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to Maurid; and which he requested that he had signalised himself at Minorca. Before ten inight be the means of conveying to those for o'clock they had all reached their proper stations, whom they were designed. Both he and the anchoring in a line about 1000 yards from the duke of Bourbon signified to general Eliott, the shore. They then began a heavy cannonade, and high regard they had for his person and charac- were seconded by all the cannon and mortars in ter; the duke of Crillon expressing the same the enemy's lines and approaches; at the same sentiments. Such a prodigious armament raised time that the garrison opened all its batteries the confidence of the besiegers so high, that they both with hot and cold shot from the guns, and looked upon the conquest of the place as an ab- shells from the howitzers and mortars. This tersolute certainty; and the commander in chief was rible fire continued on both sides without interthought by far too modest, when he said, that the mission until noon; when that of the Spaniards garrison might hold out a fortnight. It appear- began to slacken, and the fire of the garrison to ed,' says captain Drinkwater, that they meant, obtain a superiority. About two o'clock the previous to their final efforts, to strike if possible principal battering ship, commanded by Don a terror through their opponents, by displaying Moreno, was observed to emit smoke as if on fire, an armament more powerful than had probably and some men were seen busy upon the roof, ever been brought before any fortress. Forty- searching from whence it proceeded. The fire seven sail of the line, including three inferior two- from the garrison was now kept up without the deckers ; ten battering ships, deemed perfect in least intermission or diminution, while that from design, and esteemed invincible, carrying 212 the floating batteries was perceived sensibly to guns; innumerable frigates, xebeques, homb- decrease; so that about 7 P. M. they fired but ketches, cutters, gun and mortar boats, and smaller few guns, and these only at intervals. At midcraft for disembarking men, were assembled in night the admiral's ship was on fire, and soon the bay. On the land side were most stupendous completely in flames. Eight more of these batand strong batteries and works, mounting 200 teries took fire successively; and on the signals pieces of beavy ordnance, and protected by an of distress made by them, the multitude of felucarmy of 40,000 men, commanded by a victorious cas, launches, and boats, with which they were and active general. In their certainty of success, surrounded, all came to their assistance, and however, the enemy seemed entirely to have over- began to take the men out of the burning vessels. looked the nature of that force which was op- Captain Curtis, who lay ready with the gun boats posed to them; for though the garrison scarcely to take advantage of any favourable circumstance, consisted of more than 7000 effective men, in- came upon them at two A. M., and, forming a line cluding the marine brigade, they forgot that they on the enemy's flank, advanced upon them with were now veterans in this service, had long been such expedition as to throw them into entire conhabituated to the effects of artillery, and were by fusion; they now therefore fed precipitately degrees prepared for the arduous conflict that with all their boats, totally abandoning the floatawaited them. We were at the same time com- ing batteries and all who were in them to perish manded by officers of approved courage, pru- in the flames, This would undoubtedly have dence, and activity ; eminent for all the accom- been their fate, had not captain Curtis extricated plishments of their profession, and in whom we them at the imminent risk of his own life and had unbounded confidence. Our spirits too that of his men. So zealous was he in this work were not a little elevated by the success attend- of benevolence that while his boat was along-side ing the firing of red hot shot, which in this attack of one of the largest batteries, it blew up, and we hoped would enable us to bring our labors to some heavy pieces of timber pierced the bottom a conclusion, and relieve us from the tedious of his boat, killing one man and wounding several cruelty of a vexatious blockade.' This was sug- others. He himself escaped with difficulty out gested by lieutenant-governor Boyd, and on the of this boat, which was sunk, as well as another 8th September, 1782, their advanced works were by the accident. The floating batteries were all almost destroyed by it.

