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pertinent, than many, and (if need be) (óme what infifted u-
pon, and applied to the porpose in hand.

The arguments or reasons are to be folid, and as much as
may be, convincing. The illustrations, of what kind soever,
ought to be full of light, and such as may convey the truth
into the hearers heart with spiritual delight.

If any doubt, obvious froin Scripture, reason, or prejudice of the hearers, seem to arise, it is very requisite to remove it,by reconciling the seeming differences, answering the reasons, and discovering and taking away the causes of prejudice and mistake. Otherwise, it is not fit to detain the hearers with propounding or answering vain or wicked cavils, which, as they are endlefs, so the propounding and answer. ing of them doth more hinder than promote edification.

He is not to rest in general doctrine, altho' never fo much cleared and confirmed, but to bring it home to special - use, by application to his hearers : Which albeit it prove a work of great difficulty to himself, requiring much prudence, zeal and meditation, and to the natural and corrupt man will be very unpleasant; yet he is to endeavour to perform it in such a manner, that his auditors may feel the word of God to be quick and powerful, and a discerner of the thoughts and in: tents of the heart; and that, if any unbeliever or ignorant person be present, he may have the secrets of his heart made manifest, and give glory to God.

In the use of instructions or information in the knowledge of some truth, which is a consequence from his doctrine, he inay (when convenient) confirm it by a few firm arguments from the text in hand, and other places of Scripture, or from the nature of that common-place in divinity, whereof that truth is a branch.

In confutation of false doctrines, he is neither to raise an old herefy from the grave, nor to mention a blafphemous opinion unnecessarily: But, if the people be in danger of an error, he is to confute it soundly, and endeavour to satisfy their judgments and consciences against all objections,

In exhorting to duties, he is, as he seeth cause, to teach also the means that help to the performance of them.

In dehortation,reprehenfion,and public admonition (which require special wisdom, let him, as there shall be cause, not only discover the nature and greatness of the fin,


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with the misery attending it, but also Mew the danger his hearers are in to be overtaken and surprised by it, together with the remedies and best way to avoid it.

In applying comfort, whether general against all temptations, or particular against fome special troubles or terrors, he is carefully to answer such objections as a troubled heart and afflicted spirit may suggest to the contrary.

It is also fometimes requisite to give fome notes of trial (which is very profitable, especially when performed by able and experienced ministers, with circumspection and prudence and the signs clearly grounded on the holy Scripture)whereby the hearers may be able to examine themselves, whether they have attained those graces, and performed those duties to which he exhorteth, or be guilty of the fin reprehended, and in danger of the judgments thrcatned, or are such to whom the confolations propounded do belong; that accordingly they may be quickned and excited to duty, humbled for their wants and fins, affected with their danger, and strengthned with comfort, as their condition upon examination shall require,

And, as he needeth not always to prosecure every doctrine which lies in his text, so is he wisely to make choice of such ufes, as, by his residence and converfing with his flock, he findeth most needful and seasonable; and, amongst there, such as may most draw their souls to Christ, the fountain of light, holiness and comforr.

This niethod is not prescribed as neceßary for every man, or upon every text; but only recommended, as being found by experience to be very much blessed of God, and very helpful for the peoples understandings and memories.

But the servant of Christ, whatever his method be, is to perform his whole ministry.

1. Painfully, not doing the work of the Lord negligently.

2. Plainly, That the meanest may understand; delivering the truth, not in the enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the spirit and of power, left the cross of Christ should be made of none effect; abstaining also from an unprofitable use of unknown tongues, strange phrases, and cadences of founds and words; Iparingly citing fentences of ecclefiaftical or other human writers, ancient or modern, be they never fo elegant.

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Hb 3

3. Faith,

3. Faithfully, looking at the honour of Christ, the con version, edification and salvation of the people, not at his own gain or glory; keeping nothịng back which may pro: mote those holy ends, giving to every one his own portion and bearing indifferent respect unto all

, without neglecting the meanest, or sparing the greatest in their sins,

4. Wisely, framing all his doctrines, exhortations, and especially his reproofs,in such a manner as may be most likely to prevail ; shewing all due respect to each man's person and place, and not mixing his own passion or bitterness.

