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DIRECTORY

FOR THE
PUBLICK WORSHIP OF GOD,

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A part of the covenanted uniformity in religion betwixt the

Churches of Christ in the kingdoms of Scotland, England and Ireland,

WITH
An act of the general assembly, and act of Parliament, both

in Anno 1645. Approving and establishing the said D I-
RECTORY

1 Cor. xiv. 40. Let all things be done decently, and in order.

Ver. 26.- Let all things be done to edifying.

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Charles. 1. Parl. 3. Seff. 5. An A&t of the Parliament of the Kingdom of Scotland, approve

ing and establishing the directory for public worship.

At Edinburgh, Febrụary 6. 1645, TH HE estates of Parliament now conveened, in the second session

of this first triennial parliament, by virtue of the last act of the lalt Parliament, holden by his majelty and the three estates, in Anno 1641; after public reading and serious consideration of the act under written of the general affembly, approving the following directory for the public worship of God in the three kingdoms, lately united by the solemn league and covenant, together with the ordinance of the Parliament of England establishing the faid directory, and the directory itself do heartly and cheerfully agree to the said directory, according to the act of the general affembly approving the same Which act, together with the directory itself, the estates of Parlia. ment do without a contrary voice,ratify and approve all the heads and articles thereof; and do interpone and add the authority of Parliament to the said actof the general assembly. And do ordain the same to have the strength and force of a law and act of Parliament, and excecution to pass thereupon, for observing the faid directory, according to the faid act of the general assembly in all points.

Alex, Gibson Cler. Registri,

Asembly at Edinburgh, February 3, 1635. Sef: 10. Acts of the general assembly of the kirk of Scotland, for the

establishing and putting in execution of the directory far the public worship of God.

WH

Hereas an happy unity, and uniformity in religion amongst the

kisks of Christ, in these three kingdoms, united under one so. vereigi, having been long and earnestly wished for, by the Godlyand well-affected amongst us, was propounded as a main article of the large treaty, without which band and bulwark, no fafe, well-grounded and dalting peare could be expected and afterward, with greater {trength and maturity, revived in the solemu league and covenant of the three kingdoies; whereby they stand Itraitly obliged to endeavour the neareft uniformity in one form of Church-government directory of worship, confession of faith, and form of catechising : which hath also before and since our entring into that covenant, been the matter of many fupplications and remonstrances, and fending commissioners to the king's majesty, of declarations to the honourable houses of the Parliament of England, and of letters to the reverend alfembly of divines, and others of the ministry of the kirk of England; being also the end of our sending commissioners, as was desired from this

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"kirk, with commision to treat of uniformity in the four particulars
afore-mentioned, with such committees as should be appointed by
- both houses of Parliament of England, and by the assembly of di-
vines fitting at Westminster ; And besides all this, it being, in point
of conscience, the chief motive and end of our adventuring upon
manifold and great hazards, for quenching the devouring flame of
the present unatural and bloody war in England, tho' to the weakning
of this kingdom within itself, and the advantage of the enemy which
hath invaded it, accounting nothing too dear to us, so that this our
joy be fulfilled. And now this great work being so far advanced that
a directory for the public worship of God in all the three kingdoms,
being agreed upon by the honourable houses of the Parliament of
England after consultation with the divines of both kingdoms there
affembled, and sent to us for our approbation, that, being also agreed
upon by this kirk and kingdom of Scotland, it may be in the name of
both kingdoms presented to the king, for his royal consent and ra-
tification; The general assembly having most seriously confidered,
revised, and examined the directory afore-mentioned, after several
public readings of it, after much deliberation, both publicly and in
private committees, after full liberty given to all to object against it,
and earnest invitations of all who have any fcruples about it, to make
known the fame that they might be satisfied,doth unanimously, and
without a contrary voice, agree to, and approve the following directo-
ry, in all the heads thereof, together with the preface, set before it:
And doth require, decern and ordain, That according to the plain
tenor, and meaning thereof, and the intent of the preface, it be care-
fully and uniformly observed and practised by all the ministers and
others within this kingdom, whom it doth concern ; which practice
shall be begun, upon intimation given to the several presbyteries,from
the commissioners of this general assembly, who shall also take fpe-
cial care for the timeous printing of this directory,that a printed copy
of it be provided and kept for the use of every kirk in this kingdom;
Also, that each presbytery have a printed copy thereof for their use,
and take special notice of the observation or neglect thereof in every
congregation within their bounds, and make known the fame to the
provincial or general assembly, as there shall be cause. Provided al.
ways, that the clause in the directory, of the administration of the
LORD's supper, which mentioneth the communicants sitting about
the table, or at it, be not interpreted, as if, in the judgment of this
kirk, it were indifferent, arid free for any of the communicants, not
to come to, and receive at the table, or as if we did approve the distri-
buting of the elements by the minister to each communicant,and not by
the communicants among themselves, It is also provided, That this
shall be no prejudice to the order and practice of this kirk, in such
particulars as are appointed by the books of discipline, and acts of
general assemblies, and are not otherwise ordered and appointed in the

