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CLASS III.-SECONDARY OR FLETZ ROCKS.

STRATIFIED OR NEPTUNIAN ROCKS.

UNSTRATIFIED CRYSTALLINE, OR

IGNEOUS ROCKS.

IV, Second Flatz LIMESTONE FORMATION, SHELL LIMESTONE, OR Mus

CHELKALK.-Syn. Rauchgrauerkalk of Merian; Zechstein of the S.W. of Germany, and in part of many authors; part of the Calcaire alpin of the French; Calcaire à encrines of Beud.

A good many Fossils. Cetaceæ, Plesiosaurus. First

appearance of Belemnites and Echinites.

N. ALPS, CARPATHIANS

cuneiform
GERMANY.
NORTH-EASTERN FRANCE. PYRENEES. ENGLAND.

AND APPENNINES? SOUTHERN ALPS. Terti masses
Clobular limestone, in part magnesian Globular limestone (Vic), Compact grayish It does not Compact well stratified Compact grayish lime- ary Ba- and veins,
(under part).
Compact limestone, grayish limestone, some-exist here. limestone (Salzburg, stone.

salts, Hessia,
Limestone,
(around the Vos- times cracked
Savoy, Dotis in Hun- Compact limestone.

Vicentin. compact grayish (Wurtzburg), ges).

(St. Girond).

gary).
with vegetable im-

dome-like
with encrinites.
With encrinites per- Perhaps also in
Granular whitish lime-

Augit-
pressions (Re-

masses and
blackish and fetid.

haps around the the Arveiron, stone (Hall in Tyrol). | coaro)

porphy

veins,
magnesian, grayish (Coburg), granitic plateau near Figeac.

The compact limestone is Marly grayish lime

ry,

Predazo.
yellowish.
of Burgundy

grayish (with encri stone.

N. B. Shell limecellular. magnesian, cellular (Sa

nites, Salzburg). Marly blackish limestone indurated with hornstone, verne)

whitish (Salzburg). stone, near Idria. when in contact (Coburg) with hornstone (Sa

yellowish.

with nodules of with, and imbedded
with nodules of
verne)

brownish (Ischel galena, calamine in, basalt (War-
lead-glance, marly.

mines).

and manganesi-1 burg, Vicentin); (Wirtemberg) Perhaps also existing in the

reddish (Hallein, ferous epidot Calcaire alteré de Arveiron, Lot, and Var,

Dotis)

(Vicentin). Conzocoli.
crystals (Pyr but wanting in the whole

with hornstonel
mont),
western France.

(Carpathians,
very compact, alternating with

Salzburg). the quadersandstone marls and

blackish (Bex, sandstones (Pyrmont).

Montmelian).

[graphic]

a

[blocks in formation]

Marine Fossils, and Monocotyledonous and
WHITE SANDSTONE.-Syn. Arthose of Brongniart and Bonnard.

Dicotyledonous Vegetables, rarely Ferns.
NORTH-EASTERN

SOUTHERN
GERMANY.

PYRENEES.
ENGLAND. NORTHERN ALPS.

ALPS.
Pretty fine quartzose sandstone, Pretty fine Yellowish or whitish sand- Fine-grained sandstone, It does exist

Sandstones

with a Marly fine-grainwhitish, Bohemia, Hartz.

marly ed sandstone. yellowish, Luxemburgh. Glatz coun-Siliceous sandstone.

shelly, separate

cement, reddish.
ty. Coarse feldspathic sand-
ferruginous.

Conglome-
gray and marly, Nal formation.

united yellowish.

rate,
with lignite.
stone.

The same is

with lias Vicentin, shelly, Coburg, Staffelstein. shelly, Bonnard ; ferruginous.

the case in between Piesting

Southern
Coarse sandstone.

the north and Pleningbach Tyrol.
Conglomerate, Freyberg.

in Austria.
Burgundy, Au-

The sandstone and
Smectic clay,
Potters' clay, in the 'up-

France, lignite deposit of
per part
Clay-marl,
Conglomerate, Metz.

Anthevernes; if
Gypsum, grayish, Durr-
Sandstone with particles

not, it is green
heim
of lignite, Vigy, near with vegetable im-

sand ? Lignite, Coburg; or mixed

NORTH
phalia.

AMERICA.
Silicified marl, with vege-

BRASIL.

