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451 Asembly at Edenburgh, August, 17. 1643. Seff

. 14. The General Assembly's approbation of the folemn league

and Covenant.
HÉ assembly having recommended unto a committee, appointed

by them to join with the committee of the honourable conventi, on of eltates, and the commissioners of the honourable houses of the parliament of England, for bringing the kingdoms to a more near conjunction and union, received from the aforelaid committees the cove. nant after-mentioned, as the result of their consultations: and having taken the fame as a matter of fo public concernment and of fo deep importance doth require unto their graveft confideration,did withall their hearts, and with the beginnings of the feelings of that joy, which they did find in so great measure upon the renovation of the national covenant of his kirk and kirgdom, All with one voice approve and embrace the same, as the most powerful mean,by the blessing of GOD, for settling and preserving the true protestant religion, with perfect peace in bis majesty's dominions, and propagating the same to other Nations, and for establishing his majelty's throne to all ages and Generations. And therefore, with their best affections,recommend thesame to the honourable convention of estates, that, being examined and approved by them, it may be sent with all diligence to the kingdom of England, that, being received and approven there, the fame may be with public humiliation, and all religious and answerable solemnity sworn and subscribed by all true profeflors of the reformed religion and all his Majesty's good subjects in both kingdoms.

A. Johnfton.

Charles I. Par. zd. Seff. 1. Act. šo Act anent the ratification of the calling of the Convention,ra

tification of the League and Covenant,articles of treaty betwixt the kingdoms of Scotland and England,and remnant acts of the Convention of estates and committee thereof.

At Edenburgh, July 15. 1644. T "HE estates of parliament presently conveened by vertue of the last

act of the last parliament holden by his majesty, and the three eftates, in Anno 1641, considering, that the Lords of his majesty's privy council, and commissioners for conserving the articles of the treaty, having, according to their interests and trusts commited to them by bis majelty and eltates of parliamemt, used all means by fupplications,remonftrances, and sending of commissioners,for fecuring the peace of this kingdom, and removing the unbappy Distractions betwixt his majesty and his fubjects in England, in such a way as might ferve most for his majesty's honour, and good of both kingdoms; and their humble and dutiful endeavours for fo good Ends having proven ineffectual, and their offer of mediation and intersession being refused by his majesty; and thereby finding the weight and difficulty of affairs and the charge lying on them, to be greater then they could bear, did therefore in the month of May 1643,- mect together with the commissioners for the common burdens, that they by joint advice fome resolution might be take therein; and in respect of the danger imminent to the true protestant religion, bis Majesty's honour and peace of their kingdoms, by the multitude of papilts and their

adherents in arms in England and Treland, and of many other publia and iniportant affairs, which could not admit delay, and did require the intyice of the repre!entative body of the kingdom ; appointed and caused indict a meeting of the convention of estates (his majesty having formerly refused their humble desires for a Parliament) to be on the 22d of June following; which diet being frequently kept by the noblemen, commissioners of fhires and burghs,and they finding thefe dangers againt this kirk and state ftill encreasing,refolved, after ferious deliberation and advice of the general assembly, and joint concarrence of the commissioners authorized by the Parliament of England, that one of the chiefest remedies, for preventing of these and the like dangers, for prefervation of religion, and both kinga doms from ruin and deftruction, and for procuring of peace, That both kirigdoms fhould, for these ends, enter into a covenant; which was accordingly drawn up, and cheerfully embraced, and allowed, And at Jalt, a treaty was agreed unto by both kingdoms, concerning the said covenant,and aslistance craved from this kingdom by the king dom of England, in pursuance of the ends exprefled therein:- And the estates being still delirous to use all good means that, without the effufion of more blood, there may be such a blessed pacification be twixt əis majesty and his fubjects, as may tend to the good of religion, his majelty's true honour and safety, and happiness of his people; did thereforegive commission to John Earl of Lowdon,lord chan

cellor, lord Maitland, lord Waristoun, and Mr. Robert Barclay, to ! Fepair to England, and endeavour the effectuating of these ends con.

tainešin the covenant and treaties, conform to their instructions. And the said estates having taken the proceedings above-written to their consideration,do find and declare, That the lords of council,and confervers. of peace,did behave themselves as faithful councellors, loyal subjects, and good patriots in tendering their humblé endeavours for removing the distractions betwixt his majesty and his fubjects, and in-calling the commissioners for the common burdens,and by joint advice appointing the late meeting of convention, wherein they have approven themfelves anfwerable to the duty of their places, and that trust committed to them; and therefore ratifies and approves their whole proceedings therein,and declares the faid convention was laya fully called and also full and free in itself consisting, of all the members thereof, as any convention hath been at any time by gone; and ratifies and approves the feveral acts made by them, or their committee, for in joining the covenant.-And also,

The laid estates of Parlia, ment(butprejuduceof the premises,& of the general ratification abovementioned) ratifies: approves and confirnis the foresaid mutual league and covenant,concerning the reformation and defence of religion, the honour and happiness of the king, and the peace and safety of the three kingdoms of Scotland, England and Ireland; together with the acts of the kirk and estate authorizing the same league and covenant; together also with the forelaid articles of treaty agreed upon betwixt the said commissioners of both the houses of Parliament of England, concerning the said tolemn leagle and covenant.-And the said estates ordain the fare acts, with the league and covenant above-specified, acts authorizing the same, and the articles of treaty foresaid, to have the full force and strength of perfect laws and acts of Parliament, and to be oblerved by all his majesty's lieges, conform to the tenors thereof respective. Of the which league and covenant, follows.

