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Quadratos QUADRATUS, in Anatomy, a name given to seve he that has manill or basto only is obliged to play it ; Quadrillo.
ral muscles on account of their square figure. See it is the same of manill basto, with respect to the supe-
rior matadore always forcing the inferior. Though there
is to play as he judges most convenient
to each player. A mil is equal to ten fish, and each fish
are generally fixed at ten, and marked by turning the
that there should be two cards of the same sort, as
two dences of spades, for example, there must be a
on the right band of the dealer, after examining his
game, and finding his band fit to play, asks if they In this game the order of the cards, according to their play; or if be has not a good hand, be passes, and so natural value, is as follows : of hearts and diamonds, the second, third, and fourth. All the four may pass ; king, queen, knave, uce, deuce, three, four, five, sir, but he that has spadill, after having shown or named seven ; in all 10: of spades and clubs, king, queen, it, is obliged to play by calling a king. Whether the knave, seven, sir, five, four, three, deuce ; in all 9. deal is played in this manner, or that one of the playThe reason why the ace of spades and ace of clubs are ers has asked leave, nobody choosing to play without not mentioned, is, because they are always trumps in calling, the eldest hand must begin ihe play, first nawhatever suit that is played. The ace of spades being ming the suit, and the king which he calls; he who always the first, and the ace of clubs the third trump, wins the trick plays another card, and so of the rest till for the cards ranked according to their value when the game is finished. The tricks then are counted; and trumps stand in the following order.
if the ombre, that is, he who stands the game, has toHearts and diamonds, SPADILL, or the acc of spades; gether with bim who is the king called, six tricks, they MANILL, the seventh of the two red suits ; Basto, the bave won and are paid the game, the consolation, and ace of clubs ; PONTO, the ace of hearts and diamonds; the matadores, if they have them, and divide what is upking, queen, knave, deuce, three, four, five, sir; in all on the game, and the beasts if there are any. But if 12. Spades and clubs, SPADILL, the ace of spades, they make only five tricks, it is a remise, and they are MANILL, the deuce of spades and clubs, Basto the ace beasted, what goes upon the game, paying to the other of clubs, king, qucen, knave, seven, sir, five, four, players the consolation and the matadores. If the tricks three; in all 11. It is here to be observed, that the are equally divided betwixt them, they are likewise beastcard which is munill and the second trump, is always ed; and if they make only four tricks between them, the lowest in its suit when not tromps; and that the it is a remise ; if they make less they lose codill (A), ace of hearts or diamonds, which when trump is above and in that case they pay to their adversaries what they the king, is below the knave when not trump.
should have received if they had won; that is, the There are three matadores ; spadill, manill, and ba game, the consolation, and the matadores, if they have sto; the privilege of which is, that when the player them, and are beasted what is upon the game : they has no other trumps but them, and trumps are led, he who win codill, divide the stakes. The beast and every is not obliged to play them, but may play what card thing else that is paid, is paid equally betwixt the two he thinks proper, provided, however, that the trump Josers ; one half by him that calls
, and the other half led is of an inferior rank ; but if spadill should be led, by him that is called, as well in case of codill as a re
(1) Codill is when those who defend the pool make more tricks than they who stand the game ; which is called winning the codill.
Quadrille. mise ; unless the ombre does not make three tricks, in is the same with regard to him who calls one of his ova Qu.