consumed; about 400 people being saved from As a prelude to the dreadful storm which was them; many of whom were picked up floating on about to be poured forth on this garrison, the rafts and pieces of timber. Indeed the blowing enemy on the 9th September opened a battery of up of the batteries as the flames reached their sixty-four of their largest cannon, accompanied powder-rooms, and the discharge of the guns in with a terrible fire from other batteries, and a succession as the metal became heated by the great number of mortars. On this and the follow- fire, rendered the attempt to rescue them very ing day an attack was also made upon the bat- dangerous. This terrible catastrophe took place teries erected on Europa Point, which at that in sight of the combined fleets of France and time were entirely

under the management of cap- Spain. It had been proposed that they should tain Curtis of the Brilliant frigate. By these the co-operate upon this important occasion, by atfire of the Spaniards was so warmly returned, tacking the garrison at Europa Point, and such that they not only could make no impression, but places as appeared most exposed to an attempt were forced to retire, after being so much da- by sea : but they remained inactive, assigning, maged that two of the principal ships were as a reason for this, the want of wind. obliged to withdraw to the bay of Algesiras. On A British fleet in the mean time had assembled the 12th the enemy made preparations for at Portsmouth, consisting of thirty-five sail of the their grand and decisive attack. Accordingly, line, in excellent condition, and filled with the on the morning of the 13th, the ten floating bat- best officers and sailors in Europe. The comteries came forward, under Don Buenventura de mand was given to lord Howe, accompanied by Moreno, a Spanish officer of great gallantry, who admirals Barrington, Milbank, Hood, Sir Richard

Hughes, and commodore Hotham. But the pro- He early displayed his knowledge in several gress of this force to Gibraltar was delayed by writings and translations, which recommended contrary winds, and it was not until he had gain- him to the patronage of archbishop Tennison, ed the southern coast of Portugal, that lord Howe who appointed him his domestic chaplain; and received information of the defeat of the enemy's soon after rector of Lambeth, and archdeacon of attempt on the 13th September. On the 11th Surry. Becoming thus a member of the convoOctober he entered the Straits, and several of the cation, he defended his patron's rights, as presistoreships destined for Gibraltar came safe to dent, in eleven pamphlets; he then completed his anchor under the cannon of the fort, without any scheme of the legal duties and rights of the Engmolestation from the enemy. The combined lish clergy, under the title of Codex Juris Ecfleet in the mean time had been much damaged clesiastici Anglicani, in folio. Archbishop Tenby a storm; two ships of the line were driven nison dying in 1715, and Dr. Wake, bishop of ashore near Algesiras; two more were driven out Lincoln, being made archbishop of Canterbury, of the bay into the Mediterranean; others lost Dr. Gibson succeeded him in the see of Lincoln, their masts, and most of them suffered consider- and in 1720 was promoted to the bishopric of ably. One in particular, a ship of seventy guns, London. He spent the latter part of his life in was carried by the storm across the bay, and publishing letters, charges, occasional sermons, ran aground under the works of Gibraltar, where and tracts against the prevailing immoralities of she was taken by the garrison, with her whole the age. His pastoral letters are justly esteemed complement of men. The combined fleet, how- masterly productions against infidelity and enever, put to sea on the 13th, with view to thusiasm. His other publications are, 1. An prevent the remaining store-ships that had over- edition of Drummond's Polemo-Middinia, and shot the bay to the east from making good their James V.'s Cantilena Rustica, with notes; 2. The entrance; and at the same time to rejoin the two Chronicon Saxonicum, with a Latin translation, ships that had been separated from the nain and notes ; 3. Reliquiæ Spelmannianæ, the postbody. Having the advantage of the wind, they humous works of Sir Henry Spelman, relating to bore down upon the British feet, which drew up the laws and antiquities of England; 4. An ediin order of battle to receive them; but, notwith- tion of_Quintilian de Arte Oratoriâ, with notes ; standing their superiority, they declined coming 5. An English translation of Camden's Britannia, to an engagement. On the wind becoming more with additions, 2 vols. folio; and, 6, A qumber favorable next day, lord Howe took the oppor- of small pieces, that have been collected and tunity to bring in the storeships that were in com- printed in 3 vols. folio. He died, aged seventypany; and the day following the remainder were nine, in September 1748. conveyed to Gibraltar, and the troops for the rein GIBSON (Richard), an English painter, comforcement of the garrison were landed with a monly called the Dwarf, was originally page to a large supply of powder, and provisions. This lady at Mortlake; who, observing his genius for last relief proved entirely decisive; for though painting, generously had him instructed in that the blockade continued till news arrived of the art. He devoted himself to Sir Peter Lely's style, preliminaries of peace being signed, in the begin- and copied his pictures to admiration. His ning of February, 1783, no other attack was made. paintings in water colors were also esteemed.

