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SENATE RESOLUTION NO. 4.

Resolved, That the following named persons be, and they are hereby, declared elected additional officers of the Senate of the Forty-first General Assembly, viz.:

Third Assistant Secretary, James W. Turner, at compensation of $4 per day.

Secretary's Stenographer and Typewriter, L. B. Brook, at compensation of $4 per day.

Third Assistant Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk, William Zupann, at compensation of $4 per day.

Bill Clerk, James T. Walsh, at compensation of $4 per day.

Messenger for the Secretary's room, Lewis Totz, at compensation of $3 per day.

Chaplain, A. G. Goodspeed, at compensation of $3 per day.

Superintendent of Ventilation, George W. Cavanaugh, at compensation of $3 per day.

Assistant Superintendent of Ventilation, John Morrissey, at compensation of $3 per day.

Policemen: Philip Steel, M. J. Weber, at compensation of $3 each per day. Mail carrier, W. I. Brady, at compensation of $3 per day.

President's Private Secretary, W. W. Lowis, at compensation of $3 per day. Janitor of the President's room, Thomas Barbee, at compensation of $2 per day.

Custodian of the Republican cloak room, H. B. Coats, at compensation of $3 per day.

Custodian of the Democratic cloak room, James Payne, at compensation of $3 per day.

Mr. Aspinwall offered the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted:

SENATE RESOLUTION No. 5.

Resolved, That the President of the Senate be, and is hereby, authorized to appoint five floor janitors, whose duties shall be to act under the orders of the Sergeant-at-Arms in caring for the Senate Chamber and water closet, and to perform such other duties as may be assigned to them.

The President of the Senate appointed as the janitors provided for in the foregoing resolution, William Green, C. C. Ingram, Ed Robinson, Kimball Briggs and A. B. Mathews.

Mr. Hunt offered the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted:

SENATE RESOLUTION No. 6.

Resolved, That the President pro tempore of the Senate and the minority President pro tempore of the Senate be each, and they are hereby, authorized to appoint a clerk at a compensation of $3 per day; and that the President pro tempore of the Senate and the minority President pro tempore of the Senate and the Secretary of the Senate be each authorized to appoint a janitor at a compensation of $2 per day.

Mr. Milchrist offered the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted:

SENATE RESOLUTION No. 7.

Resolved, That the President of the Senate be, and he is hereby, authorized to appoint twelve pages to serve during this session of the General Assembly, or until relieved by order of the President of the Senate.

The President of the Senate appointed the following as the pages provided for in the foregoing resolution: Clifford Nay, Carlyle Pemberton, James W. Wallace, Edgar Buckley, Benjamin Tillotson, H. Taylor, Paul Bacon, Frank Joadwine, M. H. Reed, George Young, John Eagan, Daniel Curley.

Mr. Juul offered the following resolution, which was adopted:

SENATE RESOLUTION NO. 8.

Resolved, That the Secretary of State is hereby authorized to furnish to the President of the Senate, the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Secretary of the Senate, on their written orders, such stationery, furniture, blanks, printing and such other supplies and articles as either of them may require and that may be necessary to enable them to properly discharge the duties of their respective offices.

Resolved, That the Secretary of State is hereby authorized to furnish to the Sergeant-at-Arms, the Postmaster and the Enrolling and Engrossing Clerk of the Senate, respectively, on their written orders, approved by the President of the Senate or the President pro tempore of the Senate, such stationery and other articles as may be needed for the use and convenience of their respective offices and for the members of the Senate.

Mr. William Payne offered the following resoluion, which was adopted:

SENATE RESOLUTION No. 9.

Resolved. That the Secretary of the Senate inform the House of Representatives that the Senate is now duly organized and ready for the transaction of business.

Mr. Brenholt offered the following resolution, which was adopted:

SENATE RESOLUTION No. 10.

Resolved, That the President of the Senate appoint a committee of three Senators to wait upon His excellency, the Governor, and inform him that the Senate is now duly organized and is ready to receive any communication he may desire to make.

The President of the Senate appointed as the committee provided for in the foregoing resolution, Senators Brenholt, Odell and Hull. At 12:35 o'clock p. m., on motion of Mr. Aspinwall, the Senate took a recess of ten minutes.

Senate reconvened.

12:45 O'CLOCK P. M.

Mr. Brenholt, chairman of the committee appointed to wait on His Excellency, the Governor, reported that the committee had performed that duty and the Governor was ready to communicate with the Senate by message.

EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATION.

A message from the Governor by J. Mack Tanner, Private Secretary:

Mr. President:-I am directed by the Governor to lay before the Senate the biennial message of the Governor:

GOVERNOR TANNER'S MESSAGE.

STATE OF ILLINOIS,

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,

SPRINGFIELD, January 4, 1899.

Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Representatives:

In compliance with the requirements of the Constitution, I have the honor to submit to your consideration my biennial message of the condition of the State, together with such recommendations as, in my judgment, are expedient.

It is not my purpose to deal at length with the various needs of legislation in connection with the different departments and institutions of the State. The several biennial reports of State officers and boards lay before you the facts which will serve as your guidance, and I assume that these reports will receive at your hands the careful examination to which they are entitled.

