Ludwig Boltzmann: His Later Life and Philosophy, 1900-1906: Book Two: The Philosopher
After his failure to replace metaphysics by a linguistic approach, Ludwig Boltzmann came to identify the philosophy of science with methodology which, in turn, he considered to be part of science itself, and thus not part of philosophy at all. His definition of philosophy as metaphysics meant that, from his point of view, all philosophers were metaphysicians, himself included.
Boltzmann the philosopher was advised on the improvement of his Weltanschauung by Franz Brentano; to such effect that, by the summer of 1905, Boltzmann appeared to be close to a form of critical realism. However, the stronger this realism became, the more inconsistent it seemed to be with his `Mach plus pictures' methodology of science. During this period, he planned to write a book, first on metaphysics and then later on what he called `A priori probability' and what he considered to be its shortcomings. Apparently, the book was never completed.
All know Boltzmann the great physicist. Much less widely known is that he was an original philosopher: one who had a great impact on early 20th Century Viennese philosophy, beginning with Wittgenstein and the Vienna Circle and extending even to Popper and Feyerabend. Blackmore's delving into Boltzmann's correspondence, coupled with his unparalleled knowledge of Boltzmann's final years, allows him to present Boltzmann in an entirely new light to readers in the English language.
For physicists, philosophers and historians.
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absolute certainty appears basic Berkeley Boltzmann 1974 Boltzmann to Franz Boltzmann's philosophy Broda called causal concepts conscious correspondence criticism Discussing the Lecture Dordrecht edited Einstein energy Engelbert Epistemological Idealism Ernst Mach especially existence experience Fasol-Boltzmann Franz Brentano Friedrich German historians Hofler human Hume Ibid ideas included indirect realism January Jodl Kant Kant's Karl laws least lecture notes Leipzig linguistic philosophy logic Logical Positivism Ludwig Boltzmann Mach's mathematics matter means Mechanik mental metaphysics methodology of science natural Neurath ontological Ostwald phenomena phenomenalist Philipp Frank Philosophical Society philosophy of science physical world physicists POPULARE Populdre Schriften position Positivism Positivists possible pragmatic priori probably problems Professor psychology published questions reality of atoms rejection Schopenhauer Scientific Realism scientists sensations sense sensory theoretical physics theory thought truth understanding University of Vienna Vienna Circle Volume Wilhelm Wilhelm Ostwald world view
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Rescuing Reason: A Critique of Anti-Rationalist Views of Science and Knowledge
Δεν υπάρχει διαθέσιμη προεπισκόπηση - 2003