Gibraltar is now a decidedly favorite posses. He was in great favor with Charles I., who made sion of our government. In war it is a valuable him his page of the back-stairs; and he had the place of rendezvous, and in peace a convenient honor to instruct in drawing queen Mary II., mercantile depôt. Yet it has been of late ques- and queen Anne, when princesses. He married tioned, whether all the advantages of this pos- Anne Shepherd, who was also a dwarf; on which session are not too dearly purchased, when we occasion king Charles I. honored their marriage calculate the maintenance of a garrison not with his presence, and gave away the bride. otherwise necessary, and the large disbursements Waller wrote a poem on this occasion, entitled made since the peace of 1783? It is said to cost "The Marriage of the Dwarfs.' Fenton, in his annually little short of £400,000.

notes on this poem, observes, that he had seen GIBRALTAR, STRAITS OP, are a narrow sea, this couple painted by Sir Peter Lely; and that which forms the communication between the At- they were of an equal stature, each being three lantic Ocean and the Mediterranean, thereby di- feet ten inches high. However, they had nine viding Europe from Africa; and runs from west children, five of whom arrived at maturity, wellto east about thirteen leagues. In this strait there proportioned, and of the usual standard of manare three remarkable promontories, or capes, on kind. Mr. Gibson died in the seventy-fifth year the Spanish side, and as many opposite to them of his age; and his wife, having survived him alon the Barbary side. The first of these, on the most twenty years, died in 1709, aged eightyside of Spain, is Cape Trafalgar, opposite to nine. which is Cape Spartel; and, in the neighbour GIBYLE, a sea-port town of Tripoli, on the hood of this, stood the fortress of Tangier, once river Jebilee, the ancient Byblos : it is in ruins, in the possession of the British. The next to the and thinly inhabited. It was repeatedly besieged Spanish side is Tarisan, and over against it lies by the Crusaders. Twelve miles s. s. w. of Malabata, near the town of Alcassar, where the Tripoli. straits are about five leagues broad. Lastly, GID'DILY, adv. Sax gidig; Goth. Gibraltar, facing the mountain of Abyla, near the GID'DINESS, n. 8.

edga, to agitate. Havfortress and town of Ceuta, which make the east GID'dy, udj.

ing a rotatory or cirern entry of the straits.

Gip'oy-BRAINED, adj. cular motion or senGIBSON (Dr. Edmund), bishop of London, GIDDY-HEADED, sation. Inconstant ; was born at knipe in Westmoreland, in 1609. GIDDY-PACED. thoughtless; irregu

lar, whether it relate to mind or body; intoxi- GIER-EAGLE, n. s. Sometimes it is written cated. This word is supposed also, to come jer-eagle. An eagle of a particular kind. Bofrom gad, to wander; to be in motion.

chart thinks the vulture is meant below. The parts that fortune hath bestowed upon her, These fowls shall not be eaten, the swan, and the Tell her, I hold as giddily as fortune. Shakspeare.

pelican, and the gier-eugle.

Leviticus xi. 18. More than light airs, and recollected terms, Of these nuost brisk and giddypaced times. Id. GIESSEN, a walled town of Hesse-Darınstadt, As we have paced along

the seat of the civil and ecclesiastical courts of Upon the giddy footing of the hatches,

Upper Hesse, between the Lahn and the Wiesek. Methought that Glo'ster stumbled.


It has some woollen and cotton manufactures; Our fancies are more giddy and unfirm,

but its trade is inconsiderable, and the arsenal of More longing, wavering, sooner lost and won, Than women's are.

