Εικόνες σελίδας
Ηλεκτρ. έκδοση
[ocr errors][merged small]

This is the party now in jeopardy—the to the touch ? No! We speak for the Ameriparty whose existence is so interwoven with can people, who are not ungrateful, who the life of the nation, that to destroy the one still bear in remembrance the services of the is to permanently injure the other.

past, who are yet unwilling to trust a country Is a party record, so glorious and praise- saved by loyal blood and treasure in the worthy, to be destroyed by the breath of hands of those who encouraged its destrucslander, or blotted out from the hearts of a tion—when we say that despite the efforts of grateful people, by the efforts of partizan Democracy, and the schemes of bad men, malice? Is a party that has given such the Republican party will still be supported transcendent evidence of its ability to gov- by the loyal element of the country as the ern wisely, and justly, and honestly, the af- only party that has been faithful to its trust, fairs of a great nation, to be laid aside, just and that is able to protect the nation's honor, as the fruits of its noble labors are ripening while advancing the nation's prosperity.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]




M. Laboulaye, Chairman of the Committee The struggle between Imperialism, Mon of Thirty in the Versailles Assembly, who archy, and the Republic had continued for were charged with the consideration of all over four years, from the date of the estabmeasures relating to organic laws, declared lishment of peace, and the removal of the that the French Republicans of all shades, National Assembly, so-called, from Bordeaux accepted the compromise measures finally to Versailles. That assembly, elected to adopted, “through the love of country, in close the war between Germany and France, order to obey that requirement of peace and refused under the reaction created by the union, which is the desire of a people ex- Commune rebellion, to give place to a Conhausted by war and tried by revolutions.” stituent Assembly, and succeeded in making. The speaker, a leader of the left centre or itself the government of France, for the time moderates of his party, did not make too being. At the begining of this provisional large a claim on the respect and admiration period, the reactionaries had a clear majority of mankind for those who acted with him, in of between two and three hundred. When, the foregoing declaration. History holds however, it came to be a question of who within its ample folds, few events more should reap the results, the majority diworthy of praise, than those which have in vided, and the Legitimatists, the Orleanists the main marked the advent of the present and Imperialists, could not be induced to Parliamentary Republic of France. That agree on an executive or the form of governpraise is due to the various divisions of the ment. The first and third of these factions Republican party, which, under the leader determined to accept the Comte de Chambord ship on the one side, of Thiers, Grévy, and as Henri V., but that logical acceptor of the other converted Constitutional Monarchists, *. right divine of kings,” refused to and of Leon, Gambetta, Laboulaye, Jules quer his prejudices” to constitutional guaranSimon, Emanuel Arago and others who have tees or a national flag, the tricolor, under always been Republican in politics, have which his family had been driven out of kept steadily in view the establishment of France. These parties combined to defeat that form of Goverment, which, as M. Thiers Thiers and substitute McMahon, but could so tersely put it — “divides France the go no further. least.'

On the other hand time has been the most The constitutional bills under which the Re- efficient ally of the Republicans. It has public in name has been definitely established soothed away their own differences; healed the were adopted in a full Assembly by a ma- sore partizanship, which is the curse of all jority of 174, on the 25th of February, 1875. political leadership in France, and finally


[ocr errors][ocr errors]

brought nearly all divisions under the ac- thereto, which will be done by selecting one
knowedged leadership of Thiers and Gam- hundred to go out at the end of three years,
betta. No man ever gave another more loyal the same number at the end of six years,
service than the fiery and impetuous Republi- and the remainder at the end of nine years.
can orator has accorded the astute and vetė- The qualifications for Senator are French
ran statesman, who, loving the country more citizenship, without any disability; age to be
than his own opinions, assumed the functions forty years and upwards.
of Republican leadership with the same earn-

The Senate is to be elected, (except those estness that he served King Louis Phillippe selected by the Diputies,) by an electoral and opposed Napoleon III.

college in each department and coluny In the four years of struggle, many mem-chosen in the following manner: the Depubers who sat on the Right or Right Centre ties representing the department; the Conbenches have died. In the vacancies created

sul-General and district (arrondisement) by death or other means, av'ounting to about councils, (bodies of an administrative charone hundred and fifty, the Republicans


acter chosen by the pupular vote and not gained largely on the popular vote, carrying heretofore charged with any direct political at least one hundred and twenty-five of the functions;) and by delegates from each comelections. They have also received acces

mune (or municipal township,) in the desions from other parties.

