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THE FOURTH BOOK

OF

THUCYDIDES

EDITED WITH NOTES

BY

C. E. GRAVES, M.A.

CLASSICAL LECTURER AND LATE FELLOW OF ST JOHN'S COLLEGE ;

LECTURER AT JESUS COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.

London:
MACMILLAN AND CO.

1884

[All rights reserved.]

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PREFACE.

I HAVE tried to make this edition of the Fourth Book of Thucydides complete in itself, though I am not without hope that it may be followed by other Books. The notes on the first forty-one chapters are substantially the same that have already appeared in the series of Elementary Classics.

They have however been revised throughout: several errors have been corrected; and some explanations left out which seemed unnecessary for more or less advanced students. Possibly in these chapters, and indeed throughout the book, too much annotation has been given as it is. But twenty years' experience in teaching Greek has shown me that the most ordinary grammatical principles are again and again disregarded even by many candidates for Classical Honours, while more refined distinctions of scholarship which are not pointed out are almost invariably ignored.

In preparing the notes I have consulted throughout the editions of recognized authority, Poppo and Classen being of especial service. My obligations are also due to the great scholar who was at one time my private tutor, the late Mr Shilleto. Wherever it was possible I have referred to his edition of the first two Books; and I have derived much help, particularly in the difficulties of ch. 117, from his treatise Thucydides or Grote (Deighton, 1851). Some manuscript notes given by him have also been lent me by Mr Henry Jackson. The initials R. S. mark notes expressly due to Mr Shilleto, but I feel that the present edition owes more to him than I am able now to trace or acknowledge.

In revising the text I have admitted a few emendations from Cobet and Classen, and many suggested alterations are discussed in their place; but as a rule I have held aloof from the indiscriminate restoration' which would remove from a Classical work every accretion of harshness or redundancy, and destroys in the process many an original and characteristic feature.

St John's COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE,

March 20, 1884.

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