Id. Twelfth Night.

little military importance. A university was There be that delight in giddiness, and count it a

founded here in 1607. Population 7700. Six bondage to fix a belief.


miles east of Wetzlar, and thirty-six north-east of Megrims and giddiness are rather when we rise after Mentz. long sitting, than while we sit.

Id. GIFANIUS (Obertus, or Hubert), LL.D., a It may be gnats and fies have their imagination learned critic and civilian, born at Bueren in more mutable and giddy, as small birds likewise have. Guelderland, in 1534. He studied at Louvain

Id. and Paris, and erected the German library at OrTo roam

leans; where he took his degree in 1567. He Giddily, and be every where but at home,

taught civil law and philosophy at Strasburg, Such freedom doth a banishment become.

Altdorf, and Ingoldstadi; and wrote several tracts, Donne.

besides comments on ancient authors. Though And sooner may a gulling weather-spy, By drawing forth heaven's scheme descry

bred a protestant, he turned Roman Catholic, What fashioned bats or ruffs, or suits, uext year,

and was made counsellor to the emperor RoOur giddy-headed autick youth will wear. Id. dolph. He was very avaricious, and is accused A sodaine north-wind fetchi,

of suppressing the MSS. of Fruterius, a youth of With an extreame sea, quite about againe,

extraordinary genius, who died at Paris, aged Our whole endeavours ; and our course constrain twenty-five, and left them to his care. Gifanius To gidilie round.

Chapman. died at Prague in 1604. That men are so misaffected, melancholy, giddy- GIFFORD (Andrew), D.D., an eminent heuded, hear the testimony of Solomon.

English dissenting divine and antiquarian, born Burton on Melancholy.

August 17th, 1700. He was the son of Emanuel Turn him out again, you unnecessary; useless, Gifford, minister of a Baptist church at Bristol, gildybruined ass! Otway's Venice Preserved.

and was educated at Tewksbury, under the Rev. The giddy vulgar, as their fancies guide,

Mr. Jones, and the celebrated Dr. Ward. He With noise say nothing, and in parts divide.

Dryden's Æneid.

joined his father's church, and was baptized in Them revelling thus the 'Tentyrites invade, 1723; he preached to the church at Nottingham By giddy heads and staggering legs betrayed.

in 1725; and was ordained and settled at London,

Tate. February 5th, 1730. In 1731 Sir Richard Ellys The indignation of heaven rolling and turning us, appointed him his chaplain. In 1754 the Maris'till at length such a giddiness scized upon government, chal College of Aberdeen presented him with a that it fell into the very dregs of sectaries. South. diploma. He was also admitted a member of

Too many giddy foolish hours are gone, the Society of Antiquaries, and, in 1757, was apAnd in fantastic measures danced away. Rowe.

pointed assistant librarian to the British Museum. The frequent errors of the pathless wood,

He died 19th June, 1784, leaving his museum The giddy precipice, and the dangerous flood.


and library to the Baptist academy at Bristol. As Ixion fixed, the wretch shall feel

Gifford (John), a modern political writer, The giddy motion of the whirling mill. Pope.

whose real name is said to have been John Intestine war no more our passions wage

Richard Green. He was born in 1758, and eduAnd giddy factions tear away their ragc. Id. cated by his grandfather, who enabled him to You are as giddy and volatile as ever,

enter as a gentleman commoner at St. John's of Pope; who hath always loved a domestic life. College, Oxford. He adopted the legal profes

Swife to Gay. sion; but dissipated his fortune, and, having inGIDEON, Heb. 11999 i.e. a destroyer, the son volved himself in difficulties, travelled on the of Joash, a Manassite, who had a very extraordi- continent under the above assumed name. Renary call to deliver the Israelites from the op- turning to England, in 1788, he became a political pression of the Midianites. Having effected their writer and alarmist; a contributor to the British deliverance by supernatural aid, he was chosen Critic and Antijacobin Review, &c. He was judge of Israel, A.M. 2759, and died in 2798. also the author of The Reign of Louis XVI., and See Judges vi. vii. and viïi.