I congratulate the people of Illinois and of the whole country upon. the speedy termination and glorious outcome of the late SpanishAmerican war. The achievements of our army and navy on land and sea have been most brilliant, and the alacrity with which the youth and flower of our land responded to the call to arms has proved to the whole world how dear our beloved country is to us all. As has been well said, "Peace is our ambition," but the heroic virtues are none the less ours as a people. Henceforth the United States has a place second to none in the councils of the nations, and our sphere of influence is world-wide in extent. Already this short and comparatively bloodless war has proved of inestimable value in removing the traces of civil war and obliterating sectional lines, through the mingling in camp and on the battlefield of the sons of those who once wore the blue and the gray. The Union in its entirety is now complete, and it is the whole country, and all alike, which is now entering upon a new era of national greatness and prosperity.

Illinois has especial reason to be proud of the part borne by her in this war. She was the first to come forward and offer to the country her moral and material support. Illinois was the first state to assemble at the appointed rendezvous the entire quota of volunteers called for by the President, and the first to muster into the service of the United States a volunteer regiment; the first to muster a full regiment of volunteer cavalry, and the only State to organize and equip a colored regiment with colored officers, from colonel to corporal.

I also congratulate the people of Illinois and the United States upon the return of prosperity. In 1892 they enjoyed this blessing.

The farmer was able to sell to advantage the products of his farm, our mills were in the full tide of successful operation, and our mechanics and workingmen were in receipt of the highest price for labor, both skilled and unskilled, paid anywhere in the wide world. In 1893 the Democratic party came into power, and within the short space of two years the face of the country was changed, as though a pestilential blight had passed over it. Business depression and stagnation took the place of joyous activity. Prosperity and plenty fled the scene to make way for gaunt poverty and hollow-eyed want; a wail for work and bread went up throughout the land, and many sought relief from their deplorable condition in self-destruction. Bankruptcy overtook, not only the people, but the nation and the State. The national and State governments were compelled to borrow money, at ruinous rates of interest, with which to defray their current expenses, and this, the most solvent of nations, well-nigh lost its credit in the money marts of the world.

This was the direful condition of affairs in the State and nation when, upon the 11th of January, 1897, I entered upon the discharge of the duties of the office of Governor. Upon investigation I found the State treasury empty and the payment of appropriations to many of the State institutions in arrears. The outstanding indebtedness of the State government, in all its departments, was approximately $1,800,000; the property of the State, particularly of its educational, charitable, penal and reformatory institutions, was much out of repair and rapidly deteriorating; and there was not a dollar at the command of the State administration with which to pay this debt or restore this valuable property to its former condition.

After making, or causing to be made, new appointments of trustees, commissioners, superintendents and wardens of the State institutions, I called them together at the State capitol. In a speech addressed to them in mass, I directed them to use the utmost economy in the management of their respective trusts, because the appropriations for the support of these institutions had been made at a moment of financial depression, when the prices of all staple articles were at their lowest notch, but that within sixty days from the date of these appropriations a Republican Congress had enacted a Republican tariff based upon the protection of American industries and American labor. The change in the business situation, which resulted from the passage of this measure, had been almost as instantaneous as though the country had been touched and healed of its plague by the rod of Aaron. With the return of confidence and prosperity, in` consequence of the overthrow of those twin political heresies-free trade and free silver-prices had returned to their former level, and it would be difficult, therefore, to close the business of the next two years without a deficit, except by the practice of rigid economy, not only in the purchase of supplies but in the employment and payment of labor. These counsels and admonitions had so good an effect that, notwithstanding the great advance in the cost of nearly all staple commodities, I am able to report that at the close of the cur

rent fiscal year, after the adjournment of the 41st General Assembly, there will be no substantial deficiency in any of the State institutions. At the same time I directed the officers in charge of them to adhere to the system of competitive bids, established by my predecessor in office, which system worked well and has been strictly followed ever since.

It has been my aim to appoint none but competent, able and honest men as trustees, commissioners, superintendents and wardens of the State institutions and in all other places within my gift and control. Upon my success in the effort to select only appointees of this description depends the success of my administration. Notwithstanding my own extensive acquaintance in every county of the State, I have found the task one of great difficulty, especially in view of existing political complications. Without claiming that no

mistakes have been made by me in this regard, I believe that the people are generally well satisfied with the character of the appointments made and the manner in which my subordinates have discharged their duties.

At the meeting of the heads of departments and of the State institutions at Springfield, of which I have spoken, I outlined to them the policy of the present administration. I said to them that I should hold the responsible heads of all branches of the State government to a strict account for the faithful discharge of every duty imposed upon them by law, and for the accomplishment of the purpose of the representatives of the people in the creation of their several employments; that in the selection of their subordinates, fitness should be the paramount consideration; that no employé should be carried upon any pay-roll whose services were not needed, or who, for any reason, should prove upon trial to be incompetent or inefficient; and that neglect of duty or drunkenness on the part of any employé of the State would not be tolerated by me. I further said to them that the Governor might presume to make recommendations, in some instances, for appointments by commissioners, trustees and superintendents, but always in the belief that the persons so recommended were competent; if investigation in advance of appointment should prove them to be otherwise, no regard should be paid to my recommendation, and if experience had, subsequent to their appointment, should show them to be incapable of giving satisfaction in the places occupied by them, they should be immediately discharged; that the promotion or retention of any subordinate must depend absolutely and entirely upon his qualifications and his record. Finally, I stated to those present that, should any person be removed or discharged by the head of any department or institution for insubordination or other misconduct, the Governor would not, under any circumstances, interfere with the discipline of the institution or department by requesting the restoration of the person so discharged. This has come to be so well understood in all branches of this administration, that the number of instances is very small in which a discharged emyloyé has applied to me for reappointment, or an employé in service has requested me to exert any official pressure for an increase of pay; and in these rare cases I have uniformly referred such petition

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