which case he that is called is not only exempted from kings ; be wins alone or loses alone as in the other case,
game and shows it, he is obliged to play it, if by not He that has four kings, may call a queen to one of doing it the game may be prejudiced, or if he can give his kings, except that which is trump. He that wants any intelligence to his friend ; but especially if it should one or more kings; may call one of those kings ; but be a matadore.-He that plays sans appeller, or by in that case, he must make six tricks alone, and conse calling bimself, is not subject to this law. He may quently he wins or loses alone. The king of that suit turn the tricks made by the other players, and coon in which he plays cannot be called. No one should wbat has been played as often as it is his turn to play, play out of his turn, although he is not beasted for so but not otherwise. If instead of turning a player's tricks
, doing. If he who is not the eldest hand has the king he turns and see his game, or shows it to the other called, and plays spadill, manill, or basto, or even the players, he is beasted, together with him whose cards king called in order to show that he is the friend, ha he turned ; and each of them must pay one half of the ving other kings that he fears the ombre should trump, beast. he is not to be allowed to go for the vole ; he is even If any one renounces, he is beasted as often as be "heasted, if it appears to be done with that intent. It has renounced and it is detected; but a renounce is mi is not permitted to show a hand though codill may al- made till the trick is turned. If the renounce is discs"ready be won; that it may be seen whether the ombre vered before the deal is finished, and has been detrimetis beasted alone. If the ombre or his friend shows tal to the game, the cards must be taken up again, and their cards before they bave made six tricks, thinking the game replayed from that trick where the renounce that they have made them, and there appears a possi was made; but if the cards are all played, the beast is bility of preventing their making them, the other still made, and the cards must not be replayed; except players can oblige them to play their cards as they think there should be several renounces in the same deal: tben proper.
they are to be played again, unless the cards should be A player need only name his suit when he plays, mixed. If several beasts are made in the sane deal, without calling a king. He who plays without calling they all go together, unless it is otherwise agreed at the must make six tricks alone to win; for all the other beginning of the party; and wben there are several players are united against him, and they are to do what beasts, the greatest always goes first. they can to prevent his winning. He who plays with A great advantage accrues from being eldest hand at out calling, is admitted to play in preference to him quadrille, which often renders it very disagreeable to the who would play with calling; however, if he that has rest of the players, being obliged 'to pass with a good asked leave will play without calling, he has the
pre band unless they choose to play alone; and when it bap ference of the other who would force him. These are pens that the eldest hand having asked leave, the second the two methods of play without calling that are called player has three matadores, several trumps in back, and "forced.
all small cards, be cannot then even play alone ; and As he who plays without calling does not divide the having no chance of being called, he must pass with this winnings with any person, le consequently, when he good hand. On account of whicls, this method has loses, pays all by bimselt : if he loses by remise he is been thought expedient to remedy this defect of the beasted, and pays
each of the other players the conso game; each player having an opportunity of availing lation, the sans appeller (which is commonly, but im- himself of the goodness of his game, by adding to tbe properly, called the sans prendre), and the matadores usoal method of playing the game that of the medias if there are any ; if he loses codill he is likewise beast teur, and the favourite suit. ed and pays to each player what he would bave re The first thing to be observed is that of drawing for ceived from each if he had won. They who win co. places, which is done in this manner: One of the dill divide what there is ; and if there are any coun. players takes four cards; a king, a qneen, a knager ters remaining, they belong to him of the three who and an ace; each player draws one of these cards ; and shall have spadill or the highest trump the next deal. It commonly be who comes in last, draws first. The per
1 91 a ville, son who draws the king sits where he pleases, the queen into four equal parts. Hence comes the term quadri- Quadripartecipar- at his right hand, the knave next the queen, and the partite, the fourth part, or something divided into four. tition
ace on the left of the king. The king draws the fa QUADRUPEDS, in Zoology; those animals which
QUADRUPLE, four-fold, or something taken four
QUÆSTOR, see QUESTOR.
Quails are to be taken by means of the call during
come up to the person, so that he may, with great ease,
then it is best to have patience, and not run to take up
pens that they fly higher than its top; and the sports-
16 some other such bone: this is to be about two inches
long, and the end formed like a slageolet, with a little
gives into a sort of shake. This is the most useful call;
with leather; and one end of it must be closed up with
Quail, must be a small thread or strap of leather, and at the which is a praise to them that do well; which is a pro- Quakers Quakers. other end must be placed the same sort of pipe, made tection to them that do well, and not the evil; and
of bone, as is used in the other call. The noise is made such soldiers as are put in place po false accusers must by opening and closing the spiral, and gives the same be, no violence must do, but be content with their sound that the cock does when he gives the hen a signal wages: and that magistrate bears not the sword in vain, that he is near her.