complete History of the French Revolution, 1794, GIENS, a town and arrondissement of the de- 4to; The History of France, from the earliest partment of the Loire, in a neighbourhood very Times to the End of the Revolution, 1795, 5 vols. fertile in corn, wine, and saffron. The arrondisse- 4to; A Residence in France in the Years 1792, ment contains forty-nine communes, and 38,550 1793, 1794, and 1795, &c., 1797, 2 vols. 8vo; and inhabitants. In the town are brass-works and A History of the Political Life of the Right tanneries. Population of the town 5022. , It is Honorable William Pitt, 3 vols. 4to. Mr. Giftwenty-one miles south of Montargis, and thirty- ford received finally a pension from the governthree south-east of Orleans.

ment, and was made one of the police magistrates

the reverse

of the metropolis. He died at Bromley, Kent, moveable, when taken strictly, it is applicable March 6th, 1818.

only to lands and tenements given in tail; but GIFFORD, a small river in East Lothian, re- gift and grant are too often confounded. markable for an extraordinary flood on the 4th. Gift, or grant, as a method of transferring perOctober, 1755, which carried down many trees .sonal property, answers in some measure to the and most of the bridges in the parish of Yester, conveyances of real estates. Gifts and grants are though no quantity of rain had previously fallen. however thus to be distinguished from each other:

GIFT, n. s. Saxon gift: Gothic gioft. gifts are always gratuitous; grants, on the con

Gif'TED, adj. I See Give. Any thing bestowed trary, are upon some consideration or equivalent: or offered; a bribe; a power or faculty; an en- and, in respect to their subject matter, they may dowment. A gifted person is one who possesses be divided into gifts or grants of chattels real, extraordinary powers or talents.

and gifts or grants of chattels personal. Under Thou shalt noi wrest judgement, thou shalt not re- the former may be included all leases for years spect persons, neither take a gift ; for a gift doth of land, assignments, and surrenders of these blind the eyes of the wise.

Deul. xvi. 19. leases; and all the other methods of conveying They presented unto him gifts, gold, and frankin- an estate less than freehold ; though these very cense and myrrh.

Matt. ii. 11. seldom carry the outward appearance of a gift, Many nations shall come with gifts in their hands, however freely bestowed ; being usually expressed even gifts to the king of heaven. Tob. xiii. 11.

to be made in consideration of blood, or natural Why then will ye fond Dame! attempted bee

affection, or of five or ten shillings ominally paid Unto a stranger's love, so lightly placed For guiftes of gold or any worldly glee,

to the grantor; and, in case of leases, always reTo leave the love that ye before embraced

serving a rent, though it be but a pepper-corn :And let your fame with falsehood be defaced.

any of which considerations will, in the eye of the Spenser's Faerie Queene.

law, convert the gift, if executed, into a grant; if And if the boy have not a woman's gift, not executed, into a contract. To rain a shower of commanded tears,

In grants or gifts of chattels personal, one man An onion will do well for such a shift.

renounces, and another man immediately acquires,

Shakspeare. all title and interest therein : which may be done All his practice is deceit,

either in writing or by word of mouth, attested by Every gift it is a bait. Ben Jonson.

sufficient evidence, of which the delivery of posNo man has any antecedent right or claim to that session is the strongest and the most essential. which comes to him by free gift.


But this conveyance, when merely voluntary, is They cannot give ; For had the gift been theirs, it had not here

somewhat suspicious; and is usually construed to Thus grown.


be fraudulent, if creditors or others become sufThee all things living gaze on, all things thine

ferers thereby. By stat. 3 IIen. VII., cap. 4, all By gift.

