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cluding the term at which the cause is argued in the court of appeals, ten dollars; but in an action hereafter brought to recover dower, before admeasurement, of real property aliened by the husband, the plaintiff shall not recover costs unless it appear that the dower was demanded before the commencement of the action and was refused.
The same costs shall be allowed to the plaintiff in proceedings under chapter two, title twelve, of the second part of this code, (sections three hundred and seventy-five to three hundred and eighty-one) as upon the commencement of an action.
$ 308. In addition to these allowances, there shall be allowed to the plaintiff upon the recovery of judgment by him in any action for the partition of real property, or for the foreclosure of a mortgage, or in any action in which a warrant of attachment has been issued, or for an adjudication upon a will or other instrument in writing, and in proceedings to compel the determination of claims to real property, the sum of ten per cent on the recovery, as in the next section prescribed, for any amount not exceeding two hundred dollars; an additional sum of five per cent for any additional amount not exceeding four hundred dollars; and an additional sum of two per cent for any additional amount not exceeding one thousand dollars.
And in the actions above named, if the same shall be settled before judgment therein, like allowances upon the amount paid or secured upon such settlement, at one-half the rates above specified.
$ 309. These rates shall be estimated upon the value of the property claimed or attached or affected by the adjudication upon the will or other instrument, or sought to be partitioned, or the amount found due or unpaid upon the mortgage in an action for foreclosure. And whenever it shall be necessary to apply to the court for an order enforcing the payment of an installment falling due, after judgment, in an action for foreclosure, the plaintiff shall be entitled to the rate of allowance in the last section prescribed, but to no more in the aggregate than if the whole amount of the mortgage had been due when judgment was entered. Such amount of value must be determined by the court or by the commissioners, in case of actual partitions. In difficult and extraordinary cases, where a defense has been interposed, or in such cases where a trial has been had, and in actions or proceedings for the partition of real estate, the court may also, in its discretion, make a further allowance to any party, not exceeding five per cent. upon the amount of the recovery or claim, or subject matter involved.
$ 310. When the judgment is for the recovery of money, interest from the time of the verdict or report, until judgment be finally entered, shall be computed by the clerk, and added to the costs of the party entitled thereto.
$ 311. The clerk shall insert in the entry of judgment, on the application of the prevailing party, upon five days' notice to the other, except when the attorneys reside in the same city, village or town, and then upon two days' notice, the sum of the allowances for costs as provided by this code, the necessary disbursements, including the fees of officers allowed by law, the fees of witnesses, the reasonable compensation of commissioners in taking depositions, the fees of referees, and the expense of printing the papers for any hearing when required by a rule of the court. The disbursements shall be stated in detail, and verified by affidavit. A copy of the items of the costs and disbursements shall be served with a notice of adjustment.
Whenever it shall be necessary to adjust costs in any interlocutory proceeding in an action or in any special proceedings, the same shall be adjusted by the judge before whom the same may be heard, or the court before which the same may be decided or pending, or in such other manner as the judge or court may direct.
$ 312. The clerk shall receive,
On every trial, from the party bringing it on, one dollar; on entering a judgment by filing transcript, six cents;
On entering judgment, fifty cents; except in courts where the clerks are salaried officers, and in such courts one dollar.
He shall receive no other fee, for any services whatever in a civil action, except for copies of papers, at the rate of five cents for every hundred words.
$ 313. The fees of referees shall be three dollars to each for every day spent in the business of the reference; but the parties may agree in writing upon any other rate of compensation.
§ 314. When an application shall be made to a court or referees, to postpone a trial, the payment to the adverse party of a sum not exceeding ten dollars, besides the fees of witnesses, may be imposed, as the condition of granting the postponement.
$ 315. Costs may be allowed on a motion in the discretion of the court or judge, not exceeding ten dollars and may be absolute or directed to abide the event of the action.
$ 316. When costs are adjudged against an infant plaintiff, the guardian by whom he appeared in the action, shall be responsible therefor, and payment thereof may be enforced by attachment.
§ 317. In an action prosecuted or defended by an executor, administrator, trustee of an express trust, or a person expressly authorized by statute, costs shall be recovered, as in an action by and against a person prosecuting or defending in his own right, but such costs shall be chargeable only upon or collected of the estate, fund or party represented unless the court shall direct the same to be paid by the plaintiff or defendant, personally, for mismanagement or bad faith in such action or defence. But this section shall not be construed to allow costs against executors or administrators, where they are now exempted therefrom, by section 41, of title 3, chapter 6 of the second part of the revised statutes ; and whenever any claim against a deceased person shall be referred pursuant to the provisions of the revised statutes, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover the fees of referees and witnesses and other necessary disbursements, to be taxed according to law. And the court may in its discretion, in the cases mentioned in this section, require the plaintiff to give security for costs.
$ 318. When the decision of a court of inferior jurisdiction in a special proceeding, including appeals from surrogates' courts, shall be brought before the supreme
court for review, such proceedings shall for all purposes of costs, be deemed an action at issue on a question of law, from the time the same shall be brought into the supreme court, and costs thereon shall be awarded and collected in such manner as the court shall direct according to the nature of the case.
$ 319. In all civil actions prosecuted in the name of the people of this state, by an officer duly authorized for that purpose, the people shall be liable for costs in the same cases, and to the same extent, as private parties. If a private person be joined with the people as plaintiff, he shall be liable in the first instance for the defendant's costs, which shall not be recovered of the people, till after execution issued therefor against such private party and returned unsatisfied.
$ 320. In an action prosecuted in the name of the people of this state, for the recovery of money or property, or to establish a right or claim, for the benefit of any county, city, town, village, corporation or person, costs awarded against the plaintiff, shall be a charge against the party for whose benefit the act on was prosecuted, and not against the people.
$ 321. In actions, in which the cause of action shall, by assignment after the commencement of the action, or in any other manner, become the property of a person not a party to the action, such person shall be liable for the costs, in the same manner as if he were a party, and paynıent thereof may be enforced by attachment.
$ 322. Upon the settlement, before judgment, of any