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CLASS III.-SECONDARY OR FLETZ ROCKS.

UNSTRATIFIED CRYSTALLINE, OR

IGNEOUS ROCKS.

IV. SECOND Flatz LIMESTONE FORMATION, SHELL LIMESTONE, OR Mus

CHELKALK.-Syn. Rauchgrauerkalk of Merian; Zechstein of the S.W. of Germany, and in part of many authors; part of the Calcaire alpin of the French; Calcaire d encrines of Beud.

A good many Fossils. Cetaceæ, Plesiosaurus. First

appearance of Belemnites and Echinites.

masses

IN, ALPS, CARPATHIANS

cuneiform
GERMANY.
NORTH-EASTERN FRANCE. PYRENEES. ENGLAND

AND APPENNINES ? SOUTHERN ALPS. Terti-
Clobular limestone, in part magnesian Globular limestone (Vic), Compact grayish It does not Compact well stratified Compact grayish lime- ary Ba-3 and veins,
(under part).
Compact limestone, grayish limestone, some-exist here. limestone (Salzburg, stone.

salts, Hessia,
Limestone,
(around the Vos- times cracked
Savoy, Dotis in Hun- Compact limestone.

Vicentin. compact grayish (Wurtzburg), ges).

(St. Girond).

gary). with vegetable im

dome-like
with encrinites.
With encrinites per- Perhaps also in
Granular whitish lime-

Augit.
pressions (Re-

masses and
blackish and fetid.
haps around the the Arveiron,
stone (Hall in Tyrol). coaro).

porphy

veins,
magnesian, grayish (Coburg), granitic plateau near Figeac.

The compact limestone is Marly grayish lime

ry,

Predazo. yellowish. of Burgundy,

grayish (with encri- stone.

N. B. Shell lime-
cellular.
magnesian, cellular (Sa-

nites, Salzburg). Marly blackish lime- stone indurated
with hornstone,
verne).

whitish (Salzburg). stone, near Idria. when in contact (Coburg). with hornstone (Sa

yellowish.

with nodules of with, and imbedded with nodules of verne).

brownish (Ischel galena, calamine | in, basalt (Warlead-glance, marly.

mines).

and manganesi- burg, Vicentin); (Wirtemberg) Perhaps also existing in the

reddish (Hallein, ferous epidot Calcaire alteré de marly, with quartz Arveiron, Lot, and Var,

(Vicentin). Conzocoli.
crystals (Pyr- but wanting in the whole

with hornstone
* mont),
western France.

(Carpathians,
very compact, alternating with

Salzburg). the quadersandstone marls and

blackish (Bex, sandstones (Pyrmont).

Montmelian).

STRATIFIED OR NEPTUNIAN ROCKS.

in upper part.

Dotis)

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a

zon.

[blocks in formation]

part of

Veins, Bo

hemia.

V. THIRD FLETZ SANDSTONE FORMATION, OR QUADERSANDSTONE, OR

Marine Fossils, and Monocotyledonous and
WHITE SANDSTONE.-Syn. Arthose of Brongniart and Bonnard.

Dicotyledonous Vegetables, rarely Ferns.
NORTH-EASTERN

SOUTHERN
GERMANY.

PYRENEES.
ENGLAND. NORTHERN ALPS.

ALPS.
Pretty fine quartzose sandstone, Pretty fine Yellowish or whitish sand- Fine-grained sandstone, It does exist

Sandstones

with a Marly fine-grainwhitish, Bohemia, Hartz.

whitish, Navarreiņs. here as

marly ed sandstone. yellowish, Luxemburgh. Glatz coun-Siliceous sandstone.

yellowish.

separate

shelly,

cement, reddish. ty.

Conglomeferruginous. Coarse feldspathic sand- gray and marly, Nal- formation.

united yellowish.

rate,
with lignite.
stone.

The same is

with lias Vicentin, shelly, Coburg, Staffelstein. shelly, Bonnard ; ferruginous.

the case in

between Piesting Southern Coarse sandstone.

around the gra- shelly.

the north- and Pleningbach Tyrol. Conglomerate, Freyberg.

nitic plateau of

western

in Austria.
Burgundy, Au-

The sandstone and
Smectic clay,
Potters' clay, in the 'up-

France, lignite deposit of
per part
Clay-marl,
Conglomerate, Metz.