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THE SOLEMN LEAGUE and COVENANT

FOR Reformation and defence of religion, the honour and happiness of the king, and the peace and safty of the three kingdoms of Scotland, England and Ireland ; agreed upon by commillioners from the Parliament and assembly of divines in England, with commissioners of the convention of estate's and, general aflembly in Scotland; approved by the general assembly of the church of Scotland, and by both houses of parliament and afiernbly of divines in England, and taken and subscribed by them, Anno 1643 ; and thereafter, by the faid authority,taken & subscribed by all ranks in Scotland and England the same year; and 'ratified by act of the parliament of Scotland, Anno 1644:And again renewed in Scotland, with an acknowledgment of sins, and engagment to duties, by all ranks, Anno 1648, and by the parliament 1649; and taken and subscribed by king Charles II. at Spey, June 23. 1650; and at Scoon, January 1. 1651.

E noblemen, barons, knights, gentlemen, citizens,

burgesses ,ministers of the gospel, and commons of all forts, in the the kingdom of Scotland,

England and Ireland, by the providence of GOD, living under one king, and being of one reformed religion, having before our eyes, the glory of GOD, and the advancement of the kingdom of our Lord and Savivur Jesus Christ, the honour and happiness of the kings majesty and his pofterity, and the true public liberty safety, and peace of the kingdoms , wherein every one's private condition is inBluded: And calling to mind the treacherous and bloodly plots

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conspiraces, attempts and practices of the enemies of GOD, against the true religion and professors thereof in all places, elpecially in these three kingdoms, ever since the reformation of religion; and how much their rage, power and presumption are of late, and at this time, increased and exercised,whereof the deplorable state of the church and kingdom of Ireland, the distressed estate of the church and kingdom of England, and the dangerous estate of the church and kingdom of Scotland,are prefent and public testimonies: We have now at last (after other means of supplication, remonstrance, protestation and sufferings) for the preservation of ourselves and our religion from utter suin and destruction, according to the commendable practice of these kingdoms in former times, and the example of GOD's people in other nations; after mature deliberation, resolved and determined to enter into a mutual and solemn league' and covenant, wherein we all subscribe, and each one of us for himself, with our hands

up to the most high GOD, do swear, I. HAT we shall fincerely, really, and constantly, thra'

the grace of GOD, endeavour in our several places and callings, the preservation of the reformed religion in the church of Scotland, in doctrine, worship, discipline and government, against our common enemies; the reformation of religon in the kingdoms of England and Ireland, in the word worship, discipline and government, according to the word of GOD, and the example of the best reformed churches And shall endeavour to bring the churches of GOD in the three kingdoms, to the nearest conjunction and uniformity in religion, confession of Faith, form of church-government, directory for worship, and catechising; that we, and our poIterity after us, may, as brethren, live in faith and love; and the Lord may delight to dwell in the midst of us.'

II. That we shall in like manner, without respect of persons, endeavour the extirpation of popery, prelacy, (that is, church-government by arch-bishops, bishops, their chancellors and commissioners, deanş, deans and chapters, archdeacons, and all other ecclesiastical officers depending on that hierarchy) superstition, heresy, schism, profaneness, and whatsoever shall be found to be contrary to sound doctrine and the power of Godliness ; least we partake in other mens

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fins, and thereby be in danger to receive of their plagues : and that the Lord may be one, and his name. one in the three kingdoms.

III. We shall, with the same sincerity, reality and conftancy, in our several vocations, endeavour, with our estates

and lives, mutually to preserve the rights and privileges of the Parliaments, and the liberties of the kingdoms; and to

preferve and defend the king's majesty's person and authority, in the preservation and defence of the true religion, and liberties of the kingdoms; that the world may bear witness with our.conscience of our loyalty, and that we have no thoughts, or intentions to diminish his Majesty's just power and greatness.

IV. We shall also, with all faithfulness, endeavour the difcovery of all such as have been or shall be incendiaries, Malignants, or evil instruments, by hindring the reformation of religion, dividing the king from his people, or one of the kingdoms from another, or making any faction, or parties amongst the people, contrary to this league and covenant; that they may be brought to public trial,and receive condign punishment, as the degree of their offences shall require or deserve, or the supreme judicatories of both kingdoms respectively, or others having power from them for that effect, snall judge convenient.

V. And whereas the happiness of a blessed peace between these kingdoms, denied in former times to our progenitors, is by the good providence of God granted unto us, and hath been lately concluded, and settled by both parliaments ; We, shall each one of us, according to our place and interest, endeavour that they may remain conjoined in a firm peace and union to all posterity; and that justice may be done upon the wilfúl opposers- thereof, in manner expressed in the precedent article.

VI. We shall also, according to our places and callings, in this common cause of religion, liberty and peace of the Kingdom's, assist and defend all those that enter into this league and covenant,in the maintaining and pursuing thereof; and shall not fuffer ourselves directly or indirectly, by what soever combination, persuasion or terror, to be divided and withdrawn from this blessed union and conjunction, whether to make defection to the contrary part or to give ourselves to a

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