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health to prepare for sickness, death, and judgment; and
all the days of their appointed time fo to wait until their
change come, that when Christ, who is our life thall appear,
they may appear with him in glory.

Concerning burial of the dead.

THEN any person deparreth this life, let the dead body

upon the day of burial, be decently attended from the house to the place appointed for public burial, and there immediately interred, without any ceremony.

And because the customs of kneeling down, and praying by, or towards the dead corps, and other such usages, in the place where it lies, before it be carried to burial, are superstitious; and for that, praying, reading, and singing, both in going to, and at the grave, and have grolly abused, are no way beneficial to the dead, and have proved many ways hurtful to the living; therefore let all such things be laid aGde.

Howbeit, we judge it very convenient, that the Christian friends, which accompany the dead body to the place appointed for public burial, do 'apply themselves to meditations, and conferences suitable to the occasion; And that the minister, as upon other occasions, fo at this time, if he be present, may put them in remembrance of their duty,

That this shall not extend to deny any çivil respects or de.. ferences at the burial, suitable to the rank and condition of the party deceased, whiles he was living.

Concerning public folemn fasting

THEN some great and notable judgments are either in

Aicted upon a people, or apparently imminent, or by fome extraordinary provocations notoriously deserved ; as also when some special blessing is to be fought and obtained, public solemn fåsting (which is to continue the whole day), is a duty that God expecteth from that nation, or people.

A religious fast requires total abstinence, not only from all food (unless bodily weakness do manifestly disable from


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holding out till the fast be ended, in which case fomewhat may be taken, yet very sparingly, to support nature, when ready to faint, but also from all worldly labour, discourses and thoughts, and from all bodily delights, and such like, (altho' at other times lawful, rich apparel, ornaments, and fuch like, during the faft; and inuch more from whatever is in the nature, or use, scandalous and offensive, as gaudith attire, lascivious habits and gestures, and other . yanities of either fex; which we recommend to all ministers, in their places, diligently and zealously to reprove, as at other times, lo especially at a fast, without respect of persons, as there thall be occasion.

Before the public meeting, each family and person a, part are privately to use all religious care to prepare their hearts to fuch a folemn work, and to be early at the con

... So large a portion of the day, as conveniently may be, is to be spent in public reading and preaching of the word, with singing of psalms, fit to quicken affections suitable to such a dyty; but especially in prayer, to this or the like effect :

Giving glory to the great majesty of God, the Creator, preserver and fupreme ruler of all the world; the better to affect us thereby with an holy reverence and awe of him. Acknowledging his manifold, great and tender mercies, especially to the church and nation, the more effectually to foften and abase our hearts before him. Humbly confelling of sins of all sorts, with their feveral aggravations; justifying God's righteous judgments, as being far less than our sins do deserve ; yet humbly and earnestly im.

grace for ourselves, the church and nation, for our king, and all in authority, and for all others

for whom we are bound to pray (according as the present y exigent requireih) with more special importunity and en

largement than at other times: applying, by faith, the promises and goodness of God, for pardon, help, and deliver

ance from the evils felt, feared, or deserved; and ? for obtaining the blessings which we need and expect, to

gether with a giving up of ourseļves wholly and for ever
unto the Lord.
In all these, the ministers who are the mouths of the people


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ploring his

mercy and

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unto God, ought so to speak from their hearts, upon serious
and thorow premeditation of them, that both themfelves and
their people may be much affected, and even melted thereby,
elpecially with sorrow for their fins, that it may be indeed
day of deep humiliation and afflicting of the foul.

Special choice is to be made of such Scriptures to be read,
and of such texts for preaching, as may best work the hearts
of the hearers to the special business of the day, and most dif-
pose them to humiliation and repentance; insisting most on
those particulars, which each minister's observation and ex-
perience tells him are most conducing to the edification
and reformation of that congregation to which he preach-

Before the close of the public duties, the minister is, in his own and the peoples names, to engage his and their hearts to be the Lord's, with professed purpose and resolution to reform whatever is amiss among them, and more particularly such sins as they have been more remarkably guilty of; and to draw near unto God, and to walk more closely and faithfully with him in new obedience, than ever be fore.