White quartzy
tables and seeds, Am-
Lime,

Quartzy, coarse. sandstone,
berg.
Lead-glance,

sandstone, I fine,

Lake Superior.
Fibrous malachite.
Some part of the metal-

See Schoolcraft's

whitish,
Phosphate of lead, Vil-
liferous rock of the De-

Narrative, 1820.
Nests

yellowish,
seck, Bavaria

ferrugiLead-glance, Bleyberg, and de la Charente be

nous, Rhenane, Prussia,

Iron-hydrate longs perhaps to it.— Vide 1823.

Wavellite. Steffens's description.

zon.

part of

Subordinate beds of

V. THIRD FLETZ SANDSTONE FORMATION, OR QUADERSANDSTONE, OR

SILESIA.
FRANCE.

sandstone,
stone, Vic.

whitish, Navarreiņs. here as

yellowish.

around the gra shelly.

nitic plateau of

western

tun, Avallon.

Metz.

pressions, Ogenin the sandstone, West

Sulphate of banes, or with ignite,

rytes,
Fossil resin?

Fluate of
Orthes.

partments de la Vienne
of

longs also to it; see The Scania coal sandstone beBull. Soc. Phil. April.

This formation is connected with the following by alternations: (Amberg, Westphalia)

Nests of

Burgundy.

N. B. Indu-
rated sand-
stones near
basalt, Bo
hemia.

Collection of Munich & Vienna.

[blocks in formation]

CLASS III.-SECONDARY OR FLETZ ROCKS.—Continued.

STRATIFIED OR NEPTUNIAN ROCKS.

UNSTRATIFIED CRYSTALLINE OR

IGNEOUS ROCKS.

VI. Third Fletz LIMESTONE FORMATION, OR JURA LIMESTONE..

Many marine Fossils, especially accumulated in particular spots or layers. First

Nummulite deposits. · Crawfishes, Terrestrial Mammalia, Birds, Insects.

ENGLAND, IRE

S. ALPS, APPEN.
GERMANY (S. W. part, and N. of the

N. N. W. and S. E. FRANCE
POLAND.
PYRENEES. LAND, and SCOT-

NINES, IONIAN

NORTHERN ALPS. Hartz, and N. W. part). and SWITZERLAND

LAND.

Isles, and SI

CILY, N. W.
Divisions,
Arenaceous limestone. Marly lime-

Arenaceous
Marly blackish

arenaceous arenaceous Magnes. lime-
Clay-marl, - Phospho- stone.

limestone.
gryphite lime-

limestone.

limestone. stone, Tyrol,
rite nodules, Am-Compact
Clay-marl. stone, rare, St. clay-marls.

marly

Frioul, Appenberg. limestone. Gryphite Marl,

Girond.
marls,

limestone.
Gryphite

nines, Sicily.
Marls,

Clay-marl limestone, aluminous, Compact lime aluminous, marly limestone,

Oolitic and comaluminous, selenite, with iron- synon. sulphate of stone with mag

Sky, &c. sandstone. pact limestone, G. arcusulphate of stron ore? Liais, strontian, nesian lime Oolitic and com

shelly. ata, &c.

Belluno, Tritian.

Pierre
-lignite, stone, abun-
pact limestones. Sandstones,

este, Dalmatia,
Wirtem-
Sandstones,

bleue.
& fossil re dant.

Coral rag and berg,

lignite beds.

Appennines,
Lorraine
wavellite,
sin Basle. lignite masses, Stonefield,

fossil resin.
with hy-

Nummulite
Sandstones,
Amberg

Nalzen.

slate, &c. May not some mag-
drate of

limestone of
phosphat
hydrate of iron-ore.

nesian limestones

Istria,
iron,
of iron,
iron. Oolitic and com-

of Saltzburg be-
Compact lime-

Ulm,
Compact limestone, with pact limestone.

long to it?
stone, with

yellowish
Regens-
Magnesian limestone.

Magnesian lime-
Magnesian

burg;
Oolitic and compact lime-

stone of Pest. limestone

stone.

In SOUTHERN
or Dolomite,

Hoh-
Madreporal limestone, or
SPAIN there is

N. B. Irish lias con-
lenkalk of Friesleben.
Calcaire à polypiers, also Jura lime-

verted intojas
Oolitic and compact limestone, Hil-
Normandy, Saintonge. stone.

pery rock, Por-
desheim.

trush, Sky.
Slaty limestone, with fishes and craw-

with

Jura limestone be

lignite
fishes, Solenhofen.

iron

granular

marls,
Clay-marl, with iron pea-ore, Bava-
Clay-marl, with iron pea-

pyrites limestone, Pre-
ore.
Marls.

