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Or find the value of the given quantity at 2s. per yd. &r and divide said value by the even part which the given price is of 2s. and the quotient will be the answer in shił. lings, &c. which reduce to pounds.

N. B. To find the value of any quantity at 2s. you need * only double the unit figure for shillings; the other figures will be pounds.

EXAMPLES,
1. What will 461; yds. of tape come to at 11d. per yd. ?

d.
1 d. 1461 6 value of 461; yds, at ls, per yd

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S, d.

£2 17s. 8 d. value at 1 d.
2. What cost 256 lb. of cheese at Sd. per pound?
8d. 1 | £25 12s, value of 256 lb. at 2s. per

£8 10s. 3d, valie at 8d. per pound.
Yards. per yard,

£. 486, at 1d.

Answers. 2 0.61 862 at 2d.

ng 38 911 at 3d.

11 ng 9 749 at 4d.

12 98 113 at 6d.

2 16 6 899 at 8d.

29 19 4

CASE II. When the price is an even part of a pound-Find the value of the given quantity at one pound per yard, &c. and divide it by that even part, and the quotient will be the an swer in pounds.

EXAMPLES.
What will 1294 yards cost at 2s, 6d. per yard ?
£.

£.
2 61+ 129 10 value at 1 per yard,

Ans, £16 3s. 9d. value at 2s. 6d. per yard.
Yds.

£. s. d.
123 at 10 O per yard Answers. 61 100
6871 at 50

171 17 6

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Yds.

E. 2114 at 40 per yard.

42 50 543 at 68

181 00 shil 127 at 3 4

21 3 4 461 at 18

38 84 need Note.-When the price is pounds only, the given quar quentity multiplied thereby, will be the answer: EXAMPLE.-11 tuns.of hay at 41. per tun. Thus, 11

4

Ans. £44
CASE III.
When the given price is any number of shillings u
der 20.

1. When the shillings are an even number, multiply quantity by half the number of shillings, and double first figure of the product for shillings; and the rest of product will be pounds.

2. If the shillings be oďd, multiply the quantity by whole number of shillings, and the product will be the swer in shillings, which reduce to pounds.

EXAMPLES.

Ist.--124 yds. at 8s.

4

2d.132 yds. at 7s. per

d the and

Yds.

£49 12s. Ans.

2,0)92,4

£46,4 Ans.
Yds.
£.

£.
562 at 48. Ans. 112 8 372 at 11s. Ans. 204
378 at 25.
37 16 264 at 9s.

118 913 at 14s. 639 2 250 at 16s.

200 CASE IV. When the given price is pence, or pence and farth and not an even part of a shilling-Find the value o given quantity at Is. per yd. &c. which divide by the est even part of a shilling contained in the given price take parts of the quotient for the remainder of the and the sum of these several quotients wi. ing the m shillings, &c. which reduce to pounas,

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EXAMPLES.
What will 245 lb, of raisins come to, at 9 d. per Ib. 3

d.
6d. [ ] | 245 O value of 245 lb, at ls, per pound..
3d, 4122 6 value of do. at 6d, per

Ib.
2d.

61 3 value of do. at 3d. per lb,

15 33 value of do, at d. per lb.
2,0)19,9 03
Ans. £9 19 0 value of the whole at 9 d. per lb.
d. 16. f. s. d.

d.

£. 372 at 1 Ans. ? 14 3 576 at 7 Ans. 18 00 325 at 21 3 0 111 541

20 17 01 827 at 41 15 10 l 672 at 111

32 18 0 CASE V When the price is shillings, pence and farthings, and not the aliquot part of a pound Multiply the given quantity by the shillings, and take parts for the pence and farthings, as in the foregoing cases, and add them together; the sum will be the answer in shillings.

lb.

at 91

EXAMPLES.

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1. What will 246 yds. of velvet come to, at 7s. 3d. per yd.?

d
31. | 1 | 246 0 value of 246 yards at ls. per yd,

7

1722 0 value of do. at 7s.

per yard. 61 6 value of do. at 3d. per yard. 2,0)178, 36

Ans. £89 3 6 value of do. at 7s. 3d. per yard.

ANSWERS,

£. 8. d. What cost 139 yds. at 9 10 per yd. ? - 68 6 10 S. What cost 146 yds. at 14 9 per yd. ? 107 13 6 4. What cost 120 cwt. at 11 3 per cwt. ? 67 10 5. What cost 127 yds. at 98per yd. ? 61 12 111 6. What cost 494 lbs. at 3 ll per lb. ?

9 15 11)

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CASE-VI. When the price and quantity given are of several de minations--Multiply the price by the integers in the g quantity, and take parts for the rest from the price of a teger; which, added together, will be the answer. TH applicable to federal money.

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1. What cost 5 cwt. 3 qrs. 1 2. What cost 9 cwt. 14 lb. of raisins, at 21. 11s. | 8 lb. of sugar, at 8 do 8d. per cwt. ? Brits

65 cts. per cwt. ?
f
d.

$ cts.
2 qrs. | 1
2 11 8 1 qr, |

8,65 5

9

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ANSWI

54. Ans. £15

Ans. $80,630 C. qrs. lb. nry 3 16 at $9, 58 cts. per cwt. $75, 61 ct 5 10 at 21. 17s. per cwt.

£14 19 14 3 7 at Ol. 13s. 8d. per cwt.

£10 2 12 0 7 at $6, 34 cts. per cwt. $76, 47 cta 0 0 24 at $11, 91 cts. per cwt. $2,-55 cts.

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TARE AND TRET. TARE and Tret are practical rules for deductir tain allowances which are made by merchants, in and selling goods, &c. by weight; in which are notic following particulars :

1. Gross Weight, which is the whole weight of a of goods, together with the box, cask, or bag, &c. contains them.

2. Tare, which is an allowance made to the bu the weight of the box, cask, or bag, &c. which cont goods bought, and is either at so much per box, & 80 much per cwt. or at so much in the whole gross

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3. Tret, which is an allowance of 4 lb. on every 104 1h. for waste, dust, &c.

4. Cloff, which is an allowance made of 2 Ib. upon every 8 cwt.

5. Suttle, is what remains after one or two allowancer have been deducted.

CASE 1. When the question is an Invoice-Add the gross weighte into one sum and the tares into another; then subtract the total tare from the whole gross, and the remainder will be the neat weight.

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EXAMPLES.

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1. What is the neat weight of 4 hogsheads of Tobacco, marked with the gross weight as follows:

C.
gr.
1b.

lb.
No. 1 9 0 12 Tare 100
2 8 3 4

95 3 ny 1 0

83 4-6 3 25

81 Whole

0 13

359 total tare. Tare 359 lb. 3 3 23

Ans. 28 3 18 neat. 2. What is the neat weight of 4 barrels of Indigo, Na and weight as follows: C. gr. lb.

No. 1 - 4 1 10 Tare 36

2 3 3 02 29
3 4 0 19 32

cwt.gr. lb.
4 4 0 0 35 Ars. 15 0 11

CASE II.
When the tare is at so much per box, cask, bag, &c.-
Multiply the tare of 1 by the number of bags, bales, &c,
the product is the whole tare, which subtract from the

gross, and the remainder will be the neat weight.

EXAMPLES,
1. In 4 hhds. of sugar, each weighing 10 cwt. 1 qr. 15 lb.
gross; tare 75 lb. per hhd. how much neat?

Cwl. qrs. lbs.
10 1 15 gross weight of one hhd.
4

(Carried ap.]

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