistry abjured therein. And therefore,from the knowledge
and conscience of our duty to God,to our king and country,
without any worldly respect or inducement; so far as human
infirmity will suffer, wishing a further measure of the grace
of God for this effect; We promise and swear by the GREAT
NAME OF THE LORD OUR GOD, to continue in the.
profession and obedience of the foresaid religion; and that
we shall defend the fame, and refift all thefe contrary errors
and corruptions, according to our vocation, and to the utter-
most of that power that God hath put in our hands, all the
days of our life.

And in like manner with the same heart we declare before God and men, that we have no intention nor desire to attempt any thing that may turn to the dishonour of God, or to the diminution of the king's greatness and authority : But, on the contrary, we promise and swear, That we fhall,to the uta termost of our power, with our means and lives, stand to the defence of our dread sovereign the king's majesty, his person and authority, in the defence and preservation of the foresaid true religion, liberties and laws of the kingdom: As also, to the mutual defence and assistance every one of us of another, in the same cause of maintaining the true religion and his majesty's authority, with our best counsel, our bodies means and whole power, against all sorts of persons whatfoever ; fo that whatsoever shall be done to the least of us for that cause, shall be taken as done to us all in general, and to every one of us in particular. And that we shall neither di. rectly nor indirectly suffer ourselves to be divided or withdrawn,by whatsoever fuggestion, combination allurement or terror, from this blessed and loyal conjunction ; nor shall cast in any let or impediment that may stay or hinder any such resolution as by common consent shall be found to conduce for so good ends; but,on the contrary,shall by all lawful means labour to further and promote the same; And if any such dan

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gerous and divisive motion be made to us by word or write, We and every one of us, shall either suppress it, or, if need be, shall incontinent make the same known, that it may be timeoully obviated. Neither do we fear the foul aspersions of rebellion, combination, or what else our adversaries, from their craft and malice, would put upon us ; seeing what do is fo well warranted, and ariseth from an unfeigned desire to maintain the true worship of God, the majesty of our King, and the peace of the kingdom, for the common happiness of ourfelves and our pofterity.

And because we cannot look for a blessing from God upon our proceedings,except with our profeffion &luperscriptionwe join such a life and conversation as beseemeth Christians whớ have renewed their covenant with God a we therefore faith fully promise for ourselves, our followers, and all other under us, both in public, and in our particular families and personal carriage, to endeavour to keep; ourselves within the bounds of Christian liberty; and to be good examples, to os thers of all Godlinefs. foberness, and righteousness, and of every duty we owe to God and man.

And, that this our union and conjunction may be observed without violation, We call the LIVING GOD THE SEARCHER OF OUR HEARTS to witness, who knoweth this to be our sincere defire and unfeigued resolution as we shall answear to JESUS CHRIST in the great Day, and under the pain of God's everlasting wrath, and of infamy and loss of all honour and respect in this world Most humblybeseeching the LORD to strengthen us by his HOLY SPIRIT for this end, and to bless our defires and proceedings with a happy success; that religion and righteousness may Howrish in the land, to the glory of GOD, the honour of our King, and peace and comfort of us all. In witness whereof, we have subscribed with our hands all the promises, THE "HE article of this covenant, which was at the first fubfcrip

tion referred to the determination of the general assembly being now determined ; and thereby the five articles of Perth, the goverment of the kirk by bishops, and the civil places and power of Kirkmen, upon the reasons and grounds contained in the acts of the general" allembly declaring to be unlawful within this kirk we subscribe according to the determination foresaid.

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