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PRACTICAL QUESTIONS.

1. Reduce £3 9s. 11d. 3 far. to farthings.

2. Reduce £12 15s. 8d. to pence.

3. Reduce £7 Os. 2d. to pence.

4. Reduce 2354 farthings to the higher denominations. 5. Reduce 543 pence to the higher denominations.

6. Reduce 731 shillings to the higher denominations. 7. Reduce 3 T. 6 cwt. 2 qr. 12 lb. 6 oz. and 9 dr. to drams.

8. Reduce 672432 drams to the higher denominations. 9. Reduce 5 lb. 8 oz. 9 pwt. 15 gr. to grains.

10. Reduce 64324 grains Troy to the higher denominations.

11. Reduce 2 lb. 63 43 20 10 gr. to grains.

12. Reduce 6742 gr., Apothecaries weight, to the higher denominations.

13. Reduce 3 lea. 2 mi. 5 fur. 24 rods 2 yd. 1 ft. 6 in. to inches.

14. Reduce 802456 inches to the higher denominations.

15. Reduce 4 yards 3 qrs. 2 na. and 2 inches to inches. 16. Reduce 5 ells Flemish to inches.

17. Reduce 4 ells English to inches.

18. Reduce 3 ells French to inches.

19. Reduce 4 sq. rods 8 sq. yd. 105 sq. ft. and 112 sq. in. square inches.

to

20. Reduce 3 cu. yd. 12 cu. ft. and 1236 cu. in. to cubic inches.

21. A pile of wood is 16 ft. long, 4 ft. high, and the length of the wood is 4 feet. How many cords of wood?

16×4×4 8x4x4

22. Reduce 25 gal. 3 qt. 1 pt. and 3 gills to gills. 23. Reduce 9 bu. 3 pk. 4 qt. 1 pt. to pints.

24. How many years, months, and days, from April 15th, 1842, to June 20th, 1850?

yr.

1850

1842

8

yr.

1850

1845

4

mo.

6

4

2

25. How many years, months, and days, from October 25th, 1845, to August 18th, 1850?

mo.

8

10

9

da.

20

15

5

hr.

2

REM. In this question, instead of using the eighth and tenth months, some authors prefer calling them 7 months and 9 months; but if there is an inaccuracy in the months, there is also in the years; hence if we read the above thus: The one thousand eight hundred and fiftieth year, the 8th month and 25th day, there is no inaccuracy.

da.

18

25

23

In computations of time we always take 30 days as a month.

26. The difference in time of two places is 2 hr. 2 min. and 2 sec.; what is the difference in longitude?

min.

2

sec.

2

15

30"

30°

30'

Ans. Thirty degrees, 30 minutes, and 30 seconds.

1

60

27. If the difference of longitude of two places is 15°, the difference of time will be one hour; the eastern place will have the latest time. If the difference in longitude is 16° 24′ 30′′, what is the difference in time? 15 ) 16° 24′ 30′′ ( 1 hr. 5 min. 38 sec.

15

84 (5

75

9

60

570 (38

45

120

120

28. Multiply 576 by 100 29. Multiply 576 by 25 = above.

=

=

30. Divide 576 by 100 = 5.76.

31. Divide 576 by 25 = 23.04. Multiply by 4.

(57600) 28800.

32. Multiply 576 by 50 33. Divide 576 by 50 = 34. Multiply 576 by .124 35. Multiply 576 by .16% 36. Multiply 576 by .334 37. Multiply 576 by .621 38. Multiply 576 by .871 39. What cost 342 yds. muslin at 124 cts. per yard?

=

=

5.76 × 2 = 11.52.

= $72.

57600.

= 14400. Take of the

[ocr errors]

10 cts. = $116. 121 cts. = $1. 16 cts. $1.

20 cts. = $1. 25 cts. = $1.

331 cts.

$1.

37 cts. =

$3.

50 cts. = $1.

621 cts. = $3.

663 cts. = $3.

75 cts. = $3. 871 cts. = $3.

=

[ocr errors]

}

== $192.

= $96.

576×5÷8=360.
576×7÷8504.

8) 342

$42§= $424.

40. What cost 342 yds. linen at 37 cts. per yard? Multiply by 3 $128.

=

41. What cost 342 yds. linen at 623 cts. per yard? Multiply by 5 = $2132.

42. What cost 342 yds. linen at 87 cts. per yard? Multiply by 7 = $2994.

43. What cost 548 yds. muslin at 16 cts. per yard?

44. What cost 345 yds. muslin at 20 cts. per yard?

45. What cost 496 yds. linen at 331 cts. per yard?

46. What cost 496 yds. linen at 66 cts. per yard? Multiply by 2 = $312.

47. What cost 500 yds. linen at 25 cts. per yard? 5004 $125.

=

of 648
of 648 =

48. What cost 500 yds. linen at 75 cts. per yard? Multiply by 3 = $375.

49. What cost 500 yds. linen at 50 cts. per yard? 500 ÷ 2 = $250.

50. Bought 648 yards muslin at 12 cts. a yard, and sold it at 16 cts. per yard. What was the profit?

$108

81

$27, Profit.

1 of 500
1 of 500

6) 548
$911

=

5 ) 345

$69

51. Bought 500 yds. cloth at 20 cts., and sold it at 25 cts.; what profit?

=

$125

100

$25, Profit.

3) 469
$1563

52. Bought 480 yds. cloth at 663 cts., and sold it at 87 cts.; what was the profit?

of 480 = $60;
$60; 4
of 480 160;

371

53. Bought 480 yds. at 37 cts., and sold it for 50 cts. per yard; what was the profit?

1⁄2 of 480 = $240 of 480 = 60; 3 = 180

600 × 11
600 × 1

= $420

= 320

54. Bought 600 yds. cloth at $1 per yard, and sold it for $1.25 per yard; what was the profit?

=

=

$100, Profit.

=

$60, Profit.

80

§; 240 × §

for 624 cts.

55. How many yards of cloth, at 123 cts. per yard, can be bought for $240? 8 yds. can be bought for every dollar.

240 × 8 = 56. How many yards for 16 37 cts.? 50 cts.? 624 cts. ?

$750

600

$150, Profit.

1920 yds.
cts. ?
75 cts. ? 871 cts.?

20 cts. ? 25 cts. ?

= 640 yds.;

240 × 8.

57. Sold 500 barrels flour at $6.62 per barrel, and invested the proceeds in different kinds of dry goods, averaging 87 cts. per yard. What were the proceeds of the flour, and how many yards of goods did I get?

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