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ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION TABLE

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8

9 | 10 | 11 | 12

41 51 61 71 819 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 1311

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31 5| 6| 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 4 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 5| 7 | 8 | 9 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 6 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 7 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 8 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 9 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 21 10 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22

16 ou

3 bi

By POCE

MULTIPLICATION TABLE.

20 3 8 12

A dici

IT 2 3 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 81 9 | 10 11 | 121
2 | 4| 6 | 8 | 10 | 12 | 14 | 16 | 18 | 20 | 22 | 241
31 61 9 | 12 | 15 | 18 | 21 | 24 27 30 | 33 | 361
4 | 8 | 12 | 16 | 20 | 24 | 28 | 32 36 40 | 44 | 48
5 | 10 | 15 | 20 | 25 | 30 | 35 | 40 | 45 50 | 55 | 60
6 | 12 | 18 | 24 | 30 | 36 | 42 | 48 | 54 | 60 | 66 | 72
7 | 14 | 21 | 28 | 35 | 42 | 49 | 56 | 63 70 | 77 | 84
8 | 16 | 24 | 32 | 40 | 48 | 56 | 64 | 72 | 80 | 88 | 96

9 | 18 | 27 | 36 | 45 | 54 | 63 | 72 | 81 | 90 | 99 | 108| 110 | 20 | 30 | 40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 | 90 100 110 | 120 11 22 | 33 | 44 | 55 | 66 1 77 88 | 99 | 110 | 121 | 132 12 | 24 | 36 | 48 | 60 | 72 | 84 96 | 108 | 120 | 132 | 144

To learn this Table : Find your multiplier in the left hand column, and the multiplicand a-top, and in the common angle of meeting, or against your multiplier, along at the right hand, and under your multiplicand, you will find the product, or answer.

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ARITHMETICAL TABLES.

TION AND SUBTRACTION TABLE

21 31 41 51 61 71 81 9|10|11|12 41 51 61 71 81*910|11 | 12 | 13 | 14 51 61 71 81 9110 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 61 71 81 9|1011 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15/16

21 81 9/10/11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17| B| 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17/18

| 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 19 | 11 | 12 | 13/14/15/16/17 | 18 | 19/21 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 |

2. Troy Weight. 24 grains (gr.) make 1 penny-weight, mark 20 penny-weights,

1 ounce, 12 ounces,

1 pound,

3. Avoirdupois Weight. 16 drams (dr.) make

1 ounce, 16 ounces,

1 pound, 28 pounds, 1 quarter of a hundred weight, 4 quarters,

1 hundred weig 20 hundred weight,

1 tun. By this weight are weighed all coarse and d Grocery wares, and all metals except gold and

4. Apothecaries Weight. 20 grains (gr.) make

i scruple, 3 seruples,

1 dram, 8 drams,

1 ounce, 12 ounces,

1 pound, Apothecaries use this weight in compound dicines.

Cloth Measure. 4 nails (na.) make 1 quarter of a 4 quarters,

1 yard,

1 Ell Flemish 3 quarters, 5 quarters,

1 Ell English 6 quarters,

1 Ell French,

MULTIPLICATION TABLE.

00

31 41 51 61718

9 / 10/ 11] 61 8 10 12 14 16 18 20

21 9 | 12 | 15 | 18/21 | 24 | 27 | 30 | 33 | 36 2 / 16 / 20 | 24 | 28 | 32 | 36 | 40| 447 48 5/20/25 | 30 | 35 | 40 | 45) 50 55 60 3/24/30 36 | 42 | 48 / 54 / 607 6672 | 28 | 35 | 42 | 49 | 56 | 635 701 77 84

32 | 40 | 48 | 56 | 64 | 72) 801 88 / 96 36 | 45 | 54 | 63 | 72 | 81 | 901991108 | 40 50 60 70 80 90 / 100|110|120 | 44 | 55 | 66 | 77 | 88 | 99 | 110|121 | 132 | 48 | 60 | 72 | 84 | 96 | 108 | 120 | 132 | 144

your multiplier in the left

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Es Table :

Find nd the multiplicand a-top, and in the comaeeting, or against your multiplier

, along and under your multiplicand, you will find answer.

6. Dry Measure. 2 pints, (pt.) make

1 quart, 8 quarts,

1 peck, 4 pecks,

1 bushel, This measure is applied to grain, beans, oats, oysters, coal, &c.