Finally, the assembly doth, with much joy and thankfulness, acknowledge the rich blessing and invaluable mercy of God, in bringing the lo much wished-for uniformity in religion to such a happy period, that these kingdoms, once at to great a distance in the form of worhip, are now by the blessing of God brought to a nearer uniformity then any other reformed kirks; which is unto us the return of our prayers, and a lightning of our eyes and reviving of our hearts in

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directory.

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the midst of our many forrows and fufferings; a taking away, in a great measure, the reproach of the people of God, to the stopping of the mouths of malignant and disaffected persons; and an opening unto us a door of hope, that God hath yet thoughts of peace towards us, and not of evil, to give us an expected end : in the expectation and confidence whereof we do rejoice; beleeching the Lord to preserve these kingdoms from heresies, Schisms, offences, profaneness, and whatsoever is contrary to found doctrine and the power of Godliness: and to continue with us and the generations following, these his pure and purged ordinances, together with an increase of the power and life thereof, to the glory of his great name, the enlargment of the kingdom of his Son, the corroboration of peace and love between the kingdoms, the unity and comfort of all his people, and our edifying

antoher. in love.

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THE Preface,

Of the assembly of the Congregation
Of Públick reading of the holy Scripture,
of Publick frayer before the sermon.
of preaching of the word.
Of prayer after

sermon.
of the Sacrament of baptism,
of the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper.
of the fanétifiation of the Lord's day.
of the folemnization of marriage.
of the visitation of the sick.
of burial of the dead.
Of public folemn. fasting.
of the observation of days of public thankfgiving:
of singing of psalms,
An Appendix touching days and places of publick Worship;

THE

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DIRECTORY

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FOR THE

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PUBLICK WORSHIP OF GOD. Agreed upon by the assembly of DIVINES at Westminister ; examined and approved, Anno 1645, by the GENERAL ASSEMBLY of the Church of SCOTLAND; and ratified by act of parliament the fame Year.

IN

The PREFACE.
N the begining of the blessed reformation, our wife

and pious ancestors took care to set forth an order

for redress of many things, which they then, by the word discoyered to be vain, erroneous, fuperstitious, and idolatrous, and in the public worship of God. This occafioned many Godly and learned men to rejoice much in the book of common prayer, at that time fet forth; because the mass and the rest of the Latin service being removed, the public worship was celebrated in our own tongue, many of the common people also received benefit by hearing the Scriptures read in their own language, which formerly were unto them as a book that is sealed.

Howbeit, long and fad experience hath made it manifest that the liturgy used in the church of England (notwithstanding all the pains and religious intentions of the compilers of it,) hath proved an offence, not only to many of the Godly at home, but also to the reformed churches Abroad, For, not to fpeak of urging the reading of all the prayers, which very greatly increased the burden of it: the many un profitable and burdensom ceremonies contained in it, have oc: casioned much mischief, as well by disquieting the conscience

of

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