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appeared closely to resemble the Egyptian and Platonic systems.

This philosophical system was soon embraced by those among the Alexandrian Christians, who were desirous to unite the profession of the Gospel with the dignity, the title, and the habit of philosophers. The school of Ammonius extended itself from Egypt over the whole Roman empire; but its disciples were soon divided into various sects. Ammonius laid the foundation of that sect which was distinguished by the name of the New Platonics.

See Mosheim, Gregory, and Burrowe's Encyc.

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In the second century, Cerdo and Marcion erected, on the foundation of the Gnostics, a structure of considerable extent.

To the two principles of good and evil, admitted by the Gnostics, they added a third, whom they conceived to be the Creator of the world and the God of the Jews; and asserted, that he was in a state of continual hostility with the evil principle, but desirous of usurping the place of the Supreme Being. Mankind, they asserted, were governed despotically by the two former of these beings; but added, that the Great Supreme had sent down his own Son for the deliverance of all, who, by selfdenial and austerity, sought to obtain that happiness. · The followers of Cerdo and Marcion were distinguished by the name of the latter. They entirely rejected the Old Testament, and the whole of the New, except part of the Gospel of St. Luke, and

ten Epistles of St. Paul, which were greatly interpolated. This sect was diffused, not only through Rome and Italy, but extended itself over Palestine, Syria, and Egypt. See Tertullian's five books against the Marcionites, Tillemont's

Mémoires, and Beausobre's Histoire du Manicheisme.

SECOND TIMOTHY.

2 TIMOTHY 1. 9.

(UNITARIANISM.)
In Christ Jesus before the ages."—Wakefield.
In Christ Jesus before the ancient dispensations."

Unitarian Version.

MOT

2 Timothy i. 13.
Hold fast the form of sound words."

(QUAKERS.) The Quakers consider that this command is broken by addressing an individual in the plural number, the origin of which custom they ascribe to vanity and pride. Also, by giving the names of the heathen deities to days and months.

See Tuke.

Mr. Gurney says, “ It is the practice of Friends to avoid the commonly adopted names of months and days, and to indicate those periods by numerical appellations, according to the order of their succession; as the first, second, or third month; the first, second, or third day, &c. The reason for making

this alteration, is simple and forcible. All the day's of the week, and many of the months of the year, have received the names by which they are usually described, in honour of false gods. Thus, January is the month of Janus ; Thursday, the day of Thor, &c. This relic of heathenism is not only needless and indecorous, but, according to our sentiments, is opposed to the tenor and spirit as well as to the letter of those diviñe commandments addressed to the Israelites, which forbad the use of the names of false gods, and every other the slightest approach to idolatrous purposes. See Exod. xxiii. 13; Josh. xxiii. 7. Compare Deut. xii. 3.; Ps. xvi. 4, &c: Idolatry was indeed a sin which easily beset that ancient people, and to which, in the present enlightened state of society, Christians are but little tempted. But it will scarcely be denied, that the various precepts contained in the Old Testament on the subject, form a part of that law which changes not; and that the standard of truth, in this particular, was heightened rather than lowered, by the introduction of the Gospel dispensation. ' Although, therefore, we may now be in little or no danger of falling away into the worship of false gods, it appears that the maintenance of a custom which had its origin in such worship, and - by which a verbal honour is still given to ideal deities, or to devils, iš inconsistent with the pure piety and unmixed devotion of the simple Christian. ii. i". <"May it not be considered, in some degree, dis

editable to the religious profession of our country, that the votes of the British Parliament, passed as : they are after the daily recitation of prayers addressed to the ever blessed Jehovah in the name of Christ, should, when printed, uniformly bear about

..Dd

them the stamp of classical heathenism ? These documents are dated in Latin; . Die Veneris, Quarto Martis ; Die Mercurii, Secundo Julii, &c.'"

2 Timothy ii. 26.

(UNITARIANISM.)

" And they who have been taken captive by the accuser, may recover themselves out of his snare, to the will of God.

Unitarian Version. “j. e. They who through fear of calumny and persecution have apostatized from the Christian faith. 1 Tim. iii. 6, 7. 11. See Simpson on the existence of the devil, p. 147."

Note to the Unitarian Version.

2 Timothy iii. 16.

AU Scripture." No. 1.

(ROMAN CATHOLICS.) .“ Every part of divine Scripture is certainly profitable for all these ends. But if we would have the whole rule of Christian faith and practice, we must not be content with those Scriptures which Timothy knew from his infancy, that is, with the old Testament alone; nor yet with the New Testament, without taking along with it the traditions of the Apostles, and the interpretation of the church, to which the Apostles delivered both the book and the true meaning of it.” u . Note to the Roman Catholic Version.

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