Byds. of broadcloth, at 1 7 9 per yard. 11. 24 9 lb. of cinnamon, at 0 11 41 per lb. 5 2 23 11 tuns of hay, at 2 1 10 per tun. 23 02 12 bushels of apples, at 0 1 9 per bush. 1 1 0 12 bushels of wheat, at 0 9 10 per bush. 5 18 0 Mo 2. When the multiplier, that is, the quantity, is a composite number, and greater than 12, take any two such Pre numbers as when multiplied together, will exactly produce the given quantity, and multiply first by one of those figures, and that product by the other; and the last pro-luct P. will be the answer. EXAMPLES.. What cost 28 yards of cloth, at 6s. 10d. per yard ? £. s. d. 0 6 10 price of one yard. Multiply by 7 Produces 2 7 10 price of 7 yards. d. qrs. Answer, £9 11 4 price of 28 yards. QUESTIONS. ANSWERS £. s. d. 24 yards at 7 4 3 per yard, 8 17 6 27 at 9 10 0 13 5 6 44 at 27 4 6 22 14 102 72 at 19 11 0 71 14 0 20 at 3 6 2 3 10 10 84 at 4 2 3 6 96 at 11 90 56 8 0 63 at £1 17 6 0 = 118 2 6 44 1 4 2 0 0 0 3. When no two numbers multiplied together will exactly make the multiplier, you must multiply by any two whose product will come the nearest ; then multiply the upper fine by what remained ; which, added to the last product, gives the answer 18 at = 174 EXAMPLES ward. 11 24 Ib. 6%21 tun. 23 02 bush. 110 bush. 5 180 uantity, is a comke any two sich Il exactly produce What will 47 yds. of cloth come to at 17s. 9d. per yo £. d. 0 17 9 price of 1 yard. 1 15 6 price of 2 yards. by one of those ad the last pelua Anwser, £41 14 3 price of 47 yards. d. per yard! 6) per per yd. per lb. QUESTIONS. ANSW £. d. £. s. 23 ells of linen, at 0 3 } per ell. 4 1 17 ells of dowlas, at 01 ell, 1 6 39 cwt. of sugar, at 3 10 6 9 52 yds. of cloth, at 0 5 9 14 19 19 lbs. of indigo, at 0 11 6 10 18 29 yds. of cambric, at 0 13 7 per yd. 19 13 11) yds. broadcloth, at 1 2 6 per yd. 124 17 94 beaver hats, at 1 a piece. 137 17 4. To find the value of a hundred weight, by havir price of one pound. If the price be farthings, multiply 2s. 4d. by the far in the price of one lb.-Or, if the price be pence, m Gs. 4d. by the pence in the price of one lb. and in case the product will be the answer. ANSWERS S. 13 6 118 26 174 00 ther will exactly EXAMPLES. d. 1. What will 1 cwt. of rice come to, at 2 d. per lb 112 farthings=2 4 price of 1 cwt. at d. per lb. 9 farthings in the price of 1 lb Ans. £i i O price of I cwt. at 2 d. per ! any tiro whose iply the upper se last production 2. What will I cwt. of lead come to at 7d. per lb. ? S. d. 7 Examples of Weights, Measures, foc. 1. How much is 5 times 7 cwt. 3 qrs. 15 lb. ? qrs. 5 16. Ans. Cwt. 39 1 19 lb. oz. pwt. gr. 2. Multiply 20 2 7 13 by 4. 4 cot, qr. Tb. 02 (3) 27 1 13 12 6 Product Ib. 80 9 10 4 Ib. 164 0 26 8 ON. cds. ft. cds. 20 7d. per 1b1 CWI. Answers. £134 1 5 8 1 80 0 18 8 1 128 Practical Questions in WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. qrs. Ans. 69 cw 2. What is the weight of 6 chests of tea, each weigl 3 cwt. 2 qrs. 9 lb. ? Ans. 21 cwt. 1 qr. 261 3. How much brandy in 9 casks, each containing gals. 3 qts. I pi.? Ans. 376 gals. 3 qts. 17 4. In 35 pieces of cloth, each measuring 271 yards, many yards ? Ans. 971 yds. 1° 5. In 9 fields, each containing 14 acres, 1 rood, an poles, how many acres ? Ans. 129 a. 2 qrs. many Ans. 34} cord 7. A gentleman is possessed of 1} dozen of silver sp each weighing 2 oz. 15 pwt. 11 grs. 2 dozen of tea-sp each weighing 10 pwt. 14 grs. and 2 silver tankards, 21 oz. 15 pwt. Pray what is the weight of the whole Ans. 8 lb. 10 oz. 2 prot. 6 g -es, &c -5 lb. ? 25 roc COMPOUND DIVISION, TEACHES to find how often one number is cont in another of different denominations. DIVISION OF FEDERAL MONEY. - Any sum in Federal Money may be divide. whole number ; for, if dollars and cents be written do a simple mumber, the whole will be cents ; and if th consists of dollars only, annex two ciphers to the d and the whole will be cents ; hence the following GENERAL RULE. Write dowu the given sum in centş, ang as in whole numbers; the quotient will be the answer in cent NOTE. If the cents in the given sum are less than 10, y always place a cipher on their left, or in the ten’s place of the bofore you write them down. E% 655 1 48 743 0 38 yr. m. W. do 238 5 2 0 S. EXAMPLES 1. Divide 35 dollars 68 cents, by 41. 41)3568(87 the quotient in cents ; and when there 328 is any considerable remainder, you may annex a cipher to it, if you please, and 288 divide it again, and you will have the 287 mills, &c. Rem. 1 into dollars, you need only point off two figures to the right hand for cents, and 70 the rest will be dollars, &c. Divi 70 5 8. Divide 4 dols. 9. cts. or 409 cts. by 6. Ans. 68 cts, to 4. Divide 9 dols. 24 cts. by 12. Ans. 77 cts. 5. Divide 97 dols. 43 cts. by 85. Ans. $1 14 cts. 6m. 6. Divide 248 dols. 54 cts. by 125. Ans. 198 cts. 8m. $1.98 cts. Sm. 7. Divide 24 dols. 65 cts. by 248. Ans. 9 cts. Im. B. Divide 10 dols, or 1000 cts. by 25, Ans, 40 cts. 9. Divide 125 dols. by 500. Ans. 25 cts. 10. Divide 1 dollar into 33 equal parts. Ans. 3 cts. t. PRACTICAL QUESTIONS. 1. Bought 25 lb. of coffee for 5 dollars; what is that a pound ? Ans. 20 cts. 2. If 131 yards of Irish linen cost 49 dols. 78 cts. What ie that per yard? Ans. 38 cts. 3. If a cwt. of sugar cost 8 dols. 90 cts. what is that per Ans. 8 cts. 4. If 140 reams of paper cost 329 dols. what is that Ans. $2 35 cts. 5. If a reckoning of 25 dols. 41 cts. be paid equally annong 14 persons, what do they pay apiece? Ans. $1 81 cts. 6. If a man's wages are 235 dols. 80 cts. a year, what is obat a calendar month? Ans. $19 65 cts. 2 R be pound 3 per ream ? |