ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION TABLE 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 41 51 61 71 819 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 1311 31 5| 6| 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 4 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 5| 7 | 8 | 9 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 6 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 7 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 8 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 9 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 21 10 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 16 ou 3 bi By POCE MULTIPLICATION TABLE. 20 3 8 12 A dici IT 2 3 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 81 9 | 10 11 | 121 9 | 18 | 27 | 36 | 45 | 54 | 63 | 72 | 81 | 90 | 99 | 108| 110 | 20 | 30 | 40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 | 90 100 110 | 120 11 22 | 33 | 44 | 55 | 66 1 77 88 | 99 | 110 | 121 | 132 12 | 24 | 36 | 48 | 60 | 72 | 84 96 | 108 | 120 | 132 | 144 To learn this Table : Find your multiplier in the left hand column, and the multiplicand a-top, and in the common angle of meeting, or against your multiplier, along at the right hand, and under your multiplicand, you will find the product, or answer. ARITHMETICAL TABLES. TION AND SUBTRACTION TABLE 21 31 41 51 61 71 81 9|10|11|12 41 51 61 71 81*910|11 | 12 | 13 | 14 51 61 71 81 9110 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 61 71 81 9|1011 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15/16 21 81 9/10/11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17| B| 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17/18 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 19 | 11 | 12 | 13/14/15/16/17 | 18 | 19/21 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 2. Troy Weight. 24 grains (gr.) make 1 penny-weight, mark 20 penny-weights, 1 ounce, 12 ounces, 1 pound, 3. Avoirdupois Weight. 16 drams (dr.) make 1 ounce, 16 ounces, 1 pound, 28 pounds, 1 quarter of a hundred weight, 4 quarters, 1 hundred weig 20 hundred weight, 1 tun. By this weight are weighed all coarse and d Grocery wares, and all metals except gold and 4. Apothecaries Weight. 20 grains (gr.) make i scruple, 3 seruples, 1 dram, 8 drams, 1 ounce, 12 ounces, 1 pound, Apothecaries use this weight in compound dicines. Cloth Measure. 4 nails (na.) make 1 quarter of a 4 quarters, 1 yard, 1 Ell Flemish 3 quarters, 5 quarters, 1 Ell English 6 quarters, 1 Ell French, MULTIPLICATION TABLE. 00 31 41 51 61718 9 / 10/ 11] 61 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 21 9 | 12 | 15 | 18/21 | 24 | 27 | 30 | 33 | 36 2 / 16 / 20 | 24 | 28 | 32 | 36 | 40| 447 48 5/20/25 | 30 | 35 | 40 | 45) 50 55 60 3/24/30 36 | 42 | 48 / 54 / 607 6672 | 28 | 35 | 42 | 49 | 56 | 635 701 77 84 32 | 40 | 48 | 56 | 64 | 72) 801 88 / 96 36 | 45 | 54 | 63 | 72 | 81 | 901991108 | 40 50 60 70 80 90 / 100|110|120 | 44 | 55 | 66 | 77 | 88 | 99 | 110|121 | 132 | 48 | 60 | 72 | 84 | 96 | 108 | 120 | 132 | 144 your multiplier in the left Es Table : Find nd the multiplicand a-top, and in the comaeeting, or against your multiplier , along and under your multiplicand, you will find answer. 6. Dry Measure. 2 pints, (pt.) make 1 quart, 8 quarts, 1 peck, 4 pecks, 1 bushel, This measure is applied to grain, beans, oats, oysters, coal, &c. 7. Wine Measure: 4 gills (gi.) make pi. 640 1 tun, 1728 40 51 1 pint, 2 pints, 1 quart, 4 quarts, 1 gallon, 314 gallons, 1 barrel, bl. 42 gallons, 1 tierce, tier. 63 gallons, I hogshead, hhd 2 hogsheads, 1 pipe, p. 2 pipes, T: All brandies, spirits, mead, vinegar, oil, &c. are measur ed by wine measure. Note. 231 solid inches, make a ga) lon. 8. Long Measure. 3 barley corns (b. c.) make 1 inch, marked ini. 12 inches, 1 foot, 3 feet, 1 yard, 5} yards, 1 rod, pole, or perch, rd. 40 rods, 1 furlong, 8 furlongs, I mile; 3 miles, 1 league, lea: 69; statute miles, 1 degree, on the earth. 360 degrees, the circumference of the earth. The use of long measure is to measure the distance of places, or any other thing, where length is considered, with yd. fur. m. out regard to breadth. T N. B. In measuring the height of horses, 4 inches make 1 hand. In measuring depths, 6 feet make 1 fathom or French toise. Distances are measured by a chain, four rods long, containing one hundred links. 1 sq 1 sq } 1 pint, 1 sq 1 foot, 7. Wine Measure. 9. Land, or Square Measure. ake 144 1 sq . 301 square yards, or 2724 square feet, 1 sq 1 sq 640 square acres, T: 10. Solid, or Cubic Measure. pirits, mead, vinegar, oil, &c. are measui 1728. solid inches make l sol re. Note. 231 solid inches, make a gal 40 feet of round timber, or 1 tui 50 feet of hewn timber, 128 solid feet, on bi feet long, 1 co 8. Long Measure. All solids, or things that have length, breadth. b. c.) makė 1 inch, marked ini. are measured by this measure. N. B. The ft . contains 231 solid or cubic inches, and the beer 1 yard, yd. ' A bushel contains 2150,42 solid inches. 1 rod, pole, or perch, rd . 1 furlong, 11. Time. I mile; 60 seconds (S.) make 1 minute, mai 1 league, leai 1 hour, 1 day, circumference of the earth. 7 days, 1 week, 4 weeks, I month, g measure is to measure the distance of 13 months, 1 day and 6 hours, 1 Julian year thing, where length is considered, with Thirty days hath September, April, June, and th. February twenty-eight alone, all the rest have 12. Circular Motion, cances are measured by a chain, four 60 seconds ('') make 1 minute, 60 minutes, 1 degree, 30 degrees, 1 sign, 12 signs, or 360 degrees, the whole great Zodiackt fur: ing the height of horses, 4 inches make uuring depths, 6 feet make 1 fathom or g one hundred links. B Explanation of Characters used in this Book. Equal to, as 12d. = ls. signifies that 12 pence are equal to 1 shilling + More, the sign of Addition; as, 5+7=12, signifies that 5 and 7 added together, are equal to 12. Minus, or less, the sign of Subtraction; as, 6-2=4, sig. nifies that 2 subtracted from 6, leaves 4. X Multiply, or with, the sign of Multiplication; as, 4x3=12, signifies that 4 multiplied by 3, is equal to 12 • The sign of Division; as, 8-2=4, signifies that 8 di vided by 2, is equal to 4; or thus, t=4, each of which signify the same thing. 11 :: Four points set in the middle of four numbers, denote them to be proportional to one another, by the rule of three; as 2:4::8: 16; that is, as 2 to 4, so is 8 to 16. ✓ Prefixed to any number, supposes that the that number is required. square root of T 3 ✔ Prefixed to any number, supposes the cube root of that number is required. Denotes the biquadrate root, or fourth power, &c. |