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SOL É M N 'L É A Ġ U E
A N D
C O V Ε Ν Α Ν Τ
REFORMATION and DEFENCE of RELI
GION; the honour and happiness of the
Taken and fubcribed several times by King
CH A'R LES II. and by all ranks in the said three Kingdomís.
W I T H
An Act of the General Assembly 1643, and an Act of Parlia
ment 1644; ratifying and approving the faid League and Covenant,
jer. 1:5. Come let us jcinourselves
' to the Lord in a perpetual covenant that shall not be forgotten. Prov. xxv. 5. Take away the wicked from before the King, and his
throne shall be established in righteousness, 2 Chron.xy. 15. And all Fudah rejoiced at the oath; for they hall
Sworn with all their heart. Gal
. iii.is. Though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed by an oath, no mán difännulléth, or addeth thereto.
Ġ į A S G O w,
Asembly at Edenburgh, August, 17. 1643. Seff
. 14. The General Asembly's approbation of the folemn league
and Covenant. HE assembly having recommended unto a committee, appointed
by them to join with the committee of the honourable convention of estates, and the commissioners of the honourable houses of the parliament of England, for bringing the kingdoms to a more near conjunction and-union, received from the aforefaid committees the covenant after-mentioned, as the result of their consultations: and having taken the famejas a matter of fo public concernment and of fo deep importance doth require,unto their graveft consideration,did withall their hearts, and with the beginnings of the feelings of that joy, which they did find in so great measure upon the renovation of the national covenant of his kirk and kirgdom, All with one voice approve and embrace the same, as the most powerful mean,by the blessing of GOD, for settling and preserving the true protestant religion, with perfect peace in his majesty's dominions, and propagating the same to other Nations, and for establishing his majesty's throne to all ages and Generations. And therefore, with their best affections recommend thesame to the honourable convention of estates, that, being examined and approved by them, it may be fent with all diligence to the kingdom of England, that, being received and approven there, the fame may be with public humiliation, and all religious and answerable folemnity sworn and subscribed by all true professors of the reformed religion and all his Majesty's good subjects in both kingdoms.
A. Johnfton. Charles I. Par. 3d. Seff. 1. Act. 50 Act anent the ratification of the calling of the Convention,ra
tification of the League and Covenant,articles of treaty betwixt the kingdoms of Scotland and England and remnant acts of the Convention of estates and committee thereof.
At Edenburgh, July 15. 1644. THE estates of parliament presently conveened by' vertue of the last ftates, in Anno 1641, considering, that the Lords of his majelty's privy equncil, and commissioners for conserving the articles of the treaty, having, according to their interests and trusts commited to them by his majesty and estates of parliamemt, used all means by lupplications,remonstrances, and sending of commissioners, for securing the peace of this kingdom, and removing the unhappy Diltractions betwixt his majesty and his fubjects in England, in such a way as might ferve most for his majesty's honour, and good of both kingdoms; and their humble and dutiful endeavours for so good Ends having proven ineffectual, and their offer of mediation and interfeflion being refused by his majesty; and thereby finding the weight and difficulty of affairs and the charge lying on them, to be greater then they could bear, did therefore in the month of May 1643,- meet together with the commissioners for the com mon burdens, that they by joint advice fome resolution might be take therein; and in respect of the danger imminent to the true proteftant religion, his Majesty's honour und peace of their kingdoms, by the multitude of papilts and their
adherents in arms in England and Ireland, and of many other public and iniportant affairs, which could not admit delay, and did require the lyice of the repre!entative body of the kingdom ; appointed and caused indict a meeting of the convention of estates (his majesty having formerly refused their humble desires for a Parliament) to be on the 22d of june following; which diet being frequently kept by the noblemen, commissioners of thires and burghs,and they finding these dangers against this kirk and state stillencreasing, resolved, after ferious deliberation and advice of the general assembly, and 'joint concurrence of the commiffioners authorized by the Parliament of England, that one of the chiefest remedies, for preventing of thefe and the like dangers, for prefervation of religion, and bota kinga doms from ruin and destruction, and for procuring of peace, That both kirigdoms fhould, for these ends, enter into a covenant; which was accordingly drawn up, and cheerfully embraced, and allowed, And at last, a treaty was agreed unto by both kingdoms, concerning the faid covenant, and allistance craved from this kingdom by the king: dom of England, in pursuance of the ends exprelled therein-And the estates being stiff delirous to use all good means that, without the effufion of more blood, there may be such a blessed pacification bea twixt his majesty and his subjects, as may tend to the good of religion, his majelty's true honour and safety, and happiness of his people; did thereforegive commission to John Earl of Lowdon,lord chancellor, lord Maitland, lord Waristoun, and Mr. Robert Barclay, to repair to England, and endeavour the effectuating of these ends contained in the covenant and treaties, conform to their inliructions.
And the said estates having taken the proceedings above-written to their confideration,do find and declare, That the lords of council and confervers, of peace,did behave themselves as faithful councellors, loyal lubjects and good patriots
zin tendering their humble
endeavours for removing the distractions betwixt his majesty and his subjects, and in calling the commissioners for the common burdens and by joint advice appointing the late meeting ofconvention, wherein they have approven themselves an fwerable to the duty of their places, and that trust committed to them; and therefore ratifies and approves their whole proceedings therein and declares the faid convention was lawa fully called, and also full and free in itself consisting, of all the mema bers thereof, as any convention hatli been at any time by gone; and ratifies and approves the several acts made by them, or their cominittee,for in joining the covenant.--And also, The laid eltates of Parlia, ment(butprejuduceof the premises,& of the general ratification abovementioned) ratisies: approves and confirnis the forefaid mutual league and covenant,concerning the reformation and defence of religion, the honour and happiness of the king, and the peace and safety of the three kingdoms of Scotland, England and Ireland; together with the acts of the kirk and estate authoritzing the same league and covenant; together also with the forefaid articles of treaty agreed upon betwixt the said commissioners of both the houses of Parliament of England; concerning the said iolemn leagte and covenant.-And tlie said estates ordain the fame acts, with the league and covenant above-specified, acts authorizing the fame, and the articles of treaty foresaid, to have the full force and strength of perfect laws and acts of Parliament, and to be oblerved-by all bis majesty's lieges, conform to the tenors ihereof relpective. Of the which leaguc and covenanty
the tenor follows.
fafty of the three kingdoms of Scotland, England 231 , and Ireland ; agreed upon by commissioners from
the Parliament and assembly of divines in England, with commissioners of the convention of estate's and, general affembly in Scotland; approved by the generalassembly of the church of Scotland, and by both houses of parliament and afiernbly of divines in England, and taken and subscribed by them, Anno 1643 ; and thereafter, by the said
authority,taken & subscribed by all ranks in Scoter land and England the same year ; and 'ratified by
act of the parliament of Scotland, Anno 1644:And
again renewed in Scotland, with an acknowledgby ment of sins, and engagment to duties, by all
ranks, Anno 1648, and by the parliament 1649; and taken and subscribed by king Charles II. at Spey, June 23. 1650 ; and at Scoon, January 1, 1651.
E noblemen, barons, knights, gentlemen, citizens,
burgesses ,minifters of the gospel, and commons of all forts, in the the kingdom of Scotland,
England and Ireland, by the providence of GOD, living under one king, and being of one reformed religion, having before our eyes, the glory of GOD, and the advancement of the kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, the honour and happiness of the kings majesty and his posterity, and the true public liberty safety, and peace of the kingdoms, wherein every one's private condition is inkluded: And calling to mind the treacherous ani bloodly plots