Id. deeds of gift of goods, made in trust to the use Made of my enemies the scorn and gaze,

of the donor, shall be void; because, otherwise, To grind in brazen fetters, under task,

persons might be tempted to commit treason or With my heaven gifted strength. Id. Agonistes. felony, without danger of forfeiture; and the creCreator bounteous, and benign.

ditors of the donor might also be defrauded of Giver of all things good, but fairest this their right. And by 13 Eliz. cap. 5, every grant Of all thy gifts, nor envyest.


or gift of chattels, as well as lands, with an intent Two of their gifted brotherhood, Hacket and Cop- to defraud creditors or others, shall be void, as pinger, got up into a pease-cart, and harangued the against such persons to whom such fraud would people to dispose them to an insurrection. Dryden. Recall your gift, for I your power confess ;

be prejudicial : but, as against the grantor himself, Bat first take back my life, a gift that’s less. Id.

shall stand good and effectual ; and all persons He who has the gift of ridicule, finds fault with partakers in, or privy to, such fraudulent grants, any thing that gives him an opportunity of exerting shall forfeit the whole value of the goods, one his talent.

Addison. moiety to the king, and another moiety to the There is no talent so pernicious as eloquence, to party grieved; and also, upon conviction, shall those who have it not under command : women, who suffer imprisonment for half a year. See Fraud. are so liberally gifted by nature in this particular,

The conveyance of lands by gift, donatio,' is ought to study the rules of female oratory.

properly applied to the creation of an estate-tail,

Id. Freeholder. Oh man! creation's pride, Heaveu’s darling child, that of an estate for life or years. It differs in

as feoffment is to an estate in fee, and lease to Whom Nature's best divinest gifts adorn,

nothing from a feoffment, but in the nature of Why from thy home are truth and joy exiled, And all thy favourite haunts with blood and tears

the estate passing by it; for the operative words defiled ?


of conveyance in this case are do or dedi (West. -And for this-

Symbol. 256); and gifts in tail are equally imA being of the race thou dost despise,

perfect without livery of seisin, as feoffments in The order which thine own would rise above, fee simple. (Litt. sect. 59.) This is the only Mingling with us and ours; thou dost forego distinction which Littleton seems to make, when The gifts of our great knowledge, and shrinkest he says (sect. 57), it is to be understood, that back

there is feoffor and feoffee, donor and donee, lesTo recreant mortality-Away! Byron's Manfred. sor and lessee ;' viz., feoffor is applied to a feoff

Girt, donum, in law, is a conveyance which ment in fee-simple, donor to a gift in tail, and passes either in lands or goods; and is of a larger lessor to a lease for life, or for years, or at will. extent than a grant, being applied to things GIG, n. s. Fr. gigue ; Goth. ga, gega, to go; moveable and immoveable; yet, as to things im- Isl. gigia. A vehicle with two wheels; a sound


produced by wind; any thing that is whirled GIỐGLET, n. s. Sax. geagl; Dut. geyl; Scot. round in play; a fiddle (now out of use). gillet, is still retained. A wanton; a lascivious This house was al so full of gigges,

girl. Now out of use.
And al so full, eke, of chirkinges,

Young Talbot was not born
And of many other wirkinges.

To be the pillage of a giglet wench.
Chaucer. House of Fume.

Shak-peare. Playthings, as tops, gigs, battledores, should be

Loche. procured them.

Away with those giglets too, and with the other

coufederate coinpanion. Id. Measure for Measure. Thy coach of hackney, whiskey, one horse chair, And humblest gig, through sundry suburbs whirl GIGLIO, Isola DI, a wine island on the To Hampstead, Harrow, Brentford, make repair. coast of Tuscany, at fourteen or fifteen miles dis

Byron. tance from the isthmus of Monte Argentaro, and GIGA'NTIC, adj. Lat. gigantes.

See seventeen west of Porto Ercale. It consists of Giant. Suitable to a giant; big; bulky; enor- billy ground, covered with wood and vines, and mous; likewise wicked ; atrocious.

containing caves of beautiful marble.. It is inI dread him not, nor all his giant brood,

habited by about 1200 persons, employed in Though fame divulged him father of five sons, agriculture and fishing, particularly for pilchards. All of gigantick size, Goliah chief.

Long. 10° 55' E., lat. 42° 24' N.

