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done ; not but that one hearty and warm Eja: culation for them will do them more Service; however, by this we may shew our Good Will and our Loyalty. But the Question is, Whether if my Friend or my Monarch were dead, I may, without Sin, perpetuate his Memory, by a Custom of Drinking in Remembrance of him; and that with the Epithets of Dear, or Glorious, or Immortal, or Pious, dc. This is what I take to be highly sinful..
Now we need go no farther for the Proof of the Sinfulness of this Practice, than the express Words of Scripture, I Cor. 11. 25, 26. This Cup is the New Testament in my blood : this do ge, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do sew the Lord's death till be come. From which these several things are very plain.
; ift, That Drinking to the Memory of a Person dead, is the most profound Mystery of the Gospel, and Foundation of our whole Christianity. All the Dispensations of God from the Beginning of the World were cen: ter'd in that Death of Christ which we drink to, and are compleated by it. Therefore he calls the Cup, The New Testament in my blood, i.e. No less than that Covenant of Pardon and Salvation, which you have in my Blood shed for you on the Cross. .
2dly, That che Drinking to the Memory of a Person dead, is an Adion made Sacramental; 'tis adopted into Religion, and consecrated to the Glorious Memory of Christ only. And
chat by an express Command and solemn Insti. cution, Do this in remembrance of me.
adly, That the very Essence of the Eucharistical Sacrifice, consists in that Axion of Eating and Drinking to the Memory of a Person once dead. 'Tis not the Drinking, nor drinking Wine and Water, or both mixt, or sitting, or standing, or kneeling ; no, nor the doing it religiously, or by way of Praise or Thanksgiving even to God ; all these are but appendant Circuimstances. 'Tis in the Drinking to the Memory of Christ's Death, in which the very Life and Being of that Sacrament confiftsa 'Tis the shewing forth the Lord's death till be come, that constitutes it a Sacrament. 'Tis the very Ground and Reason of the Institution, that which makes it mysterious and obligatory on all Christians, till his Coming to Judgment.
If it's said here, That the very Form of effential Part of that Sacrament, is in Drink ing to the Remembrance of Christ's Death only, i.e. to his very Act of Dying for us ; buç. thar in Drinking to the Glorious Memory of a dead Monarch, we mean not to celebrate his Death, but the Glorious Actions of his Life and therefore that this can be no prophaning of that Sacrament in that very Instance which is most essential to it. I answer, That if we could abstract the Person of Christ from his Death ; could celebrate his Death without re: membring him dead, and what he did for us when alive ; or if we could drink to the Meg mory of a dead Man, without implying and necessarily including his Death, there wou'd
DE A D
Deliver'd to the
On the Fourth of November, 1713.
M DCC XV.