7. Wine Measure:

4 gills (gi.) make

pi.
gt.
gal.

640

1 tun,

1728 40 51

1 pint, 2 pints,

1 quart, 4 quarts,

1 gallon, 314 gallons, 1 barrel,

bl. 42 gallons, 1 tierce,

tier. 63 gallons, I hogshead,

hhd 2 hogsheads, 1 pipe,

p. 2 pipes,

T: All brandies, spirits, mead, vinegar, oil, &c. are measur ed by wine measure. Note. 231 solid inches, make a ga) lon.

8. Long Measure. 3 barley corns (b. c.) make 1 inch, marked

ini. 12 inches,

1 foot, 3 feet,

1 yard, 5} yards,

1 rod, pole, or perch, rd. 40 rods,

1 furlong, 8 furlongs,

I mile; 3 miles,

1 league,

lea: 69; statute miles,

1 degree, on the earth. 360 degrees, the circumference of the earth.

The use of long measure is to measure the distance of places, or any other thing, where length is considered, with

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yd.

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fur.

m.

out regard to breadth.

T
FE

N. B. In measuring the height of horses, 4 inches make 1 hand. In measuring depths, 6 feet make 1 fathom or French toise. Distances are measured by a chain, four rods long, containing one hundred links.

1 sq 1 sq

}

1 pint,
I quart,
1 gallon,
1 barrel,
1 tierce,
I hogshead,
1 pipe,
1 tun,

1 sq

1 foot,

7. Wine Measure.

9. Land, or Square Measure. ake

144
square
inches make

1 sq
9 square feet,
gal

. 301 square yards, or
BI.

2724 square feet,
tier,
40 squarc rods,

1 sq
hilde
4 square roods,

1 sq 640 square acres, T:

10. Solid, or Cubic Measure. pirits, mead, vinegar, oil, &c. are measui 1728. solid inches make

l sol re. Note. 231 solid inches, make a gal 40 feet of round timber, or

1 tui 50 feet of hewn timber, 128 solid feet, on bi feet long,

1 co 8. Long Measure.

All solids, or things that have length, breadth. b. c.) makė 1 inch, marked ini. are measured by this measure. N. B. The

ft

. contains 231 solid or cubic inches, and the beer 1 yard,

yd. ' A bushel contains 2150,42 solid inches. 1 rod, pole, or perch, rd

. 1 furlong,

11. Time. I mile;

60 seconds (S.) make 1 minute, mai 1 league,

leai
60 minutes,

1 hour,
1 degree, on the earth.
24 hours,

1 day, circumference of the earth.

7 days,

1 week, 4 weeks,

I month, g measure is to measure the distance of

13 months, 1 day and 6 hours, 1 Julian year thing, where length is considered, with

Thirty days hath September, April, June, and th.

February twenty-eight alone, all the rest have
N. B. In Bissextile, or leap year, February

12. Circular Motion, cances are measured by a chain, four

60 seconds ('') make

1 minute, 60 minutes,

1 degree, 30 degrees,

1 sign, 12 signs, or 360 degrees, the whole great Zodiackt

fur:

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ing the height of horses, 4 inches make uuring depths, 6 feet make 1 fathom or

g one hundred links.

B

Explanation of Characters used in this Book.

Equal to, as 12d. = ls. signifies that 12 pence are equal to 1 shilling

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+ More, the sign of Addition; as, 5+7=12, signifies that

5 and 7 added together, are equal to 12.

Minus, or less, the sign of Subtraction; as, 6-2=4, sig. nifies that 2 subtracted from 6, leaves 4.

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X Multiply, or with, the sign of Multiplication; as,

4x3=12, signifies that 4 multiplied by 3, is equal to 12

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• The sign of Division; as, 8-2=4, signifies that 8 di

vided by 2, is equal to 4; or thus, t=4, each of which signify the same thing.

11

:: Four points set in the middle of four numbers, denote

them to be proportional to one another, by the rule of three; as 2:4::8: 16; that is, as 2 to 4, so is 8 to 16.

Prefixed to any number, supposes that the that number is required.

square root of

T

3

Prefixed to any number, supposes the cube root of that

number is required.

Denotes the biquadrate root, or fourth power, &c.

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