Istria.

dazzo. These last marls connect this formation with the following.-The lias and the Jura limestone exist in South America, in the great Mississippi basin, and perhaps the

compact limestone with silex of Brasil belongs also to it, or to the chalk.

masses and even coulées.

super-incumbent dome-like, and here and

masses, Tyrol, Vicentin. Wirtemberg.

there 3 Tertiary Augit-porphyry, , veins, dome-like Basaltic rocks, s veins, come-like masses,

metalliferous,

granitic. Granitic rocks, S

schorl, tuff,

grayish

come

[graphic]

ria.

Basalt,

VII. IRON AND GREEN Sand.-Syn. Alpine variegated Sandstone of Uttinger; Variegated Sandstone of A good many Fossils, Monocotyledonous and
Pest of Beudant; Nagelfuh of C. Prevost; part of the Quadersandstone of the Germans.

Dicotyledonous Vegetables, Fossil Resin.
RUSSIA, Po FRANCE AND SWITZER-

ENGLAND AND NORTHERN ALPS.

SOUTHERN
GERMANY LAND, GALICIA.
PYRENEES. IRELAND. Iron sandstone, Sonthofen.

ALPS.
Ferruginous sand- Perhaps here and Ferruginous
Peri-Iron-sand, or Iron-sand.

Basalt,
Nummulite compact limestone,
fine

short
stone, or sand. there present. sandstone

gord, sandstone.
Allgau, Switzerland.

Basaltic bed,
with clay and

or sand,

coarse
Sain-

tuff, Monte
iron-ore,
tonge, Le Mans.
Green sandstone, Diablerets,

Costalta, Vic
Blousko.
with iron-ore, Perigord.

Sonthofen.

Green marly sand centin; Mado siliceous wood. Madrepore sand of Leithage stone.

na de San Or-
Green sand or sand-
Green sand or sandstone, Green sand, or Green sand. birge.

shelly, Bel so, SE. Sicily
stone, often mar-
Saintonge, Bellegarde. sandstone, marls. Calcareous conglomerate of

lunó. (Daubeny)
ly, Regensburg,
with masses of marls. Depart. des

Vienna.

Tertiary ( veins,
Bunzlau.
lignite with fucus, Landes, St.
Iron-ore deposit, Sontho- Marls.

bed-
fossil resin, in
Isle d'Aix. Severe.

fen, Neukirchen, Swit- Arenaceous marl, Basaltic like nests, Obora, fossil, resin, ditto. Lignite.

zerland.

near Schio.

tuff, veins,
Moravia.

Lignite with fossil, resin, do.

Vicentin.
Intimately connected with the chloritose chalk.— Exists also in the Atlantic part of the United States.
VIII. Chalk FORMATION.-Synon. Calcaire à nummulites; a great part of Beudant's

Mastodon, Roebuck or Sheep, Vienna.
Hungarian Jura limestone ; white Jura limestone of Hausmann.

Uppermost limit of Belemnites.
GERMANY AND SILE- POLAND AND Sou-

ENGLAND AND NORTHERN IS. ALPS, APPEN. Malta, Tertiary veins, of which
THERN RUSSIA.
FRANCE. PYRENEES. IRELAND.

Alps. SICILY S. E. ZANTE, Gr. Augit the superior part
Chloritic chalk, syn. Compact white lime-Chloritic chalk, Chloritic chalk, Chloritic chalk, Chloritic chalk, Ar. Chlorite chalk marl, porphy- overlies the chalk
part of the Pla.
stone, Austria, Le Mans, Depart. des syn. Mulatto

Neukirchen, Belluno.

ry,

Schio. nerkalk, Bohe Hungary, and Saumur,

Landes. stone. Diablerets,

veins, Ireland.

Basalt, mia, Regensburg, Transylvania. Menshould. Chalk marl and Chalk marl. Servos.

Basal

bed-like veins, Hartz, Westpha- Chloritic chalk marl, siliceous. nummulite with horn- Compact num-Coral and nummulite lime

tic tuff,

Vicentin, near
lia.
rare, Krapina, Chalk marl, coarse lime stone. mulite lime- stone, Vicentin, Puglia.

Schio.
siliceous, Blans Croatia.
with horn stone, Basta- Earthy chalk. stone.