Milton's Agonistes. GI'GOT, n. s. Fr. The hip joint. It seems Others from the wall defend

to mean in Chapman a joint for the spit.
With dart and javelin, stones, and sulphurous fire ;
On each hand slaughter and gigantick deeds.

The inwards slit,

They broiled on coales, and eate : the rest, in gigots The son of Hercules he justly seems,

cut, they spit.

Chapman. By his broad shoulders and gigantick limbs. GIJON, a sea-port

, situated on a peninsula, Dryden. in the province of Asturia, Spain. The harbour The Cyclopean race in arms arose, is well sheltered, has a sound bottom, and is caA lawless nation of gigantic foes.

pable of admitting ships of any burden. The Pope's Odyssey.

town contains a school for navigation, mineraThey were gigantic minds, and their steep aim Was Titan-like, on daring doubts to pile

logy, and mathematics ; and the environs proThoughts which could call down thunder and the flame duce maize, rye, chestnuts, apples, and cyder. Of heaven, again assailed, if heaven the while

Millstones also are exported in quantities. On man and man's research could deign do more than Inhabitants 3200. Ei miles north of smile.


Oviedo. GIGGLE, v. n. ? Sax. geagl; Dutch gich

GILBERD, or GILBERT (William), a celeGr’ocler, n. s. gelen. To laugh idly; to brated physician, born at Colchester, in 1540. titter.

Having spent some time in both universities, he A sad wise valour is the brave complexion,

went abroad; and at his return settled in LonThat leads the van, and swallows up the cities :

don, where he practised with considerable reThe giggler is a milk-maid, whom infection, putation. He became a member of the college Or the fired beacon, frighteth from his ditties. of physicians, and physician in ordinary to

Herbert. queen Elizabeth, who gave him a pension. He We shew our present juking, giggling race ; was also physician to king James I. He died in True joy consists in gravity and grace.

1603, aged sixty-three, in Colchester, where a

Garrick's Ep. handsome monument was erected to his memory. GIGHA, Giga, or Gigo, one of the Hebrides; His books, globes, instruments, and fossils, he lying on the west coast of Kintyre, in Argyleshire, bequeathed to the college of physicians, and his eleven miles E. S. E. of Ilay; it is seven miles picture to the school gallery at Oxford. He long from north-east to south-west, and two and wrote, De Magnete, Magneticisque Corporibus, a half broad. The greater part of it is arable. et de Magno Magnete Tellure, Physiologia Nova: The west coast is high and rocky. On the east London, 1600, fol. 2. De Mundo Nostro Subluthere are several dangerous sunk rocks. Shell- nari, Philosophia Nova; Amsterdam, 1651, 4to. fish, particularly lobsters, crabs, cockles, and He also invented two mathematical instruments razor or spout-fish, abound on the shores. Large for finding the latitude at sea without the help cod, weighing from six to sixteen lbs. each, with of sun, moon, or stars. A description of these skate, ling, large haddocks, &c., also abound. instruments was afterwards published by Thomas There is a regular ferry between Gigha and Kin- Blondeville in his Theoriques of the planets. tyre. On the island are several caves and cairns; GILEERT (Sir Humphrey), a skilful navigator, and it abounds with excellent spring water, born about 1539, in Devonshire, of an ancient though it has neither lakes nor rivers. Nothing and honorable family. He was educated at can exceed the view from Gigha in variety and Eton and Oxford for the legal profession, but grandeur. The soil is mostly a rich loam, with a being introduced at court by his aunt, Mrs. mixture, in some places, of sand, moss, or clay; Catharine Ashley, then in the queen's service, vegetation is quick, and the air salubrious. Great he was diverted from the study of the law, and improvements have been lately made in its agri- commenced soldier. Having distinguished himculture, and particularly in the drainage; large self in several military expeditions, particularly portions of land, formerly lying waste, having that of Newhaven, in 1563, he was sent over to been inclosed, and now producing excellent Ireland to assist in suppressing a rebellion ; crops. Population about 1000. Long. 5° 43' W., where, for his signal services, he was made lat. 55° 44' N.

commander-in-chief and governor of Munster,

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