Anthevernes; if
Gypsum, grayish, Durr-
Sandstone with particles

not, it is green
heim
of lignite, Vigy, near with vegetable im-

sand ? Lignite, Coburg; or mixed

pressions, Ogenin the sandstone, West

Sulphate of banes, or with ignite,

NORTH phalia.

rytes,
Fossil resin?

AMERICA.
Silicified marl, with vege-

Fluate of
Orthes.

BRASIL.

White quartzy
tables and seeds, Am-
Lime,

Quartzy, coarse. sandstone,
berg.
Lead-glance,

sandstone, I fine,

Lake Superior.
Fibrous malachite.
Some part of the metal-

See Schoolcraft's

whitish,
Phosphate of lead, Vil-
liferous rock of the De-

Narrative, 1820.
Nests

yellowish,
seck, Bavaria

partments de la Vienne of

ferrugiLead-glance, Bleyberg, and de la Charente be

nous, Rhenane, Prussia,

longs also to it; see The Scania coal sandstone beBull. Soc. Phil. April.

Iron-hydrate longs perhaps to it.— Vide 1823.

Wavellite. Steffens's description.

This formation is connected with the following by alternations: (Amberg, Westphalia)

Subordinate beds of

SILESIA. FRANCE.

sandstone, stone, Vic.

tun, Avallon.

Metz.

Nests of

Burgundy.

N. B. Indu-
rated sand-
stones near
basalt, Bo
hemia.

Collection of Munich & Vienna.

[blocks in formation]

CLASS III.-SECONDARY OR FLETZ ROCKS.—Continued.

STRATIFIED OR NEPTUNIAN ROCKS.

UNSTRATIFIED CRYSTALLINE OR

IGNEOUS ROCKS.

VI. Third Fletz LIMESTONE FORMATION, OR JURA LIMESTONE..

Many marine Fossils, especially accumulated in particular spots or layers. First

Nummulite deposits. · Crawfishes, Terrestrial Mammalia, Birds, Insects.

ENGLAND, IRE

S. ALPS, APPEN.
GERMANY (S. W. part, and N. of the

N. N. W. and S. E. FRANCE
POLAND.
PYRENEES. LAND, and SCOT-

NINES, IONIAN

NORTHERN ALPS. Hartz, and N. W. part). and SWITZERLAND

LAND.

Isles, and SI

CILY, N. W.
Divisions,
Arenaceous limestone. Marly lime-

Arenaceous
Marly blackish

arenaceous arenaceous Magnes. lime-
Clay-marl, - Phospho- stone.

limestone.
gryphite lime-

limestone.

limestone. stone, Tyrol, rite nodules, Am-Compact Clay-marl. stone, rare, St. clay-marls.

marly

Frioul, Appenberg. limestone. Gryphite Marl,

Girond. marls,

limestone. Gryphite

nines, Sicily.
Marls,
Clay-marl limestone, aluminous, Compact lime- aluminous, marly

Oolitic and com-
limestone,
aluminous, selenite, with iron- synon. sulphate of stone with mag-

Sky, &c. sandstone. pact limestone,
G. arcu-

ore?
sulphate of stron-

Liais, strontian, nesian lime- Oolitic and com

shelly. ata, &c.

Belluno, Tritian.

Pierre
-lignite, stone, abun-
pact limestones. Sandstones,

este, Dalmatia,
Wirtem-
Sandstones,

bleue.
& fossil re- dant.

Coral rag and berg,

lignite beds.

Appennines,
Lorraine
wavellite,
sin Basle. lignite masses, Stonefield,

fossil resin.
with hy-

Nummulite
Sandstones,
Amberg

Nalzen.

slate, &c. May not some mag-
drate of

limestone of
hydrate of
phosphat

iron-ore.

nesian limestones
iron,

Istria,
of iron,
iron. Oolitic and com-

of Saltzburg be-
Compact lime-

Ulm,
Compact limestone, with pact limestone.

long to it?
stone, with

Regens

Magnesian limestone.
yellowish

Magnesian lime-
Magnesian

burg;
Oolitic and compact lime-

stone of Pest. limestone

stone.

In SOUTHERN
or Dolomite,

Hoh-
Madreporal limestone, or SPAIN there is

N. B. Irish lias con-
lenkalk of Friesleben.
Calcaire à polypiers, also Jura lime-

verted intojas
Oolitic and compact limestone, Hil-
Normandy, Saintonge. stone.

pery rock, Por-
desheim.

trush, Sky.
Slaty limestone, with fishes and craw-

Jura limestone belignite

with fishes, Solenhofen.

iron

come granular

marls,
Clay-marl, with iron pea-ore, Bava-
Clay-marl, with iron pea-

pyrites limestone, Pre-
ore.
ria.