5. Gravely, as becometh the word of God; shunning all fuch gesture, voice and expressions, as may, occasion the corruptions of men to dispise him and his ministry,

6. With loving affection,that the people may see all coming from his godly zeal,and hearty desire to do theny good. And;

7. As tàught of God,and perswaded in his own heart, that all, that he teacheth, is the truth of Christ; and walking be fore his flock, as an example to them in it ; earnestly, both in private and public, recommending his labours to the bles; sing of God, and watchfully looking to himseļf, and the flock whereof the Lord hath made him overféer fo fhall the doctrine of truth be preserved uncorrupi, many souls conver, ted and built up, and himself receive manifold comforts of his labours even in this life, and afterwards the crown of glory laid up

for him in the world to come. Where there are more ministers in a congregation than one, and they of different gifts, each may more especially apply himself to doctrine or exhortation, according to the giftwhere: in he most excelleth, and as they shall agree between them felves.

Of prayer after fermon,

HE sermon being ended, the minister is? To give thanks

' for the great love of God, in fending his fon Jesus Christ unto us; for the communication of his holy spirit ; $ For the light and liberty of the glorious gospel, and the

rich and heavenly blessings revealed therein; as namely, ey lection, vocation, adoption, justification, sanctļfication, • and hope of glory; for the admirable goodness of God, ! in freeing the land from antichristian darkness and tyranpy, and for all other national deliverances ; or the refor:


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mation of religion; for the covenant; and for many tem-
poral bleffings.

* To pray for the continuance of the gospel, and all or-
* dinances thereof, in their purity, power and liberty : To

turn the chief and most useful heads of the fermon into
* some few petitions; and to pray that it may abide in the
heart and bring forth fruit.
To pray for preparation for death and judgment, and a
watching for the coming of our Lord Jesus Chrift: To

intreat of God the forgiveness of the iniquities of our holy
« things, and the acceptaion of our spiritual facrifice through

the merit and mediation of our great high priest and Sa-
viour the Lord Jesus Christ.

And because the prayer which Christ taught his disciples,
is not only a pattern of prayer, but itself a most comprehen-
live prayer, we recommend it also to be used in the prayers
of the church.

And whereas, at the administration of the facraments, the
holding public fasts and days of thanksgiving, and other
special occasions, which may afford matter of special petiti-
ons and thanksgivings; it is requfite to express somewhat it
our public prayers (as at this time it is our duty to pray for
a blessing upon the assembly of divines, the armies by sea
and land, for the defence of the king, parliament, and king-
dom) every minister is herein to apply himself in his prayer,
before or after sermon, to those occasions; but, for the man-
ner, he is left to his liberty, as God fhall direct and enable
him, in piety and wisdom to dischargé his duty.'

The prayer ended, let a psalm bę fung, if with conveni-
ency it may be done. After (which untefs fome other ordi,
nance of Christ, that concerneth the congregation at that
time, be to follow) let the minister dismiss the congregation
with a solemn blessing.
Of the administration of the Sacraments;

And first, Of Baptism.

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not to be administred in any cause by any private person, but by a minister of Christ, called to be the feward of the mysteries of God.


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Nor is it to be administred in private places, or privately but in the place of public worship, and in the face of the congregation, where the people may moft conveniently fee & hear; and not in the places where fonts,in the the time of popery, were unfitly and superstitiously placed.

The child to be baptized, after notice given to the minifter the day before, is to be presented by the father, or (in care of his neceffary absence) by some Christian friend in his plice, professing his earnest desire that the child may be baptized.

Before baptism, the minister is to use some words of instruction, touching the institution, nature, use, and ends of this facrament: Shewing,

' That it is instituted by our Lord Jesus Christ; That it ! is a seal of the covenant of grace, of our ingrafting into . Christ, and of our union with him, of remission of sins, . regeneration, adoption, and life eternal : That the wa

ter, in baptism; repefenteth and signifieth, both the blood of Christ, which taketh away all guilt of fin, original and

actual ; and the sanctifying vertue of the spirit of Christ aagainst the dominion of sin, and the corruption of our finful $ nature : That baptizing,or sprinkling and washing with water, signifieth the cleansing from sin by the blood and for the merit of Christ, together with the mortification of sin, and rising from sin to newness of life, by vertue of the death and resurrection of Christ : That the promile is made to believers and their feed; and that the feed and posterity of the faithful, born within the church, haye, by their birth,

interest in the covenant, and right to the seal of it, and ? to the outward privileges of the church, under the gol

pel, no less than the children of Abraham in the time of { the old Testament; the covenant of grace, for substance,

being the same; and the grace of God, and the consal'ation of believers, more plentiful than before; That ļ the Son of God admitted little children into his pre

fence, embracing and blessing them, saying, For of such ' is the kingdom of God: That children, by baptism, are

folemply received into the bofom of the visible church the distinguished from the world, and them that are without, and united with believers; and that all who are baptiz. ed in the name of Chrift, do renounce, and by their bap

! tilin

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