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judgment. Moreover, we are not familiar enough with Irish history, ancient or modern, to be able to judge of the merits of the work regarded simply as authentic history. So far as we have read, without vouching for the accuracy of all its details, and reserving to ourselves the right to question, in some instances, both its facts and its theories, we may say that we have found it exceedingly interesting. The author, or rather compiler, has brought together a great mass of valuable information ; and if he has not given us a complete history of his nation, he has at least given us a series of highly interesting and instructive lectures on its history. The work is well printed, and its illustrations are creditably executed. It is written in a free, easy, attractive style, which at times rises into a high order of eloquence; and its author is evidently not only a warm-hearted Irish patriot, but a writer of commendable industry and no inconsiderable literary merit. Some may question his taste in several matters of minor importance, and especially the method he takes of bringing his work to the notice of the public; but we trust nothing of this kind will lead any one to underrate his ability, or tend to prejudice any one against the work itself, which those who have read it with more attention than we have, who are altogether more familiar with Irish history than we are or can pretend to be, and whose judgments in any case we should prefer to our own, assure us is really the most complete and readable history of Ireland easily accessible. We hope it will be extensively read ; and if it contribute somewhat to a juster appreciation of the Irish character, and tend to create a deeper interest in Ireland's struggle for a redress of grievances, not in vain will it have been written and read.
3. — Puritanism, or a Churchman's Defence against its Aspersions, by an
Appeal to its History. By Thomas W. Coit, D. D. New York. Appleton & Co. 1845. 12mo. pp. 527. The Puritans certainly have their faults, and we allow ourselves at times to speak of them in no complimentary terms; but somehow or other, we rarely, if ever, read an attack upon them by others, without being strongly moved to take up the cudgels in their defence. Our old Puritan blood warms in our veins, and we are ready for the fight. Especially is this the case, when we find them attacked by an Episcopalian. We recognize no right in the Episcopalians to call our ancestors hard names. If we ourselves sometimes do so, that is all in the family; but an Episcopalian is a stranger, and has no right to interfere in our family quarrels. In a religious or an ecclesiastical point of view, the Puritan has no occasion to hang his head before an Anglican. Both claim to belong to the Church, and with equal reason, for one is as far from it as the other ; both usurp rights which belong only to the Church of Christ; both favor religious establishments, and claim the right to punish heretics and dissenters; both persecute; but the persecutions of the Puritan are as a drop in the bucket, compared with those of the Anglican. Neither has any virtues except those which receive their reward in this life, and in these the Puritan excels. The only real difference between them is, that the Puritan is the more consistent of the two. Both are dissenters, only the Puritan is a dissenter from a dissenter. The Anglican is in this the worse of the two; for he dissents from the Church which has authority from Christ; the Puritan dissents from a church which has, at best, authority only from the state. We would rather be a Puritan than an Anglican, though we thank God, that, through his great mercy, we are no longer either.
As to the book before us, it is crude, declamatory, and destitute of all literary merit. Dr. Coit is a scholar and a man of ability. He appears to have had the facts before him, and might have given us a good history of Puritanism. He ought to be ashamed of having sent out so hasty, confused, and ill-digested a work; and we will not pardon him, till he revises it, compresses it at least three fourths, reduces his ample materials to order, and relates his facts in a straightforward manner, so that one can get them from his book, even in case he should not happen to be previously familiar with them.
4. — History of the Variations of the Protestant Churches. By JAMES
Benign Bossuet, Bishop of Meaux. From the French. New York: J. & D. Sadlier. 1845. 2 vols. 12mo.
We welcome right heartily an American edition of this valuable work by the celebrated Bossuet. Every Catholic who is likely to come in contact with his Protestant neighbours should own and study it; and every Protestant who would appreciate his own religion, and ascertain the sandy foundation on which he is building, should also make himself familiar with it. We thank the Messrs. Sadlier for their enterprise in bringing it out, and trust they will find their interest in having done so.
5.- I Promessi Sposi. The Betrothed. By ALESSANDRO MANZONI.
New York: Appleton & Co. 2 vols. 12mo.
We have experienced too much romance in real life, and seen too much of the effects of romance and novel-reading on those very dear to us, to be able to recommend the reading of novels and romances. It is not well to waste over scenes of fictitious woe the tears and sympathy due to the real miseries of life. Yet we can recommend this romance by Manzoni, which, by the by, is too well known, and too highly appreciated wherever known, to stand in any need of our recommendation. So far as we are acquainted, it is deserving to rank first among the first romances in any language. It is the production of true genius, and breathes a spirit and inculcates a moral that one is the better for being familiar with.
