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THE PLAN.

In the second volume, when treating of Mental Stimuli *, we attempted to thew how these, when in a due proportion, were conducive to health. Here we shall consider, first, the Progress of the Mind, and its vaft Power of Improvement, which conducts us to the Principles of Moral Philosophy; we shall next contemplate the Effects of great mental Excitement; and lastly, its Operation when in an under Proportion.

I believe an attempt to set forth all the Emotions of the mind, and their Effects on the animal economy, would be a work extremely acceptable to the majority of readers: but our present talk is only to consider some few emotions; though the variety of these is great, and worthy in every branch of that variety of an attentive investigation. The more accurately we search into the human mind, the stronger traces we shall every where find of his wisdom who made it. If a discourse on the use of the parts of the body may be considered as an hymn to the CREATOR; the use of the pasions, which are the organs-> of the mind, cannot be barren of praise to Him, nor unproductive of that union of science and admiration to ourselves, which a contemplation of the works of INFI

* From Sect, XIV. to Sect. XXVIII.

NITE

NIE Wisdom can alone afford to a rational mind; whilst, referring to Him whatever we find of right, or good, or fair, in ourselves, discovering his strength and wisdom in our own weakness and imperfection, honouring them where we discover them clearly, and adoring their profundity where we are lost in our search, we may be inquisitive without impertinence, and elevated without pride ; we may be admitted, if I may dare say so, into the counsels of the Almighty by a consideration of his works.

The elevation of the mind ought to be the principal. end of all our studies. Whatever turns the soul inward on itself, tends to concenter its force; and to fit it for greater and stronger flights of science. By looking into physical causes, our minds are opened and enlarged; and in this pursuit, whether we take, or whether we lose our game, the chace is certainly of service. If we can direct the lights we derive from such speculations, whilst we investigate as far as possible the springs, and trace the effects of our emotions, we may not only communicate to the taste a sort of philosophical solidity, but we may refleet back on the severer sciences, some of the graces and elegancies of taste, without which the greatest proficiency in those sciences will always have the appearance of something disgustful and illiberal.

FIRST,

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FIRST,

OF

DIRECT NERVOUS STIMULI.

Vol. IV.

VOL. IV.

SECT. LV.

LAW 1.

A DUE EXCITEMENT OF THE NERVES IS NECES

SARY FOR THE MAINTENANCE OF VIGOUR OF

BOTH BODY AND MIND.

We will first consider the nature of man in his most favage or wild state. His Majesty George I. was out a hunting with his attendants in the foreit of Hertfwold, in the electorate of Hanover, when PETER, the wild boy, as he was afterwards called, was found in the hollow of an oak, and appeared to have subsisted upon leaves, berries, and the bark of trees, for a considerable time. He was about 12 or 13 years of age. In the following year he was brought over to England. Upon the approach of bad weather he always appeared sullen, and uneasy. At particular seasons of the year he shewed a strong propensity to steal into the woods, and would eagerly feed upon raw cabbage leaves, acorns, berries, and devour the young bark of trees, which evidently proved, that he had subsisted in that manner for

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