Elements of Geometry: Containing the Principal Propositions in the First Six, and the Eleventh and Twelfth Books of Euclid. With Notes, Critical and Explanatory

Johnson, 1803 - 279 σελίδες
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Σελίδα 63 - AB is the greater. If from AB there be taken more than its half, and from the remainder more than its half, and so on ; there shall at length remain a magnitude less than C. For C may be multiplied, so as at length to become greater than AB.
Σελίδα 31 - THE Angle formed by a Tangent to a Circle, and a Chord drawn from the Point of Contact, is Equal to the Angle in the Alternate Segment.
Σελίδα 17 - To find the centre of a given circle. Let ABC be the given circle ; it is required to find its centre. Draw within it any straight line AB, and bisect (I.
Σελίδα xxiii - To draw a straight line perpendicular to a given straight line of an unlimited length, from a given point without it. LET ab be the given straight line, which may be produced to any length both ways, and let c be a point without it. It is required to draw a straight line perpendicular to ab from the point c.
Σελίδα 63 - Lemma, if from the greater of two unequal magnitudes there be taken more than its half, and from the remainder more than its half, and so on, there shall at length remain a magnitude less than the least of the proposed magnitudes.
Σελίδα 24 - IN a given circle to inscribe a triangle equiangular to a given triangle. Let ABC be the given circle, and DEF the given triangle ; it is required to inscribe in the circle ABC a triangle equiangular to the triangle DEF. Draw* the straight line GAH touching the circle in the a 17. 3. point A, and at the point A, in the straight line AH, makeb b 23.
Σελίδα i - ELEMENTS of GEOMETRY, containing the principal Propositions in the first Six and the Eleventh and Twelfth Books of Euclid, with Critical Notes ; and an Appendix, containing various particulars relating to the higher part* of the Sciences.
Σελίδα 17 - The radius of a circle is a right line drawn from the centre to the circumference.
Σελίδα 30 - To bisect a given arc, that is, to divide it into two equal parts. Let ADB be the given arc : it is required to bisect it.
Σελίδα 7 - Beciprocally, when these properties exist for 'two right lines and a common secant, the two lines are parallel.* — Through a given point, to draw a right line parallel to a given right line, or cutting it at a given angle, — Equality of angles having their sides parallel and their openings placed in the same direction.