N. B. Chalk altered and
ko, Moravia. Coral and nummu.

nes, near Dax.
with flint.
whitish.

cracked near augit-porphy,
Chalk, marl, syn. lite limestone,

magne

reddish.

ry, Schio; indurated and Planerkalk, Bo-porous

Leithasite.)

Sonthofen, Compact limestone, syn. like marl near basalt, Belhemia, Hartz. gebirge. Earthy chałk.

Teisandorf. Scaglia.

fast. compact white compact Clausenwith Aints.

Schwytz whitish, Sicily, Malta. Network of metallifelimestone, Paul burg. sulphate of

Canton.

reddish, sometimes a rous veins, argentiferous derborn. chalky Krapina. strontian

Chalk marl, marble.

galena, &c., in the augitCarthy chalk, Lune

Neukirchen,

porphyry; uppermost liburg, with Alints.

Hausruck.

mit of galena. Chalk marl is found in Scania, and in some Danish islands, Moen, &c., and in Rugen Island, &c.

[graphic]

SIA.

stone.

Divisions,

CLASS IV.-TERTIARY ROCKS.

STRATIFIED OR NEPTUNIAN ROCKS.

I. First TERTIARY SANDSTONE FORMATION.—Syn.

Insects, Fishes, &c.

Is there ter-
Molasse Formation; Plastic Clay Formation.

tiary salt?
LONDON AND|Nice, Per-I S. E. OF DANISI, N.

(Swiss AND AUSTRIAN Mo-ITALIAN &
PARISIAN

RHINE
Basin.
Is. WIGHT PIGN. S.W. FRANCE GERMANY, AND

BAVARIAN RAV. HUNGAR. SICILIAN

Basin.
BASIN. FRANCE B. BASIN. RUSSIAN BASIN.

BASINS. & Transylv. B. BASINS.
Plastic clay.

Plastic clay. Molasse, or Plastic clay. Plastic clay. Plastic clay. Molasse. Plastic clay, Tha-Clay marls.
Clay marl. Clay marl. marly sand-Sand. Clay marl. Clay marl. Marls. lern, Austria. Molasse.
Sand.
Sand.
stones. Nagelfluh. Sand.

Sand.

Nagelfuh. Clay marls. Serpentine conglomerate. rolled stones. Marly sand- Lignite. Molasse.

sandstone. sandstone.

compact sand stone, or Fetid marly Sand, Pest. Nagelfluh, Lignites. Lignite. Lignite,

Lignite,

stone, Zeitz. molasse. limestone, Semi-opal, Ni Turin. Alum-earth.

Amber.

very Pont St. Lignite, insects & Nagel- Miesbach, colschitz, Mo-Sulphur noAmber, lat- Fresh and scarce. Esprit. fishes, Coln. fluh.) with fresh ravia.

dules ? est fossil salt water

earthy. Lignite. water Lignite.
resin. shells.

Alum-earth. limestone shells. Fetid marly lime-
Uppermost

earthy gyp

with Marls from stone. fresh and salt nites?

fresh Oningen, with freshwater shells

Amber, Bal water or perhaps water shells. mixed toge

tic Sea. shells.

of later

sulphur, nother, as in the

Mellite. alum earth. date.

dules, Rade-
Baltic, &c.

Sulphur, selenite.
Melanopside.

Bitumen, Zi-Amber,

amber. Limit of

lensig.

(Not in Transylblende

vania).

UNSTRATIFIED CRYSTALLINE OR

IGNEOUS ROCKS.
Trachyte,

mica,

dome-
hornblende,

like
granitic, augite,

masses.
-quartz,
porphyritic,
with gar-

dome-like masses and
nets,

coulées. earthy, Clinkstone, dome-like masses or coulées.

vitre- pitchstone, ( as imbedded ous, lobsidian, masses, Euga

pumice-like, nean Hills.
Augite porphyry of Vicentine, Fassa,

and Dunbarton.
Basalt, augitic, short beds, veins, cylin-
olivine, 2 drical masses & coulées

especially as dome-
feldspathic, like or imbedded

masses.
semi-vitre-

imbedded masses,
ous (black

in coulées or cones,

Marosticn, Vi-
or bluish),

centin.
67 Trachytic conglomerate, beds, or

sometimes earthy, short beds
Pumice conglomerate,

or imbed-
with alaunite,

ded mass-
Basaltic conglomerate,
Few agates; great deposit of zeo-
lites; opal, hauyne; uppermost
limit of arragonite; undermost limit
of nepheline and leucite.

[graphic]

es.

[graphic]
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