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.. : Ephesians vi. 13.
.“ Armour of God." . .
; (UNITARIANISM.) : **** The armour of God here described, is wholly allegorical; a plain proof that the persons against whom this armour is to be used, are also figurative and allegorical."
Note to the Unitarian Version.
EPHESIANS vi. 19.
“ The mystery of the Gospel.” No. 1.
(ORIGEN.) Origen, an Alexandrian, born A.D. 185, having early acquired a knowledge of the philosophy in yogue at his time, industriously blended it with the doctrines of Christ, and recommended it to the youths which he taught. His fame daily increasing, his manner of explaining the Christian principles also gained ground, till it became almost universal. · The Platonic Doctors of Egypt and other places, disrelishing the plain method of instructing their people, and explaining the Scriptures, struck off into the devious wilds of fancy, studying to subject the dictates of Jesus to their eclectic philosophy; and pretending deep researches into what appeared ob : vious and plain to every common Christian.
In this method, Origen was a principal leader. His fancy being wild, and his attachment to the Platonic philosophy, as modified by Ammonius, ex
treme, he established a most pernicious mode of interpreting Scripture, in which he was followed by multitudes.
Pretending that an adherence to the plain and obvious meaning was the source of manifest evils, and that the literal sense of many passages could not be defended, he hunted for a spiritual and allegorical sense in the history of Scripture, as the heathen Platonists did in the history of their gods.
The hidden sense, which he often hunted after at the expense of truth and common sense, he divided into the moral and mystical; and the mystical into the allegorical, relative to the militant church, and the anagogic relative to the heavenly state.
Brown's General History, fc.
Gregory the Great asserted, that the words of the Sacred Writings are images of mysterious and in visible things.
(GROTIUS-COCCEIUS.) The hypothesis of Grotius was, that “ the predictions of the ancient prophets were all accomplished in the events to which they directly pointed before the coming of Christ; and that, therefore, the natural and obvious sense of the words and phrases, in which they were delivered, does not terminate in our blessed Lord; but that in certain of these predictions, and more especially in those which the writers of the New Testament apply to Christ, there is, besides the literal and obvious signification, a hidden and neysterious sense that ties concealed under the external mask of certain persons, certain events, and certain actions, which are representa tives of the person, ministry, sufferings, and merits of the Son of God..... ..
The method of Cocceius was entirely different from this. He looked upon the whole history of the Old Testament as a perpetual and uninterrupted representation or mirror of the history of the divine Saviour, and of the Christian Church; he maintained, moreover, that all the prophecies have a literal and direct relation to Christ; and he finished his romantic system, by laying it down as a certain maxim, that all the events and revolutions that shall happen in the church, until the end of time, are prefigured and pointed out, though not all with the same degree of evidence and perspicuity, in different places of the Old Testament.
For farther information respecting the doctrine of Cocceius, see Val Alberti Airlovy Katta. Cartesianismus et Cocceianismus descripti et refutati, Lips. 1678.
(HUTCHINSON.) After Origen and other eminent commentators, Hutchinson asserted, that the Scriptures were not to be understood in a literal, but in an allegorical sense; that even the historical parts, and particularly those relating to the Jewish ceremonies and Levitical law, were to be considered in this light; and he asserted farther, that agreeably to this mode of interpretation, the Hebrew Scriptures would be found to tesé tify amply concerning the nature and person of Jesus Christ. See an Abstract of Mr. Hutchinson's Writings by the Dean of Can
terbury. See also Mr. Jones's Lectures on the Figurative Language of Scripture.
(SWEDENBORG.) Swedenborg also asserted that the Holy Scriptures contained an internal and spiritual sense, to which the outward and literal sense serves as a basis or receptacle; this spiritual sense extends to every part of Scripture, except the Acts of the Apostles. · See Burrowes' Encycl. and “ the Beauties of E. Swedenborg,""
translated from the French by R. Socius..
(PURITĀNS.) ... . In the year 1570, Cartwright, a Puritan, raised several objections against the English hierarchy; of which the following are the most striking :
“ The offices of the lawful ministers of the church, viz. Bishops and Deacons, ought to be reduced to the apostolical institution; the Bishops to preach the word of God and pray, and Deacons to take care of the poor.
* The names and functions of Archbishops and Deacons ought to be abolished, as having no foundation in Scripture.”..
Neal's Hist..of the Puritans. . i s
(Wesley.) Wesley insisted upon a frequent and regular change of preachers, because he well knew that the attention of the people was always excited by a new performer in the pulpit, “I know," said he, “ were