partment-said delegates to be chosen from It becaine evident from all these facts that

among the electors, by the Commune cuunthe Republic represented the will of a ma

cil. In this way the bodies charged with jority of the PEOPLE of France. As this be

the election of Senators will become provincame more apparent daily, the Republican

cal assemblies, and skillfully handled, must policy shifted. The Left, while still deny-hereafter exercise a great influence in n.1ing the power of the Assembly to make a tional affairs. definite Constitution, accepted such procla

The department of the Seine and Nord,(in mation of the Republic as is involved in the laws now adopted, and stand ready to go to which Paris and Havre are situated,) are the country when t'ie Assembly is dissolved. to have five Senators each. Six others, one Under the organic laws adopted last Feb- near Paris, and in which are Calais, Lyons,

Marsailles, and other principal cities, will ruary, working details of which are now

have four each. Twenty-seven others will being discussed, the Government of France

have three each ; the others two each, and presents the following features :

the colonies of Martinique, Guadaloupe, Re1. A distinct acceptance of the Republic.

union, and the French Indies (Cochin China, as the future government of France.

etc.,) are to have one each. There are in 2. A National Assembly to consist of

all 130 departments.

Gambetta has detwo Chambers--Senate and Deputies, the

clared that the introduction of the Commune latter of which is to be elected by universal delegates as an agency in the election of suffrage, for three years, unless dissolved by Senators, is practically the most Democratic the President, the Senate concurring. A

measure yet adopted in France. Deputy must be a Frenchman, without civil disability, and not less than twenty-five years

The electoral college, so-called, will vote If the Chamber of Deputies is dis- the whole list of its nominees, no Senator to solved, a new election must be ordered with be declared elected without a clear majority in three months thereafter.

of the votes cast. The Chamber of Deputies 3. TẠe Senate is to consist of three hun- is to choose its seventy-five Senators by baldred members, to be chosen in the following lot. The Senate must be elected one inonth manner: Two hundred and twenty-five by

before the present assembly dissolves, and to the departments and colonies, and seventy

assemble for organization on the day of that five by the Chamber of Deputies. The term

dissolution. of service for Senators is to be for nine years,

4. The two Chambers are to constitute after the first Senate has adjusted itself the National Assembly.

of age.

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]


[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors]




This body elects the Chief Executive, or A small body of the extreme Left, headed President; votes supplies, declares war or by Louis Blanc, are, however, in partial hospeace, and provides by law for the general tility to the policy of conciliation, supported operations of the government.

by M. Gambetta. In a recent speech, M. 5th. The executive power is vested in a Blanc declares that the policy of Gambetta President, to be elected for seven years, and was really voted "a non-hereditary monarchy to be twice eligible for re-election. The in a country where for a century no being President is to be commander-in-chief of the has bequeathed his throne to his son.” military and naval forces ; has the right of historical correctness of the statement ought pardon, but not of veto. Ministers are re- to have taught M. Blanc that he exaggerates sponsible to the executive, who, however, the danger arising from the considerable is liable to impeachment. He makes all ap- powers now intrusted to the French execupointments, civil and military. Treaties to be tive. The Radical orator holds the existnegotiated by the Executive, but are not ing government to be “only that of a Monratified until approved by the National As- archy, and not that of a Republic. The Pressembly:

ident summons and dismisses the ministers These are the principal features of the or- like a king. He appoints all public officials ganic laws under which the government of like a king. He can command armies ; he France is now being organized. The right can be re-elected twice, and govern for twento declare war and make peace was first ty-one years." claimed for the executive, but has been set- M. Gambetta's policy, as indicated by tled as stated. The chief topic still under his speeches and the paper which repre. discussion is as to the manner in which Dep- sents him, is very clear and distinct. He uties shall be elected—whether by general sees plainly that the old order is on the delists in each department or by seperate dis- fensive; that the new or Democratic forces tricts. These are termed respectively scru- are advancing and aggressive, but that the tin d’liste and scrutin d'arrondi. ement.

