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terms, circuit courts, and courts of oyer and terminer, and the judges by whom they shall be held; which appointment shall take effect on the first day of July thereafter, and shall continue until the thirty-first day of December, 1849. The judges of the supreme court of each district, shall, in like manner, at least one month before the expiration of that time, appoint the times and places of holding those courts for two years, commencing on the first day of January, 1850, and so on, for every two succeeding years, in their respective districts.

§ 23. The governor may also appoint extraordinary general and special terms, circuit courts, and courts of oyer and terminer whenever, in his judgment, the public good shall require it.

§ 24. The places appointed within the several counties, for holding the general and special terms, circuit courts and courts of oyer and terminer, shall be those designated by statute for holding county or circuit courts. If a room for holding the court in such place shall not be provided by the supervisors, it may be held in any room provided for that purpose, by the sheriff, as prescribed by section twenty-eight.

General and special terms of the supreme or county courts and circuit courts and courts of oyer and terminer, may be adjourned to be held on any future day, by an entry to be made in the minutes of the court; and juries may be drawn and summoned for an adjourned circuit or county court, or an adjourned court of oyer and terminer, and causes may be noticed for trial at an adjourned circuit or county court, in the same manner as if such courts were held by original appointment.

And special terms may be adjourned to be held at a future day at the chambers of any justice of said court residing within the district, by an entry in the same manner, and then adjourned from time to time, as the justice holding the same shall order and direct.

§ 25. Every appointment so made, shall be imme. diately transmitted to the secretary of state, who shall cause it to be published in the newspaper, printed at Albany, in which legal notices are required to be inserted, at least once in each week, for three weeks before the holding of any court in pursuance thereof. The expense of the publication shall be paid out of the treasury of the state.

§ 26. In case of the inability, for any cause, of a judge assigned for that purpose, to hold a special term or circuit court, or sit at a general term, or preside at a court of oyer and terminer, any other judge may do so.

$ 27. The judges shall at all reasonable time, when not engaged in holding court, transact such other business as may be done out of court. Every proceeding commenced before one of the judges, in the first judicial district, may be continued before another, with the same effect as if commenced before him.

$ 28. The supervisors of the several counties shall provide the courts appointed to be held therein with room, attendants, fuel, lights and stationery, suitable and sufficient for the transaction of their business. If the supervisors neglect, the court may order the sheriff to do so; and the expense incurred by him in carrying the order into effect, when certified by the court, shali be a county charge.

$ 29. All statutes now in force, conferring or defining the jurisdiction of the county courts, so far as they conflict with this act, are repealed; and those courts shall have no other jurisdiction than that provided in the next section. But the repeal contained in this section shall not affect any proceedings now pending in those courts.

$ 30. The county court has jurisdiction in the following special cases, but has no original civil jurisdiction except in such cases :

1. Civil actions in which the relief demanded is the recovery of a sum of money not exceeding five hundred dollars, or the recovery of the possession of personal property not exceeding in value five hundred dollars, and in which all the defendants are residents of the county in which the action is brought at the time of its commencement: subject to the right of the supreme court upon special motion for good cause shown to remove any such action to the supreme court before trial;

2. The exclusive power to review in the first instance, a judgment rendered in a civil action by a justice's court in the county, or by a justice's court in cities, and to affirm, reverse or modify such judgment:

3. The foreclosure or satisfaction of a mortgage, and the sale of mortgaged premises situated within the county, and the collection of any deficiency on the mortgage remaining unpaid, after the sale of the mortgaged premises;

4. The partition of real property situated within the county ;

5. The admeasurement of dower in land situated rithin the county ;

6. The sale, mortgage or other disposition of the real property situated within the county, of an infant or person of unsound mind;

7. To compel the specific performance, by an infant, heir or other person, of a contract made by a party who shall have died before the performance thereof;

8. The care and custody of the person and estate of a lunatic or person of unsound mind, or an habitual drunkard, residing within the county ;

9. The mortgage or sale of the real property situated within the county, of a religious corporation, and the disposition of the proceeds thereof;

10. To exercise the power and authority heretofore vested in such courts of common pleas, over judgments rendered by justices of the peace, transcripts of which have been filed in the offices of the county clerks in such counties ;

11. To exercise all the powers and jurisdiction conferred by statute upon the late courts of common pleas of the county, or the judges or any judge thereof, respecting ferries, fisheries, turnpike roads, wrecks, physicians, habitual drunkards, imprisoned, insolvent, absent, concealed or non-resident debtors, goal liberties, the removal of occupants from state lands, the laying out of railroads through Indian lands, and upon appeal from the determination of commissioners of highways, and all other powers and jurisdiction conferred by statute, which has not been repealed, on the late court of common pleas of the county, or on the county court, since the late courts of common pleas were abolished, except in the trial and determination of civil actions; and to prescribe the manner of exercising sucb jurisdiction, when the provisions of any statute are inconsistent with the organization of the county court ;

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12. To remit fines and forfeited recognizances in the same cases and like manner as such power was given by law to courts of common pleas. But the first subdivision of this section shall not apply to the county courts of the counties of Kings and Erie.

13. To grant new trials or affirm, modify or reverse judgments in actions tried in such court upon exceptions, or case made subject to an appeal to the supreme court ; but in any action or proceeding pending in the county court, in which the county judge is, for any cause, incapable of acting, it shall be his duty to make a certificate of such fact, and file the same in the office of the clerk of such county court, and thereupon jurisdiction of such action or proceeding shall be vested in the supreme court, and such further proceedings shall be had therein, according to the practice of such court, as might have been had in the county court, if such cause or matter had remained therein; but all such matters shall be heard or tried in the first instance at a special term or circuit court, held in a county where such action or proceeding is situated.

$ 31. The county court is always open for the transaction of any business for which no notice is required to be given to an opposing party. At least two terms in each county for the trial of issues of law or fact, and as many more as the county judge shall appoint, shall be held in each year at the places in the counties respectively designated by statute for holding county or circuit courts, on such days as the county judge shall from time to time appoint, and may continue as long as the court deem necessary.

Notice of such appointment shall be published in the state paper at least four weeks before any such term,

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