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Action must be commenced within one year after

entry, or within twenty years after right of entry, $ 80
Possession when resumed. Occupation deemed
under legal title, unless adverse.

81
Occupation under written instrument or judgment,
when deemed adverse

82
What constitutes adverse possession, under written
instrument or judgment

83
Premises actually occupied, under claim of title,
deemed to be held adversely

84
What constitutes adverse possession under claim
of title not written...

85
Relation of landlord and tenant, as affecting ad-
verse possession

86
Right of possession not affected by descent cast. 87
Certain disabilities excluded from time to com-
mence actions

88

CHAPTER III.
The time of commencing actions other than for the

recovery of real property.
Periods of limitation prescribed

.8 89
Within twenty years.

90
91
92
93

94
When cause of action accrued, in an action upon a
current account.

95
Actions for penalties, &c., by any person who will

sue, when to be brought
Actions for relief, not before provided for..

97
Actions by the people, subject to the same limita-

tion......

Within six years
Within three years ...
Within two years ...
Within one year

96

98

CHAPTER IV.
General Provisions as to the time of commencing

Actions.
When action deemed to have been commenced .. $ 99

101

102

104

Exception, where defendant is out of the state....

.$ 100
Exception, as to persons under disabilities...
Provision where person entitled, dies before the

limitation expires
In suits by aliens, time of war to be deducted..... 103
Provision, where judgment has been reversed
Time of stay of action by injunction or statutory
prohibition to be deducted. ...,

105
Disability must exist when right of action accrued, roo
Where two or more disabilities, limitation does not
attach, till all removed...

107
This title, not applicable to bills, &c., of corpora-
tions, or to bank notes....

103
Nor to actions against directors or stockholders of
monied corporations or banking associations.
Limitations in such cases prescribed..

109
Acknowledgment or new promise must be in writing, 110

TITLE III.

Of the parties to civil actions.
Action to be in the name of the real party in in-
terest ...,

.$111
Assignment of a thing in action not to prejudice a

defence
Executor or trustee may sue without the persons
beneficially interested

113
When married woman is party, her husband to be
joined, except, &c. .

114
Infant to appear by guardian.

115
Guardian, how appointed..
Who may be joined as plaintiffs.

.. 117
Who may be joined as defendants.

118
Parties united in interest, when to be joined.
When one or more may sue or defend for the

119
Plaintiff may sue in one action the different par-

ties to commercial paper...
Action when not to abate by death, marriage, or

other disability, &c. Proceedings in such case, 121
Court when to decide controversy, or to order other

parties to be brought in.

II2

.......... 116

whole .......

120

122

CHAPTER V. General rules of pleading.

VI. Mistakes in pleading and amendments.

CHAPTER I.

The complaint.
Forms of pleadings inconsistent with this act abol-

ished
First pleading to be complaint

........ 141 Complaint, what to contain

142

.$ 145

CHAPTER II.

The Demurrer. Defendant to demur or answer.

.$ 143 When the defendant may demur

144 Demurrer must specify grounds of objection to complaint...

145 How to proceed if complaint be amended.. 146 Objection not appearing on complaint may be taken by answer.

147 Objection, when deemed waived

148

CHAPTER III.

The Answer Answer what to contain.. May set forth as many grounds of defence as exists 150 Demurrer as to some causes of action, and answer

as to others... Sham defences to be stricken out..

152

$ 149

151

CHAPTER IV.

The Reply.
Reply, when to be put in, and what to contain
When defendant may move for judgment upon an
answer ....

154 Demurrer to reply

...... 155

$ 153

murrers...

CHAPTER V.

General Rules of Pleading.
No pleading but complaint, answer, reply and de-

.$ 156 Verification of pleadings..

157 How to state an account in pleading.

... 158 Pleadings to be liberally construed.

159 Irrelevant or redundant matter to be stricken out.. 160 Judgments, how to be pleaded..

161 Conditions precedent, how to be pleaded.

162 Private statutes, how to be pleaded..

163 Libel and slander, how stated in complaint. 164 Answer in such cases....

165 In actions to recover property distrained for damage, answer need not set forth title.

166 What causes of action may be joined in the same action

167 Allegation not denied; when to be deemed true .. 168

CHAPTER VI.
Mistakes in Pleading, and Amendments.
Material variances, how provided for..

•$ 169 Immaterial variances, how provided for.

170 What to be deemed a variance..

171 Amendments of course.

172 Amendments by the court

173 Amendments, after demurrer.

174 Suing a party by a fictitious name, when allowed.. 175 No error or defect to regarded, unless it affect substantial rights .

17h Supplemental complaint, answer and reply

177

TITLE VII.
Of the Provisional remedies in civil actions.
CHAPTER I. Arrest and bail.

II. Claim and delivery of personal pro

perty.
III. Injunction.

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