Marls.

Istria.

dazzo. These last marls connect this formation with the following.-The lias and the Jura limestone exist in South America, in the great Mississippi basin, and perhaps the

compact limestone with silex of Brasil belongs also to it, or to the chalk.

masses and even coulées.

super-incumbent dome-like, and here and

masses, Tyrol, Vicentin. Wirtemberg

there ? Tertiary Augit-porphyry, y veins, dome-like Basaltic rocks, veins, come-like masses,

metalliferous,

granitic. Granitic rocks, S

schorl, tuff,

[graphic]

grayish

part of

[graphic]

VII. IRON AND GREEN Sand.-Syn. Alpine variegated Sandstone of Uttinger; Variegated Sandstone of A good many Fossils, Monocotyledonous and Pest of Beudant; Nagelfuh of C. Prevost; part of the Quadersandstone of the Germans.

Dicotyledonous Vegetables, Fossil Resin. Russia, Po- FRANCE AND SWITZER

ENGLAND AND NORTHERN ALPS.

SOUTHERN
GERMANY LAND, GALICIA.

LAND
PYRENEES. IRELAND. Iron sandstone, Sonthofen.

ALPS.
Ferruginous sand- Perhaps here and Ferruginous fine Peri-Iron-sand, or Iron-sand. Nummulite compact limestone,

Basalt, short
stone, or sand. there present. sandstone

gord, sandstone.
Allgau, Switzerland.

Basaltic bed,
with clay and

or sand,
coarse

tuff, Monte
iron-ore,
tonge, Le Mans.
Green sandstone, Diablerets,

Costalta, Vi-
Blousko.
with iron-ore, Perigord.

Sonthofen.

Green marly sand centin; Madosiliceous wood. Madrepore sand of Leithage- stone.

na de San OrGreen sand or sandGreen sand or sandstone, Green sand, or Green sand. birge.

shelly, Bel- so, SE. Sicily stone, often marSaintonge, Bellegarde. sandstone, marls. Calcareous conglomerate of

luno. (Daubeny) ly, Regensburg, with masses of marls. Depart. des

Vienna.

Tertiary veins,
Bunzlau.
lignite with fucus, Landes, St.

Iron-ore deposit, Sontho- Marls.

Basalt, bed-
fossil resin, in

Isle d'Aix.
Severe.
fen, Neukirchen, Swit-Arenaceous marl, i Basaltic

like
nests, Obora,
fossil, resin, ditto. Lignite.

zerland.

near Schio. tuff, veins, Moravia.

Lignite with fossil, resin, do.

Vicentin.
Intimately connected with the chloritose chalk.— Exists also in the Atlantic part of the United States.
VIII. Chalk FORMATION.-Synon. Calcaire à nummulites; a great part of Beudant's

Mastodon, Roebuck or Sheep, Vienna.
Hungarian Jura limestone ; white Jura limestone of Hausmann.

Uppermost limit of Belemnites.
GERMANY AND SILE- POLAND AND SOU-

ENGLAND AND NORTHERN S. Alps, Appen. Malta, Tertiary veins, of which
THERN RUSSIA. FRANCE. PYRENEES. IRELAND. ALPS. SICILY S. E. ZANTE, Gr. Augit- the superior part
Chloritic chalk, syn. Compact white lime-Chloritic chalk, Chloritic chalk, Chloritic chalk, Chloritic chalk, Ar. Chlorite chalk marl, porphy- overlies the chalk
part of the Pla- stone, Austria, Le Mans, Depart. des syn. Mulatto Neukirchen, Belluno.

ry, Schio.
nerkalk, Bohe-

Hungary,

and Saumur, Landes. stone.

Diablerets,

Basalt,

veins, Ireland. mia, Regensburg, Transylvania. Menshould. Chalk marl and Chalk marl. Servos.

Basal

bed-like veins,
Hartz, Westpha- Chloritic chalk marl, siliceous. nummulite with horn- Compact num-Coral and nummulite lime-

Vicentin, near

tic tuff,
lia.
rare, Krapina, Chalk marl, coarse lime-
stone. mulite lime- stone, Vicentin, Puglia.