6. — The Catholic Keepsake. Edited by Professor WALTER. Phila
delphia : Fithian. 1845. 12mo. pp. 252. The paper, printing, and binding of this new Catholic annual are very beautiful, and do the publisher great credit. The illustrations are not so happy. They will be better hereafter. We have read the volume with much pleasure ; and if we had not read it at all, from the known taste and ability of its accomplished editor, we should not hesitate a moment to recommend it to our readers. We are glad to see the efforts our Catholic publishers are making to furnish our Catholic public with a good stock of Catholic literature, and especially to witness the improved style in which they are sending out their publications. There was a time when Catholic publications in this country were sent out in quite a shabby dress. This time is passing away. Messrs. Dunigan and Sadlier, New York, Fithian and Cunningham, Philadelphia, Murphy, and the conductors of the Metropolitan Press, Baltimore, and Donahoe, of this city, deserve honorable mention for the general typographical neatness and beauty of their publications. We must not let heresy have the advantage in typography. The edition of the Holy Bible recently issued by Messrs. Sadlier, and especially that issued by Mr. Dunigan, of New York, are both very beautiful, and deserving, as they no doubt receive, the liberal patronage of the Catholic public.
7. — The Christian's Guide to Heaven, or a Manual of Spiritual Exer
cises, with the Evening Office of the Church in Latin and English, and a Selection of Pious Hymns. Boston : Donahoe. 1845. 16mo.
pp. 288. .
This is a very good little manual of piety, and, though not superior to many others in common use, will yet be very acceptable to the devout Christian. The addition of the Ordinary of the Mass we think would be an improvement. The Hymns are selected with judgment and taste. The size is very convenient, and the book presents a very beautiful specimen of typography.
8.- The Jesuits. Translated from the French of MM. Michelet and
Quinet, Professors in the College of France. Edited by C. EDWARDS Lester. New York: Gates & Stedman. Boston: Haliburton & Co. 1845. 12mo. pp. 225.
This work was received too late to be noticed at length in our present number. All we can say of it now is, that it is not unworthy of its two infidel authors, nor of its American editor.
This number commences the third volume of our Review, the second of the Catholic series. The work properly begins with the second volume, of which we can, to a limited extent, furnish new subscribers with the numbers. The general character of this Journal is now well known, and we can appeal with confidence to the American Catholic public for its support. Such a work, it is believed, is needed, and it is evident that it must rely almost exclusively on the Catholic public for patronage. We cannot expect a large number of Protestants to continue to take and pay for a work devoted to a cause against which they protest. The Review is decidedly and exclusively Catholic, and must be supported by Catholics henceforth or not at all. We have no reason to complain of the liberality of the Catholic public for the past year, and none to distrust its continuance. The bishops and clergy have, we believe, very generally approved our labors, and to their liberal encouragement and support we are deeply indebted. On them we must depend for the success of the work, and against their wish we should be sorry to have it succeed, if it could. It is only through them we can receive or are willing to receive the support of the Catholic public for any publication.
We have aimed to deserve the liberal support we have received ; but we are deeply sensible of the imperfection of our labors, and are pained to think how far short our Review falls of what a Catholic review should be. But, novice as we are in the Catholic faith, we have done the best we could. We have aimed to be true to the Church, and to be at least sound in the faith. We have not wished to put forth any crotchets of our own, or to attempt to improve the doctrines taught us. The Catholic Church, faith, and worship, as they are, always have been, and always will be till the end of time, is what we have embraced, what we love, what we seek to defend, not relying on our own private judgment, but receiving the truth in humility from those Almighty God has commissioned to teach us, and whom he has commanded us to obey.
We cannot promise to do better or otherwise for the future than we have done for the past. Having, however, set forth and defended the great questions between Catholics and Protestants, we may be able hereafter to give to our pages more variety, and introduce articles of a more popular character ; thus adapting the work, if not to a better, at least to a wider, circle of readers. But the public must take it as it comes. Committing it to the care of Him without whose blessing nothing can prosper, we start on this new volume, grateful for the past, and with cheerful confidence in the future. It was confidently predicted a year ago that we should turn back to Protestantism before the year was out. The year is out, and we are still a Catholic, and much firmer in the faith than we were at its commencement. It is idle for our old friends to look for our return to the errors and speculations we have abandoned. We are satisfied with the Church. We have thus far found it all and more than we expected. The more we become acquainted with it, the more true and altogether lovely does it appear. We have experienced during the year a peace, a serenity of mind, a joy and consolation in the midst of many africtions, that we never knew before, or believed it possible for any one to experience in this life. We have found what we sought, and we ask for this life no greater boon than to be permitted to labor to refute the errors we formerly taught, and to promote the cause of Catholicity among our countrymen. With these remarks we send out this first number of a new volume, with the wish of " A HAPPY NEW YEAR to all our friends and readers, Protestant as well as Catholic.
Erratum. - Page 109, line 36, for chappelles read chapelles.