power of resistance in the first is ample The Republicans and Legitimates in the enough (and likely to remain so for some present assembly support the first named time to come to hinder any too rapid develmethod, and the Napoleonists and Orleanists opment, or crush any rash effort to achieve

are obvious to to-day what could only be fairly and fully those who are acquainted with French poli- secured to-morrow. The ex-Dictator comtics. The administration or executive has prehends that to establish a Republic seso niuch influence, by reason of its numer- curely there must be Republicans, and while ous appointments, that its influence and there can be little doubt to any impartial those favoring local celebreties, will be observers that a majority have ranged itself most successfully exerted under the district on that side, yet it is equally as evident that method ; while by the general lists, the the large minority have the wealth, patrongreat parties and public men of national age, with both culture and ignorance, and character will carry far more weight.

prestige of centuried rule behind them. A It is probable that the parties of the Right long breathing spell is wanted for intelligent and Left will succeed against those of the apprehension of Republican ideas, and for Centres and the Buffét ministry ; while at their peaceful formulation into laws and the polls there seems to be little doubt but habits and administration thereof. that a Republican victory will be obtained.

A REPUDIATED DEBT CURRENCY in unlimProbably a working majority in the new ited quantities, say the Ohio Democrats. assembly will crown their sagacious and per- "A sound currency of coin or its equivalent, sistent patriotism. When this question of say the Maine Democrats. "A tariff for revvoting by departments or arrondisements enue, say the Ohio Democrats.

for revenue only, say the Maine Democrats. is settled, there will be little left for the And yet the Ohio and Maine Democrats call assembly at Versailles to do but to prepare themselves by the same name, and profess to for its own dissolution.

belong to the same political church.

the second.

The reasons

“A tariff


Tenk deity who wause the lexue 0 % there'ore, and to restore tbe credisting its page 4411egey Ivetti, *xuxeptional suormal condition, preparatory to st) Sertha Waruto 1,4 than wax, 0514-a great incr384 reguction, infation in the forore is absolnely 1h piva, 440 watina) wyraiitura by dix forbidden turum, *), and by driving out of circu. When there is a ruandant sopply in the bution the world's currumuy zold and silver, market of any commodity, it is always cheap, It will be shown that the publican 19 marter what the commodity is. And if statement when Jerset Will yerning there is a rosundant supply of paper money 464 inne ut currolley, W*** well aware of this is circulat on buyon' the demands of business, attent it would have', iw they constantly ! 11 1% siways depreciated, because gold goes kept in mind that time when paper should be up). The greenback, therefore, buys less af wal value with gold, of course, it is than it would if there was less difference bewat u bw expected that the subject of National tween its face value than its quoted value in 110 is wastitimally hardtool by all who goli. To infiate the currency would bring He sent 1,6 t'Apresentatives to Congress. And upon the people the reverse of what was exit 447 les reudily cueived that, circuncted from it. Prices would rise; and with 1910 singhe surix" in which these solution of the rise in price, men of fixed incomes derived #dificulty was wait to lies in the inmue offrum labor, would find that they could not

w greenbank, or in allowing the immunobtain from their labor the necessities and alrundy out to remain undisturbed. Such comforts they formerly received when gold 14200, 48piully if they represented com- was low. As an evidence how inflation ran munities who had suffered from financial p prices, we have only to refer to any period Dreasures from any way, were inclined to when the volume of the currency was inthrow their internen in the diroction of the creased. Then, the stationary incomes which ins106' morumurrumuy, and of putting further did not increase, and on which families had off the period of maturn to mpucia payments. lived in economical respectability, were felt Blut in view xy Choos61 who bunul charge of the to be inadequate unless the expenses were sinnom of the country, it required vontinuous diminished in the ratio of increased cost. inbow to provide for a juicious contraction This was the experience in thousands of of the volume of grounbmuku in order to pave cases ; and heads of families who had silently the way to polo roamption, and for a re

borne the pressure of the times in the hope duction from muling prices,

of better days coming, looked around with The furonon of opinoin thus oxisting has

sorrow on the fact.

llad Mr. Bristow, the present Secretary of motny on various ovuunions, and lod to lootua ions whioli lavo raised or doprossed the Treasury, the administration of the Act

of Congress of 1866, which provided that value it hou oortuinly intorforol with tho

