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acting altitude angle axis ball base becomes body centre circle common consequently Corol cosine curve density descending described determine diameter direction distance divided double draw drawn earth effect elevation equal equation Exam example expression fall feet figure fluent fluid fluxion force former give given gravity greater half Hence horizontal inches inclined known latter length less manner means measured method motion move nature nearly negative opposite parallel pass perpendicular plane positive pressure PROBLEM proportional PROPOSITION quantity radius range ratio resistance respectively roots sides similar sine solid space spherical square stroke supposed surface tangent theorem third tion triangle velocity weight whole
Σελίδα 15 - In any plane triangle, the sum of any two sides is to their difference, as the tangent of half the sum of the opposite angles is to the tangent of half their difference.
Σελίδα 405 - Or, by art. 31* of the same, the pressure is equal to the weight of a column of the fluid, whose base is equal to the surface pressed, and its altitude equal to the depth of the centre of gravity below...
Σελίδα 171 - Hence the magnitude of the whole body, is to the magnitude of the part immersed, as the specific gravity of the fluid, is to that of the body.
Σελίδα 419 - From the same table it also appears, that the time of the ball's flight is nearly as the range ; the gun and elevation being the same.
Σελίδα 419 - ... increasing the charge, the velocity gradually diminishes, till the bore is quite full of powder. That this charge for the greatest velocity is greater as the gun is longer, but yet not greater in so high a proportion as the length of the gun is ; so that the part of the bore filled with powder, bears a less proportion to the whole bore in the long guns, than it does in the shorter ones ; the part which is filled being indeed nearly in the inverse ratio of the square root of the empty part.
Σελίδα 173 - As the weight lost in water is to the whole, or absolute weight ; so is the specific gravity of water ' " to "the specific gravity 'of the body . 2.
Σελίδα 415 - Finally, as these experiments prove the regulations with respect to the weight of powder and shot, when discharged from the same piece of ordnance ; so, by making similar experiments with a gun varied in its length by cutting off from it a certain part, before each set of trials, the effects and general rules for the different lengths of guns, may be with certainty determined by them.
Σελίδα 105 - ... powder, and that but a small one too ; so that all those nearly agree with the parabolic theory. Other experiments have also been carried on with the ballistic pendulum, at different times ; from which have been obtained some of the, laws for the quantity of powder, the weight and velocity of the ball, the length of the gun, &c. Namely, that the velocity of the ball varies as the square root of the charge directly, and as the square root of the weight of ball reciprocally ; and 'that, some rounds...