Schio.
siliceous, Blans- Croatia.
with horn- stone, Basta- Earthy chalk. stone.

N. B. Chalk altered and
ko, Moravia. Coral and nummu.
nes, near Dax. with flint. whitish.

cracked near augit-porphy, Chalk, marl, syn. lite limestone,

magne

reddish.

ry, Schio; indurated and Planerkalk, Bo-porous

Leithasite.

Sonthofen, Compact limestone, syn. like marl near basalt, Belhemia, Hartz. gebirge. Earthy chalk.

Teisandorf. Scaglia.

fast.
compact white compact Clausen-
with flints.

Schwytz whitish, Sicily, Malta. Network of metallife-
limestone, Pa-

burg. sulphate of

Canton. reddish, sometimes a rous veins, argentiferous derborn. chalky Krapina. strontian

Chalk marl, marble.

galena, &c., in the augitCarthy chalk, Lune

Neukirchen,

porphyry: uppermost liburg, with flints.

Hausruck.

mit of galena. Chalk marl is found in Scania, and in some Danish islands, Moen, &c., and in Rugen Island, &c.

[graphic]

CLASS IV.-TERTIARY ROCKS.

STRATIFIED OR NEPTUNIAN ROCKS.

PARISIAN
LONDON AND NICE, PER- S. E. OF DANISH, N.

SWISS AND AUSTRIAN MO-ITALIAN &

RHINE
Basin.
Is. WIGHT PIGN. S.W. FRANCE GERMANY, AND

BAVARIAN Rav. HUNGAR. SICILIAN
Basin.

BASIN.
FRANCE B. BASIN. RUSSIAN BASIN

BASINS. & Transylv. B. Basins.
Plastic clay. Plastic clay. Molasse, or Plastic clay. Plastic clay. Plastic clay. Molasse. Plastic clay, Tha-Clay marls.
Clay marl.
Clay marl.

marly sand-Sand. Clay marl. Clay marl. Marls. lern, Austria. Molasse.
Sand.
Sand.
stones. Nagelfluh. Sand.

Sand. Nagelfluh. Clay marls. Serpentine conglomerate.

rolled stones. Marly sand- Lignite. Molasse. sandstone. sandstone.

compact sand- stone, or Fetid marly Sand, Pest. Nagelfluh, Lignites. Lignite. Lignite, Lignite,

stone, Zeitz.

molasse. limestone, Semi-opal, Ni- Turin. Alum-earth.

Amber.

very Pont St. Lignite, insects & Nagel- Miesbach, colschitz, Mo-Sulphur no-
Amber, lat- Fresh and
scarce. Esprit. fishes, Coln. fluh. with fresh- ravia.

dules?
est fossil
salt water

earthy.

Lignite. water Lignite.
resin. shells.

Alum-earth. limestone shells. Fetid marly lime-
Uppermost
Still ammo-

earthy gyp

with Marls from stone. fresh and salt nites?

sum, Halle

freshOningen,

with fresh-1 water shells

Amber, Bal- water or perhaps water shells. mixed toge

tic Sea. shells. of later sulphur, nother, as in the

Mellite. alum earth. date.

dules, RadeBaltic, &c.

Sulphur. selenite.

boy. Melanopside.

Bitumen Zi-Amber.

amber.
Limit of

lensig.

(Not in Transylblende

vania).

UNSTRATIFIED CRYSTALLINE OR

IGNEOUS ROCKS.
Trachyte, mica,

dome-
granitic, augite,

-quartz,
porphyritic,
with gar- (dome-like masses and
nets,

coulées.
earthy,
Clinkstone, dome-like masses or coulées.

vitre- pitchstone, ( as imbedded
ous, lobsidian, masses, Euga-

pumice-like, nean Hills.
Augite porphyry of Vicentine, Fassa,

and Dunbarton.
Basalt, augitic, short beds, veins, cylin-
olivine, 2 drical masses & coulées

especially as domefeldspathic, like or imbedded

masses. semi-vitre

imbedded masses, ous (black

in coulées or cones, or bluish),

Marostico, Vi

centin. 17 Trachytic conglomerate, beds, or

sometimes earthy, short beds Pumice conglomerate,

or imbedwith alaunite, ded massBasaltic conglomerate, Few agates; great deposit of zeolites; opal, hauyne; uppermost limit of arragonite; undermost limit of nepheline and leucite.

[graphic]
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