$10,000,000 of United States notes or greenapproximation of papor with gold, and pro- backs might be retired and cancelled within pontol gold and silver from being accessible to pursons who desired that groenbaoks miglit under which $14,000,000 were retired by Mr.

six months from the passage of the act, and ha convertible at will. While the oountry

McCulloch when the provisions of the act has no ban an amount of pipor ourronoy in

were suspended by the act of February 4, risputation, a pooplo so disposed to speculate

1868, we do not think that he would **our, will do no regardless of its offouts. have sanctioned the reissue of any part of the And bad no measures boon pissed to redeem 44,000,000. At all events, he is decidedly * vont amount of groenboks, and to with

against intiation in any form. And we find raw w cancel them, that they might never that he has directed the retirement and dewain bo issued, 4 punio might always be strnetion of $1,292,420 in legal tenders, being thafenoit hy men whothrive on the destrue- vighty per cent of new national bank circulation of others. To guard against panies, tion issued during the present month.




common use.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

There are some things in the history of the to the consideration of what should be done past, which show how little the country has to lessen the dangers of our coast navigation been indebted to the Democratic party for its and to save life and property from shipwreck. progress and development of the higher in- And from this arose the Life Saving Service, stincts of our nature. But there is abundant which is allied to the Revenue Marine. evidence of noble actions having been performed by individuals or by communities, At the beginning of the year 1872, the Rev. dwelling on the banks of rivers or by the sea- enue Marine consisted of twenty-five steamshore, who sought to save life at the risk of vessels, (including two steam-launches), their own and frequently with pleasing suc- and ten sailing vessels, which, with the ex

Their inspiration, however, was not ception of two steamers upon the lakes, obtained from the Democratic party. That whose services were not required, were in party was in power for many years, and only commission and distributed along the Atrelinquished it when Mr. Lincoln assumed lantic and Pacific coasts, and upon the lakes. the office of Chief Magistrate. The quarter The vessels of the Revenue Marine, patrol of a century immediately preceding the war, our waters chiefly to protect the public revewas a most eventful period in our annals. nue against smuggling, and to lend assistSteam, and railroad and telegraph came into ance to mariners and vessels in distress. As

The world beyond took gigan- illustrating the great improvement which has tic strides, which were followed by men of been made in the service during the past two energy with us. But the Democratic party years, the following is a comparative statewas too dull to be influenced by the spirit of ment of the service rendered by revenue progress. The opportunity was presented, vessels (exclusive of those of a special nature, but it failed to take advantage of it. National which cannot be easily ascertained), for each advancement had no charms for the unter- year from 1860 to 1870, inclusive, with those rified. To confront the known dangers of rendered in the last fiscal year. The statenavigating our own waters, and to plan the ment is made by calendar years, because the means of rescue, was an occupation too flat, information happens to be more easily obstale and unprofitable to be worth Democratic tainable in that form : attention; for the highest ambition of the Democratic party, then as now, was to yield, with proud satisfaction, the control of the country, to the threats of the enemies of liberty, and to shape its legislation in the interest of their patrons. In consequence, 1860..


159,574 12,991 there were but few inter-State amenities be


147, 455 9.728 tween the South and the North ; few efforts 1863..

174, 111 9, 386

39, 815 were made to build up that humane senti- 1865..

126,552 17,375

192, 597 8,607 ment which should mark the nobility of a


7,929 free and intelligent people ; and fewer efforts 1868.


7,927 stil were made to carry out those broader 1870.

149 105, 903 9, 386 views of duty which spring so naturally from

1,306 1,259 1,623, 0 144,033 192 the principles of the Republican party, which governed during the war of the Rebellion, Average pr yea; 114 147,599 13,098 and which continue to govern in its dealings

June 30, 1872. 2191 1,594

166, 09814 24,932 with the affairs of men. Fierce political contiict was, however, softened by discussions It is proper to say that 1,101 of the 1,594 of the claims of humanity exposed to suffer- vessels seized or reported for the violation of ing and peril. One of these discussions led revenue law in the last fiscal year were re


Assisted in distress.

Seized or

Miles sailed.

E Boarded and


Lives saved.


88 129


5 20 23 19


96 111 143 118 1673

90 133 154 83 79

99, 326

7 3:


61 116 143 126 108 109 175


192, 313
155, 910


25 25 18

[blocks in formation]
« ΠροηγούμενηΣυνέχεια »