from under the occasion of that sword do I seek to bring QUAKERS, a religious society, which took its rise people: my weapons are not carnal but spiritual, and in England about the middle of the 17th century, and my kingdom is not of this world ; therefore with carnal rapidly found its way into other countries in Europe, weapon I do not fight, but am from those things dead, and into the English settlements in North America. from bim who is not of this world, called of the world The members of this society, we believe, called them- by the name of G: F: and this I am ready to seal with selves at first seckers, from their seeking the truth; but my blood ; this I am moved to give forth for the truth's after the society was formed, they assumed the appella- sake, who a witness stands against all unrighteousness, tion of friends. The name of quakers was given to and all ungodliness, who a sufferer is for the righteous them by their enemies; and though an epithet of re seed's sake, waiting for the redemption of it, who a proach, seems to be stamped upon them indelibly. crown that is mortal seeks not, for that fadeth away;
Their founder is generally believed to have been George but in the light dwells which comprehends that crown,
opinion has been lately controverted. An ingenious light I witness the crown that is immortal, which fades Month. writer* having found, or fancied, a similarity of senti not away from him who to all your souls is a friend, Rev. Sept. ments among the ancient Druids and modern Quakers, for establishing of righteousness, and clearing the land 1793, art. 5.
'seems to think that Fox must have been nothing more of evil doers, and a witness against all the wicked jnthan a tool employed by certain deists to pave the way ventions of man, and murderer's plots, which answer for their system of natural religion, by allegorizing the shall be with the light in all your consciences, which distinguishing article of the Christian faith.
makes no covenant with death; to which light in you It must be confessed, for experience will not allow it all I speak, and am clear, G: F: who a new name hath, to be denied, that extremes in religion are very apt to which the world knows not (A).” beget each other; and if the deists alluded to reasoned The Qirakers, however, did not long entrust the defrom this fact, they could not have pitched upon a tool fence of their principles to such senseless enthusiasts as fitter for their purpose than George Fox. From his George Fox: They were joined by a number of learned, works still extant he appears to have been one of the ingenious, and pious men, who new-modelled their most extravagant and absurd enthusiasts that ever lived, creed; and though they did not bring it to what is ge. and to have faucied himself, iu his apostolic character, nerally deemed the Christian standard, they so reformed something infinitely superior to man. In a book called it as that its tenets do not shock common sense, nor the News coming out of the North, (p. 15.), he says of lim- . duties prescribed scandalize a man of piety. The chief self, “I am the Door that ever was, the same Christ of these reformers were George Keith, the celebrated yesterday, to-day, and for ever." And in the intro. Penn, and our countryman Barclay. Keith was indeed duction to his Battle-door for Teachers and Professors, excommunicated for the liberties which he took with
“ All languages are to me no more than dust, the great apostle; but we have not a doubt but his who was before languages were." But one of the writings contributed to the moderation of Penn, and most extraordinary and blasphemous things that be ever to the elegant and masterly apology of Barclay. From wrote, is an answer to the Protector, who had required that apology we selected the summary of their opinions him to promise not to disturb bis goverement as then which was given in the former edition of this work ; established. It is as follows:
but they have lately published such a summary them“I who am of the world called G: F: doth deny selves, of which the reader will be pleased with the the carrying or drawing any carnal sword against any, following abstract : or against thee 0: C: or any man, in the presence of They tell us, that about the beginning of the the Lord I declare it, God is my witness, by whom I 17th century a number of men, dissatisfied with all am moved to give this forth for the truth's sake, from the modes of religious worship then known in the him whom the world calls G: Fox, who is the son of world, withdrew from the communion of every viGod, who is sent to stand :1 witness against all violencesible church to seek the Lord in retirement. Among and against the works of darkness, and to turn the peo these was their honourable elder George Fox, who ple from darkness to light, and to bring them from the being quickened by the immediate touches of dioccasion of the war and from the occasion of the magi- vine love, could not satisfy his apprehensions of duty strates sword, which is a terror to the evil doer, which to God without directing the people where to find acts contrary to the light of the Lord Jesus Christ; the like consolation and instruction. In the course of
(A) We have transcribed this letter from the theological works of Mi Leslie, where it is preserved in its original form. The Quakers, after the death of their apostle, expunged from their edition of it the words which we have printed in Italics ; ashamed, as we hope, of the blasphemy imputed to them : but that Mr Leslie's copy is authentic, is thus attested by two of the friends, who saw Fox deliver it to the protector's messenger : “We are witnesses of this testimony, whose names in the flesh art,