He is also to admonish the people with all importunity, that the work of that day doth not end with the public duties of it, but that they are so to improve the remainder ol the day, and of their whole life, in reinforcing upon them

felves and their families in private, all those godly affections Jus and resolutions which they professed in public, as that they

may be settled in their hearts for ever, and themselves may
more sensibly find that God hath smelt a fweet favour in
Christ from their perfomances, and is pacified towards them,
by answers of grace, in pardoning of fin, in removing of
judgments, in averting or preventing of plagues, and in con-
ferring of blessings, suitable to the conditions and prayers
of his people, by Jeius Christ.

Besides folemn and general fasts injoined by authority, we
Judge that, at other times, congregations may keep days of
fasting,as divine providence shall administer unto them speci-
al occasion; and also that families may do the same, so it be
not on days wherein the congregation to which they do belong
is to meet for fasting, or other public duties of worship.

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Concerning the observation of days of publie

thanksgiving: WHEN any such day is to be kept, let notice be given

of it, and of the occafion' thereof, fome convenient time before, that the people may the better prepare them felves thereunto.

The day being come, and the congregation (after private preparations) being assembled, the minister is to begin with a word of exhortation, to stir up the people to the duty for which they are met, and with a short prayer for God'š aflı

. stance and blessing (as at other conventions for public worThip) according to the particular occasion of their meeting:

Let him then make some pithy narration of the deliverance obtained, or mercy received, or of whatever hath occasioned that affembling of the congregation, that all may better understand it, or be minded of it, and more affected with


And, because finging of psalms is of all other the most proper ordinance for expressing of joy and thanksgiving, let fome pertinent psalm or pfalms be sung for that purpose, be: fore or after the reading of fome portion of the word, suitable to the prefent business.

Then let the minister, who is to preach, proceed to further exhortation and prayer before his fermon, with, fpecial re: férrence to the present work : After which, let him preach upon some text of Scripture pertinent to the occasion.

The sermon ended, let him not only pray,as at other times after preaching is directed, with remembrance of the ne: cessities of the church, king, and state (if before the sermon they were omited) bur inlarge himself in due and folemn thanksgiving for former mercies and deliverances, but more especially for that which at the present calls them together to give thanks : With humble petition for the continuance and renewing of God's wonted mercies, as need shall be, and for fanctifying grace to make a right use thereof. And fo; having sung another pfalm suitable to the mercy, let him dismiss the congregation with a blessing, that they may have some convenient time for their repast and refreshing. But the minister (before their dismission) is solemnly to



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admonish them, to beware of all excess and riot, tending to
gluttony or drunkenness, and much more of these fins them
felves, in their eating and refreshing; and to take care that
their mirth and rejoicing be not carnal, but spiritual, which
may make God's praise to be glorious,and themselves humble
and fober; and that both their feeding and rejoicing may ren-
der them more cheerful and inlarged, further to celebrate his
praises in the midst of the congregation, when they retuan un-
to it, in the remaining part of that day.

When the congregation shall be again assembled, the like
course in praying, reading, preaching, singing of psalms,
and offering up of more praise and thanksgiving, that is be-
fore directed for the morning,is to be renewed and continued
so far as the time will give leave.

At one or both of the public meetings that day, a col
lection is to be made for the poor (and in the like manner
upon the day of public humiliation) that their loins may
bless us, and rejoice the more with us. And the people are to
be exhorted, at the end of the latter meeting, to spend the
residue of that day in holy duties, and testifications of Christ-
ian love and charity one towards another, and of rejoicing
more and more in the Lord; as becometh those who make
the joy of the Lord their strength.

Of singing of Psalms,
[T is the duty of Christians to praise God publicly, by

finging of pfalms together in the congregation, and allo
privately in the family.

In singing of psalms, the voice is to be tunably and grave. ly ordered, but the chief care must be, to sing with under, standing, and with grace in the heart, making melody unto the Lord,

That the whole congregation may join herein, every one
that can read is to have a psalm book; and all others, not
disabled by age or otherwise, are to be exhorted to learn to
read. But for the present, where many in the congregation
cannot read, it is convenient that the minister, or some other

fit person appointed by him and the other ruling officers, do
read the pfalm, lige, by line, before the singing thereof,


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